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J Phys Condens Matter ; 34(3)2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592722


In the present work, we demonstrate that C-doped Zr5Pt3is an electron-phonon superconductor (with critical temperatureTC= 3.8 K) with a nonsymmorphic topological Dirac nodal-line semimetal state, which we report here for the first time. The superconducting properties of Zr5Pt3C0.5have been investigated by means of magnetization, resistivity, specific heat, and muon spin rotation and relaxation (µSR) measurements. We find that at low temperatures, the depolarization rate is almost constant and it can be well described by a single-bands-wave model with a superconducting gap of 2Δ(0)/kBTC= 3.84, somewhat higher than the value of BCS theory. From the transverse field µSR analysis, we estimate the London penetration depthλL= 469 nm, superconducting carrier densityns= 1.83 × 1026 m-3, and effective massm* = 1.428me. The zero field µSR confirms the absence of any spontaneous magnetic field in the superconducting ground state. In order to gain additional insights into the electronic ground state of C-doped Zr5Pt3, we also performed first-principles calculations within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). The observed homogenous electronic character of the Fermi surface as well as the mutual decrease ofTCand density of states at the Fermi level are consistent with the experimental findings of this study. However, the band structure reveals the presence of robust, gapless fourfold-degenerate nodal lines protected by 63screw rotations and glide mirror planes. Therefore, Zr5Pt3represents a novel, unprecedented condensed matter system to investigate the intricate interplay between superconductivity and topology.

Chaos ; 23(2): 023116, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23822481


We investigated the transport Barkhausen-like noise (TBN) by using nonlinear time series analysis. TBN signals were measured in (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+δ ceramic samples subjected to different uniaxial compacting pressures (UCP). These samples display similar intragranular properties but different intergranular features. We found positive Lyapunov exponents in all samples, λm≥0.062, indicating the nonlinear dynamics of the experimental TBN signals. It was also observed higher values of the embedding dimension, m>9, and the Kaplan-Yorke dimension, DKY>2.9. Between samples, the behavior of λm and DKY with increasing excitation current is quite different. Such a behavior is explained in terms of changes in the microstructure associated with the UCP. In addition, determinism tests indicated that the TBN masked determinist components, as inferred by |k[over arrow]| values larger than 0.70 in most of the cases. Evidence on the existence of empirical attractors by reconstructing the phase spaces has been also found. All obtained results are useful indicators of the interplay between the uniaxial compacting pressure, differences in the microstructure of the samples, and the TBN signal dynamics.

Phys Rev Lett ; 110(1): 017202, 2013 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23383833


Neutron diffraction on the double perovskite Sr(2)YRuO(6) with a quasi-fcc lattice of Ru moments reveals planar magnetic correlations that condense into a partial long-range ordered state with coupled alternate antiferromagnetic (AFM) YRuO(4) square layers coexisting with the short-range correlations below T(N1) = 32 K. A second transition to a fully ordered AFM state below T(N2) = 24 K is observed. The reduced dimensionality of the spin correlations is arguably due to a cancellation of the magnetic coupling between consecutive AFM square layers in fcc antiferromagnets, which is the simplest three-dimensional frustrated magnet model system.

Opt Lett ; 32(11): 1435-7, 2007 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17546146


We report measurements of the nonlinear refractive index, n(2), of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NPs) in toluene at 532 nm. The measurements were performed using the Z-scan technique with 80 ps laser pulses at 7 Hz. Large values of n(2) in the range of 10(-13)-10(-12) cm(2)/W were measured, and negligible two-photon absorption coefficient was estimated for colloids having NP filling fractions in the range of 10(-8)-10(-7).

J Phys Condens Matter ; 18(26): 6117-32, 2006 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21690825


Polycrystalline Nd(1-x)Eu(x)NiO(3) (0≤x≤0.5) compounds were synthesized in order to investigate the character of the metal-insulator (MI) phase transition in this series. Samples were prepared through the sol-gel route and subjected to heat treatments at ∼1000 °C under oxygen pressures as high as 80 bar. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and neutron powder diffraction (NPD), electrical resistivity ρ(T), and magnetization M(T) measurements were performed on these compounds. The NPD and XRD results indicated that the samples crystallize in an orthorhombic distorted perovskite structure, space group Pbnm. The analysis of the structural parameters revealed a sudden and small expansion of ∼0.2% of the unit cell volume when electronic localization occurs. This expansion was attributed to a small increase of ∼0.003 Å of the average Ni-O distance and a simultaneous decrease of ∼-0.5° of the Ni-O-Ni superexchange angle. The ρ(T) measurements revealed a MI transition occurring at temperatures ranging from T(MI)∼193 to 336 K for samples with x = 0 and 0.50, respectively. These measurements also show a large thermal hysteresis in NdNiO(3) during heating and cooling processes, suggesting a first-order character of the phase transition at T(MI). The width of this thermal hysteresis was found to decrease appreciably for the sample Nd(0.7)Eu(0.3)NiO(3). The results indicate that cation disorder associated with increasing substitution of Nd by Eu is responsible for changing the first-order character of the transition in NdNiO(3).

Phys Rev Lett ; 94(20): 207209, 2005 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16090285


A new method for analyzing second-order phase transitions is presented and applied to the polaronic system La(0.7)Ca(0.3)MnO3. It utilizes heat capacity and thermal expansion data simultaneously to correctly predict the critical temperature's pressure dependence. Analysis of the critical phenomena reveals second-order behavior and an unusually large heat capacity exponent.