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1.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 20(5): 5097-5144, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402592

RESUMO

In recent years, traditional high-temperature food processing is continuously being replaced by nonthermal processes. Nonthermal processes have a positive effect on food quality, including color and maintaining natural food pigments. Thus, this article describes the influence of nonthermal, new, and traditional treatments on natural food pigments and color changes in plant materials. Characteristics of natural pigments, such as anthocyanins, betalains, carotenoids, chlorophylls, and so forth available in the plant tissue, are shortly presented. Also, the characteristics and mechanism of nonthermal processes such as pulsed electric field, ultrasound, high hydrostatic pressure, pulsed light, cold plasma, supercritical fluid extraction, and lactic acid fermentation are described. Furthermore, the disadvantages of these processes are mentioned. Each treatment is evaluated in terms of its effects on all types of natural food pigments, and the possible applications are discussed. Analysis of the latest literature showed that the use of nonthermal technologies resulted in better preservation of pigments contained in the plant tissue and improved yield of extraction. However, it is important to select the appropriate processing parameters and to optimize this process in relation to a specific type of raw material.


Assuntos
Antocianinas , Manipulação de Alimentos , Carotenoides/análise , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Pressão Hidrostática
2.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205277

RESUMO

The possibility of using oilseed flours as a waste source for film-forming materials with a combination of soy protein isolate in preparation of edible films was evaluated. Physical, mechanical and barrier properties were determined as a function of the oilseed type: hemp, evening primrose, flax, pumpkin, sesame and sunflower. It was observed that the addition of oilseed flours increased the refraction and thus the opacity of the obtained films from 1.27 to 9.57 A mm-1. Depending on the type of flours used, the edible films took on various colors. Lightness (L*) was lowest for the evening primrose film (L* = 34.91) and highest for the soy protein film (L* = 91.84). Parameter a* was lowest for the sunflower film (a* = -5.13) and highest for the flax film (a* = 13.62). Edible films made of pumpkin seed flour had the highest value of the b* color parameter (b* = 34.40), while films made of evening primrose flour had the lowest value (b* = 1.35). All analyzed films had relatively low mechanical resistance, with tensile strength from 0.60 to 3.09 MPa. Films made of flour containing the highest amount of protein, pumpkin and sesame, had the highest water vapor permeability, 2.41 and 2.70 × 10-9 g·m-1 s-1 Pa-1, respectively. All the edible films obtained had high water swelling values from 131.10 to 362.16%, and the microstructure of the films changed after adding the flour, from homogeneous and smooth to rough. All blended soy protein isolate-oilseed flour films showed lower thermal stability which was better observed at the first and second stages of thermogravimetric analysis when degradation occurred at lower temperatures. The oilseed flours blended with soy protein isolate show the possibility of using them in the development of biodegradable films which can find practical application in the food industry.


Assuntos
Óleos Vegetais/química , Sementes/química , Proteínas de Soja/química , Filmes Comestíveis , Farinha , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Solubilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Vapor , Temperatura , Resistência à Tração/efeitos dos fármacos , Água/química
3.
Toxins (Basel) ; 11(4)2019 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935045

RESUMO

Mycotoxins are harmful contaminants of food and feed worldwide. Feed additives with the abilities to trap mycotoxins are considered substances which regulate toxin transfer from feed to tissue, reducing its absorption in animal digestive tract. Market analysis emphasizes growing interest of feed producers in mycotoxins binders obtained from yeast biomass. The aim of the study was to prescreen cell walls (CW) and ß(1,3)/(1,6)-glucan (ß-G) preparations isolated from Candida utilis ATCC 9950 cultivated on waste potato juice water with glycerol as adsorbents for aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), zearalenone (ZEN), ochratoxin A (OTA), deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), T-2 toxin (T-2) and fumonisin B1 (FB1). The adsorption was studied in single concentration tests at pH 3.0 and 6.0 in the presence of 1% of the adsorbent and 500 ng/mL of individual toxin. Evaluated CW and ß-G preparations had the potential to bind ZEN, OTA and AFB1 rather than DON, NIV, T-2 toxin and FB1. The highest percentage of adsorption (about 83%), adsorption capacity (approx. 41 µg/ g preparation) and distribution coefficient (458.7mL/g) was found for zearalenone when CW preparation was used under acidic conditions. Higher protein content in CW and smaller particles sizes of the formulation could influence more efficient binding of ZEN, OTA, DON and T-2 toxin at appropriate pH compared to purified ß-G. Obtained results show the possibility to transform the waste potato juice water into valuable Candida utilis ATCC 9950 preparation with mycotoxins adsorption properties. Further research is important to improve the binding capacity of studied preparations by increasing the active surface of adsorption.


Assuntos
Candida , Parede Celular/química , Glucanos/química , Micotoxinas/química , Agricultura , Glicerol/química , Solanum tuberosum/química , Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos , Resíduos
4.
J Biotechnol ; 281: 1-10, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29885339

RESUMO

Changes in cell wall structure of four strains of Sacccharomyces cerevisiae species (brewer's, baker's and probiotic yeast) after culturing on deproteinated potato juice water (DPJW) with diverse addition of glycerol and different pH were investigated. It allowed to select conditions intensifying biosynthesis of ß(1,3)/(1,6)-glucan and mannoproteins of cell walls of tested strains. Yeast cell wall structural polysaccharides show biological activity and technological usability in food industry but also decide about therapeutic properties of yeast biomass. The highest increase in the thickness of walls (by about 100%) and ß-glucan layer (by about 120%) was stated after cultivation of S. cerevisiae R9 brewer's yeast in DPJW supplemented with 5 and 10% (w/v) of glycerol and pH 7.0 while S. cerevisiae var. boulardi PAN yeast synthesized by ab. 70% thicker ß-glucan layer when the pH of growth medium was equal to 5.0. The cells of brewer's yeast (S. cerevisiae R9), probiotic (S. cerevisiae CNCM 1-745) and baker's (S. cerevisiae 102) intensified the ratio of mannoproteins in the structure of cell walls cultivated in mediums supplemented with above 15% of glycerol what point out the protective action of glycoprotein's under osmotic stress conditions. The study confirms at the first time the possibility of using agro-industrial waste in biosynthesis of functional polysaccharides of S. cerevisiae cell wall. It could be an new advantage in production of yeast biomass with therapeutic properties or ß-glucan preparation as a novel food ingredient.


Assuntos
Parede Celular/metabolismo , Glicerol/metabolismo , Resíduos Industriais , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Solanum tuberosum , beta-Glucanas/metabolismo , Indústria Alimentícia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos
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