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1.
Chemistry ; 25(48): 11180-11192, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215686

RESUMO

The plasma membrane regulates the transport of molecules into the cell. Small hydrophobic molecules can diffuse directly across the lipid bilayer. However, larger molecules require specific transporters for their entry into the cell. Regulating the cellular entry of small molecules and proteins is a challenging task. The introduction of halogen, particularly iodine, to small molecules and proteins is emerging to be a promising strategy to improve the cellular uptake. Recent studies reveal that a simple substitution of hydrogen atom with iodine not only increases the cellular uptake, but also regulates the membrane transport. The strong halogen-bond-forming ability of iodine atoms plays a crucial role in the transport and the introduction of iodine may provide an efficient strategy for studying membrane activity and cellular functions and improving the delivery of therapeutic agents. This Concept article does not provide a comprehensive picture of membrane transport but highlights halogen-substitution as a novel strategy for understanding and regulating the cell-membrane traffic.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Iodo/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Transporte Biológico , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Iodeto Peroxidase/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Naftalimidas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo
2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(23): 7713-7717, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994954

RESUMO

Direct delivery of proteins into mammalian cells is a challenging problem in biological and biomedical applications. The most common strategies for the delivery of proteins into the cells include the use of cell-penetrating peptides or supercharged proteins. Herein, we show for the first time that a single atom change, hydrogen to halogen, at one of the tyrosine residues can increase the cellular entry of ∼28 kDa green fluorescent protein (GFP) in mammalian cells. The protein uptake is facilitated by a receptor-mediated endocytosis and the cargo can be released effectively into cytosol by co-treatment with the endosomolytic peptide ppTG21.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 9(14): 5193-200, 2011 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21629895

RESUMO

In this study, ebselen and its analogues are shown to be catalysts for the decomposition of peroxynitrite (PN). This study suggests that the PN-scavenging ability of selenenyl amides can be enhanced by a suitable substitution at the phenyl ring in ebselen. Detailed mechanistic studies on the reactivity of ebselen and its analogues towards PN reveal that these compounds react directly with PN to generate highly unstable selenoxides that undergo a rapid hydrolysis to produce the corresponding seleninic acids. The selenoxides interact with nitrite more effectively than the corresponding seleninic acids to produce nitrate with the regeneration of the selenenyl amides. Therefore, the amount of nitrate formed in the reactions mainly depends on the stability of the selenoxides. Interestingly, substitution of an oxazoline moiety on the phenyl ring stabilizes the selenoxide, and therefore, enhances the isomerization of PN to nitrate.


Assuntos
Azóis/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Compostos Organosselênicos/química , Compostos Organosselênicos/síntese química , Ácido Peroxinitroso/química , Azóis/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Catálise , Cristalografia por Raios X , Hidrólise , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Estereoisomerismo
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