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1.
J Vasc Bras ; 18: e20180040, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236100

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a silent and potentially lethal disease that affects a considerable proportion of hospitalized patients. It has high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for a heavy financial burden on healthcare systems. However, VTE can be prevented using prophylaxis measures that have been established in the literature. Nonetheless, in the real world, mean rates of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis are lower than 50%. Objectives: To define the epidemiological profile of patients with VTE in a University Hospital and the rate of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis at that service and to identify measures to improve the rate. Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with data collected from the medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. The rates of correct VTE prophylaxis prescribed to clinical and surgical patients were compared, assessed according to guidelines published by the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV), based on VTE risk classification. Results: The overall rate of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis was 42.1%, while 57.9% of patients were not managed correctly in this respect. Clinical patients had a 52.9% rate of appropriate prophylaxis, while the equivalent rate for surgical patients was 37.5%. Conclusions: Rates of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis are still lower than they should be. Ongoing education, measures to encourage bedside risk stratification, and improvements to the electronic prescription system could increase appropriate VTE prophylaxis rates.

2.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180040, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-990123

RESUMO

O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) é uma doença silenciosa e potencialmente letal que acomete parcela importante dos pacientes hospitalizados. Com alta morbimortalidade e elevado custo financeiro para o sistema de saúde, o TEV pode ser prevenido com uso da profilaxia, já estabelecida pela literatura. No mundo real, a profilaxia para TEV possui média de adequação inferior a 50%. Objetivos Definir o perfil epidemiológico do doente com TEV em um hospital universitário e a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV no referido serviço, além de determinar meios para melhorá-la. Métodos Estudo transversal observacional realizado pela coleta de dados no prontuário médico dos pacientes que preencheram critérios de inclusão. Comparou-se a taxa de adequação da profilaxia para TEV prescrita para pacientes clínicos e cirúrgicos, segundo diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular (SBACV), de acordo com sua classificação de risco para TEV. Resultados A taxa global de adequação das prescrições de profilaxia para TEV foi de 42,1% versus 57,9% de inadequação. Pacientes clínicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 52,9%, enquanto pacientes cirúrgicos obtiveram taxa de adequação de 37,5%. Conclusões As taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia para TEV ainda se encontram aquém do esperado. Educação continuada, estímulo à aplicação da estratificação de risco à beira do leito e adequações no sistema de prescrição eletrônica podem aumentar as taxas de prescrição adequada para profilaxia de TEV


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a silent and potentially lethal disease that affects a considerable proportion of hospitalized patients. It has high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for a heavy financial burden on healthcare systems. However, VTE can be prevented using prophylaxis measures that have been established in the literature. Nonetheless, in the real world, mean rates of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis are lower than 50%. Objectives To define the epidemiological profile of patients with VTE in a University Hospital and the rate of appropriately administered VTE prophylaxis at that service and to identify measures to improve the rate. Methods A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted with data collected from the medical records of patients who met the inclusion criteria. The rates of correct VTE prophylaxis prescribed to clinical and surgical patients were compared, assessed according to guidelines published by the Brazilian Society of Angiology and Vascular Surgery (SBACV), based on VTE risk classification. Results The overall rate of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis was 42.1%, while 57.9% of patients were not managed correctly in this respect. Clinical patients had a 52.9% rate of appropriate prophylaxis, while the equivalent rate for surgical patients was 37.5%. Conclusions Rates of correctly-prescribed VTE prophylaxis are still lower than they should be. Ongoing education, measures to encourage bedside risk stratification, and improvements to the electronic prescription system could increase appropriate VTE prophylaxis rates


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Prevenção de Doenças , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Hospitais Universitários , Trombose , Perfil de Saúde , Doença Crônica , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Trombose Venosa , Embolia , Infarto do Miocárdio
4.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(1): f:81-l:88, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-905078

RESUMO

Nos últimos anos, balões farmacológicos surgiram como promissora alternativa terapêutica em intervenções endovasculares. Com essa tecnologia, transferem-se drogas antiproliferativas à parede arterial, sem a necessidade de implante metálico para liberação. Descreve-se o caso de um paciente com uma segunda recidiva de reestenose intra-stent renal tratada por angioplastia com balão coberto por droga, com boa evolução clínica caracterizada por adequado controle pressórico e redução de classes e dosagem dos anti-hipertensivos. Os resultados obtidos com balões farmacológicos em outros territórios e esta experiência isolada podem contribuir como sugestão para o uso desses dispositivos na reestenose intra-stent renal, com resultados iniciais satisfatórios


During recent years, drug-coated balloons (DCBs) have emerged as a promising therapeutic option. DCBs directly transfer antiproliferative drugs to the arterial wall in order to decrease myointimal hyperplasia. We describe a case of de novo renal artery in-stent restenosis (ISR) treated with drug-coated balloon angioplasty with acceptable short-term results, achieving blood pressure control using fewer antihypertensive agents. The experience and results obtained with DCBs in other territories could suggest and justify use of this technology in renal artery ISR


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents , Angiografia/métodos , Aorta Abdominal , Vasos Sanguíneos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cateterismo/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos
5.
JAMA Dermatol ; 153(12): 1249-1255, 2017 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28973414

RESUMO

Importance: Reticular veins are subdermal veins located in the lower limbs and are mainly associated with aesthetic complaints. Although sclerotherapy is the treatment of choice for reticular veins in the lower limbs, no consensus has been reached regarding to the optimal sclerosant. Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of 2 sclerosants used to treat reticular veins: 0.2% polidocanol diluted in 70% hypertonic glucose (HG) (group 1) vs 75% HG alone (group 2). Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective, randomized, triple-blind, controlled, parallel-group clinical trial with patients randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio between the 2 treatment groups from March through December 2014, with 2 months' follow-up. The study was conducted in a single academic medical center. Eligible participants were all women, aged 18 to 69 years, who had at least 1 reticular vein with a minimum length of 10 cm in 1 of their lower limbs. Interventions: The patients underwent sclerotherapy in a single intervention with either 0.2% polidocanol plus 70% HG or 75% HG alone to eliminate reticular veins. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy end point was the disappearance of the reticular veins within 60 days after treatment with sclerotherapy. The reticular veins were measured on images obtained before treatment and after treatment using ImageJ software. Safety outcomes were analyzed immediately after treatment and 7 days and 60 days after treatment and included serious adverse events (eg, deep vein thrombosis and systemic complications) and minor adverse events (eg, pigmentation, edema, telangiectatic matting, and hematomas). Results: Ninety-three women completed the study, median (interquartile range) age 43.0 (24.0-61.0) years for group 1 and 41.0 (27.0-62.0) years for group 2. Sclerotherapy with 0.2% polidocanol plus 70% HG was significantly more effective than with 75% HG alone in eliminating reticular veins from the treated area (95.17% vs 85.40%; P < .001). No serious adverse events occurred in either group. Pigmentation was the most common minor adverse event, with a 3.53% treated-vein pigmentation length for group 1 and 7.09% for group 2, with no significant difference between the groups (P = .09). Conclusions and Relevance: Sclerotherapy with 0.2% polidocanol diluted in 70% HG was superior to 75% HG alone in sclerosing reticular veins, with no statistical difference for complications. Pigmentation occurred in both groups, with no statistical difference between them. No serious adverse events occurred in either group. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02054325.


Assuntos
Solução Hipertônica de Glucose/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Escleroterapia/métodos , Doenças Vasculares/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidocanol , Estudos Prospectivos , Escleroterapia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/patologia , Veias/patologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(4): f:314-l:319, out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-880798

RESUMO

O trombo venoso flutuante em veia femoral é um tipo de trombo com alto potencial de embolização pulmonar. Entretanto, ainda é controversa a conduta mais apropriada nesses casos. Tratamentos clínicos com anticoagulantes ou fibrinolíticos e trombectomias abertas ou por meio de dispositivos endovasculares vêm sendo empregados ainda sem um critério de indicação bem definido. Apresentamos três casos clínicos de trombos flutuantes em veia femoral, de etiologias distintas, cujos tratamentos e respectivas evoluções serão discutidos


A floating venous thrombus in the femoral vein is a type of thrombus with a high potential for pulmonary embolization. However, the most appropriate management for these cases is still controversial. Clinical treatments, using anticoagulants or fibrinolytics, open thrombectomies, or thrombectomies by means of endovascular devices have all been used, although the criteria for indication of each are not yet defined. We present 3 clinical cases of floating thrombi in femoral veins with different etiologies and discuss their respective treatments and outcomes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Veia Femoral/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Enoxaparina/administração & dosagem , Extremidade Inferior , Embolia Pulmonar , Terapêutica/métodos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/cirurgia , Ultrassom/métodos , Varfarina/administração & dosagem
8.
J. vasc. bras ; 15(4): 312-316, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-841395

RESUMO

Resumo Infecções de sítios cirúrgicos com envolvimento de próteses sintéticas constituem grande desafio para tratamento. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente com múltiplas comorbidades, histórico de enxerto aortobifemoral há 6 anos e reabordagem das anastomoses femorais por reestenoses há 5 anos. Apresentou dor inguinal esquerda e abaulamento súbitos com diagnóstico de pseudoaneurisma femoral roto e instabilidade hemodinâmica. Foi submetida a correção emergencial com interposição de prótese de dácron recoberta por prata e correção de grande hérnia incisional abdominal com tela sintética ao mesmo tempo. No pós-operatório, manteve-se por longo período sob terapia intensiva com dificuldade de extubação. Nesse ínterim, apresentou deiscência das suturas e fístula purulenta inguinal esquerda em contato com a prótese vascular. Optou-se pelo tratamento conservador, com desbridamento das feridas e aplicação de curativo a vácuo. A paciente evoluiu com melhora e cicatrização das feridas. Essa pode se constituir em ferramenta importante em casos similares.


Abstract Infections at the sites of surgery involving synthetic prostheses are challenging to treat. We present a case of a patient with multiple comorbidities who had undergone an aortobifemoral bypass 6 years previously and then re-intervention at the femoral anastomoses for restenosis 5 years previously. The patient presented with acute left inguinal pain and swelling and was diagnosed with a ruptured femoral pseudoaneurysm and hemodynamic instability. A repair was conducted by interposition of a silver-coated Dacron graft in the emergency room, and a large abdominal incisional hernia was repaired with synthetic mesh during the same intervention. After surgery, the patient remained intubated in intensive care for a long period. Meanwhile, she presented dehiscence of sutures and a left inguinal purulent fistula that was in contact with the vascular prosthesis. Conservative treatment was chosen, with debridement of wounds and vacuum therapy. The patient improved and the wounds healed. This could be an important tool in similar cases.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Controle de Infecções , Curativos Oclusivos/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Extremidade Inferior
9.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 4(2): 172-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26993863

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of and predictors to indicate bilateral venous duplex ultrasound (DU) to detect contralateral asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with acute symptomatic lower extremity DVT. METHODS: Venous DU reports along with medical records of the patients were collected from February 2005 to April 2012 in a tertiary university hospital in Botucatu, Brazil. All patients with DVT detected in one lower extremity routinely underwent contralateral limb venous DU examination. Exclusion criteria were previous DVT in the contralateral asymptomatic limb, thrombophlebitis, workup for pulmonary embolism, and bilateral symptomatic lower extremities. RESULTS: Scans were done in 579 patients to rule out contralateral lower extremity DVT whenever DVT was confirmed in the ipsilateral lower extremity; of these, 108 patients (18.6%) had an abnormal finding on DU examination for DVT in the contralateral limb, which was proximal DVT in 71.5%. Age >60 years (odds ratio [OR], 3.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.447-7.670), malignant disease (OR, 5.21; 95% CI, 1.943-14.015), and the association of trauma plus malignant disease (OR, 7.11; 95% CI, 1.640-30.863) were the main predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Age >60 years, malignant disease, lower extremity trauma, inpatient status, and recent hospitalization are risk factors associated with a high incidence of asymptomatic contralateral lower extremity DVT in patients with ipsilateral lower extremity DVT. Therefore, we recommend routine performance of a venous DU examination on the contralateral lower extremity whenever these risk factors are present in patients with ipsilateral lower extremity DVT.


Assuntos
Ultrassonografia Doppler Dupla , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Tromboflebite/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord ; 4(2): 231-5, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26993872

RESUMO

Duplicated inferior vena cava is a rare anomaly, and thrombosis in one or both segments is even less frequent. We present a case of deep venous thrombosis of the left lower limb involving the popliteal, femoral, and iliac veins as well as the left segment of the duplicated vena cava and nutcracker syndrome. After catheter-directed thrombolysis complemented by mechanical thrombolysis, the compromised veins had complete revascularization; the nutcracker syndrome was treated with stent placement, followed by the use of anticoagulants. There was technical success and complete recovery of the patient.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Quebra-Nozes/complicações , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Veia Femoral , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca , Síndrome , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Filtros de Veia Cava , Veia Cava Inferior , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
13.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(4): 346-350, out.-dez. 2015. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-767706

RESUMO

A Síndrome de Proteus é uma rara associação de malformações que podem afetar vários tecidos e órgãos. É caracterizada por macrodactilia bilateral, hipertrofia craniana, anomalias ósseas, escoliose, hamartomas de tecidos moles, nevo verrucoso pigmentar, anormalidades viscerais e outras hipertrofias. Há pouco mais de 200 casos notificados em todo o mundo. O presente artigo relata a evolução clínica de um paciente pediátrico com essa síndrome. A criança apresentou desnutrição grave associada ao extremo gigantismo de membros inferiores. Além disso, apresentou repercussões psicossociais relacionadas à exclusão social. A doença tornou-se mais grave e progrediu como síndrome consumptiva. Finalmente, os pais concordaram com a amputação dos membros inferiores hipertróficos. Um ano após as amputações, a criança estava totalmente reabilitada, protetizada dos membros amputados, com melhora nutricional, além de apresentar notória recuperação psicológica e reinserção social, o que representou melhora significativa da qualidade de vida para o paciente.


Proteus syndrome is a rare combination of malformations that can affect several tissues and organs. It is characterized by bilateral macrodactyly, cranial hypertrophy, bone anomalies, scoliosis, soft-tissue hamartomas, verrucous pigmented nevus, visceral abnormalities and other forms of hypertrophy. Just over 200 cases have been reported worldwide. This article reports on the clinical course of a pediatric patient with this syndrome. The child had severe malnutrition associated with extreme gigantism of the lower limbs and also psychosocial problems related to social exclusion. As the disease progressed it exacerbated and evolved into a wasting syndrome. After several years, the parents agreed to amputation of the hypertrophic lower limbs. One year after the amputations the child had been rehabilitated and had adapted to prostheses, with nutritional improvement and notable psychological recovery and social reintegration, which represented a significant improvement in his quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Anormalidades Musculoesqueléticas/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/patologia , Extremidade Inferior , Gigantismo/diagnóstico , Gigantismo/reabilitação , Gigantismo , Amputação/reabilitação , Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia Doppler
14.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(4): 351-355, out.-dez. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-767714

RESUMO

A Doença de Behçet é uma doença inflamatória caracterizada por úlceras genitais e orais recorrentes, uveítes e lesões cutâneas. O envolvimento arterial é raro, sendo mais comuns as degenerações aneurismáticas do que as oclusivas. Neste caso clínico, paciente do sexo feminino, em tratamento de doença de Behçet havia 20 anos, iniciou com dor abdominal progressiva por dois meses, com piora súbita importante, foi submetida à tomografia computadorizada, que mostrou pseudoaneurisma toracoabdominal. A paciente foi submetida a tratamento endovascular com sucesso.


Behçet’s disease is an inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent oral and genital ulcers, uveitis and skin lesions. Arterial involvement is rare, but when present aneurysmal degeneration is more common than occlusive disease. This report describes the clinical case of a female patient who had been receiving treatment for Behçet’s disease for twenty years before presenting with abdominal pain that progressed for 2 months before suddenly worsening significantly. A CT scan revealed a thoracoabdominal pseudoaneurysm. She was successfully treated with endovascular repair.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Falso Aneurisma/reabilitação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/reabilitação , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/reabilitação , Síndrome de Behçet , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 29(1): 126.e9-14, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25305424

RESUMO

Spontaneous isolated dissection of iliac arteries is very rare, with few reports in the literature. Medical, surgical, and endovascular treatment modalities have all been used to manage iliac artery dissections. We report a case of symptomatic, isolated, spontaneous dissection of the common iliac and external iliac arteries. Both dissections were successfully treated by separate percutaneous stent-graft placement, preserving hypogastric artery flow. This technique is interesting because it provides adequate sealing of proximal and distal dissection sites while preserving hypogastric artery and pelvic flow.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Aneurisma Ilíaco/cirurgia , Pelve/irrigação sanguínea , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/fisiopatologia , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Humanos , Aneurisma Ilíaco/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Ilíaco/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Stents , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Trials ; 15: 497, 2014 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25527165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic venous disease is high and occurs more frequently in females. According to the clinical, etiological, anatomical, and pathological classification (CEAP) definition, the reticular veins are included in the C1 class and are mainly associated with aesthetic complaints. Several invasive techniques are used for treatment, including mini phlebectomy, laser ablation, and radiofrequency ablation. However, a wide range of sclerosing agents may serve as minimally invasive alternatives, promoting chemical sclerosis of the vein wall. Although this technique is routinely performed around the world, there is no consensus on the most efficacious and safe chemical agent to be used. METHODS/DESIGN: Inclusion criteria are women between 18 and 69 years old with at least 10 cm long reticular veins in the lower limbs, on the outer side of the leg/thigh. Patients with CEAP 2 to 6, or with allergies, pregnancy, performing breastfeeding, or with any dermatologic or clinical problems will be excluded. Patients with venous ultrasound mapping showing involvement of saphenous trunks and/or a deep venous system will also be excluded. Patients will be randomized into two groups, one receiving 75% pure glucose and the other group receiving 0.2% polidocanol diluted in 70% glucose. Just one limb and one session per patient will be performed. The sclerosing agent volume will not exceed 5 mL. Clinical follow-up will include visits on days 7 and 60, always with photographic documentation. DISCUSSION: This project aims to enroll 96 patients and subject them to a double-blind treatment after the randomization process. The design is intended to evaluate efficacy through a primary end point and safety through a secondary end point. Forty-eight patients have currently been enrolled. Preliminary results for these patients showed that 25 received treatment, 2 were excluded, and 22 returned after 7 days and showed no greater adverse events. To date, establishing efficacy criteria has not been possible, and no patients have reached the 60-day return point. These data may help doctors choose the best chemical agent for the treatment of reticular veins. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02054325, 3/02/2014.


Assuntos
Solução Hipertônica de Glucose/administração & dosagem , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Projetos de Pesquisa , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Escleroterapia/métodos , Telangiectasia/terapia , Varizes/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Doença Crônica , Protocolos Clínicos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Solução Hipertônica de Glucose/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polidocanol , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Soluções Esclerosantes/efeitos adversos , Escleroterapia/efeitos adversos , Telangiectasia/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Varizes/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 13(4): 318-324, Oct-Dec/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-736014

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is already considered the first choice treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Several different strategies have been used to address limitations to arterial access caused by unfavorable iliac artery anatomy. The aim of this report is to illustrate the advantages and limitations of each option and present the results of using the internal endoconduit technique and the difficulties involved.


O tratamento endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal (AAA) já está bastante difundido, sendo considerado como primeira escolha na maioria dos casos. Limitações no acesso pelas artérias ilíacas tortuosas, com estenoses, calibre pequeno ou doença oclusiva já foram contornadas com o uso de condutos, dissecção direta aortoilíaca, angioplastias, entre outros procedimentos. O objetivo deste desafio é mostrar as vantagens e limitações de cada alternativa, além de apresentar o resultado e as dificuldades com o endoconduíte.

18.
J. vasc. bras ; 13(4): 330-335, Oct-Dec/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-736024

RESUMO

Kassabach-Merritt syndrome is a combination of capillary hemangioma and thrombocytopenia that predisposes to bleeding with petechiae, ecchymosis and spontaneous bruising. Treatment is generally started with corticosteroids, interferon alpha or chemotherapy. We present the case of a child (aged 1 year and 9 months) with a giant hemangioma, from the root of the thigh to the knee, and thrombocytopenia. Treatment was started with corticosteroids, without improvement, and then intra-tumor and cutaneous bleeding appeared spontaneously. The patient's clinical condition precluded prescription of vincristine and interferon and emergency tumor resection was conducted because of extreme thrombocytopenia and bleeding. The child then began to develop sepsis with hypotension and ischemia of remnant tissues. This case presented a therapeutic challenge, which is the subject of this article.


A síndrome de Kassabach-Merritt é uma associação de hemangioma capilar e trombocitopenia, que promove sangramentos com petéquias, equimoses e hematomas espontâneos. A conduta é tratar com corticoide, interferon alfa ou quimioterápicos. Apresentamos um caso de criança (com 1 ano e 9 meses anos de idade) com um hemangioma gigante desde a raiz da coxa até altura do joelho, e plaquetopenia. O tratamento foi iniciado com corticoterapia sem melhora do quadro, surgindo de forma espontânea pontos de sangramento intratumoral e cutâneo. Sem condições clínicas de receber vincristina e o interferon, foi feita a ressecção tumoral de urgência por extrema plaquetopenia e sangramento. A criança começou então a desenvolver um quadro séptico com hipotensão e isquemia do tecido residual. Diante deste quadro, configurou-se um desafio terapêutico que será objeto deste artigo.

19.
J. vasc. bras ; 13(3): 235-243, Jul-Sep/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-727127

RESUMO

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), involving the exits of the renal and visceral arteries still constitutes a considerable challenge. Many different techniques have been developed over the years in attempts to surmount the difficulties presented by these cases. Techniques that have gained prominence include fenestrated or branched stents, methods involving parallel prostheses, such as the chimney, periscope and sandwich techniques, and, more recently, flow modulation with Multilayer stents. We describe a case of a complex juxtarenal saccular AAA with a high surgical risk, both according to cardiological assessment and because the patient had a difficult airway caused by a total laryngectomy for early stage laryngeal neoplasm. In view of the technical simplicity of using Multilayer stents, the presence of chronic obstructive aortoiliac disease, ostial stenosis of the renal artery and a small diameter suprarenal aorta, options involving fenestrated/branched stents and techniques involving parallel prostheses were ruled out, because of the need for multiple accesses. In view of the dilemma it presented, we describe this case as a therapeutic challenge and present the treatment option employed, which has been successful over the short term...


O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA), envolvendo a saída das artérias renais e viscerais, constitui ainda um importante desafio. Diversas técnicas foram desenvolvidas ao longo do tempo para contornar as dificuldades oferecidas por esta situação, destacando-se as endopróteses fenestradas ou ramificadas, as técnicas envolvendo próteses paralelas, como Chaminé, Periscópio e Sanduíche, e, mais recentemente, a utilização da modulação de fluxo por stent multicamadas Multilayer. Apresentamos um caso de AAA sacular complexo justarrenal e com alto risco cirúrgico pela avaliação cardiológica e por apresentar via aérea difícil, em decorrência de laringectomia total por antecedente de neoplasia de laringe. Devido à facilidade técnica do uso do Multilayer, à presença de doença obstrutiva crônica aorto-ilíaca, à estenose ostial renal e ao diâmetro limitado da aorta suprarrenal, descartaram-se as opções envolvendo endopróteses fenestradas/ramificadas ou técnicas envolvendo próteses paralelas, pela necessidade de diversos acessos para a execução. Diante do dilema imposto, apresentamos este caso como desafio terapêutico e com uma opção de tratamento bem sucedida, em curto prazo...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/terapia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Procedimentos Endovasculares/reabilitação , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Tomografia
20.
PLoS One ; 9(6): e98895, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24921930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether supplementation of high doses of cholecalciferol for two months in normotensive rats results in increased systolic arterial pressure and which are the mechanisms involved. Specifically, this study assesses the potential effect on cardiac output as well as the changes in aortic structure and functional properties. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups: 1) Control group (C, n = 20), with no supplementation of vitamin D, 2) VD3 (n = 19), supplemented with 3,000 IU vitamin D/kg of chow; 3) VD10 (n = 21), supplemented with 10,000 IU vitamin D/kg of chow. After two months, echocardiographic analyses, measurements of systolic arterial pressure (SAP), vascular reactivity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, mechanical properties, histological analysis and metalloproteinase-2 and -9 activity were performed. RESULTS: SAP was higher in VD3 and VD10 than in C rats (p = 0.001). Echocardiographic variables were not different among groups. Responses to phenylephrine in endothelium-denuded aortas was higher in VD3 compared to the C group (p = 0.041). Vascular relaxation induced by acetylcholine (p = 0.023) and sodium nitroprusside (p = 0.005) was impaired in both supplemented groups compared to the C group and apocynin treatment reversed impaired vasodilation. Collagen volume fraction (<0.001) and MMP-2 activity (p = 0.025) was higher in VD10 group compared to the VD3 group. Elastin volume fraction was lower in VD10 than in C and yield point was lower in VD3 than in C. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the view that vitamin D supplementation increases arterial pressure in normotensive rats and this is associated with structural and functional vascular changes, modulated by NADPH oxidase, nitric oxide, and extracellular matrix components.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Colecalciferol/farmacologia , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitaminas/farmacologia , Acetilcolina/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/fisiologia , Colecalciferol/administração & dosagem , Colágeno/genética , Colágeno/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais , Elastina/genética , Elastina/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Nitroprussiato/farmacologia , Fenilefrina/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
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