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1.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(12): 619-626, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3747

RESUMO

Introducción: Las escalas predictivas de recurrencias de ETV son útiles para decidir la duración del tratamiento anticoagulante. Aunque hay varias escalas, desconocemos la aplicabilidad de las mismas en nuestro medio. Por ello nos planteamos validar el modelo predictivo DASH y el nomograma de Viena a 12 meses. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos no seleccionados con ETV no provocada desde 2006 hasta 2014. Comparamos la capacidad de predecir recurrencias de ETV de la escala DASH y el nomograma de Viena. La validación se realizó estratificando a los pacientes como de bajo o alto riesgo, según cada escala (discriminación) y comparando las recurrencias observadas frente a las esperadas (calibración). Resultados: De 353 pacientes evaluados, se analizaron 195, con una edad media de 53,5+/-19 años. Hubo 21 recurrencias a 1 año (10,8%, IC95%: 6,8-16%). Según la escala DASH, fueron catalogados de bajo riesgo el 42%, observando ETV recurrente en el grupo de bajo fue del 4,9% (IC95%: 1,3-12%) vs. el grupo de alto riesgo en que fue del 15% (IC95%: 9-23%) (p < 0,05). Según el nomograma de Viena, fueron catalogados de bajo riesgo el 30%, observando ETV recurrente en el grupo de bajo vs. alto riesgo en el 4,2% (IC95%: 0,5-14%) vs. 16,2% (IC95%: 9,9-24,4%) (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: Nuestro estudio valida la escala DASH y el nomograma de Viena en nuestra población. El modelo predictivo DASH sería el más aconsejable, tanto por su sencillez como por la capacidad de identificar a más pacientes de bajo riesgo frente al nomograma de Viena (42% vs. 30%)


Introduction: Scales for predicting venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence are useful for deciding the duration of the anticoagulant treatment. Although there are several scales, the most appropriate for our setting has not been identified. For this reason, we aimed to validate the DASH prediction score and the Vienna nomogram at 12 months. Methods: This was a retrospective study of unselected consecutive VTE patients seen between 2006 and 2014. We compared the ability of the DASH score and the Vienna nomogram to predict recurrences of VTE. The validation was performed by stratifying patients as low-risk or high-risk, according to each scale (discrimination) and comparing the observed recurrence with the expected rate (calibration). Results: Of 353 patients evaluated, 195 were analyzed, with an average age of 53.5 ± 19 years. There were 21 recurrences in 1 year (10.8%, 95% CI: 6.8%-16%). According to the DASH score, 42% were classified as low risk, and the rate of VTE recurrence in this group was 4.9% (95% CI: 1.3%-12%) vs. the high-risk group that was 15% (95% CI: 9%-23%) (p <.05). According to the Vienna nomogram, 30% were classified as low risk, and the rate of VTE recurrence in the low risk group vs. the high risk group was 4.2% (95% CI:0.5%-14%) vs. 16.2% (95% CI: 9.9%-24.4%) (p <.05). Conclusions: Our study validates the DASH score and the Vienna nomogram in our population. The DASH prediction score may be the most advisable, both because of its simplicity and its ability to identify more low-risk patients than the Vienna nomogram (42% vs. 30%)

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 20064, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882805

RESUMO

In young patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the predictive value of currently available prognostic tools has not been evaluated. Our objective was to compare prognostic value of 7 available tools (GPS, PESI, sPESI, Prognostic Algorithm, PREP, shock index and RIETE) in patients aged <50 years. We used the RIETE database, including PE patients from 2001 to 2017. The major outcome was 30-day all-cause mortality. Of 34,651 patients with acute PE, 5,822 (17%) were aged <50 years. Of these, 83 (1.4%) died during the first 30 days. Number of patients deemed low risk with tools was: PREP (95.9%), GPS (89.6%), PESI (87.2%), Shock index (70.9%), sPESI (59.4%), Prognostic algorithm (58%) and RIETE score (48.6%). The tools with a highest sensitivity were: Prognostic Algorithm (91.6%; 95% CI: 85.6-97.5), RIETE score (90.4%; 95%CI: 84.0-96.7) and sPESI (88%; 95% CI: 81-95). The RIETE, Prognostic Algorithm and sPESI scores obtained the highest overall sensitivity estimates for also predicting 7- and 90-day all-cause mortality, 30-day PE-related mortality, 30-day major bleeding and 30-day VTE recurrences. The proportion of low-risk patients who died within the first 30 days was lowest using the Prognostic Algorithm (0.2%), RIETE (0.3%) or sPESI (0.3%) scores. In PE patients less 50 years, 30-day mortality was low. Although sPESI, RIETE and Prognostic Algorithm scores were the most sensitive tools to identify patients at low risk to die, other tools should be evaluated in this population to obtain more efficient results.

3.
Eur J Intern Med ; 68: 30-35, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical outcomes during the course of anticoagulation in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) using statins remain controversial. METHODS: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbólica) registry to compare the risk for VTE recurrences, major bleeding or death during anticoagulation, according to the use of statins at baseline. We used propensity score-matching (PSM) to adjust for confounding variables. RESULTS: From February 2009 to January 2018, 32,062 VTE patients were included. Of these, 7,085 (22%) were using statins. Statin users were 10 years older (73±11 vs. 63±19 years, respectively) and more likely to have comorbidities or to be using antiplatelets or corticosteroids at baseline than non-users. During the course of anticoagulation (median, 177 days), 694 patients developed VTE recurrences, 848 bled and 3,169 died (fatal pulmonary embolism 176, fatal bleeding 121). Statin users had a similar rate of VTE recurrences (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.82-1.17), a higher rate of major bleeding (HR: 1.29; 95%CI: 1.11-1.50) and a similar mortality rate (HR: 1.01; 95%CI: 0.93-1.10) than non-users. On PSM analysis, statin users had a significantly lower risk for death (HR: 0.62; 95%CI: 0.48-0.79) and a similar risk for VTE recurrences (HR: 0.98; 95%CI: 0.61-1.57) or major bleeding (HR: 0.85; 95%CI: 0.59-1.21) than non-users. CONCLUSIONS: During anticoagulation for VTE, patients using statins at baseline had a lower risk to die than non-users.

4.
Thromb Res ; 181: 1-9, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302473

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a growing concern in patients with cancer. Current guidelines recommend that cancer patients with VTE should receive anticoagulation for at least 3-6 months. However, the question as to whether anticoagulants should be continued after 3 to 6 months of treatment remains open. In presence of an active malignancy, physicians should weigh the benefits and burdens of ongoing anticoagulation taking into account the clinical status, patient expectations, and the risk of bleeding. As the length of time from the index event increases, the available evidence is not conclusive. The most critical unresolved issues include the decision to continue or discontinue anticoagulation and the selection of the most appropriate anticoagulant agent. On this background, our article provides an overview of the available studies focusing on extended (i.e., >6 months) anticoagulation treatment in cancer-associated thrombosis, with the ultimate goal of refining real-world clinical decision-making in this patient population.

6.
BMJ ; 366: l4416, 2019 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between experience in the management of acute pulmonary embolism, reflected by hospital case volume, and mortality. DESIGN: Multinational population based cohort study using data from the Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbólica (RIETE) registry between 1 January 2001 and 31 August 2018. SETTING: 353 hospitals in 16 countries. PARTICIPANTS: 39 257 consecutive patients with confirmed diagnosis of acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Pulmonary embolism related mortality within 30 days after diagnosis of the condition. RESULTS: Patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism admitted to high volume hospitals (>40 pulmonary embolisms per year) had a higher burden of comorbidities. A significant inverse association was seen between annual hospital volume and pulmonary embolism related mortality. Admission to hospitals in the highest quarter (that is, >40 pulmonary embolisms per year) was associated with a 44% reduction in the adjusted odds of pulmonary embolism related mortality at 30 days compared with admission to hospitals in the lowest quarter (<15 pulmonary embolisms per year; adjusted risk 1.3% v 2.3%; adjusted odds ratio 0.56 (95% confidence interval 0.33 to 0.95); P=0.03). Results were consistent in all sensitivity analyses. All cause mortality at 30 days was not significantly reduced between the two quarters (adjusted odds ratio 0.78 (0.50 to 1.22); P=0.28). Survivors showed little change in the odds of recurrent venous thromboembolism (odds ratio 0.76 (0.49 to 1.19)) or major bleeding (1.07 (0.77 to 1.47)) between the low and high volume hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute symptomatic pulmonary embolism, admission to high volume hospitals was associated with significant reductions in adjusted pulmonary embolism related mortality at 30 days. These findings could have implications for management strategies.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Internacionalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arch Bronconeumol ; 55(12): 619-626, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130245

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Scales for predicting venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence are useful for deciding the duration of the anticoagulant treatment. Although there are several scales, the most appropriate for our setting has not been identified. For this reason, we aimed to validate the DASH prediction score and the Vienna nomogram at 12 months. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of unselected consecutive VTE patients seen between 2006 and 2014. We compared the ability of the DASH score and the Vienna nomogram to predict recurrences of VTE. The validation was performed by stratifying patients as low-risk or high-risk, according to each scale (discrimination) and comparing the observed recurrence with the expected rate (calibration). RESULTS: Of 353 patients evaluated, 195 were analyzed, with an average age of 53.5 ± 19 years. There were 21 recurrences in 1 year (10.8%, 95% CI: 6.8%-16%). According to the DASH score, 42% were classified as low risk, and the rate of VTE recurrence in this group was 4.9% (95% CI: 1.3%-12%) vs. the high-risk group that was 15% (95% CI: 9%-23%) (p <.05). According to the Vienna nomogram, 30% were classified as low risk, and the rate of VTE recurrence in the low risk group vs. the high risk group was 4.2% (95% CI:0.5%-14%) vs. 16.2% (95% CI: 9.9%-24.4%) (p <.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study validates the DASH score and the Vienna nomogram in our population. The DASH prediction score may be the most advisable, both because of its simplicity and its ability to identify more low-risk patients than the Vienna nomogram (42% vs. 30%).

8.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(3): 346-351, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30706520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Some previous studies have suggested a high prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ECOPD). The SLICE trial aims to assess the efficacy and safety of an active strategy for the diagnosis and treatment of PE (vs usual care) in patients hospitalized because of ECOPD. METHODS: SLICE is a phase III, prospective, international, multicenter, randomized, open-label, and parallel-group trial. A total of 746 patients hospitalized because of ECOPD will be randomized in a 1:1 fashion to receive either an active strategy for the diagnosis and anticoagulant treatment of PE or usual care (ie, standard care without any diagnostic test for diagnosing PE). The primary outcome is a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal (recurrent) venous thromboembolism (VTE), or readmission for ECOPD within 90 days after enrollment. Secondary outcomes are (a) death from any cause within 90 days after enrollment, (b) non-fatal (recurrent) VTE within 90 days after enrollment, (c) readmission within 90 days after enrollment, and (d) length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Enrollment started in September 2014 and is expected to proceed until 2020. Median age of the first 443 patients was 71 years (interquartile range, 64-78), and 26% were female. CONCLUSIONS: This multicenter trial will determine the value of detecting PEs in patients with ECOPD. This has implications for COPD patient morbidity and mortality. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02238639.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Br J Cancer ; 119(8): 915-921, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal duration of anticoagulation for cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) remains unclear. This study assessed D-dimer (DD) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels after the withdrawal of anticoagulation treatment to predict the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence among patients with CAT. METHODS: Prospective, multicentre study to evaluate CAT with ≥3 months of anticoagulation that was subsequently discontinued. Blood samples were taken when patients stopped the anticoagulation and 21 days later to determine the DD and hs-CRP levels. All patients were followed up for 6 months to detect VTE recurrence. RESULTS: Between 2013 and 2015, 325 patients were evaluated and 114 patients were ultimately enrolled in the study. The mean age was 62 ± 14 years and nearly 40% had metastasis. Ten patients developed VTE recurrence within 6 months (8.8%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.3-15.5%). The DD and hs-CRP levels after 21 days were associated with VTE recurrence. The subdistribution hazard ratios were 9.82 for hs-CRP (95% CI: 19-52) and 5.81 for DD (95% CI: 1.1-31.7). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified that hs-CRP and DD were potential biomarkers of VTE recurrence after discontinuation of anticoagulation in CAT. A risk-adapted strategy could identify low-risk patients who may benefit from discontinuation of anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Neoplasias/patologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
13.
Eur Respir J ; 51(5)2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724918

RESUMO

The impact of adherence to published guidelines on the outcomes of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been well defined by previous studies.In this prospective cohort study of patients admitted to a respiratory department (n=2096), we evaluated whether patients with PE had better outcomes if they were acutely managed according to international guidelines. Outcomes consisted of all-cause mortality, PE-related mortality, recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) and major bleeding events during the first month of follow-up after diagnosis.Overall, 408 patients (19% (95% CI 18-21%)) did not receive guideline-adherent PE management. Patients receiving non-adherent management were significantly more likely to experience all-cause mortality (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.39 (95% CI 1.57-3.61) or PE-related mortality (adjusted OR 5.02 (95% CI 2.42-10.42); p<0.001) during follow-up. Non-adherent management was also a significant independent predictor of recurrent VTE (OR 2.19 (95% CI 1.11-4.32); p=0.03) and major bleeding (OR 2.65 (95% CI 1.66-4.24); p<0.001). An external validation cohort of 34 380 patients with PE from the RIETE registry confirmed these findings.PE management that does not adhere to guidelines for indications related to anticoagulation, thrombolytics and inferior vena cava filters is associated with worse patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Embolia Pulmonar , Filtros de Veia Cava/estatística & dados numéricos , Tromboembolia Venosa , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/normas , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/mortalidade , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Recidiva , Unidades de Cuidados Respiratórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/terapia
16.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0194673, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29558509

RESUMO

The usefulness of a diagnostic workup for occult cancer in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) is controversial. We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad Trombo Embólica) database to perform a nested case-control study to validate a prognostic score that identifies patients with unprovoked VTE at increased risk for cancer. We dichotomized patients as having low- (≤2 points) or high (≥3 points) risk for cancer, and tried to validate the score at 12 and 24 months. From January 2014 to October 2016, 11,695 VTE patients were recruited. Of these, 1,360 with unprovoked VTE (11.6%) were eligible for the study. At 12 months, 52 patients (3.8%; 95%CI: 2.9-5%) were diagnosed with cancer. Among 905 patients (67%) scoring ≤2 points, 22 (2.4%) had cancer. Among 455 scoring ≥3 points, 30 (6.6%) had cancer (hazard ratio 2.8; 95%CI 1.6-5; p<0.01). C-statistic was 0.63 (95%CI 0.55-0.71). At 24 months, 58 patients (4.3%; 95%CI: 3.3-5.5%) were diagnosed with cancer. Among 905 patients scoring ≤2 points, 26 (2.9%) had cancer. Among 455 patients scoring ≥3 points, 32 (7%) had cancer (hazard ratio 2.6; 95%CI 1.5-4.3; p<0.01). C-statistic was 0.61 (95%CI, 0.54-0.69). We validated our prognostic score at 12 and 24 months, although prospective cohort validation is needed. This may help to identify patients for whom more extensive screening workup may be required.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/complicações , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Risco
17.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 24(3): 489-495, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28681634

RESUMO

In patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), male sex has been associated with an increased risk of occult cancer. The influence of sex on clinical characteristics, treatment, cancer sites, and outcome has not been thoroughly investigated yet. We used the Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbólica registry to compare the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies, cancer sites, and clinical outcomes in patients with VTE having occult cancer, according to sex. As of June 2014, 5864 patients were recruited, of whom 444 (7.6%; 95% confidence interval: 6.8-8.2) had occult cancer. Of these, 246 (55%) were men. Median time elapsed from VTE to occult cancer was 4 months (interquartile range: 2-8.4), with no sex differences. Women were older, weighed less, and were less likely to have chronic lung disease than men. The most common cancer sites were the lung (n = 63), prostate (n = 42), and colorectal (n = 29) in men and colorectal (n = 38), breast (n = 23), uterine (n = 18), hematologic (n = 17), or pancreas (n = 15) in women. Men were more likely to have lung cancer than women (2.18% vs 0.30%; P < .01) and less likely to have pancreatic cancer (0.17% vs 0.5%; P = .03). Interestingly, breast cancer was more likely found in women aged ≥50 years than in those aged <50 years (0.97% vs 0.14%; P = .03). This study highlights the existence of sex differences in patients with VTE having occult cancer. One in every 2 men had lung, prostate, or colorectal cancer. In women, there is a heterogeneity of cancer sites, increasing risk of breast cancer in those aged >50 years.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/etiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 53(9): 495-500, sept. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-166279

RESUMO

Objetivo: No se conocen suficientemente las características clínicas y el pronóstico de los pacientes con tromboembolia de pulmón (TEP) aguda sintomática asociada a los viajes prolongados (síndrome de clase turista [SCT]). Métodos: Se analizaron retrospectivamente las características basales de los pacientes con TEP aguda y se estratificaron según el factor de riesgo desencadenante. Se determinaron la mortalidad por todas las causas, la mortalidad por la propia TEP, las recurrencias trombóticas no fatales y los sangrados mayores no fatales durante los primeros 30 días de seguimiento. Resultados: De los 2.333 pacientes incluidos, un total de 124 (5,3%; intervalo de confianza del 95%: 4,4-6,3) fueron diagnosticados de TEP secundaria a SCT. Estos pacientes fueron más jóvenes, presentaron menos frecuentemente comorbilidad y más frecuentemente síncope (48% vs. 14%; p<0,001), taquicardia (37% vs. 21%; p<0,001), disfunción de ventrículo derecho (VD) (31% vs. 19%; p<0,01) y daño miocárdico (57% vs. 28%; p<0,001) que los demás pacientes con TEP. La mortalidad por todas las causas a 30 días fue significativamente menor para los pacientes con TEP secundaria a SCT (1,6% vs. 9,6%; p<0,01). La mortalidad a 30 días por TEP no fue diferente entre los dos grupos de pacientes (0,8% vs. 3,1%; p=0,18). Conclusiones: Los pacientes con TEP y SCT son más jóvenes y tienen menos comorbilidad que los demás pacientes con TEP. Aunque se presentan más frecuentemente con disfunción de VD y daño miocárdico, el pronóstico a corto plazo es excelente (AU)


Objective: Clinical presentation and short-term prognosis of patients with travel-associated acute pulmonary embolism (PE) (i.e., economy class syndrome [ECS]) is not well understood. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study of patients with acute PE identified from a single center registry, we assessed the clinical presentation and the association between ECS and the outcomes of all-cause mortality, PE-related mortality, nonfatal venous thromboembolism and nonfatal major bleeding rates through 30 days after initiation of PE treatment. Results: Of the 2,333 patients with acute symptomatic PE, 124 (5.3%; 95% confidence interval, 4.4-6.3%) had ECS. Patients with ECS were younger and had fewer comorbid diseases (recent bleeding, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure), but they presented with more signs of clinical severity (syncope [48% vs. 14%; P<.001], tachycardia [37% vs. 21%; P<.001], right ventricular dysfunction [31% vs. 19%; P<.01] and myocardial injury [57% vs. 28%; P<.001]) compared to those without ECS. Regression analyses showed a significantly lower risk of all-cause mortality for patients with ECS compared to patients without ECS (1.6% vs. 9.6%; P<.01). We did not detect a difference in PE-related mortality at 30 days between those with and those without ECS (0.8% vs. 3.1%; P=.18). Conclusions: PE patients with ECS are younger and have fewer comorbid diseases compared to those without ECS. Though they present with more signs of clinical severity, their short-term prognosis is excellent (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Embolia Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Trombose Venosa/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco
19.
Ann Intern Med ; 167(6): 410-417, 2017 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28828492

RESUMO

Background: Screening for cancer in patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism (VTE) often is considered, but clinicians need precise data on cancer prevalence, risk factors, and the effect of different types of screening strategies. Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of occult cancer in patients with unprovoked VTE, including in subgroups of different ages or those that have had different types of screening. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up to 19 January 2016. Study Selection: Prospective studies evaluating cancer screening strategies in adults with unprovoked VTE that began enrolling patients after 1 January 2000 and had at least 12 months of follow-up. Data Extraction: 2 investigators independently reviewed abstracts and full-text articles and independently assessed risk of bias. Data Synthesis: 10 eligible studies were identified. Individual data were obtained for all 2316 patients. Mean age was 60 years; 58% of patients received extensive screening. The 12-month period prevalence of cancer after VTE diagnosis was 5.2% (95% CI, 4.1% to 6.5%). The point prevalence of cancer was higher in patients who had extensive screening than in those who had more limited screening initially (odds ratio [OR], 2.0 [CI, 1.2 to 3.4]) but not at 12 months (OR, 1.4 [CI, 0.89 to 2.1]). Cancer prevalence increased linearly with age and was 7-fold higher in patients aged 50 years or older than in younger patients (OR, 7.1 [CI, 3.1 to 16]). Limitation: Variation in patient characteristics and extensive screening strategies; unavailability of long-term mortality data. Conclusion: Occult cancer is detected in 1 in 20 patients within a year of receiving a diagnosis of unprovoked VTE. Older age is associated with a higher cancer prevalence. Although an extensive screening strategy initially may detect more cancer cases than limited screening, whether this translates into improved patient outcomes remains unclear. Primary Funding Source: None. (PROSPERO: CRD42016033371).


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
20.
Thromb Res ; 157: 90-96, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28719850

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The safety and efficacy of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) treatment in patients with cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) beyond 6months are unknown. Our aim was to determine the safety of long-term tinzaparin use in patients with CAT. METHODS: We performed a prospective, open, single arm, multicentre study in patients with CAT receiving treatment with tinzaparin. We evaluated the rate of clinically relevant bleeding events (major and non-major clinically relevant bleeding) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence. RESULTS: A total of 247 patients were recruited, with a crude incidence of major bleeding of 4.9% (12/247). The rate of clinically relevant bleeding during months 1-6 and 7-12, was 0.9% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.5 to 1.6%] and 0.6% (95% CI 0.2 to 1.4%) (p=0.5) per patient and month, respectively. Male gender showed greater risk for clinically relevant bleeding with a hazard ratio (HR) of 2.97 (95% CI 1.01 to 8.1; p=0.02). The incidence of VTE recurrence at months 1-6 and 7-12 was 4.5% (95% CI 2.2 to 7.8%) and 1.1% (95% CI 0.1 to 3.9%), respectively. One patient died due to VTE recurrence and two because of severe bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with tinzaparin beyond 6months is safe in patients with CAT.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tinzaparina
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