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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We analyzed expression profiles of immune checkpoint receptors on T cell subsets and ligands on leukemic blasts in patients with B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). METHODS: Total 149 bone marrow (BM) samples obtained from 65 B-ALL patients with four different clinical status (41 at diagnosis, 54 in complete remission [CR], 34 in persistence, and 20 in relapse), and 32 BM control samples were prospectively enrolled. Expression of immune checkpoint receptor (programmed cell death protein-1 [PD-1]) on T cell subsets and ligands (PD-L1, PD-L2) on leukemic blasts was evaluated by flow cytometry, and was compared between patient subgroups. RESULTS: Relapsed patients demonstrated highest PD-1 expression proportion and intensity on CD3+ CD4+ T cells with statistical significance when compared to patients in persistence/CR/BM controls (p = .027/<.001/<.001 and .012/.001/<.001, respectively). Newly diagnosed patients showed significantly lower PD-1 expression proportion on CD3+ CD4+ T cells than relapsed patients (p < .001), but their intensity was not significantly different. Relapsed patients showed significantly higher PD-1 expression proportion and intensity on CD3+ CD8+ T cells than patients in CR/BM controls (p = .022/.045 and .049/.005, respectively), but PD-1 expression status on them were not significantly different between relapsed and newly diagnosed patients. PD-L1/L2 expression on leukemic blasts was not significantly different between patient subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: In BM aspirates from B-ALL patients, PD-1 expression on T-cell subsets is increased at diagnosis, and to a greater extent, at relapse. These data suggest the potential usefulness of PD-1 blockade in the treatment of B-ALL, particularly at relapse.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054998

RESUMO

This retrospective study aimed to investigate the outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Thirty-six patients (low-grade MDS, 24; advanced MDS, 12) received HSCT at the Asan Medical Center over two decades (early period, 1997-2007; recent period, 2008-2017). The transplantation outcomes were analyzed according to disease status, conditioning regimen, various donor types, and period of HSCT. During a median follow-up of 5.6 (range, 1.4-21.1) years, the probability of overall survival (OS) and failure-free survival was 77% and 69%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of transplantation-related mortality (TRM) was 12%. Significantly reduced TRM and improved OS were observed in patients who received HSCT during the recent period vs. the early period (TRM, 4% vs. 30%, P = 0.021; OS, 87% vs. 50%, P = 0.006). Comparable outcomes were observed for HSCT from haploidentical family donors vs. HLA-identical donors (TRM, 10% vs. 14%, P = 0.837; OS, 86% vs. 79%, P = 0.625). This study identified the improved outcomes of allogeneic HSCT for childhood MDS over time, in addition, the feasible outcomes of haploidentical HSCT suggested its use as an attractive alternative in the future procedures.

3.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 49(2): 245-250, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506888

RESUMO

Laboratory monitoring of rivaroxaban (RIV) is required under certain conditions. Mass spectrometry and anti-factor Xa assays are the recommended methods, which may not be readily available. Prothrombin time (PT) is the most widely used and simple coagulation assay. To set the cutoff PT and international normalized ratio (INR) to estimate RIV overdose status. RIV-spiked pooled normal plasma was used. PT test was performed using a CA-7000 coagulometer and Thromborel S reagent. The precise measurement of RIV concentration at the cut-off PT was evaluated according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI) EP12-A2 guideline. The RIV concentration at 275 ng/mL was analyzed using 40 replicates. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine the cutoff value for the determination of RIV potential overdose status. An imprecision estimation of PT was conducted with 220.00 ng/mL, 247.50 ng/mL, 261.25 ng/mL, 288.75 ng/mL, 302.50 ng/mL and 330.00 ng/mL concentrations of RIV in 60 replicates. According to the ROC analysis, the cutoff clotting times and INR values to determine the overdose status of RIV were 13.45 s and 1.39. With these values, there was a 92.6% probability that plasma samples with RIV concentration ≤ 247.50 ng/mL yielded consistently negative (on-therapy dose) results, and those with ≥ 302.50 ng/mL yield consistent positive (potential overdose) results using our PT assay. PT with a reliable cutoff clotting time and INR can be used to determine the potential overdose status of RIV to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment by controlling the dose.

4.
Ann Lab Med ; 40(1): 1-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JL1, a CD43 epitope and mucin family cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed on leukemic cells. An anti-JL1 antibody combined with a toxic substance can have targeted therapeutic effects against JL1-positive leukemia; however, JL1 expression on bone marrow (BM) lymphoma cells has not been assessed using flow cytometry. We investigated JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells from patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) to assess the potential of JL1 as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Patients with BM involvement of mature B-cell (N=44) or T- and natural killer (NK)-cell (N=4) lymphomas were enrolled from May 2015 to September 2016. JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells was investigated using flow cytometry. Clinical, pathological, and cytogenetic characteristics, and treatment responses were compared according to JL1 expression status. RESULTS: Of the patients with NHL and BM involvement, 37.5% (18/48) were JL1-positive. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, 100%, 38.9%, 33.3%, 100%, and 25.0% of Burkitt lymphomas, diffuse large B-cell leukemias, mantle cell leukemias, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and other B-cell lymphomas, respectively, were JL1-positive. Three mature T- and NK-cell NHLs were JL1-positive. JL1 expression was associated with age (P=0.045), complete response (P=0.004), and BM involvement at follow-up (P=0.017), but not with sex, performance status, the B symptoms, packed marrow pattern, cytogenetic abnormalities, or survival. CONCLUSIONS: JL1 positivity was associated with superior complete response and less BM involvement in NHL following chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/citologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linfócitos T/citologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Lab Med ; 40(3): 193-200, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a subset of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) with bone marrow (BM) involvement and an IgM monoclonal gammopathy of any level. We aimed to identify the clinical, laboratory, and BM findings of patients with WM and to evaluate the usefulness of CD154 for the diagnosis and prognosis of WM. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and BM studies and/or flow cytometric immunotyping of 31 patients with untreated WM. Semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (CD20, CD138, tryptase, and CD154) of BM was performed. RESULTS: Only six patients presented with symptoms of hyperviscosity syndrome. Eleven patients had solid cancer and/or another hematologic malignancy. Mast cells (MC) increased in all samples, with some in close contact with tumor cells. Tryptase-positive MC (17.1/ high-power fields [HPF], 1.2-72.0/HPF) and CD154-positive MC (8.6/HPF, 0.1-31.1/HPF) were observed. The high CD154-positive MC (≥8.6/HPF) group showed a lower overall five-year survival rate than the low CD154-positive MC (<8.6/HPF) group (71.9% vs. 100.0%; P=0.012). Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of BM aspirates showed increased B lymphocytes and plasma cells with a normal phenotype (CD138⁺/CD38⁺/CD19⁺/CD45⁺/CD56⁻). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one third of WM patients showed other malignancies and all patients had increased MC. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric immunophenotyping are useful for diagnosing WM, and increased CD154-positive MC can indicate poor prognosis.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16626, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719571

RESUMO

The efficacy of antithrombin (AT) administration in patients with septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) was uncertain. This study aimed to investigate whether high-dose AT administration improves outcomes in patients with septic shock and DIC. This observational, prospective cohort study included consecutive adult septic shock patients with DIC who showed AT activity <70% between March 2016 and August 2018. The 28 day mortality of the patients treated with AT and without AT was evaluated by propensity score matching and inverse probability of treatment weighting. Among 142 patients with septic shock and DIC, 45 patients (31.7%) received AT supplementation and 97 did not. The 28 day mortality rate was lower in the AT group, but no statistically significant difference persisted after matching. Multivariable analysis showed that AT supplementation was independently associated with 28 day mortality (odds ratio [OR], 0.342; 95% CI [confidence interval], 0.133-0.876; P = 0.025); however, no such association was observed after matching (OR, 0.480; 95% CI, 0.177-1.301; P = 0.149). High-dose AT administration in septic shock patients with DIC showed the improvement in survival, but the improvement was not observed after matching. Further larger studies are needed to conclusively confirm these findings.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5531-5539, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Possible correlations between the expression of immune checkpoint molecules and prognosis in childhood acute leukemia were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of programmed-death 1 (PD1), cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), and B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) was determined by flow cytometry on peripheral αß+ and γδ+ T-cells from patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (n=9) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n=12), and from healthy volunteers (n=7). The expression of programmed-death ligand 1 (PD-L1), B7-1, B7-2, human leukocyte antigen-ABC (HLA-ABC), and herpesvirus-entry mediator (HVEM) ligands was determined on leukemia blasts. RESULTS: PD1 expression on αß+ and γδ+ T-cells was significantly higher in patients with ALL than in those with AML (p=0.0019 and 0.0239, respectively). CTLA-4 expression was moderately higher on αß+ and γδ+ T-cells in ALL (p=0.077 and 0.077, respectively), whereas HLA-ABC expression was significantly higher in AML blast cells (p=0.0182). The expression of CTLA-4 on γδ+ T-cells and the B7-2 ligand on blasts was higher in patients with high-risk ALL (p=0.02 and 0.02, respectively). In AML, PD1 expression on αß+ T-cells was higher in the intermediate-risk group (p=0.05), whereas HVEM expression was significantly higher in the low-risk group (p=0.02). Expression of CTLA-4 on γδ+ T-cells and PD-L1 on blasts were both associated with poor relapse-free survival outcomes in ALL (p=0.049). CONCLUSION: The higher expression of immune checkpoint molecules, in particular, CTLA-4 and PD-L1 are associated with a poorer prognosis in ALL, suggesting that selective use of the immune checkpoint blockade might improve the clinical outcomes in patients with ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ligantes , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Adulto Jovem
10.
In Vivo ; 33(5): 1615-1620, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471413

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a circulating tumor cell (CTC) test by comparison between healthy volunteers and patients with localized prostate cancer including those under active surveillance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CTC counts in peripheral blood were compared between patients with prostate cancer (n=45) and healthy volunteers (n=17). CTCs were identified based on the expression of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and counted using a SMART BIOPSY™ SYSTEM. RESULTS: The number of EpCAM+ cells was significantly higher in patients with cancer than in healthy volunteers. Among the low-risk patients (n=9), two had up-staging and six had up-grading. Among those up-staged, there was one case which was EpCAM+ Among those cases up-graded, three were EpCAM+ In those with stage T2 tumors, the presence of Gleason pattern 5 was positively correlated with EpCAM positivity (rho=0.59, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: CTC counts in localized prostate cancer were associated with Gleason pattern 5. Active treatment should be considered for patients with low-risk disease during active surveillance who are found to have EpCAM+ CTCs because of a risk of up-staging and up-grading.


Assuntos
Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Contagem de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Conduta Expectante
11.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 36(4): 222-235, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313940

RESUMO

We investigated bone marrow (BM) recovery of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and hematopoietic microenvironment after chemotherapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Twenty-nine de novo childhood ALL patients were enrolled and BM biopsy sections at diagnosis (BM0), after induction (BM1), consolidation (BM3), interim maintenance (BM5) and delayed intensification (BM7) chemotherapy were obtained. Expressions of CD133, CD34, CD117, osteopontin, osteonectin, CXCL12, and CXCR4 were evaluated by semiquantitative immunohistochemical stains. All markers recovered significantly following chemotherapy while highest values at BM3 (for CD133/CD117/CXCL12/CXCR4), BM5 (for CXCL12/CD34/osteonectin), and BM7 (for osteopontin). Patients with cytogenetic good risk expressed significantly more CD133+/CD34+ cells than those with standard and poor risk in BM5. Patients without aberrant immunophenotype expressed significantly more CD133+ cells in BM1, and more CD117+ cells in BM5 than those with aberrant immunophenotype. Patients treated with standard risk-average chemotherapeutic protocol expressed significantly more CXCR4+ cells than those treated with other protocols in BM7. Patients who showed lowest ANC ≥ 200/µL during induction chemotherapy expressed significantly more CXCR4+ cells at from BM1 to BM5, and more CD133+ cells in BM3 than those who did not. Early and full recovery of BM HSC is most vigorous at BM3 and BM5, respectively. Reconstruction of BM niche and stromal cell recovery is mostly active at BM5, and hematopoietic activity of BM niche recovers mostly at BM7. Patients with cytogenetic good risk, nonaberrant immunophenotype, standard risk-average chemotherapeutic protocol and less BM suppression during induction chemotherapy show prompt recovery of some BM HSC and microenvironment markers compared to others.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adolescente , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia
12.
Ann Lab Med ; 39(6): 561-565, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240884

RESUMO

POEMS syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, which includes polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes due to plasma cell (PC) neoplasm. Diagnosis of this disease is challenging because of its rarity and complex clinical manifestations. We attempted to identify the key clinical features and characteristic bone marrow (BM) findings of POEMS syndrome, by reviewing the medical records and BM analyses of 24 Korean patients. Frequent clinical manifestations included polyneuropathy (100%), monoclonal gammopathy (100%), organomegaly (92%), extravascular volume overload (79%), and endocrinopathy (63%). The BM analyses revealed mild PC hyperplasia (median PCs: 5.5%) and frequent megakaryocytic hyperplasia (88%), megakaryocyte clusters (88%), and hyperlobation (100%). Flow cytometry of BM aspirates using CD138/CD38/CD45/CD19/CD56 showed normal (67%, 4/6) or neoplastic PC immunophenotypes (33%, 2/6). A diagnosis of POEMS syndrome must be considered when a patient suspected of having PC dyscrasia shows the above clinical presentation and BM findings.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Síndrome POEMS/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD19/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/análise , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Linfócitos/citologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraproteinemias/diagnóstico , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ann Lab Med ; 39(4): 358-366, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JL1 is a newly identified CD43 epitope that specifically recognizes leukemic cells. We analyzed the incidence of JL1 expression and compared the clinical, immunophenotypic, and genetic characteristics of de novo pediatric acute leukemia patients with respect to JL1 expression status to determine the therapeutic potential of an anti-JL1 antibody. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with pediatric acute leukemia (52 with ALL, 26 with AML) diagnosed between December 2014 and January 2016 were enrolled prospectively. Flow cytometry for JL1 expression was performed at diagnosis. Clinical, immunophenotypic, and genetic characteristics were compared with respect to JL1 expression status by the Student t-test/Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test/Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: The incidence of JL1 expression was 76.9% and 84.6% in ALL and AML patients, respectively. ALL patients with JL1 expression showed higher CD10 and cytoplasmic IgM expressions than those without JL1 expression (P=0.022 and 0.003, respectively) and were associated with TCF3-PBX1 and KMT2A-MLLT1 translocations. AML patients with JL1 expression showed higher CD13 and lower CD65 and CD15 expressions than those without JL1 expression (P=0.013, 0.007, and 0.024, respectively) and were associated with RUNX1-RUNX1T1, PML-RARA, and CBFB-MYH11 translocations. The JL1 expression incidence did not differ between ALL and AML, and the JL1 expression status did not affect prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the potential therapeutic role of anti-JL1 monoclonal antibodies; JL1 expression was associated with specific immunophenotypes and genetic abnormalities. Future studies should examine the prognostic impact of JL1 expression in pediatric acute leukemias.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Cariótipo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucossialina/química , Leucossialina/metabolismo , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(5): 965-974, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30639824

RESUMO

Haploidentical family donors have been used as an alternative source in hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with severe aplastic anemia. We evaluated and compared the outcomes of transplantation in pediatric acquired severe aplastic anemia based on donor type. Sixty-seven patients who underwent transplantation between 1998 and 2017 were included. Fourteen patients received grafts from matched sibling donors, 21 from suitable unrelated donors, and 32 from haploidentical family donors. Ex vivo CD3+ or αß+ T cell-depleted grafts were used for haploidentical transplantation. Sixty-five patients (97.0%) achieved neutrophil engraftment at a median of 11 days. Haploidentical transplantation resulted in significantly faster neutrophil engraftment at a median of 10 days, compared with 14 days in cases of matched sibling donors and 12 days in cases of unrelated donor recipients. Nine patients experienced graft failure, and 5 of 7 who underwent a second transplantation are alive. There was no difference in the incidence of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease based on donor type. The 5-year overall survival and failure-free survival rates were 93.8% ± 3.0% and 83.3% ± 4.6%, respectively, and there was no significant survival difference based on donor type. The survival outcomes of haploidentical transplantation in patients were comparable with those of matched sibling or unrelated donor transplantation. Optimized haploidentical transplantation using selective T cell depletion and conditioning regimens including low-dose total body irradiation for enhancing engraftment may be a realistic therapeutic option for pediatric patients with severe aplastic anemia.

17.
Ann Lab Med ; 39(2): 200-204, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30430783

RESUMO

Assessment of bone marrow (BM) involvement in peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL) is straightforward in cases of extensive involvement but difficult in cases of minimal to partial involvement. We evaluated the usefulness of CD3 as an immunohistochemical marker for assessing BM involvement in PTCL patients. BM biopsies of 92 PTCL patients were immunohistochemically stained for CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD56, and evaluated by two hematopathologists. CD3 positivity was graded according to the proportion of CD3-positive cells and the number of CD3-positive cells in a cluster. These criteria were used to determine the cut-offs at which significant differences in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were observed. Multivariate analysis controlling the International Prognostic Index (IPI) score and its individual factors revealed that >20 CD3-positive cells in a cluster adversely affected PFS (relative risk [RR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.0-4.3; P=0.047) and OS (RR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.1-5.1; P=0.028) independent of IPI score. A cluster with >20 CD3-positive cells is a candidate indicator for BM involvement in PTCL.


Assuntos
Medula Óssea/patologia , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/mortalidade , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) ; 82(1): 53-61, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30574689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS), an important cause of acquired thrombophilia, is diagnosed when vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity occurs with persistently positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). APS is a risk factor for unprovoked recurrence of pulmonary embolism (PE). Performing laboratory testing for aPL after a first unprovoked acute PE is controversial. We investigated if a specific phenotype existed in patients with unprovoked with acute PE, suggesting the need to evaluate them for APS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with PE and APS (n=24) and those with unprovoked PE with aPL negative (n=44), evaluated 2006-2016 at the Asan Medical Center. We compared patient demographics, clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and radiological findings between the groups. RESULTS: On multivariate logistic regression analysis, two models of independent risk factors for APS-PE were suggested. Model I included hemoptysis (odds ratio [OR], 12.897; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.025-162.343), low PE severity index (OR, 0.948; 95% CI, 0.917-0.979), and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT; OR, 1.166; 95% CI, 1.040-1.307). Model II included age (OR, 0.930; 95% CI, 0.893-0.969) and aPTT (OR, 1.104; 95% CI, 1.000-1.217). CONCLUSION: We conclude that patients with first unprovoked PE with hemoptysis and are age <40; have a low pulmonary embolism severity index, especially in risk class I-II; and/or prolonged aPTT (above 75th percentile of the reference interval), should be suspected of having APS, and undergo laboratory testing for aPL.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(45): e13046, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407302

RESUMO

The prognostic significances of the germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and non-germinal center B-cell-like (non-GCB) types of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have been reported to be different. We analyzed the effect of the cell of origin (COO) of bone marrow (BM) involvement in patients with DLBCL who were treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in a single institute.The subtype of BM involvement was evaluated in 633 patients who were diagnosed with primary DLBCL and had been treated with R-CHOP. BM trephine biopsies were analyzed, and immunohistochemical staining of CD20, CD79a, and CD3 was performed. Additional staining of CD10, Bcl-6, and MUM1 was performed to determine the COO based on a previously reported algorithm.BM involvement was present in 81 patients (12.8%). Among them, 30 patients (37.0%) had GCB-type BM involvement and 51 (63.0%) showed non-GCB-type involvement. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the non-GCB type had the worst progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (P <.001). In multivariate analysis controlled for the International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, non-GCB type was an independent predictor of PFS (P <.004) and OS (P =.042), whereas GCB type was not a prognostic factor independent of the IPI score.Further prognostication based on the COO of BM involvement is a useful indicator of PFS, independent of IPI score. Accurate staging based on the COO should be included in the examination of BM in DLBCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
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