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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 9610, 2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953260

RESUMO

We demonstrated the design of pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements in tuning the microstructure of iron (Fe)-based alloys for their tunable mechanical properties. We tailored the microalloying stoichiometry of the feedstock to control the grain sizes of the metallic alloy systems. Two specific microalloying stoichiometries were reported, namely biodegradable iron powder with 99.5% purity (BDFe) and that with 98.5% (BDFe-Mo). Compared with the BDFe, the BDFe-Mo powder was found to have lower coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) value and better oxidation resistance during consecutive heating and cooling cycles. The selective laser melting (SLM)-built BDFe-Mo exhibited high ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 1200 MPa and fair elongation of 13.5%, while the SLM-built BDFe alloy revealed a much lower UTS of 495 MPa and a relatively better elongation of 17.5%, indicating the strength enhancement compared with the other biodegradable systems. Such an enhanced mechanical behavior in the BDFe-Mo was assigned to the dominant mechanism of ferrite grain refinement coupled with precipitate strengthening. Our findings suggest the tunability of outstanding strength-ductility combination by tailoring the pre-additive manufacturing microalloying elements with their proper concentrations.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924977

RESUMO

The coaxial core/shell composite electrospun nanofibers consisting of relaxor ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) and ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE) polymers are successfully tailored towards superior structural, mechanical, and electrical properties over the individual polymers. The core/shell-TrFE/CTFE membrane discloses a more prominent mechanical anisotropy between the revolving direction (RD) and cross direction (CD) associated with a higher tensile modulus of 26.9 MPa and good strength-ductility balance, beneficial from a better degree of nanofiber alignment, the increased density, and C-F bonding. The interfacial coupling between the terpolymer P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) and copolymer P(VDF-TrFE) is responsible for comparable full-frequency dielectric responses between the core/shell-TrFE/CTFE and pristine terpolymer. Moreover, an impressive piezoelectric coefficient up to 50.5 pm/V is achieved in the core/shell-TrFE/CTFE composite structure. Our findings corroborate the promising approach of coaxial electrospinning in efficiently tuning mechanical and electrical performances of the electrospun core/shell composite nanofiber membranes-based electroactive polymers (EAPs) actuators as artificial muscle implants.


Assuntos
Clorofluorcarbonetos/química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Nanofibras/química , Compostos de Vinila/química , Fenômenos Eletromagnéticos
3.
J Alloys Compd ; 857: 157555, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33071463

RESUMO

In-situ thermal cycling neutron diffraction experiments were employed to unravel the effect of thermal history on the evolution of phase stability and internal stresses during the additive manufacturing (AM) process. While the fully-reversible martensite-austenite phase transformation was observed in the earlier thermal cycles where heating temperatures were higher than Af, the subsequent damped thermal cycles exhibited irreversible phase transformation forming reverted austenite. With increasing number of thermal cycles, the thermal stability of the retained austenite increased, which decreased the coefficient of thermal expansion. However, martensite revealed higher compressive residual stresses and lower dislocation density, indicating inhomogeneous distributions of the residual stresses and microstructures on the inside and on the surface of the AM component. The compressive residual stresses that acted on the martensite resulted preferentially from transformation strain and additionally from thermal misfit strain, and the decrease in the dislocation density might have been due to the strong recovery effect near the Ac1 temperature.

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