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1.
Neurol India ; 69(4): 1037-1039, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507439

RESUMO

Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) is a newer alternative to the traditional fusion, in patients with prolapsed cervical disc in the younger eligible patient aiming to provide mobility similar to the native disc and by some ways preventing the adjacent segment disease. The rising popularity of its early success has seen emergence of a number of products in the market. In a country where cost remains an important constraint for the patients, local design products are available to cater to these lesser privileged patients. The present complication is an acute dissociation of components from such a product wherein the implant was retrieved and fusion was done. The patient was subsequently discharged uneventfully.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Discotomia , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707125

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: "Cervical spondylosis" (CS) is a collective term used for non-specific neck pain post 30 age group. Management of CS is mainly non-surgical, particularly in mild to moderate severity that includes the oral anti-inflammatory drugs, exercises, manipulation, mobilization, or combination of these. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the possible benefit of a selected group of asana in a group of patients over a short time frame and assess their functional outcome. MATERIALS & METHODS: An observational study of cohort of patients having mild to moderate CS, who visited the AYUSH department between May 2016 and November 2016 were included. "Selected group of Asana (SGOA)" was practiced for 30 min supervised and then home-based for a period of 8 weeks with usual standard treatment. Patients followed up fortnightly, and their degree of severity & disability assessed. RESULTS: Thirty patients with 19 males and 11 females having ages mean ± SD 45.61 ± 8.3 and 44.18 ± 9.78 having NDI score of mean ± SD 17.83 ± 4.749 at baseline (0 weeks) were included. Patients showed an improvement in NDI score to finally 7.40 ± 3.180, p-value = 0.0001. This improvement was also noted at various time intervals (p-value = 0.0001 each time), as seen in the post hoc analysis. CONCLUSION: Yogic practices "Specific Group of Asana" done for eight weeks on a home-based program could be useful in reducing pain and disability in people suffering from CS of mild to a moderate degree. However, more extensive, comparative, and multi-centric trials are required for establishing this as a treatment modality.

8.
Neurol India ; 68(6): 1456-1458, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342891

RESUMO

Spontaneous spinal epidural abscess is rare entity in neonates. These are surgical emergency in which early diagnosis and prompt decompression is necessary to avoid permanent cord damage. The diagnosis is based on clinical findings of paraplegia supported by radiological findings on an MRI. We found a large extra spinal abscess in an infant that on further evaluation showed a communicating epidural component, yet the baby was neurologically intact. The abscess was drained in emergency with clearance of epidural component and appropriate antibiotics instituted for Streptococcus pyogenes as per sensitivity. The patient is doing well at 6 months follow up.


Assuntos
Abscesso Epidural , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Abscesso Epidural/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Epidural/cirurgia , Espaço Epidural , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Paraplegia
9.
Asian J Neurosurg ; 15(3): 773-776, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145253

RESUMO

Bilateral cervical facet dislocation is a serious injury that in majority cause neurologic deficit requiring prompt medical attention. Rarely, they retain normal neurology due to spontaneous decompression even though patients can have objective myelopathic or root compression signs. Neglected cases with normal neurology are uncommon with only few of them reported in the literature but their management is still a matter of debate. Here, we report a case of a 26-year-old female who had neglected bilateral facet dislocation with neck stiffness that was operated with posteroanterior approach with near-complete reduction and intact neurology. We describe the technique employed and discuss the literature.

10.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 9(9): 4974-4979, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209831

RESUMO

Context: Trauma is an immediate cause of patients flowing to the emergency department of any hospital. Besides epidemiology, clinical profile and treatment strategy forms an important aspect to reflect the gap in the existing public sector health-care system and the requirement. Aims: To evaluate the clinicoepidemiological profile of trauma patients admitting to an apex trauma hospital in east India. Settings and Design: A prospective observational study was performed during the time period of December 2018 to July 2019 on trauma patients admitted to the Trauma and Emergency department. Methods and Material: Patient's demographic profile, injury type, mechanism, the vehicle involved in the accident, and transportation were recorded. Various trauma scores (clinical) and outcome measures were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done by R version 3.6.1. Results: Male: female ratio was 407:93 with the 21-30 age group predominantly. 2-6 PM was the most common time of injury and ambulance was the predominant mode of transport (58%). Road traffic injury (RTI) accounted for 75% victims; two-wheelers (68%) dominated over others. Thirty percent (drivers 18%, pillion riders 12%) were wearing helmet; 41% were wearing seat belts (drivers 34%, passenger 12%). Twenty-five percent of drivers consumed alcohol. The median ± Interquartile range of injury severity score (ISS), revised trauma and trauma score and injury severity score were 17 (11-26), 7.8 (4.1-7.8), and 98.41 (95.95-99.30), respectively. Extremity injury (54% fractures) and head injury (50%) were the frontrunners in the pattern of injury, with half of the victims were polytrauma (ISS > 15). Conclusions: The injury was prominently RTI and the trauma victims/patients were young male drivers on two wheelers. The focus should be directed to make use of safety measures among the youth.

11.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 9(7): 3682-3687, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33102351

RESUMO

Context: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are a foremost rising cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like India. The Government of India enacted a new motor vehicle amendment act (MVA) on September 1st 2019 that permits heavy penalties for traffic rule offenders. Aims: To find out the early impact of "THE MOTOR VEHICLES (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2019". Settings and Design: A retrospective observational study was performed during the time period July to October 2019 on RTA patients admitted to the Trauma and Emergency department. Methods and Materials: Patients studied in two groups - One Pre MVA group (n = 371) and one Post MVA group (n = 415). The data were extracted from medical case records of the department and filled up in a structured format. Detailed demographic profile, including the use of safety measure and clinical variables such as the pattern of injury and injury severity scores, were recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done by R version 3.6.1. Results: There is a 41% drop in RTA victims post MVA implementation. Polytrauma reduced (25% vs 45.5%) significantly (P = 0.002) and so was Injury severity score (6.00 vs 13.00). More RTA victims were wearing helmets as compared to previous (42% vs 18%), and there was a steep decline in the alcohol driving (25% vs 10%) between the pre and post MVA group. A significant reduction noted in the under 18 yrs. Two-wheeler riders in the post MVA group compared to earlier (P = 0.016). Conclusions: The study reveals that there is a commendable reduction in the injury severity, violation of safety gears, alcohol use and rash driving following the implementation of MVA September 2019. Primary care and family physician can play a crucial role in creating public awareness about the personal safety measures, which will help in strengthening of this law to reduce the incidence of RTA and the associated mortality and morbidity.

12.
Foot (Edinb) ; 45: 101704, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are various techniques of Achilles tendon (TA) repair and reconstruction in chronic Achilles tear. However, there is no clear consensus on the relevance of one method over the other. The short flexor hallucis longus tendon (FHL) transfer has recently gained popularity because of its same phasic action, ease of harvesting and tensile strength. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen chronic Achilles tear (>6 weeks) were treated with tendon repair using gastrocnemius advancement flap augmented with FHL transfer. The patients were followed-up at 1.5, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. The clinical outcome at latest follow-up was evaluated using the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS) and the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS). RESULTS: The mean age was 43.5 ± 12.4 years and the median time from injury to surgery was 17.13 ± 9.64 weeks. The mean gap between the retracted ends of the ruptured tendon was 5.67 ± 1.63 cm (range 4-10 cm). The mean follow-up was 19.07 ± 3.15 months (range, 13-24 months). The mean AOFAS and ATRS improved from 72.07 ± 8.29 (62-83) to 98.4 ± 2.03 (94-100) and 61.73 ± 8.16 (52-70) to 98 ± 1.85 (94-100) respectively (paired t-test, p-value 0.0001). All patients resumed their pre-injury daily activities, and there was no donor site morbidity. Two patients had sterile serous discharge, and one patient had a staphylococcus infection. These patients responded to debridement with prolonged antibiotic therapy. There were no nerve injuries or re-rupture. CONCLUSION: The functional outcome of chronic Achilles tear treated with gastrocnemius advancement flap augmented with short FHL transfer is rewarding.

14.
J Clin Orthop Trauma ; 11(Suppl 4): S530-S533, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774024

RESUMO

A 23-year old male with bilateral hip dislocations and associated femur head fractures (Pipkin type-II) presented with pain and flexion deformity of both hips after 9 days. After imaging, closed reduction was attempted but failed. Open reduction through Kocher-Langenbeck approach was performed and the femoral head fracture was accessed through Ganz's safe surgical dislocation. The fracture was reduced anatomically and fixed with headless Herbert screws. After two years, the patient was walking without pain or limp and there was no evidence of osteonecrosis. Simultaneous sequential Ganz's safe surgical dislocation can be performed in bilateral Pipkin's fracture dislocation with excellent short term outcome.

17.
Cureus ; 12(4): e7821, 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32467796

RESUMO

Introduction Acetabular fractures are complex intra-articular fractures. The extra-pelvic ilioinguinal (IL) has been the workhorse for the anterior approach and remains the gold standard. The major difference between the IL and the Stoppa approaches is that Stoppa allows for the avoidance of the middle window of the IL approach. Hence, the modified Stoppa approach (MSA) can be adopted by a comparatively less experienced surgeon with minimal complications. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the radiological and functional outcomes of patients operated on using the MSA. Materials and methods Patients operated on by the MSA for acetabular fractures with a minimum of one year of clinical and radiographic follow-ups were reviewed. CT scans and radiographs were evaluated for the fracture pattern, time to surgery, operative time, blood loss, quality of reduction (Matta criterion), FO [Harris hip score (HHS) and Nach Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score (NMAPS)] and complications (perioperative and follow-up). Twenty-three of 26 patients with 45 acetabular fractures operated between January 2016 and November 2018 were included. Descriptive statistics were used for demographic data, and Pearson's chi-squared statistic was calculated for the association between radiological and functional outcomes. Results  Among the 23 patients, the mean age was 38.5 years (range: 15-65) with a male-to-female ratio of 18:5. The average time to surgery was 11.5 days (range: 2-32), operating time was 155 minutes (range: 90-243), and average blood loss was 650 ml (range: 500-1,250). A supplemental lateral window was used in 20 patients (87%), and three underwent the combined anterior and posterior [Kocher Langenbacks (KL)] approach. All cases were unilateral. The transverse fracture was the most common pattern (eight patients) followed by the associated both-column fracture in six and T-type, isolated anterior column fracture, and anterior column and posterior hemi-transverse fractures seen in three patients each. Iliac blade (high anterior column) fracture was seen in 14 cases and one patient had associated sacral type II fracture. Road traffic accidents accounted for 61% of the injuries and injury severity score (ISS) of >15 (polytrauma) was seen in more than 50% of the cases (associated with other organ injuries). The radiological outcome was anatomical in 52% of the cases, imperfect in 39%, and poor in 9%. The functional outcomes were good to excellent in 74% (HHS) and 79% (NMAPS) of the cases. The association and correlation between them were nonsignificant (p-value: >0.5). Two patients developed a superficial infection and three had iatrogenic obturator nerve palsy. One patient had a direct inguinal hernia, one had grade 3 bedsores, and two patients developed grade 2 arthritic changes during the follow-up. No case of vessel injury was encountered. Conclusion Adoption of the MSA for the treatment of acetabular fractures leads to a good-to-excellent anatomical reduction in most cases while providing direct visualization of the quadrilateral plate and posterior column. The learning curve is smaller for less-experienced surgeons in terms of complications and results. We recommend this technique as a viable alternative to the IL approach for anterior acetabular fixation.

18.
Chin J Traumatol ; 23(4): 243-248, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418712

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the epidemiological and clinical profile of patients admitted to the trauma and emergency department (TED) of a tertiary care hospital due to tropical cyclone Fani and highlight the challenges faced by the hospital in this natural disaster. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in the TED in the affected zone. Data of all victims affected by the cyclone Fani on May 3, 2019 were obtained from disaster records and medical case sheets. All patients except death on admission were included. Clinical variables included anatomical sites and severity of injuries which was assessed by revised trauma score (RTS) and injury severity score (ISS). Trauma injury severity score (TRISS) was also calculated. RESULTS: Of 75 patients, 74 were included and the other one was brought dead and thus excluded. The age, median ± interquartile range (IQ), was 41.0 (27.7-53.0) years. The male to female ratio was 2:1. Most of the wounded were transported by the police control room vans on day 1: first 10 h, 50.0%; 10-24 h, 20.3%. The median ± IQ range of RTS, ISS and TRISS were 20 (14-28), 7.84 (7.841-7.841), and 97.4 (91.6-98.9), respectively. Simple external injury was the dominant injury type. Polytrauma (ISS >15) was seen in 67% cases and spine injury in 14% cases (7% cervical and 7% thoracolumbar). Injury causes included sharp flying objects (broken pieces of glasses and asbestos) in 31% cases, followed by fall of trees in 20.3%. Twenty-four patients were discharged after primary treatment, 30 admitted to the indoor-trauma ward or intensive care unit and 20 deferred or transferred to another center. There was no in-house mortality. Challenges were related to electricity failure, mobile network breakdown, infrastructure collapse, and delay in expertise repair from outside due to airport/railway closure. CONCLUSION: In cyclonic storm like Fani, sharp flying objects, fall of trees/poles and collapsing walls constitute the common mode of injuries causing harm to more than one body regions. Polytrauma was seen in the majority of patients though external injury was the commonest. The affected hospital had the uphill task of treating hospitalized patients as well as disaster victims.


Assuntos
Tempestades Ciclônicas , Planejamento em Desastres , Vítimas de Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Traumatismo Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Traumatismo Múltiplo/etiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Centros de Traumatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Orthop Trauma ; 11(1): 105-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001995

RESUMO

Vascular complications following hip-arthroplasty (HA) are rare. Delayed vascular complications are exceptional with handful of reports. We report a case of femoral artery thrombosis following hemi arthroplasty with delayed presentation after a bone fragment left in situ penetrated and injured the vessel. This report is a revelation for surgeons who need to be extremely careful while operating as well as be vigilant with patients in their follow up and should assess for vascular status at each visit.

20.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 11(2): 101-105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The available treatments for frozen shoulder yield variable results. Physical therapy and analgesics are considered as the first-line treatment for this disorder, but the effects are not uniform. There is some evidence to support that alternative medicine may have a role in its management. OBJECTIVE(S): This study was designed to examine the short-term effects of yoga therapy in patients with frozen shoulder of mild to moderate severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted on patients with frozen shoulder between 30 and 60 years of age. They were divided into two groups: yoga (Y) and control (NY). A set of Asana exercises called "Standing Group of Asana" was practiced by the yoga group in addition to the conventional therapy as received by the control group. The patients were reviewed at 1, 2 and 4 weeks. The pain and functional assessment were done at baseline and at each review using the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI). RESULTS: There were 16 male and 20 female participants in the Y group, and 15 males and 21 females in the NY group. There was no statistically significant difference in age, sex, and pre-treatment SPADI score between the groups. At the end of the four weeks, the SPADI pain scores in the Y and NY group were 20.47 and 20.14, respectively (p = 0.666). The SPADI disability scores in the Y and NY group were 20.4 and 19.7, respectively (p = 0.599). Overall SPADI scores were 40.67 and 40.03 in the Y and NY group, respectively (p = 0.736). Both groups had a significant reduction in SPADI pain and disability scores. However, there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of SPADI scores. CONCLUSION: The effect of the Standing Group of Asana has no added advantage relative to standard frozen shoulder treatment when practiced for one month.

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