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1.
Faraday Discuss ; 237(0): 389-405, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665795

RESUMO

Triggering new stable macroscopic orders in materials by ultrafast optical or terahertz pump pulses is a difficult challenge, complicated by the interplay between multiscale microscopic mechanisms, and macroscopic excitation profiles in samples. In particular, the differences between the two types of excitations are still unclear. In this article, we compare the optical response on acoustic timescale of a V2O3 Paramagnetic Metallic (PM) thin film excited by a terahertz (THz) pump or an optical pump, at room temperature. We show that the penetration depth of the deposited energy has a strong influence on the shape of the optical transmission signal, consistent with the modulation of permittivity by the superposition of depth-dependent static strain, and dynamical strain waves travelling back and forth in the sample layer. In particular, the temporal modulation of the optical transmission directly reflects the excitation profile as a function of depth, as well as the sign of the acoustic reflection coefficient between the film and the substrate. The acoustic mismatch between the V2O3 layer and the substrate was also measured. The raw data were interpreted with a one-dimensional analytical model, using three fitting parameters only. These results are discussed in the context of triggering phase transitions by ultrafast pump pulses. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the modulation of the optical transmission of V2O3 with a THz pump within the acoustic timescale.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 50(36): 12419-12423, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545879

RESUMO

Intercalation of Cu into layered polychalcogenide La2O2S2 was demonstrated to be viable both under solvothermal conditions at 200 °C and mechanical ball milling at ambient temperature. This result evidences the soft-chemical nature of metal intercalation into layered polychalcogenides driven by the redox reactivity of anion-anion bonds.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3605, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127660

RESUMO

Designing and synthesising new metastable compounds is a major challenge of today's material science. While exploration of metastable oxides has seen decades-long advancement thanks to the topochemical deintercalation of oxygen as recently spotlighted with the discovery of nickelate superconductor, such unique synthetic pathway has not yet been found for chalcogenide compounds. Here we combine an original soft chemistry approach, structure prediction calculations and advanced electron microscopy techniques to demonstrate the topochemical deintercalation/reintercalation of sulfur in a layered oxychalcogenide leading to the design of novel metastable phases. We demonstrate that La2O2S2 may react with monovalent metals to produce sulfur-deintercalated metastable phases La2O2S1.5 and oA-La2O2S whose lamellar structures were predicted thanks to an evolutionary structure-prediction algorithm. This study paves the way to unexplored topochemistry of mobile chalcogen anions.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(44): 6189-6192, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049515

RESUMO

We demonstrate here the low temperature topochemical insertion of transition elements (Fe, Ni, and Cu) in precursors containing pre-formed (Sn)2- (n = 2 and 3) oligomers. Indeed, this soft chemistry route opens the door to the easy, orientated synthesis of low dimensional transition metal compounds provided that the elemental metal can retrocede electron(s) to empty antibonding sulfur σ* levels.

5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(41): 13618-13623, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133113

RESUMO

Layered transition metal compounds represent a major playground to explore unconventional electric or magnetic properties. In that framework, topochemical approaches that mostly preserve the topology of layered reactants have been intensively investigated to tune properties and/or design new materials. Topochemical reactions often involve the insertion or deinsertion of a chemical element accompanied by a change of oxidation state of the cations only. Conversely, cases where anions play the role of redox centers are very scarce. Here we show that the insertion of copper into two dimensional precursors containing chalcogen dimers (Q2 )2- (Q=S, Se) can produce layered materials with extended (CuQ) sheets. The reality of this topochemical reaction is demonstrated here for different pristine materials, namely La2 O2 S2 , Ba2 F2 S2 , and LaSe2 . Therefore, this work opens up a new synthetic strategy to design layered transition metal compounds from precursors containing polyanionic redox centers.

6.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 782, 2017 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28978909

RESUMO

Strong spin-orbit coupling lifts the degeneracy of t 2g orbitals in 5d transition-metal systems, leaving a Kramers doublet and quartet with effective angular momentum of J eff = 1/2 and 3/2, respectively. These spin-orbit entangled states can host exotic quantum phases such as topological Mott state, unconventional superconductivity, and quantum spin liquid. The lacunar spinel GaTa4Se8 was theoretically predicted to form the molecular J eff = 3/2 ground state. Experimental verification of its existence is an important first step to exploring the consequences of the J eff = 3/2 state. Here, we report direct experimental evidence of the J eff = 3/2 state in GaTa4Se8 by means of excitation spectra of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering at the Ta L3 and L2 edges. We find that the excitations involving the J eff = 1/2 molecular orbital are absent only at the Ta L2 edge, manifesting the realization of the molecular J eff = 3/2 ground state in GaTa4Se8.The strong interaction between electron spin and orbital degrees of freedom in 5d oxides can lead to exotic electronic ground states. Here the authors use resonant inelastic X-ray scattering to demonstrate that the theoretically proposed J eff = 3/2 state is realised in GaTa4Se8.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28955470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flavin-dependent monooxygenases are involved in key biological processes as they catalyze a wide variety of chemo-, regio- and enantioselective oxygenation reactions. Flavoprotein monooxygenases are frequently encountered in micro-organisms, most of which require further functional and biocatalytic assessment. Here we investigated the function of the AbMak1 gene, which encodes a group A flavin monooxygenase in the plant pathogenic fungus Alternaria brassicicola, by generating a deficient mutant and examining its phenotype. RESULTS: Functional analysis indicates that the AbMak1 protein is involved in cell wall biogenesis and influences the melanization process. We documented a significant decrease in melanin content in the Δabmak1 strain compared to the wild-type and complemented strains. We investigated the cell wall morphology and physical properties in the wild-type and transformants using electron and atomic force microscopy. These approaches confirmed the aberrant morphology of the conidial wall structure in the Δabmak1 strain which had an impact on hydrophilic adhesion and conidial surface stiffness. However, there was no significant impairment in growth, conidia formation, pathogenicity or susceptibility to various environmental stresses in the Δabmak1 strain. CONCLUSION: This study sheds new light on the function of a fungal flavin-dependent monooxygenase, which plays an important role in melanization.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 55(6): 2923-8, 2016 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26942451

RESUMO

The iron selenide compound Ba2F2Fe(1.5)Se3 was synthesized by a high-temperature ceramic method. The single-crystal X-ray structure determination revealed a layered-like structure built on [Ba2F2](2+) layers of the fluorite type and iron selenide layers [Fe(1.5)Se3](2-). These [Fe1.5Se3](2-) layers contain iron in two valence states, namely, Fe(II+) and Fe(III+) located in octahedral and tetrahedral sites, respectively. Magnetic measurements are consistent with a high-spin state for Fe(II+) and an intermediate-spin state for Fe(III+). Moreover, susceptibility and resistivity measurements demonstrate that Ba2F2Fe(1.5)Se3 is an antiferromagnetic insulator.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 113(13): 137602, 2014 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25302917

RESUMO

We report here the discovery of multiferroicity and large magnetoelectric coupling in the type I orbital order system GeV4S8. Our study demonstrates that this clustered compound displays a para-ferroelectric transition at 32 K. This transition originates from an orbital ordering which reorganizes the charge within the transition metal clusters. Below the antiferromagnetic transition at 17 K, the application of a magnetic field significantly affects the ferroelectric polarization, revealing thus a large magnetoelectric coupling. Our study suggests that the application of a magnetic field induces a metamagnetic transition which significantly affects the ferroelectric polarization thanks to an exchange striction phenomenon.

10.
Nano Lett ; 13(8): 3648-53, 2013 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23826620

RESUMO

We study the Mott insulator compound GaTa4Se8 in which we previously discovered an electric-field-induced resistive transition. We show that the resistive switching is associated to the appearance of metallic and super-insulating nanodomains by means of scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS). Moreover, we show that local electronic transitions can be controlled at the nanoscale at room temperature using the electric field of the STM tip. This opens the way for possible applications in resistive random access memories (RRAM) devices.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 132(16): 5704-10, 2010 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20356073

RESUMO

The lacunar spinel compounds GaTi(4-x)V(x)S(8) (0 < x < 4), consisting of Ti(4-x)V(x) tetrahedral clusters, were prepared and their structures were determined by powder X-ray diffraction. The electronic structures of GaTi(4-x)V(x)S(8) (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) were examined by density functional calculations, and the electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility of these compounds were measured. Our calculations predict that GaTi(3)VS(8) is a ferromagnetic half-metal, and this prediction was confirmed by magnetotransport experiments performed on polycrystalline samples of GaTi(3)VS(8). The latter reveal a large negative magnetoresistance (up to 22% at 2 K), which is consistent with the intergrain tunnelling magnetoresistance expected for powder samples of a ferromagnetic half-metal and indicates the presence of high spin polarization greater than 53% in GaTi(3)VS(8).

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 130(26): 8261-70, 2008 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18533720

RESUMO

The oxychalcogenides A2F2Fe2OQ2 (A = Sr, Ba; Q = S, Se), which contain Fe2O square planar layers of the anti-CuO2 type, were predicted using a modular assembly of layered secondary building units and subsequently synthesized. The physical properties of these compounds were characterized using magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, specific heat, (57)Fe Mossbauer, and powder neutron diffraction measurements and also by estimating their exchange interactions on the basis of first-principles density functional theory electronic structure calculations. These compounds are magnetic semiconductors that undergo a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering below 83.6-106.2 K, and their magnetic properties are well-described by a two-dimensional Ising model. The dominant antiferromagnetic spin exchange interaction between S = 2 Fe(2+) ions occurs through corner-sharing Fe-O-Fe bridges. Moreover, the calculated spin exchange interactions show that the A2F2Fe2OQ2 (A = Sr, Ba; Q = S, Se) compounds represent a rare example of a frustrated antiferromagnetic checkerboard lattice.

14.
Adv Mater ; 20(14): 2760-5, 2008 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25213903

RESUMO

Experimental evidence of a nonvolatile electric-pulse-induced insulator-to-metal transition and possible superconductivity in the Mott insulator GaTa4 Se8 is reported. Scanning tunneling microscopy experiments show that this unconventional response of the system to short electric pulses arises from a nanometer-scale electronic phase separation generated in the bulk material.

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