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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18249, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852092

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cancer and chemotherapy individually confer hypercoagulability and increased risks of thrombosis. Most thromboembolic complication after breast cancer chemotherapy was venous thrombosis after multiagent chemotherapy. Arterial thrombosis is extremely rare in early breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. PRESENTING CONCERNS: A 55-year-old woman with right breast cancer presented to the emergency department with sudden pain, numbness, and swelling in her left hand. She underwent breast conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy 2 months before the visit. She received the second cycle of adjuvant Adriamycin-cyclophosphamide chemotherapy 5 days before. INTERVENTIONS: Computed tomography angiography revealed acute arterial thrombosis in the left brachial, radial, and ulnar arteries. Unfractionated heparin was initiated immediately, followed by brachial and radial-ulnar thrombectomy, restoring perfusion to the extremity. The postoperative course was uncomplicated; she was discharged on warfarin at a daily dose of 4 mg. OUTCOMES: Chemotherapy was discontinued. Anticoagulation with warfarin was continued. She subsequently received adjuvant endocrine therapy with an aromatase inhibitor and adjuvant radiotherapy. MAIN LESSONS: Despite the low risks of arterial thrombosis in breast cancer, it is a devastating complication with significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboprophylaxis should be considered in those at risk. Immediate anticoagulant therapy and surgical intervention should be considered in affected cases.


Assuntos
Artéria Braquial , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Artéria Radial , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Artéria Ulnar , Doença Aguda , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler
2.
Vasc Specialist Int ; 33(1): 40-42, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28377912

RESUMO

A 55-year-old man with a palpable pulsatile mass and pain in his left thigh was presented to us. He had no history of trauma in his left leg, interventions, operation, or medical diseases, including cardiac valve disease, endocarditis, and systemic infection. The size of the aneurysm was 10 cm×7 cm with a mural thrombus in ultrasonography and multidetector computer tomography. There was no evidence of other aneurysms or occlusive lesions in the other arteries. The aneurysm was resected without a vascular reconstruction of the deep femoral artery. The patient's symptom improved rapidly. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery without complications. We report a case of true deep femoral artery aneurysm, which was successfully treated with resection of an aneurysm without a vascular reconstruction.

3.
Vasc Specialist Int ; 32(3): 129-132, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27699161

RESUMO

This is a case report that suggests the possible association between multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms and long-distance running. The clinical features of one patient admitted at Chungbuk National University Hospital for treatment of multiple splanchnic arterial aneurysms were reviewed. A 54-year-old man had a recurrent, intermittent and epigastric pain for 2 months. There was no abnormality in gastroscopy and colonoscopy. An abdominal computed tomography angiography documented calcified superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and splenic artery aneurysms. The patient had a history of recreational long-distance running for over 10 years. His average running time per week was more than 10 hours. There was no evidence of systemic arteritis, connective tissue disorder or infectious process that may have caused the aneurysms. He did not take any drugs. The SMA aneurysm was opened, and the aneurysmal segment of SMA was replaced with a vein graft. The splenic aneurysm was observed. The patient recovered without any sequelae.

4.
Surg Endosc ; 30(8): 3611-7, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26541742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The liver hanging maneuver is a novel technique that is widely used in open liver resection. The hanging technique has been rarely applied during laparoscopic liver resection because a blind dissection between the anterior surface of the inferior vena cava and the liver is required. Dissection between the right and middle hepatic vein is necessary in right hepatectomy, as is dissection between the middle and left hepatic vein in left hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to introduce the lateral approach liver hanging maneuver in laparoscopic anatomical liver resections. METHOD: For this technique, the upper end of the hanging tape was placed on the lateral side of the right or left hepatic vein and the lower end of the hanging tape between three Glisson's pedicles. The pathway of the tape was situated along the lateral side of the inferior vena cava in right-sided hepatectomy or the ligamentum venosum in left-sided hepatectomy. RESULTS: From February 2013 to October 2014, this technique was performed in 35 patients. Of these patients, ten patients underwent a right hepatectomy, 5 patients underwent a right posterior sectionectomy, 12 patients underwent a left hepatectomy, and 8 patients underwent a left lateral sectionectomy. The median operative time was 240 min (range 90-390 min), and median blood loss was 350 ml (range 60-700 ml). Blood transfusion was required in six patients (17.1 %). In two patients (5.7 %), postoperative complications were observed due to intra-abdominal fluid collection and pneumonia, respectively. No postoperative mortality was encountered. CONCLUSION: The lateral approach liver hanging maneuver is a simple, safe, and reproducible approach as dissection of the anterior surface of the inferior vena cava and between the three major hepatic veins is not required. This technique may be useful in laparoscopic anatomical liver resections.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Veias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Dissecação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Veia Cava Inferior
5.
Vasc Specialist Int ; 31(3): 87-94, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26509139

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To introduce a nation-based endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) registry in South Korea and to analyze the anatomical features and early clinical outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in patients who underwent EVAR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korean EVAR registry (KER) was a template-based online registry developed and established in 2009. The KER recruited 389 patients who underwent EVAR from 13 medical centers in South Korea from January 2010 to June 2010. We retrospectively reviewed the anatomic features and 30-day clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Initial deployment without open conversion was achieved in all cases and procedure-related 30-day mortality rate was 1.9%. Anatomic features showed the following variables: proximal aortic neck angle 48.8±25.7° (mean±standard deviation), vertical neck length 35.0±17.2 mm, aneurysmal sac diameter 57.2±14.2 mm, common iliac artery (CIA) involvement in 218 (56.3%) patients, and median right CIA length 34.9 mm. Two hundred and nineteen (56.3%) patients showed neck calcification, 98 patients (25.2%) had neck thrombus, and the inferior mesenteric arteries of 91 patients (23.4%) were occluded. CONCLUSION: Anatomical features of AAA in patients from the KER were characterized as having angulated proximal neck, tortuous iliac artery, and a higher rate of CIA involvement. Long-term follow-up and ongoing studies are required.

6.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 87(5): 273-5, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25368854

RESUMO

Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of small- and medium-sized arteries in multiorgan systems. PAN may affect the gastrointestinal tract in 14%-65% of patients, but rarely involves the biliary tract and liver. We describe a patient without underlying disease who was diagnosed with PAN during resection of the gallbladder and liver.

7.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 86(5): 278-82, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24851231

RESUMO

Minimally invasive surgery is being widely accepted in various fields of surgery. Although several appendectomy techniques have been reported but, there is no standardization. We report here the experiences of transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy in humans. Between July 2008 and September 2010, ten patients with appendicitis successfully underwent transumbilical endoscopic appendectomies. There were 7 cases of suppurative, 2 cases of gangrenous and 1 case of perforated in operative findings. The ages of the patients were 13-56 years (mean age, 32.7 ± 15.4 years). Under general anesthesia, a 15-mm port was inserted through the umbilicus and then a two-channel endoscope was inserted in the peritoneal cavity. After appendix identification, counter-traction of the appendix with a direct abdominal wall puncture using a straight round needle prolene was performed to achieve good visualization of the operative field. Tissue dissection was performed using an endoscopic needle knife. Tissue grasping and resected appendix retrieval were done with endoscopic forceps. The average operation time was 79.5 ± 23.6 minutes (range, 45 to 110 minutes). No procedures were converted to laparoscopic or open appendectomy. Hospital stay was 4-6 days. All patients completely recovered without complications. As it is highly maneuverable, we believe transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy can be a feasible method. And, as surgeons want to proceed from laparoscopic surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, this procedure could be a triable method.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 29(4): 1609-16, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23381601

RESUMO

The thorns of Gleditsia sinensis are a traditional Oriental medicine used for the treatment of swelling, suppuration, carbuncle and skin diseases. In the present study, we identified a novel molecular mechanism by which an ethanol extract of Gleditsia sinensis thorns (EEGS) inhibits the growth of the SNU-5 human gastric cancer cell line. EEGS treatment inhibited cell growth and was associated with G1 phase cell cycle arrest at a concentration of 400 µg/ml (IC50) in SNU-5 cells. Treatment with EEGS also stimulated p21WAF1 expression, which significantly decreased the expression of cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). Further study suggested that p38 MAP kinase pathways may be involved in the inhibition of cell proliferation through p21WAF1­dependent G1 phase cell cycle arrest in EEGS-treated cells. In addition, NF-κB and AP-1 transcription factor binding sites were identified as the cis-elements for tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression in SNU-5 cells, as determined by gel-shift assay. Treatment of cells with EEGS suppressed MMP-9 expression induced by TNF-α via a decrease in the binding activity of both NF-κB and AP-1 motifs. These data demonstrate that EEGS-mediated inhibition of cell growth appears to involve the activation of p38 MAP kinase, subsequently leading to the induction of p21WAF1 and the downregulation of cyclin D1/CDK4 and cyclin E/CDK2 complexes. Moreover, EEGS strongly inhibited TNF-α-induced MMP-9 expression by impeding the DNA binding activity of NF-κB and AP-1. Overall, these results provide a potential mechanism for EEGS in the treatment of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Gleditsia/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
J Korean Surg Soc ; 83(2): 97-101, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22880184

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Bile duct dilatation after cholecystectomy continues to be a matter of controversy. We aimed determine the magnitude of common bile duct (CBD) dilatation after cholecystectomy followed up to 1 year. METHODS: Sixty-four cases (age, 47.3 ± 11.7 years; men, 28; women, 36) enrolled in this study. They received laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Chungbuk National University Hospital for symptomatic cholelithiasis or gallbladder polyps with normal bile duct, less than 7 mm. The CBD diameter was measured by one radiologist using ultrasonography at the maximum point after full length evaluation of extrahepatic bile duct. Forty-five and thirty-one cases were followed at 6 months and 1 year, respectively. RESULTS: The CBD was dilated slightly from 4.1 mm at baseline to 5.1 mm at 6 months and 6.1 mm at 12 months after cholecystectomy. The number of cases of CBD dilatation of more than 7 mm at 6 months and at 12 months after cholecystectomy were 11 (24.4%) and 9 (29.0%), respectively. Seven cases at 6 months and 5 cases at 12 months showed bile duct dilation of more than 3 mm compared to baseline. There were no cases having bile duct dilation of more than 10 mm. CONCLUSION: Postcholecystectomy dilatation of the bile duct occured slightly in most cases. But some cases showed more than 3 mm dilatation over baseline. Asymptomatic bile duct dilatation of up to 10 mm can be considered as normal range in patients after cholecystectomy.

10.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 22(2): 127-30, 2012 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22487625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interval appendectomy has been known to be an effective and safe treatment for a periappendiceal abscess, but there is no study on a laparoscopic approach for the treatment of a periappendiceal abscess. The aim of this study is to investigate the value of laparoscopic interval appendectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 56 patients who had been admitted due to a periappendiceal abscess to Chungbuk National University Hospital from July 2005 to June 2010. Fifteen patients underwent an initial conservative treatment and interval appendectomy. Medical records were reviewed for the postoperative hospital course such as complications, time of initiation of diet, time since stopping antibiotics, symptoms' relief period, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: All patients received initial conservative treatment [percutaneous drainage insertion (1 case failed) and intravenous antibiotics], and the initial length of hospital stay was 11.6±4.3 days. Percutaneous drainage was removed a mean of 21.7±9.4 days after the initial treatment. Interval appendectomy was performed at a mean of 64.0±17.8 days after initial admission. The duration of use of intravenous antibiotics was a mean of 4.1±1.8 days after laparoscopic interval appendectomy. The complication rate was 1 (6.7%) and the open conversion rate was 1 (6.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that initial conservative treatment and laparoscopic interval appendectomy represented a feasible and effective treatment for patients with a periappendiceal abscess.


Assuntos
Abscesso/cirurgia , Apendicectomia/métodos , Apendicite/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Abscesso/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Apendicite/tratamento farmacológico , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 21(1): 24-7, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21304384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is the most common nongynecologic surgery performed during pregnancy. Pregnancy is no longer considered an absolute contraindication for laparoscopic procedures. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a safe, effective, and beneficial procedure for the treatment of acute appendicitis. However, limited data are available regarding the safety and feasibility of LA during pregnancy. METHODS: Between May 2005 and May 2009, 20 patients with clinically suspected appendicitis in pregnancy underwent LA at Chungbuk National University Hospital. Clinical data collected retrospectively included demographic information. We compared maternal age, gestational age, operation time, anesthetic time, surgical complications, length of hospitalization, and final outcome of pregnancy. RESULTS: All the 20 patients who underwent LA did not need a conversion. Mean maternal age was 28.1 years (range, approximately 20 to 35 y), gestational age was 15.4 weeks (range, approximately 6 to 30 wk), mean operation time was 45.5 minutes (range, approximately 25 to 90 min), mean length of hospital stay was 4.7 days (range, approximately 2 to 11 d). Fifteen of 20 pregnant women delivered healthy term infants and 5 women have kept a healthy pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the accumulating evidence that LA is a safe and feasible procedure for the treatment of acute appendicitis in all trimesters of pregnancy. Close maternal and fetal monitoring is essential during and after the operation.


Assuntos
Apendicectomia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Tempo de Internação , Bem-Estar Materno , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Adulto Jovem
12.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 50(4): 271-6, 2007 Oct.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18159193

RESUMO

Caroli's disease is a rare congenital hepatobiliary disease characterized by multifocal segmental dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts affecting all or parts of the liver. Two forms of Caroli's disease are described, the pure form and that associated with periportal fibrosis. The disease may diffusely affect the liver or be localized to one lobe or segment. Less than 20% of all reported cases of Caroli's disease are monolobar type. We report a case of simple type Caroli's disease confined to right lobe of the liver in a 22 year old man. He was admitted due to right upper abdominal pain and diagnosed by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. He was treated with right hepatic lobectomy and recovered completely.


Assuntos
Doença de Caroli/cirurgia , Fígado/patologia , Adulto , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Doença de Caroli/diagnóstico , Doença de Caroli/patologia , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg ; 10(2): 176-82, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14505153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proliferative cholangitis (PC) leads to biliary stricture, which is the main cause of hepatolithiasis, recurrent cholangitis, and biliary cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether local delivery of paclitaxel, which inhibits cell proliferation by overstabilization of microtubules, prevents PC in a rat model. METHODS: PC was induced by introducing a fine nylon thread into the bile duct in a rat. Paclitaxel (100 microl of 10, 100, and 1000 micromol/l) or solvent vehicle was administered into the bile duct for 15 min. One week after treatment, histopathologic examination and 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling of the bile duct were performed. RESULTS: In comparison with the control, the mean thickness of the bile duct was reduced by 29% in the 1000 micromol/l paclitaxel-treated group (2.61 +/- 0.31 microm vs 3.67 +/- 0.25 micro m, P << 0.05). The luminal area increased ( P << 0.0001) and the grade of epithelial-glandular proliferation was decreased ( P << 0.01) as the dose of paclitaxel increased. Ductal fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration were similar in both groups. The BrdU labeling index was significantly lower in the paclitaxel-treated group ( P << 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Local delivery of paclitaxel suppressed PC in a rat model by the inhibition of epithelial-glandular proliferation and may offer an effective therapeutic option for biliary stricture.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/administração & dosagem , Colangite/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Animais , Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangite/patologia , Colangite/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Taehan Kan Hakhoe Chi ; 8(2): 173-8, 2002 Jun.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12499803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is well known that alcohol enhances the toxicity of CCl4. We tried to establish an alcoholic liver cirrhosis model by administration of alcohol and CCl4 to rats. We also wanted to know the hepatoprotective effect of low doses of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in this animal model. METHODS: Of 20 female adult rats, 8 were ingested with alcohol ad libitum(group 1) Another 6 were ingested with 10% alcohol and 50% 1mL/kg CCl4 intragastrically by Sonde twice a week(group 2) The remaining 6 were ingested with 10% alcohol, CCl4, and 0.1mg/kg LPS intraperitoneally twice a week(group 3) The fibrosis was evaluated semiquantitatively on a scale of 0(none) to 3(cirrhosis). RESULTS: 1) After 10 weeks, septal fibrosis or cirrhosis was produced in 9 out of 12 rats in groups 2 and 3 but there was no fibrotic change in group 1. 2) There was no significant difference in pathological grading between groups 2 and 3. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic fibrosis or cirrhosis can be sufficiently induced by alcohol and repetitive CCl4 ingestion for 10 weeks. We can not prove the hepatoprotective effect of low dose LPS by semiquantitative evaluation of pathological grading.


Assuntos
Intoxicação por Tetracloreto de Carbono/complicações , Etanol/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Feminino , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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