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1.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567779

RESUMO

Long-term follow up of prospective studies has shown that continuous Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor (BTKi) therapy leads to durable remissions in previously untreated patients with TP53-altered chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); however, it is unknown how variant allele frequency (VAF) of TP53 mutation (TP53-m) or percentage of cells with deletion of chromosome 17p [del(17p)] influences efficacy of firstline BTKi. We performed a retrospective analysis of 130 patients with CLL with baseline del(17p) and/or TP53-m treated with BTKi with or without the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (VEN) and with or without CD20 antibody in the firstline setting. A total of 104/131 (79%) patients had del(17p). TP53-m was noted in 89/110 (81%) patients tested; there were 101 unique TP53-m with an available VAF. The 4-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 72.9% and 83.6%. No baseline characteristics including IGHV mutation status and number of TP53 alterations were associated with significant differences in PFS or OS, though a trend towards shorter PFS with increasing karyotypic complexity (hazard ratio 1.08, p=0.066) was observed. Del(17p) was identified in <25% of cells in 26/104 (25%) of patients, and 28/101 (28%) of TP53-m were low-burden with a VAF of <10%; outcomes of these patients were similar to those with high-burden lesions. This study suggests that low-burden TP53 alterations should not be ignored when assessing genomic risk in CLL in the era of targeted therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Blood Cancer Discov ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533245

RESUMO

To explore the role of clonal hematopoiesis (CH) on chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T therapy outcomes, we performed targeted deep-sequencing on buffy coats collected during the 21 days before lymphodepleting chemotherapy from 114 large B-cell lymphoma patients treated with anti-CD19 CAR T cells. We detected CH in 42 (36.8%) pre-treatment samples, most frequently in PPM1D (19/114) and TP53 (13/114) genes. Grade {greater than or equal to}3 immune-effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) incidence was higher in CH-positive patients than CH-negative patients (45.2% vs. 25.0%, p=0.038). Higher toxicities with CH were primarily associated with DNMT3A, TET2 and ASXL1 genes (DTA mutations). Grade {greater than or equal to}3 ICANS (58.9% vs. 25%, p=0.02) and {greater than or equal to}3 cytokine release syndrome (17.7% vs. 4.2%, p=0.08) incidences were higher in DTA-positive than CH-negative patients. The estimated 24-month cumulative incidence of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms after CAR T therapy was higher in CH-positive than CH-negative patients (19% [95%CI: 5.5-38.7] vs. 4.2% [95%CI: 0.3-18.4], p=0.028).

3.
Blood Adv ; 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533262

RESUMO

Measurable residual disease (MRD) is highly prognostic for relapse and overall survival (OS) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), although many patients with apparent "MRD negativity" by standard assays still relapse. We evaluated the clinical impact of a highly sensitive next-generation sequencing (NGS) MRD assay in 74 adults with ALL undergoing frontline therapy. Among remission samples that were MRD negative by multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC), 46% were MRD positive by the NGS assay. After one cycle of induction chemotherapy, MRD negativity by MFC at a sensitivity of 1x10-4 and NGS at a sensitivity of 1x10-6 was achieved in 66% and 23% of patients, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) among patients who achieved MRD negativity by MFC at CR was 29%; in contrast, no patients who achieved early MRD negativity by NGS relapsed, and their 5-year OS was 90%. NGS MRD negativity at CR was associated with significantly decreased risk of relapse compared with MRD positivity (5-year CIR: 0% versus 45%, respectively, P=0.04). Among patients who were MRD negative by MFC, detection of low levels of MRD by NGS identified patients who still had a significant risk of relapse (5-year CIR: 39%). Early assessment of MRD using a highly sensitive NGS assay adds clinically relevant prognostic information to standard MFC-based approaches and can identify patients with ALL undergoing frontline therapy who have a very low risk of relapse and excellent long-term survival.

4.
Int Wound J ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543296

RESUMO

People with spinal cord injury (SCI) are at high risk of developing a pressure injury. It is unclear why some people with SCI develop pressure injury while others with similar predisposing risk factors do not during acute hospitalisation. This may hinder healthcare utilisation to prevent pressure injuries. The purpose of the study was to examine the proof-of-concept objective bedside skin blood flow measurements before a pressure injury develops in spinal cord injured patients during acute hospitalisation. This was an observational study. All participants had acute traumatic SCI and were pressure injury-free upon enrollment. Skin blood flow patterns were collected at both heels under two circumstances: localised pressure for reactive hyperemia, and localised heating for heat hyperemia. Our results showed that reactive and heat hyperemia were successfully induced in all eleven participants. Two participants developed pressure injury and nine did not have pressure injury at discharge. Heat hyperemia was smaller in participants with pressure injury. No difference was observed in reactive hyperemia between the groups. In conclusion, skin blood flow measurements could be obtained at bedside during acute hospitalisation of SCI for the purpose of research. Further examination of a larger group is warranted to determine clinical use of heat hyperemia pattern as predictor for pressure injury development.

5.
Blood Cancer J ; 12(5): 77, 2022 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501304

RESUMO

In older/unfit newly diagnosed patients with FLT3 mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML), lower intensity chemotherapy (LIC) in combination with either a FLT3 inhibitor or with venetoclax results in poor overall survival (median 8 to 12.5 months). We performed a retrospective analysis of 87 newly diagnosed FLT3 mutated AML patients treated on triplet (LIC + FLT3 inhibitor + Venetoclax, [N = 27]) and doublet (LIC + FLT3 inhibitor, [N = 60]) regimens at our institution. Data were collected from prospective clinical trials in 75% (N = 65) and 25% (N = 22) who received the same treatment regimens outside of a clinical trial. Triplet therapy was associated with significantly higher rates of complete remission (CR) (67% versus 32%, P = 0.002), CR/CRi (93% versus 70%, P = 0.02), FLT3-PCR negativity (96% versus 54%, P < 0.01), and flow-cytometry negativity (83% versus 38%, P < 0.01) than doublets. At the end of the first cycle, the median time to ANC > 0.5 (40 versus 21 days, P = 0.15) and platelet > 50 K (29 versus 25 days, P = 0.6) among responders was numerically longer with triplets, but 60-day mortality was similar (7% v 10%). With a median follow-up of 24 months (median 12 months for triplet arm, and 63 months for doublet arm), patients receiving a triplet regimen had a longer median overall survival (not reached versus 9.5 months, P < 0.01). LIC combined with FLT3 inhibitor and venetoclax (triplet) may be an effective frontline regimen for older/unfit FLT3 mutated AML that should be further validated prospectively.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Idoso , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sulfonamidas , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
6.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; : OF1-OF9, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35553621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing population of adolescent and young adult (AYA, age 15-39 years) acute leukemia survivors in whom long-term mortality outcomes are largely unknown. METHODS: The current study utilized the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry to assess long-term outcomes of AYA acute leukemia 5-year survivors. The impact of diagnosis age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and decade of diagnosis on long-term survival were assessed utilizing an accelerated failure time model. RESULTS: A total of 1,938 AYA acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 2,350 AYA acute myeloid leukemia (AML) survivors diagnosed between 1980 and 2009 were included with a median follow-up of 12.3 and 12.7 years, respectively. Ten-year survival for ALL and AML survivors was 87% and 89%, respectively, and 99% for the general population. Survival for AYA leukemia survivors remained below that of the age-adjusted general population at up to 30 years of follow-up. Primary cancer mortality was the most common cause of death in early survivorship with noncancer causes of death becoming more prevalent in later decades of follow-up. Male AML survivors had significantly worse survival than females (survival time ratio: 0.61, 95% confidence interval: 0.45-0.82). CONCLUSIONS: AYA leukemia survivors have higher mortality rates than the general population that persist for decades after diagnosis. IMPACT: While there have been improvements in late mortality, long-term survival for AYA leukemia survivors remains below that of the general population. Studies investigating risk factors for mortality and disparities in late effects among long-term AYA leukemia survivors are needed.

7.
Leuk Res ; 116: 106827, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430388

RESUMO

NOTCH1 is one of the most frequently mutated genes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and has emerged as a marker of poor prognosis. In addition to coding NOTCH1 mutations involving exon 34, non-coding NOTCH1 mutations involving the 3' UTR have been described in a limited number of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and were associated with adverse outcomes. In this study, 1574 CLL patients were assessed using targeted sequencing with a 29 gene panel and the results were correlated with prognostic characteristics. NOTCH1 mutations were detected in 252 (16%) patients, including both coding (220/252, 14%), non-coding (24/252, 1.5%) and a mixture of coding and non-coding (8/252, 0.5%) NOTCH1 mutations. NOTCH1 mutations were more commonly seen in patients with unmutated IGHV, ZAP70 positivity and CD38 positivity. Mixed NOTCH1 mutations were also more commonly seen in patients with unmutated IGHV and ZAP70. There was no association between mixed NOTCH1 mutations and CD38 expression in this cohort. The most common cytogenetic alteration detected in patients with coding and mixed NOTCH1 mutations was trisomy 12, whereas del13q was the most common cytogenetic alteration detected in patients with non-coding NOTCH1 mutation. The most common gene mutations co-occurring with coding NOTCH1 mutations were: TP53 (23.2%), SF3B1 (16.4%) and SPEN (10%). The most common gene mutations co-occurring with non-coding NOTCH1 mutations were: SF3B1 11(34.4%), ATM 4(12.5%) and TP53 4(12.5%). CLL patients with clonal coding and non-coding NOTCH1 mutations had a significantly shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 (4.3 vs 10.0 years and 0.9 vs 10.0 years respectively, p < 0.05). Similarly, CLL patients with subclonal coding NOTCH1 mutations had a significantly shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 (5.6 vs 10.0 years, p < 0.05). CLL patients with subclonal non-coding NOTCH1 mutations also had a shorter time-to-first treatment than patients with wild type NOTCH1 mutations, however, the difference was not significant (5.1 vs 10.0 years, p = 0.15). These data confirm that both coding and non-coding NOTCH1 mutations carry adverse prognostic impact and need to be included in sequencing assays performed for the prognostic workup of CLL patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Mutação , Prognóstico , Receptor Notch1/genética
8.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413152

RESUMO

Newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia is often deemed a medical emergency, requiring urgent treatment. This is in contradiction with the need for accurate cytogenetic and molecular data, which is not immediately available, to select optimal therapy. We hypothesized that cytoreduction with hydroxyurea or cytarabine would enable urgent disease control and provide a bridge to clinical trial enrollment. We analyzed three prospective frontline clinical trials that allowed the use of cytoreduction before treatment initiation. Among 274 patients with a median age of 62 (range, 18-89), there was no significant difference in short- and long-term outcome and safety among patients who did (CytoRed) or did not receive (NoCytoRed) cytoreduction. The overall response rate in CytoRed group was 91%, compared with 86% in NoCytoRed group (p = .264). The 30- and 60-day mortality rates were 2% and 7% in CytoRed group, compared with 2% (p = .978) and 6% (p = .652) in NoCytoRed group, respectively. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) between in CytoRed group compared with NoCytoRed group (Hazard ratio 0.97, 95% CI 0.70-1.37, p = .879). Results were unchanged after stratification by age (< or ≥65 years) or after multivariate analyses for OS. Our data suggests that urgent cytoreduction using hydroxyurea or cytarabine is a feasible and safe approach to facilitate acquisition of complete diagnostic information prior to treatment initiation on a clinical trial.

10.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384048

RESUMO

Progress with intensive chemotherapy and supportive care measures has improved survival in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Predicting outcome helps in treatment decision making. We analyzed survival as the treatment endpoint in 3728 patients with newly diagnosed AML treated with intensive chemotherapy from 1980 to 2021. We divided the total study group (3:1 basis) into a training (n = 2790) and a validation group (n = 938). The associations between survival and 27 characteristics were investigated. In the training cohort, the multivariate analysis identified 12 consistent adverse prognostic variables independently associated with worse survival: older age, therapy-related myeloid neoplasm, worse performance status, cardiac comorbidity, leukocytosis, anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated creatinine and lactate dehydrogenase, cytogenetic abnormalities, and the presence of infection at diagnosis except fever of unknown origin. We categorized patients into four prognostic groups, favorable (7%), intermediate (43%), poor (39%), and very poor (11%) with estimated 5-year survival rates of 69%, 36%, 13%, and 3% respectively (p < .001). The predictive model was validated in an independent cohort. In a subset of patients with molecular mutation profiles, adding the mutation profiles after accounting for the effects of previous factors identified NPM1 (favorable), PTPN11, and TP53 (both unfavorable) mutations as molecular prognostic factors. The new proposed predictive model for survival with intensive chemotherapy in patients with AML is robust and can be used to advise patients regarding their prognosis, to modify therapy in remission (e.g., proposing allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first remission), and to compare outcome and benefits on future investigational therapies.

12.
Am J Hematol ; 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35357036

RESUMO

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) discontinuation in patients with Philadelphia-chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph-positive CML) is increasingly considered. We aim to evaluate the outcome of patients with CML who discontinued TKIs, and determine the factors associated with differences in the success rates of treatment-free remission (TFR). Patients with Ph-positive CML treated between October 1999 and February 2017 who discontinued therapy were analyzed. A major molecular response (MMR) was defined as BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratio on the International Scale ≤0.1%. TFR failure was defined as the loss of MMR on any single test. We analyzed TFR rates according to duration and depth of response, and conducted a multivariate analysis for factors associated with loss of MMR. Two-hundred and eighty-four patients were analyzed; 199 patients (70%) electively discontinued TKIs. At a median follow-up of 36 months (95% confidence interval, 32-40) after TKI discontinuation, 53 patients (19%) lost MMR. The estimated 5-year TFR rate was 79%. All but one patient regained MMR after resuming therapy. The estimated 5-year TFR rates were higher with MR4 and MR4.5 ≥5 years, compared with MR4 <5 years (87% vs. 92% vs. 64%; p < .0001). By multivariate analysis, only the duration of MR4 or MR4.5 ≥5 years before stopping treatment was associated with a lower risk of loss of MMR. In summary, TFR is safe and feasible in patients with Ph-positive CML on TKI therapy. Achieving MR4 or MR4.5 for at least 5 years is correlated with a better outcome.

13.
Ann Phys Rehabil Med ; : 101631, 2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35257948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff disease is a common cause of shoulder pain. Comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia may be associated with rotator cuff disease, likely because of mechanisms related to vascular insufficiency. OBJECTIVES: We performed a systematic review of the association of diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia with the diagnosis of rotator cuff disease. METHODS: Following systematic queries of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Science Direct, articles meeting eligibility criteria and reporting on the association of one or more risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia) and rotator cuff disease were considered. Meta-analysis was performed to quantitatively summarize the associations between each risk factor and rotator cuff disease. We assessed study quality with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) and performed a qualitative assessment of risk of bias. RESULTS: After a full-text review of 212 articles, 12 articles assessing diabetes, 5 assessing hypertension and 8 assessing hyperlipidemia were eligible. The odds of having rotator cuff disease was increased with diabetes (odds ratio [OR] 1.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.43-1.55), hypertension (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.19-1.65) and hyperlipidemia/dyslipidemia (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.42-1.55). Diabetes was also specifically associated with rotator cuff tears (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.07-1.52). Synthesizing assessment for risk of bias suggested that current epidemiologic evidence for an association was plausible for diabetes and hyperlipidemia but not hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia were associated with rotator cuff disease in our meta-analysis. However, the possibility of bias exists for all 3 co-morbidities evaluated and is likely highest for hypertension. High-quality studies with the ability to incorporate time since first diagnosis of co-morbidity are scarce and much needed.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 833714, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273915

RESUMO

B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway and Bcl-2 family prosurvival proteins, specifically Bcl-2 and Mcl-1, are functional in the pathobiology of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). A pivotal and apical molecule in the BCR pathway is Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). Together, BTK, Bcl-2, and Mcl-1 participate in the maintenance, migration, proliferation, and survival of CLL cells. Several ongoing and published clinical trials in CLL reported high rates of remission, namely, undetectable measurable residual disease (u-MRD) status with combined BTK inhibitor ibrutinib and Bcl-2 antagonist, venetoclax. While the majority of patients achieve complete remission with undetectable-measurable residual disease, at least one third of patients do not achieve this milestone. We hypothesized that cells persistent during ibrutinib and venetoclax therapy may be sensitive to combined venetoclax and Mcl-1 inhibitor, AMG-176. To test this hypothesis, we took peripheral blood samples at baseline, after Cycle 1 and Cycle 3 of ibrutinib monotherapy, after one week and 1 cycle of ibrutinib plus venetoclax therapy. These serial samples were tested for pharmacodynamic changes and treated in vitro with AMG-176 or in combination with venetoclax. Compared to C1D1 cells, residual cells during ibrutinib and venetoclax treatment were inherently resistant to endogenous cell death. Single agent exposure induced some apoptosis but combination of 100 nM venetoclax and 100 or 300 nM of AMG-176 resulted in 40-100% cell death in baseline samples. Cells obtained after four cycles of ibrutinib and one cycle of venetoclax, when treated with such concentration of venetoclax and AMG-176, showed 10-80% cell death. BCR signaling pathway, measured as autophosphorylation of BTK was inhibited throughout therapy in all post-therapy samples. Among four anti-apoptotic proteins, Mcl-1 and Bfl-1 decreased during therapy in most samples. Proapoptotic proteins decreased during therapy. Collectively, these data provide a rationale to test Mcl-1 antagonists alone or in combination in CLL during treatment with ibrutinib and venetoclax.

15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 63(4): 885-893, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35225133

RESUMO

We aimed to study the risks of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM) and survival outcomes of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (n = 17), Richter's syndrome (n = 14), or lymphoma (n = 18) after small molecule inhibitors (SMIs). Patients had a median of 4 prior therapies, including ibrutinib (n = 46; 94%), venetoclax (n = 19; 39%), and idelalisib (n = 6; 12%). Twenty-one (43%) had >1 SMI. P53 mutation was detected in 58% of patients. The 3-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 68% and 59%, respectively. The rates of grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD were 33% and 7%. The 1-year rates of chronic GVHD, NRM and relapse were 19%, 10% and 21%, respectively. Results were comparable to a historical control of patients who received alloSCT without a prior exposure to SMI. We conclude that a prior use of SMI does not impair the outcomes after alloSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/etiologia , Recidiva , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Leukemia ; 36(5): 1253-1260, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35132195

RESUMO

Recurring genetic abnormalities have been identified in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Among them, IKZF1 deletion was associated with poor prognosis in patients treated with imatinib-based or dasatinib-based regimens. However, the molecular determinants for clinical outcomes in ponatinib-treated patients remain unknown. We systematically analyzed genetic alterations in adults with Ph-positive ALL uniformly treated in clinical trials with dasatinib-based regimens or a ponatinib-based regimen and investigated the molecular determinants for treatment outcomes using pretreatment specimens collected from adults with Ph-positive ALL treated with Hyper-CVAD plus dasatinib or ponatinib. DNA sequencing and SNP microarray were performed and recurrent genetic abnormalities were found in 84% of the patients, among whom IKZF1 deletion was most frequently detected (60%). IKZF1 deletion frequently co-occurred with other copy-number abnormalities (IKZF1plus, 46%) and was significantly associated with unfavorable overall survival (OS) (false discovery rate < 0.1) and increased cumulative incidence of relapse (p = 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, dasatinib therapy, lack of achievement of 3-month complete molecular response, and the presence of IKZF1plus status were significantly associated with poor OS. The differential impact of IKZF1plus was largely restricted to patients given Hyper-CVAD plus ponatinib; dasatinib-based regimens had unfavorable outcomes regardless of the molecular abnormalities.


Assuntos
Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona , Humanos , Imidazóis , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Piridazinas , Recidiva
18.
Blood Adv ; 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35061885

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a clinically aggressive blood cancer, often involving skin, bone marrow, lymph nodes, as well as central nervous system (CNS) involvement in 20-30% of patients. Despite significant progress in CD123- and BCL-2-targeted therapy, most patients are not cured outside of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), and CNS relapses are being observed quite frequently. Combination approaches with both targeted and chemotherapy agents plus incorporation of prophylactic CNS-directed therapy are urgently needed. In this setting, we sought to analyze outcomes of the cytotoxic chemotherapy backbone regimen hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, and dexamethasone (HCVAD) in BPDCN. We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with BPDCN (n=100), evaluating complete remission (CR) and median overall survival (OS) among three groups: those who received frontline HCVAD-based (n=35) vs SL-401 (n=37) vs other regimens (n=28). HCVAD-based regimens yielded higher CR (80% vs 59% vs 43%, p=0.01). There was no significant difference in OS (28.3 vs 13.7 vs 22.8 months p=0.41), nor significant difference in remission duration probability among treatment groups (38.6 vs NR vs 10.2 months; p=0.24). HSCT was performed in 51% vs 49% vs 38% respectively (p=0.455). These results suggest a continued important role for HCVAD-based chemotherapy for BPDCN, even in the modern targeted-therapy era, with high CR rates in the frontline setting. Further studies must establish the clinical activity, feasibility, and safety, of doublet/triplet combinations of targeted therapies plus cytotoxic agents and addition of CNS prophylaxis, with ultimate goal of durable long-term remissions for patients with BPDCN.

19.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 31(4): 726-735, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fatty infiltration (FI) is one of the most important prognostic factors for outcomes after rotator cuff surgery. Established risk factors include advancing age, larger tear size, and increased tear chronicity. A growing body of evidence suggests that sex and obesity are associated with FI; however, data are limited. METHODS: We recruited 2 well-characterized multicenter cohorts of patients with rotator cuff tears (Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network [MOON] cohort [n = 80] and Rotator Cuff Outcomes Workgroup [ROW] cohort [n = 158]). We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the presence of FI while adjusting for the participant's age at magnetic resonance imaging, sex, and duration of shoulder symptoms, as well as the cross-sectional area of the tear. We analyzed the 2 cohorts separately and performed a meta-analysis to combine estimates. RESULTS: A total of 27 patients (33.8%) in the Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) cohort and 57 patients (36.1%) in the Rotator Cuff Outcomes Workgroup (ROW) cohort had FI. When BMI < 25 kg/m2 was used as the reference category, being overweight was associated with a 2.37-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77-7.29) increased odds of FI and being obese was associated with a 3.28-fold (95% CI, 1.16-9.25) increased odds of FI. Women were 4.9 times (95% CI, 2.06-11.69) as likely to have FI as men. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with rotator cuff tears, obese patients had a substantially higher likelihood of FI. Further research is needed to assess whether modifying BMI can alter FI in patients with rotator cuff tears. This may have significant clinical implications for presurgical surgical management of rotator cuff tears. Sex was also significantly associated with FI, with women having higher odds of FI than men. Higher odds of FI in female patients may also explain previously reported early suboptimal outcomes of rotator cuff surgery and higher pain levels in female patients as compared with male patients.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Manguito Rotador , Fatores Sexuais , Tecido Adiposo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Obesidade/complicações , Ortopedia , Fatores de Risco , Manguito Rotador/patologia , Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/complicações , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia
20.
Am J Hematol ; 97(1): 68-78, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716921

RESUMO

The progress with intensive chemotherapy and supportive care measures has improved survival in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Given the recent development of effective low intensity therapies, an optimal decision on the therapy intensity may improve survival through the avoidance of early mortality. We reviewed the outcome of 3728 patients with newly diagnosed AML who received intensive chemotherapy between August 1980 and May 2020. Intensive chemotherapy was defined as a cumulative cytarabine dose ≥ 700 mg/m2 during induction therapy. We divided the whole cohort into a training and validation group at a 3:1 ratio. The population was divided into a training (2790 patients) and a validation cohort (938 patients). The median age was 55 years (range, 15-99). Among them, 442 patients (12%) had core-binding factor AML. Binary logistic regression identified older age, worse performance status, hyperbilirubinemia, elevated creatinine, hyperuricemia, cytogenetic abnormalities other than CBF and -Y, and pneumonia as adverse prognostic factors for an early 4-week mortality. This risk classification for early mortality was verified in the validation cohort of patients. In the validation cohort of more recently treated patients from 2000 to 2017, the 4-week mortality rates with intensive chemotherapy were 2%, 14%, and 50% in the low-, high-, and very high-risk group, respectively. The mortality rates with low intensity therapies were 3%, 9%, and 20%, respectively. The risk classification guides treatment intensity by the assessment of age, frailty, organ dysfunction, cytogenetic abnormality, and infection to avoid early mortality.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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