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1.
Eur Radiol ; 32(1): 56-66, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinical and CT factors associated with local resectability in patients with nonmetastatic pancreatic cancers after neoadjuvant chemotherapy ± radiation therapy (CRT). METHODS: This retrospective study included consecutive patients with nonmetastatic pancreatic cancers who underwent neoadjuvant CRT between June 2009 and June 2019. Tumor size, tumor-vascular contact with artery/vein, and local resectability categories (resectable, borderline resectable, or locally advanced) were assessed at baseline and post-CRT CT. Baseline and post-CRT carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 levels were also assessed. Clinical or imaging features related to R0 resection were determined using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 179 patients (mean age, 62.4 ± 9.3 years; 92 men) were included. After neoadjuvant CRT, 105 (58.7%) patients received R0 resection, while 74 (41.3%) did not. R0 resection rates were significantly different according to post-CRT CT resectability categories (p < 0.001): 82.8% (48/58), 70.1% (47/67), and 18.5% (10/54) for resectable, borderline resectable, and locally advanced disease, respectively. For post-CRT borderline resectable disease, ≥ 50% decrease in CA 19-9 was significantly associated with R0 resection (odds ratio (OR), 3.160; p = 0.02). For post-CRT locally advanced disease, small post-CRT tumor size ≤ 2 cm (OR, 9.668; p = 0.026) and decreased tumor-arterial contact (OR, 24.213; p = 0.022) were significantly associated with R0 resection. CONCLUSION: Post-CRT CT resectability categorization may be useful for the assessment of R0 resectability in patients with pancreatic cancer following neoadjuvant CRT. Additionally, ≥ 50% decrease in CA 19-9 was associated with R0 resection in post-CRT borderline resectable disease, while small post-CRT tumor size and decreased tumor-arterial contact were with locally advanced disease. KEY POINTS: • R0 resection rates following neoadjuvant chemotherapy ± radiation therapy (CRT) were 82.8%, 70.1%, and 18.5% in resectable, borderline resectable, and locally advanced disease, respectively, at post-CRT CT (p < 0.001). • For post-CRT borderline resectable disease, ≥ 50% decrease in carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 was significantly associated with R0 resection. • For post-CRT locally advanced disease, small post-CRT tumor size ≤ 2 cm and decreased tumor-arterial contact were significantly associated with R0 resection.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Ann Surg ; 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34913900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and survival benefits of portal vein and/or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) resection with jejunal vein resection (JVR) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Few studies have shown the surgical outcome and survival of pancreatic resection with JVR, and treatment strategies for patients with PDAC suspected of jejunal vein (JV) infiltration remain unclear. METHODS: In total, 1260 patients who underwent pancreatectomy with PV/SMV resection between 2013 and 2016 at 50 facilities were included; treatment outcomes were compared between the PV/SMV group (PV/SMV resection without JVR; n = 824), PV/SMV-J1 V group (PV/SMV resection with first jejunal vein resection; n = 394), and PV/SMV-J2,3 V group (PV/SMV resection with second jejunal vein or later branch resection; n = 42). RESULTS: Postoperative complications and mortality did not differ between the three groups. The postoperative complication rate associated with PV/SMV reconstruction was 11.9% in PV/SMV group, 8.6% in PV/SMV-J1 V group, and 7.1% in PV/SMV-J2,3 V group; there were no significant differences among the three groups. Overall survival did not differ between PV/SMV and PV/SMV-J1 V groups (median survival; 29.2 months vs. 30.9 months. p = 0.60). Although PV/SMV-J2,3 V group had significantly shorter survival than PV/SMV group who underwent upfront surgery (p = 0.05), no significant differences in overall survival of patients who received preoperative therapy. Multivariate survival analysis revealed that adjuvant therapy and R0 resection were independent prognostic factors in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: PV/SMV resection with JVR can be safely performed and may provide satisfactory overall survival with the pre-and postoperative adjuvant therapy.

3.
BJS Open ; 5(6)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 have been proposed as useful preoperative biomarkers of extrahepatic bile duct cancer (EBDC). This study investigated the accuracy of CEA and CA19-9 for preoperative diagnosis of EBDC. METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for EBDC at a tertiary centre between 1995 and 2018 were studied, and those with concurrent hepatobiliary diseases (including gallbladder cancer, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of pancreas), which could affect CEA or CA19-9 levels, were excluded. The control group included patients who underwent cholecystectomy for benign gallbladder diseases during the same period. Diagnostic accuracy was determined using sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: After excluding 23 patients, 687 patients (488 men and 199 women, mean age 65.8 years) were compared with the control group of 2310 patients. Median CEA and CA19-9 levels were 1.8 µg/l and 47.0 kU/l in patients with EBDC. CEA (cut-off 5.0 µg/l) showed AUC of 0.541, sensitivity 9.0 per cent and specificity 99.2 per cent, whereas CA19-9 (cut-off 37.0 kU/l) showed AUC of 0.753, sensitivity 56.2 per cent and specificity 94.5 per cent. Sensitivity of CA19-9 was lower in early (T stages 0-II) than advanced (T stages III and IV) cancer (47.0 versus 64.9 per cent), and also lower in N0 stage cancer than lymph node metastasis (50.1 versus 68.8 per cent). CONCLUSION: Serum CEA and CA19-9 showed low sensitivity limiting their usefulness as diagnostic biomarkers of EBDC.

4.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 101(6): 332-339, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934760

RESUMO

Purpose: There are few reports of postoperative long-term malignant risk or postoperative sequelae after surgery for choledochal cysts (CCs). This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with malignancy and the long-term results of operated CC. Methods: The patients who underwent surgical treatments for CC between 2003 and 2020 at Seoul National University Hospital were enrolled. Clinicopathologic factors and pre-/postoperative computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging were reviewed. Results: Of the 153 patients, Todani classification Ic (36.6%), C-P type (43.8%) anomalous pancreaticobiliary duct union were the most common type respectively. Fourteen patients (9.2%) had biliary tract cancer and a comparison of patients with and without malignancy showed that the diameter of cyst was significantly lower in malignant patients and malignancy was observed to be significantly higher in P-C type. The incidence of long-term complications was 9.8%, and the median time interval was 30 months. The 2 most common complications were cholangitis and stricture (60.0%). There was one case of new cancer near the intrapancreatic remnant bile duct. Conclusion: Of the resected CCs, 9.2% had a combined malignancy on the biliary tracts. Long-term complications such as cholangitis, anastomotic stricture, and new cancers may occur. Therefore, continuous surveillance is required.

5.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 101(5): 266-273, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796142

RESUMO

Purpose: Although serum CEA and CA 19-9 have been widely utilized for the diagnosis of gallbladder cancer (GBC), few studies have examined the diagnostic performance of them. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of these 2 biomarkers and demonstrate their clinical usefulness in diagnosing GBC. Methods: Between January 2000 and March 2020, a total of 751 GBC patients and 2,310 normal controls were included. Serum CEA and CA 19-9 were measured preoperatively. Receiver operating characteristic curves were obtained, and the sensitivity and specificity of each biomarker were evaluated. Results: In terms of differentiating GBC from the control, the sensitivity and specificity of serum CEA at 5 ng/mL was 12.1% and 99.1%, respectively, and those of serum CA 19-9 at 37 IU/mL were 28.7% and 94.5%, respectively. The optimal cutoff values of CEA and CA 19-9 were set to 2.1 ng/mL and 26 IU/mL in the receiver operating characteristic curves, respectively. The sensitivities of CEA and CA 19-9 at new cutoff values slightly increased but remained low (CEA, 42.9%; CA 19-9, 38.2%). When differentiating early-stage GBC from advanced tumor, the sensitivity and specificity, were 14.2% and 96.1% for CEA (cutoff value, 5 ng/mL) and 33.6% and 90.1% for CA 19-9 (cutoff value, 37 IU/mL), respectively. Conclusion: Serum CEA and CA 19-9 levels are not suitable for screening GBC patients from controls. New promising biomarkers with higher sensitivity should be explored.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anatomical structure around the pancreatic head is very complex and it is important to understand its precise anatomy and corresponding anatomical approach to safely perform minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD). This consensus statement aimed to develop recommendations for elucidating the anatomy and surgical approaches to MIPD. METHODS: Studies identified via a comprehensive literature search were classified using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network method. Delphi voting was conducted after experts had drafted recommendations, with a goal of obtaining >75% consensus. Experts discussed the revised recommendations with the validation committee and an international audience of 384 attendees. Finalized recommendations were made after a second round of online Delphi voting. RESULTS: Three clinical questions were addressed, providing six recommendations. All recommendations reached at least a consensus of 75%. Preoperatively evaluating the presence of anatomical variations and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) branching patterns was recommended. Moreover, it was recommended to fully understand the anatomical approach to SMA and intraoperatively confirm the SMA course based on each anatomical landmark before initiating dissection. CONCLUSIONS: MIPD experts suggest that surgical trainees perform resection based on precise anatomical landmarks for safe and reliable MIPD.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We previously reported perioperative and oncologic outcomes of robot-assisted pancreatoduodenectomy (RAPD); however, the follow-up period in RAPD was relatively short, and disease-matched survival analyses were lacking. Therefore, this study investigated time trends of perioperative and long-term disease-matched outcomes of RAPD. METHODS: Annual clinicopathologic outcomes of 328 patients with RAPD between 2015 and 2020 were analyzed and compared with 929 patients with open PD using the propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis based on postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) risk and oncologic variables in malignant patients. RESULTS: Robot-assisted pancreatoduodenectomy cases increased from 10 (6.3%) in 2015 to 116 (50.2% of total PD) in 2020, with malignancy proportion increasing from 50.0% to 80.2%. POPF risk-based PSM analysis showed that compared with open PD, RAPD had younger patients (63.7 vs 65.6 years, P = .018), longer operation time (339.1 vs 290.0 min, P < .001); however, estimated blood loss (P = .275), complications (17.1% vs 18.3%, P = .702), and clinically relevant POPF (9.8% vs 11.1%, P = .584) were similar with shorter postoperative hospital stay (10.8 vs 15.6 days, P < .001). In disease and stage-matched malignant patients, R0 resection (93.9% vs 91.2%, P = .376), total retrieved lymph node (18.2 vs 19.9, P = .058), and 5-year survival rate (57.3% vs 60.6%, P = .406) were similar between RAPD and open PD, also in pancreatic cancer patients (31.6% vs 26.3%, P = .068). CONCLUSIONS: Robot-assisted pancreatoduodenectomy demonstrated similar perioperative outcomes with earlier recovery and equivalent long-term survival with open PD. RAPD is safe and feasible for periampullary lesions, including pancreatic cancers, and its role will expand in the era of minimally invasive surgery.

8.
Br J Surg ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major vessel invasion is an important factor for determining the surgical approach and long-term prognosis for patients with pancreatic head cancer. However, clinical implications of vessel invasion have seldom been reported in pancreatic body or tail cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical relevance of splenic vessel invasion with pancreatic body or tail cancer compared with no invasion and investigate prognostic factors. METHODS: This study enrolled patients who underwent upfront distal pancreatectomy from 2005 to 2018. The circular degree of splenic vessel invasion was investigated and categorized into three groups (group 1, no invasion; group 2, 0-180°; group 3, 180° or more). Clinicopathological variables and perioperative and survival outcomes were evaluated, and multivariable Cox proportional analysis was performed to evaluate prognostic factors. RESULTS: Among 249 enrolled patients, tumour size was larger in patients with splenic vessel invasion (3.9 versus 2.9 cm, P = 0.001), but the number of metastatic lymph nodes was comparable to that in patients with no vessel invasion (1.7 versus 1.4, P = 0.241). The 5-year overall survival rates differed significantly between the three groups (group 1, 38.4 per cent; group 2, 16.8 per cent; group 3, 9.7 per cent, P < 0.001). Patients with both splenic artery and vein invasion had lower 5-year overall survival rates than those with one vessel (7.5 versus 20.2 per cent, P = 0.021). Cox proportional analysis revealed adjuvant treatment, R0 resection and splenic artery invasion as independent prognostic factors for adverse outcomes in pancreatic body or tail cancer. CONCLUSION: Splenic vessel invasion was associated with higher recurrence and lower overall survival in pancreatic body or tail cancers suggesting a need for a neoadjuvant approach.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical views with high resolution and magnification have enabled us to recognize the precise anatomical structures that can be used as landmarks during minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP). This study aimed to validate the usefulness of anatomy-based approaches for MIDP before and during the Expert Consensus Meeting: Precision Anatomy for Minimally Invasive HBP Surgery (February 24, 2021). METHODS: Twenty-five international MIDP experts developed clinical questions regarding surgical anatomy and approaches for MIDP. Studies identified via a comprehensive literature search were classified using Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network methodology. Online Delphi voting was conducted after experts had drafted the recommendations, with the goal of obtaining >75% consensus. Experts discussed the revised recommendations in front of the validation committee and an international audience of 384 attendees. Finalized recommendations were made after a second round of online Delphi voting. RESULTS: Four clinical questions were addressed, resulting in 10 recommendations. All recommendations reached at least a 75% consensus among experts. CONCLUSIONS: The expert consensus on precision anatomy for MIDP has been presented as a set of recommendations based on available evidence and expert opinions. These recommendations should guide experts and trainees in performing safe MIDP and foster its appropriate dissemination worldwide.

10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(20)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680244

RESUMO

Given the rare incidence of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC), its post-resection clinical outcomes remain unclear. Treatment strategies for PACC have relied on those of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The present study retrospectively investigated clinicopathologic characteristics of resected PACC registered in the Korea Tumor Registry System Biliary Pancreas database. Among 59 patients with a mean age of 59.2 years and a male predominance (83.1%), 43, 5, 7, and 4 had pure PACC, ductal differentiations, mixed neuroendocrine carcinomas, and intraductal and papillary variants, respectively. The mean tumor size was 4.6 cm, consisting of eight at T1, 26 at T2, and 25 at T3 stages. Metastasis to regional lymph node was identified in 15 (25.4%) patients. Thirty-one (52.5%) patients received adjuvant therapy. Five-year survival rate was 57.4%. The median survival was 78.8 months. In survival comparison according to the stage with AJCC system, N stage (lymph node metastasis), but not T stage, showed significant differences (p = 0.027). Resected PACC appeared to have clinical outcomes distinct from those of PDAC in this nationwide study. Therefore, large-scale multinational studies are needed to overcome the rarity of PACC and to establish an appropriate treatment strategies and staging system.

11.
Int J Med Robot ; : e2345, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single-incision robotic cholecystectomy (SIRC) is widely performed with both the da Vinci Xi system (Xi) and the da Vinci SP system (SP). But there are limited numbers of studies comparing these platforms. METHODS: Patients who underwent SIRC between 2019 and 2020 were enrolled. Patient demographics, intraoperative factors, postoperative complications, postoperative pain were compared using a one-to-one propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: Overall, 258 patients underwent SIRC with Xi and 72 with SP. After PSM, there were significant differences between the Xi and SP in operation time at console and numeric rating scale for postoperative pain, but no difference in total operation time and postoperative complications. The SP group showed more estimated blood loss. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the statistical difference, clinical benefit was not significant. Both platforms can be safe and feasible to perform SIRC, but further investigation including the surgeon's workload and ergonomics is needed as a prospective study.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581022

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locally advanced (unresectable) pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is surgically unresectable and often treated with chemotherapy. Most previous studies, that have evaluated conversion surgery after chemotherapy, included heterogeneous patients and chemotherapy regimens, making it challenging to determine the impact of FOLFIRINOX. The present study evaluated the survival benefit of conversion surgery in patients with LAPC who received FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy, and analyzed the prognostic factors. METHODS: Patients with LAPC who received FOLFIRINOX as first-line therapy for at least four cycles were included. During chemotherapy, surgical eligibility was determined based on radiologic and metabolic response to the treatment. Clinicopathologic characteristics were compared between the curative-intent surgery and non-resection groups, and the prognostic factors were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 279 patients were included. The rates of partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) were 34.1% and 51.4%, respectively, and 16.8% patients underwent curative-intent surgery. The median survival was significantly longer in the resection group than in the non-resection group (56 vs 21 months, P < .001). In a multivariate analysis, curative-intent surgery (HR 0.260; P < .001) was the most important factor. CONCLUSIONS: Conversion surgery after FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy effectively rescues patients with LAPC. Patients without progression after FOLFIRINOX could be considered as potential candidates for conversion surgery.

13.
Eur J Cancer ; 157: 31-39, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474218

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after curative resection in patients with extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2015, 1475 patients with EHBD cancer who underwent curative resection were accrued from 14 institutions in Korea. Among these, 959 patients did not receive any adjuvant therapy (RT(-) group), while 516 underwent postoperative RT with or without chemotherapy (RT(+) group). RESULTS: The median age was 67 years. Nodal involvement was present in 482 patients (32.7%), and resection margin was involved in 293 patients (19.9%). RT(+) group had more patients with proximal tumours, advanced tumours, nodal involvement, perineural invasion, and involved resection margin than RT(-) group (all p < 0.001). With a median follow-up of 36 months, there were 211 locoregional recurrences, 307 distant metastases and 322 combined locoregional and distant failures. On multivariate analysis incorporating age, tumour location, differentiation, pT classification, pN classification, perineural invasion and resection margin, adjuvant RT was associated with improved overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.86; p < 0.001). When RT(+) group was separated into RT alone, concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and CCRT followed by chemotherapy, the greatest benefit was observed in patients treated with CCRT followed by chemotherapy (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.41-0.68). CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant RT combined with chemotherapy improved survival outcomes of resected EHBD cancer patients. Considering the greatest benefit observed in patients receiving CCRT followed by chemotherapy, a randomised controlled trial comparing chemotherapy alone and CCRT followed by chemotherapy is urgently needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Ductos Biliares Extra-Hepáticos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Minerva Anestesiol ; 87(10): 1100-1108, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between sugammadex use and the occurrence of delayed passage of first flatus and oral intake tolerance following open pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: We reviewed consecutive patients who underwent open PD between 2015 and 2019; subsequently, they were divided into the sugammadex (group S) and neostigmine with anticholinergics (group N) groups based on the reversal agent used. We performed stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analysis to adjust for baseline differences between the groups. We compared the delayed passage of first flatus, oral intake tolerance, and other postoperative outcomes between the groups before and after IPTW. RESULTS: Of the 736 included patients, 309 (42.0%) received sugammadex. Stabilized IPTW revealed a significantly lower occurrence of delayed passage of first flatus in group S (19.3%) compared to group N (28.3%) (OR 0.61, 95% CI: 0.43-0.86, P=0.005). Further, there was a significantly lower occurrence of delayed oral intake tolerance in group S (19.9%) than in group N (27.7%) (OR 0.65, 95% CI: 0.46-0.92, P=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to previous reversal agents, sugammadex use was significantly associated with a decrease in the occurrence of prolonged time to first flatus and oral intake tolerance following open PD.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Neuromuscular , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Inibidores da Colinesterase , Motilidade Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sugammadex
15.
Int J Surg ; 93: 106050, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: or Purpose: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a leading cause of mortality in the world with the overall 5-year survival rate of 6%. The survival of patients with PDAC is closely related to recurrence and therefore it is necessary to identify the risk factors for recurrence. This study uses artificial intelligence approaches and multi-center registry data to analyze the recurrence of pancreatic cancer after surgery and its major determinants. METHODS: Data came from 4846 patients enrolled in a multi-center registry system, the Korea Tumor Registry System (KOTUS). The random forest and the Cox proportional-hazards model (the Cox model) were applied and compared for the prediction of disease-free survival. Variable importance, the contribution of a variable for the performance of the model, was used for identifying major predictors of disease-free survival after surgery. The C-Index was introduced as a criterion for validating the models trained. RESULTS: Based on variable importance from the random forest, major predictors of disease-free survival after surgery were tumor size (0.00310), tumor grade (0.00211), TNM stage (0.00211), T stage (0.00146) and lymphovascular invasion (0.00125). The coefficients of these variables were statistically significant in the Cox model (p < 0.05). The C-Index averages of the random forest and the Cox model were 0.6805 and 0.7738, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first artificial-intelligence study with multi-center registry data to predict disease-free survival after the surgery of pancreatic cancer. The findings of this methodological study demonstrate that artificial intelligence can provide a valuable decision-support system for treating patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer. However, at present, further studies are needed to demonstrate the actual benefit of applying machine learning algorithms in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Inteligência Artificial , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg ; 25(3): 349-357, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402435

RESUMO

Backgrounds/Aims: Surgical resection is the only curative treatment for biliary tract cancers; however, most patients undergo palliative chemotherapy because they are contraindicated for surgery. Conversion surgery, a treatment strategy for downsizing chemotherapy and subsequent surgical resection, is feasible for initially unresectable biliary tract cancers following the introduction of effective chemotherapeutic agents. Methods: Patients initially diagnosed with unresectable biliary tract cancers, and treated with conversion surgery after palliative chemotherapy between 2013 and 2019, were reviewed retrospectively. Results: Twelve patients underwent conversion surgery after palliative chemotherapy for initially unresectable biliary tract cancers. The final pathological diagnosis included six perihilar cholangiocarcinomas, four distal common bile duct cancers, and two gallbladder cancers. Different chemotherapy regimens were used, but all the patients were treated with gemcitabine at some point during their treatment. The median overall survival was 28 months, which was longer than that of patients treated with isolated palliative chemotherapy in previous studies. Conclusions: Conversion surgery represents a therapeutic alternative for specific cases of unresectable biliary tract cancers. Palliative chemotherapy for initially unresectable biliary tract cancers is recommended for downsizing the tumor and expanding the indications for surgery. Further studies and clinical trials are required to develop new and effective chemotherapeutic regimens.

17.
Front Genet ; 12: 634922, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267778

RESUMO

In the "personalized medicine" era, one of the most difficult problems is identification of combined markers from different omics platforms. Many methods have been developed to identify candidate markers for each type of omics data, but few methods facilitate the identification of multiple markers on multi-omics platforms. microRNAs (miRNAs) is well known to affect only indirectly phenotypes by regulating mRNA expression and/or protein translation. To take into account this knowledge into practice, we suggest a miRNA-mRNA integration model for survival time analysis, called mimi-surv, which accounts for the biological relationship, to identify such integrated markers more efficiently. Through simulation studies, we found that the statistical power of mimi-surv be better than other models. Application to real datasets from Seoul National University Hospital and The Cancer Genome Atlas demonstrated that mimi-surv successfully identified miRNA-mRNA integrations sets associated with progression-free survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. Only mimi-surv found miR-96, a previously unidentified PDAC-related miRNA in these two real datasets. Furthermore, mimi-surv was shown to identify more PDAC related miRNAs than other methods because it used the known structure for miRNA-mRNA regularization. An implementation of mimi-surv is available at http://statgen.snu.ac.kr/software/mimi-surv.

18.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 100(6): 320-328, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136428

RESUMO

Purpose: Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) is widely performed but its efficacy and safety are not established for malignant lesions. This study was aimed to compare outcomes of LDP and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: Patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy for PDAC between 2009 and 2017 were enrolled. The preoperative clinical stage was evaluated and propensity score matching (PSM) was performed using age, sex, The American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th clinical T stage, and other organ involvement. Results: In 186 patients enrolled, 35 (18.8%) received LDP. The ODP group showed larger tumor size and frequent involvement of other organs in preoperative images. However, after PSM, these differences were balanced. R0 resection (90.5% vs. 94.3%, P = 0.730), harvested lymph nodes (14.3 vs. 12.6, P = 0.380) and pathologic T stage (P = 0.474) were comparable between ODP and LDP groups, respectively. LDP demonstrated shorter operation time, less postoperative pain, and shorter hospitalization (14.4 days vs. 11.1 days, P = 0.026). In terms of long-term oncologic outcomes, median overall survival (32 months vs. 28 months, P = 0.724) and disease-free survival (18 months vs. 19 months, P = 0.926) were comparable. Conclusion: LDP demonstrated better short-term outcomes and comparable long-term outcomes compared with ODP. LDP is a safe and feasible procedure for PDAC.

19.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 46(10): 4787-4799, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34143259

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify features on preoperative MR imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for predicting next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based tumor cellularity and patient outcome after surgical resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: This retrospective study included 105 patients with surgically resected PDAC who underwent preoperative MR imaging with DWI. Tumor cellularity was measured using molecular techniques and bioinformatics methods. Clinico-pathologic findings including tumor T stage for predicting disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were identified using Cox proportional hazards model. Important MR imaging findings including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of PDAC and modified ADC value (the ratio of the ADC value of PDAC to the ADC value of the spleen) for predicting higher tumor cellularity (≥ 30%) and poor prognosis were also identified. RESULTS: The median DFS and OS were 12.0 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.0-17.0] and 22.0 months (95% CI, 18.0-29.0), respectively. Higher T stage (T3/4) [hazard ratio (HR), 7.720, (95% CI 1.072, 55.612); p = 0.048] and higher tumor cellularity [HR, 1.599 (95% CI, 1.003-2.548); p = 0.048] were significantly associated with worse DFS. Among MR imaging features, the modified ADC value was significantly associated with tumor cellularity [odds ratio, 0.068 (95% CI, 0.012-0.372); p = 0.002], and PDAC with lower modified ADC value [≤ 1.40 (cutoff value)] showed significantly shorter median DFS than PDAC with higher modified ADC value [8 months (95% CI, 4-12) vs. 16 months (95% CI, 10-29); HR, 1.713 (95% CI, 1.073-2.735), log-rank p = 0.024]. CONCLUSION: Higher NGS-based tumor cellularity may be a negative prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer after resection, and modified ADC value derived from DWI could be helpful in predicting tumor cellularity and patient surgical outcome with regard to recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(11): 983-992, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although perioperative hypothermia was found to be associated with gastrointestinal anastomotic leakage in preclinical studies, its association with postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) following pancreaticoduodenectomy was never evaluated. We investigated the association between intraoperative hypothermia and clinically relevant (CR)-POPF following pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2163 consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy during 2007-2019. Based on intraoperative time-weighted average core temperature, patients were grouped into normothermia (36.0-37.5°C), mild hypothermia (35.0-<36.0°C), and severe hypothermia (<35°C). We conducted multivariable logistic regression analysis for CR-POPF, a propensity score analysis using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) to adjust the baseline differences between the three groups, followed by multivariable logistic regression with IPTW for CR-POPF. RESULTS: Among the 2008 patients analysed, 1118 (55.7%) and 120 (6.0%) had mild and severe hypothermia, respectively, and 14.2% overall incidence of CR-POPF. Severe intraoperative hypothermia was significantly associated with CR-POPF before and after IPTW (before: odds ratio [OR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-3.09, P = .038; after: OR 2.48, 95% CI: 1.28-4.81, P = .007); however, mild hypothermia had no significant associations. CONCLUSION: Severe intraoperative hypothermia is significantly associated with the occurrence of CR-POPF following pancreaticoduodenectomy, suggesting that hypothermia is deleterious on pancreaticojejunal anastomotic healing.


Assuntos
Hipotermia , Fístula Pancreática , Humanos , Hipotermia/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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