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1.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0217732, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricle retraining has been extensively studied by our laboratory. Previous studies have demonstrated that intermittent overload causes a more efficient ventricular hypertrophy. The adaptive mechanisms involved in the ventricle retraining are not completely established. This study assessed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the ventricles of goats submitted to systolic overload. METHODS: Twenty-one young goats were divided into 3 groups (7 animals each): control, 96-hour continuous systolic overload, and intermittent systolic overload (four 12-hour periods of systolic overload paired with 12-hour resting period). During the 96-hour protocol, systolic overload was adjusted to achieve a right ventricular (RV) / aortic pressure ratio of 0.7. Hemodynamic evaluations were performed daily before and after systolic overload. Echocardiograms were obtained preoperatively and at protocol end to measure cardiac masses thickness. At study end, the animals were killed for morphologic evaluation and immunohistochemical assessment of VEGF expression. RESULTS: RV-trained groups developed hypertrophy of RV and septal masses, confirmed by increased weight and thickness, as expected. In the study groups, there was a small but significantly increased water content of the RV and septum compared with those in the control group (p<0.002). VEGF expression in the RV myocardium was greater in the intermittent group (2.89% ± 0.41%) than in the continuous (1.80% ± 0.19%) and control (1.43% ± 0.18%) groups (p<0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent systolic overload promotes greater upregulation of VEGF expression in the subpulmonary ventricle, an adaptation that provides a mechanism for increased myocardial perfusion during the rapid myocardial hypertrophy of young goats.

2.
J Card Surg ; 35(2): 328-334, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with worse outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Little is known about this association in the pediatric population who require surgery for congenital heart defects, especially in patients with a single ventricle (SV). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of the preoperative NLR with outcomes in patients undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective cohort analysis of 141 consecutive patients with SV undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure between January 2011 and December 2017 in two centers. The preoperative NLR was included in the last hemogram test before surgery. According to the NLR level, the patients were divided into group I (NLR < 1), group II (NLR between 1 and 2), and group III (NLR > 2). The primary endpoint was total hospital length of stay (LOS), and secondary endpoints were mechanical ventilation (MV) time, intensive care unit (ICU) LOS, ventricular dysfunction, complications, and middle-term mortality. RESULTS: The average follow-up duration was 48 months. There were 61, 47, and 33 patients in groups I, II, and III, respectively. Patients in group III exhibited an increased risk of prolonged total hospital LOS (P = .00). An increase in MV time (P = .03) and ICU LOS (P = .02) was also observed in this group, and these patients experienced greater mortality in 24 months following the surgery (P = .03). There was no association between the NLR and ventricular dysfunction (P = .26) and complications (P = .46). CONCLUSION: A high preoperative NLR was associated with worse outcomes in patients with SV physiology undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure.

3.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 11(1): 22-28, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Atrioventricular valve (AVV) regurgitation in patients with single ventricle (SV) physiology severely impacts prognosis; the appropriate timing for surgical treatment is unknown. We sought to study the results of surgical treatment of AVV regurgitation in SV patients and evaluate risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Medical records of 81 consecutive patients with moderate or severe AAV regurgitation who were submitted to AVV repair or replacement during any stage of univentricular palliation between January 2013 and May 2017 were examined. We studied demographic data and perioperative factors looking for predictors that might have influenced the results. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the impact on postoperative ventricular dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: Median age and weight were seven months (interquartile range [IQR]: 3-24) and 5.2 kg (IQR: 3.7-11.2), respectively. Seventy (86.4%) patients underwent AVV repair, and 11 (13.6%) patients underwent AVV replacement. There was an association between AVV repair effectiveness and timing of intervention (P = .004). Atrioventricular valve intervention at the time of initial surgical palliation was associated with more ineffective repairs (P = .001), while AVV replacement was more common between Glenn and Fontan procedures (P = .004). Overall 30-day mortality was 30.5% (25 patients). In-hospital mortality was 49.4%, and it was higher when AVV repair was performed concomitant with initial (stage 1) palliation (64.1% vs 35.7%; P = .01) and when an effective repair was not achieved (75% vs 41%; P = .008). Multivariable analysis identified timing concomitant with stage 1 palliation as an independent risk factor for mortality (P = .01); meanwhile, an effective repair was a protective factor against in-hospital mortality (P = .05). CONCLUSION: Univentricular physiology with AVV regurgitation is a high-risk group of patients. Surgery for AVV regurgitation at stage 1 palliation was associated with less effective repair and higher mortality in this initial experience. On the other hand, effective repair determined better outcomes, highlighting the importance of experience and the learning curve in the management of such patients.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 511-516, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042045

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. Results: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.

5.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(8): 1655-1662, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506731

RESUMO

We sought to better define the demographics and characteristics of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) in a cohort of paediatric OHT patients from a developing country. Data were collected from the Heart Institute, Sao Paulo, for all paediatric OHT recipients from October 1992 to October 2018. Group differences between the PTLD and non-PTLD cohorts were assessed by Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney U tests. Kaplan-Meier curves analysed the survival in each group. Data were reviewed for 202 paediatric OHT recipients. Overall 1-, 5- and 10-year survival for the entire cohort was 76.5%, 68.3% and 62.9%; 24 patients (11.9%) developed PTLD at a median 3.1 years (IQR 0.8-9.0) after OHT. Cases were evenly spread over the follow-up period, with PTLD diagnosed in 9.8% (n = 137) of patients who were alive at 3 years, 15.3% (n = 78) of patients who were alive at 5 years and 29.3% (n = 41) of patients who were alive at 10 years. The commonest form of PTLD was diffuse large B cell lymphoma (n = 9), and most patients received rituximab with immunosuppression and chemotherapy as treatment (n = 15). We identified no increased risk in mortality amongst the PTLD vs. non-PTLD cohorts in multivariate analysis (P = 0.365). PTLD after paediatric OHT had acceptable outcomes. However, risk factors for PTLD were not identified and warrant further investigation.

6.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 511-516, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(2): 130-135, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Fontan-Kreutzer procedure (FK) was widely performed in the past, but in the long-term generated many complications resulting in univentricular circulation failure. The conversion to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is one of the options for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of conversion from FK to TCPC. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who underwent the conversion of FK to TCPC in the period of 1985 to 2016. Significance p < 0,05. RESULTS: Fontan-type operations were performed in 420 patients during this period: TCPC was performed in 320, lateral tunnel technique in 82, and FK in 18. Ten cases from the FK group were elected to conversion to TCPC. All patients submitted to Fontan Conversion were included in this study. In nine patients the indication was due to uncontrolled arrhythmia and in one, due to protein-losing enteropathy. Death was observed in the first two cases. The average intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) was 13 days, and the average hospital LOS was 37 days. A functional class by New York Heart Association (NYHA) improvement was observed in 80% of the patients in NYHA I or II. Fifty-seven percent of conversions due to arrhythmias had improvement of arrhythmias; four cases are cured. CONCLUSIONS: The conversion is a complex procedure and requires an experienced tertiary hospital to be performed. The conversion has improved the NYHA functional class despite an unsatisfactory resolution of the arrhythmia.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Derivação Cardíaca Direita/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , /cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Criança , Circulação Coronária , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Técnica de Fontan/mortalidade , Derivação Cardíaca Direita/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 130-135, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-983830

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The Fontan-Kreutzer procedure (FK) was widely performed in the past, but in the long-term generated many complications resulting in univentricular circulation failure. The conversion to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) is one of the options for treatment. Objective: To evaluate the results of conversion from FK to TCPC. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who underwent the conversion of FK to TCPC in the period of 1985 to 2016. Significance p < 0,05. Results: Fontan-type operations were performed in 420 patients during this period: TCPC was performed in 320, lateral tunnel technique in 82, and FK in 18. Ten cases from the FK group were elected to conversion to TCPC. All patients submitted to Fontan Conversion were included in this study. In nine patients the indication was due to uncontrolled arrhythmia and in one, due to protein-losing enteropathy. Death was observed in the first two cases. The average intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) was 13 days, and the average hospital LOS was 37 days. A functional class by New York Heart Association (NYHA) improvement was observed in 80% of the patients in NYHA I or II. Fifty-seven percent of conversions due to arrhythmias had improvement of arrhythmias; four cases are cured. Conclusions: The conversion is a complex procedure and requires an experienced tertiary hospital to be performed. The conversion has improved the NYHA functional class despite an unsatisfactory resolution of the arrhythmia.


Resumo Fundamento: O procedimento de Fontan-Kreutzer (FK) foi amplamente realizado no passado, mas a longo prazo gerou muitas complicações, resultando em falha na circulação univentricular. A conversão para conexão cavopulmonar total (CCPT) é uma das opções de tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados da conversão de FK para CCPT. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes submetidos à conversão de FK para CCPT no período de 1985 a 2016. Significância p < 0,05. Resultados: Operações do tipo Fontan foram realizadas em 420 pacientes durante este período: CCPT foi realizada em 320, técnica de túnel lateral em 82 e FK em 18. Dez casos do grupo FK foram eleitos para conversão em CCPT. Todos os pacientes submetidos à conversão de Fontan foram incluídos neste estudo. Em nove pacientes, a indicação deveu-se a arritmia não controlada e em um devido à enteropatia perdedora de proteínas. A morte foi observada nos dois primeiros casos. O tempo médio de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) foi de 13 dias e o tempo médio de internação hospitalar foi de 37 dias. Uma classe funcional pela melhora da New York Heart Association (NYHA) foi observada em 80% dos pacientes em NYHA I ou II. Cinquenta e sete por cento das conversões devido a arritmias tiveram melhora das arritmias; quatro casos foram curados. Conclusões: A conversão é um procedimento complexo e requer que um hospital terciário experiente seja realizado. A conversão melhorou a classe funcional da NYHA, apesar de uma resolução insatisfatória da arritmia.

10.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 29(1): 59-63, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689872

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to evaluate early outcomes of transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation in patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. METHODS: We used a prospective study, which included patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position who were considered high-risk by our heart team and who underwent a valve-in-valve implantation. The procedures were performed via transjugular venous access and were done with the patient under general anaesthesia with transoesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Perioperative data were analysed, and the patients were followed prospectively. RESULTS: Seven patients were included. The baseline diagnoses were 3 patients with Ebstein's anomaly, 1 patient with tetralogy of Fallot, 1 patient with neonatal endocarditis, 1 patient with ventricular septal defect with a double tricuspid lesion and 1 patient with rheumatic mitral and tricuspid valve who underwent a combined transapical mitral and transjugular tricuspid valve-in-valve implantation. The mean age was 33 ± 10.8 years and 57.1% of the patients were men. The mean number of previous thoracotomies was 3 ± 2 (range 1-5) procedures. The mean follow-up was 1.24 years. The implant was successful in all cases, and there was no need for conversion to open surgery. There were no deaths during the study period, and all patients are currently in the New York Heart Association functional class I/II. There was a statistically significant difference when the mean transvalvular gradients preimplantation and postimplantation were compared (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous tricuspid valve implantation should be considered a safe and effective therapy and stands as a viable, reliable alternative for the treatment of a degenerated bioprosthesis in high-surgical-risk/inoperable patients.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
11.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 211(6): 1212-1220, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30247977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no consensus in the literature regarding the screening of hepatic nodules in patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure. The objectives of this study are to evaluate in this population the frequency of hepatic nodules at ultrasound (US), CT, and MRI; to measure liver stiffness using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography; and to investigate predictive factors for hepatic nodules. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 49 patients who underwent the Fontan procedure were prospectively recruited from August 2014 through June 2016. These patients underwent clinical evaluation for hepatic disorders, ARFI elastography, US, CT, and MRI. RESULTS: Most of the patients had no symptoms, and hepatic nodules were detected in three of 49 (6.1%) patients at US, 14 of 44 (31.8%) patients at CT, and 19 of 48 (39.6%) patients at MRI. Liver stiffness at ARFI elastography was significantly higher in patients with hepatic nodules than in patients without such nodules (2.64 ± 0.81 m/s vs 1.94 ± 0.49 m/s; p = 0.002) and was a significant predictor of hepatic nodule (AUC, 0.767; p = 0.002). No clinical or laboratory data had any significant correlation with the existence of hepatic nodules, including time since Fontan procedure. CONCLUSION: In our study, more than one-third of patients had hepatic nodules at CT or MRI, but US did not detect most hepatic nodules. Liver stiffness at ARFI elastography was significantly higher in patients with hepatic nodules, and it may help guiding which patient should be further imaged with CT or MRI.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Hepatopatias/complicações , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
12.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(3): 224-232, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043914

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hemodilution is a concern in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Using a smaller dual tubing rather than a single larger inner diameter (ID) tubing in the venous limb to decrease prime volume has been a standard practice. The purpose of this study is to evaluate these tubing options. METHODS: Four different CPB circuits primed with blood (hematocrit 30%) were investigated. Two setups were used with two circuits for each one. In Setup I, a neonatal oxygenator was connected to dual 3/16" ID venous limbs (Circuit A) or to a single 1/4" ID venous limb (Circuit B); and in Setup II, a pediatric oxygenator was connected to dual 1/4" ID venous limbs (Circuit C) or a single 3/8" ID venous limb (Circuit D). Trials were conducted at arterial flow rates of 500 ml/min up to 1500 ml/min (Setup I) and up to 3000 ml/min (Setup II), at 36°C and 28°C. RESULTS: Circuit B exhibited a higher venous flow rate than Circuit A, and Circuit D exhibited a higher venous flow rate than Circuit C, at both temperatures. Flow resistance was significantly higher in Circuits A and C than in Circuits B (P<0.001) and D (P<0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: A single 1/4" venous limb is better than dual 3/16" venous limbs at all flow rates, up to 1500 ml/min. Moreover, a single 3/8" venous limb is better than dual 1/4" venous limbs, up to 3000 ml/min. Our findings strongly suggest a revision of perfusion practice to include single venous limb circuits for CPB.


Assuntos
Cânula/normas , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/instrumentação , Oxigenadores/normas , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento , Segurança de Equipamentos , Hemodiluição , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Pediatria/instrumentação , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo , Pressão Venosa/fisiologia
13.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(3): 242-249, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043916

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Donor shortage and organ allocation is the main problem in pediatric heart transplant. Mechanical circulatory support is known to increase waiting list survival, but it is not routinely used in pediatric programs in Latin America. METHODS: All patients listed for heart transplant and supported by a mechanical circulatory support between January 2012 and March 2016 were included in this retrospective single-center study. The endpoints were mechanical circulatory support time, complications, heart transplant survival and discharge from the hospital. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients from our waiting list were assessed. Twelve (45%) patients were initially supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and a centrifugal pump was implanted in 17 (55%) patients. Five patients initially supported by ECMO were bridged to another device. One was bridged to a centrifugal pump and four were bridged to Berlin Heart Excor®. Among the 29 supported patients, 18 (62%) managed to have a heart transplant. Thirty-day survival period after heart transplant was 56% (10 patients). Median support duration was 12 days (interquartile range [IQR] 4 - 26 days) per run and the waiting time for heart transplant was 9.5 days (IQR 2.5-25 days). Acute kidney injury was identified as a mortality predictor (OR=22.6 [CI=1.04-494.6]; P=0.04). CONCLUSION: Mechanical circulatory support was able to bridge most INTERMACS 1 and 2 pediatric patients to transplant with an acceptable complication rate. Acute renal failure increased mortality after mechanical circulatory support in our experience.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Coração Auxiliar , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Listas de Espera , Adulto Jovem
14.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 9(4): 392-406, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945512

RESUMO

The World Society for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery (WSPCHS) is the largest professional organization in the world dedicated to pediatric and congenital heart surgery. The purpose of this article is to document the first decade of the history of WSPCHS from its formation in 2006, to summarize the current status of WSPCHS, and to consider the future of WSPCHS. The WSPCHS was incorporated in Canada on April 7, 2011, with a head office in Montreal, Canada. The vision of the WSPCHS is that every child born anywhere in the world with a congenital heart defect should have access to appropriate medical and surgical care. The mission of the WSPCHS is to promote the highest quality comprehensive cardiac care to all patients with congenital heart disease, from the fetus to the adult, regardless of the patient's economic means, with an emphasis on excellence in teaching, research, and community service.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/história , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pediatria/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Cirurgia Torácica/história , Canadá , História do Século XXI , Humanos
15.
Int J Cardiol ; 271: 54-59, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29861103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in circulatory physiology are common in Fontan patients due to suboptimal cardiac output, which may reduce the peripheral blood flow and impair the skeletal muscle. The objective of this study was to investigate the forearm blood flow (FBF), cross-sectional area (CSA) of the thigh and functional capacity in asymptomatic clinically stable patients undergoing Fontan surgery. METHODS: Thirty Fontan patients and 27 healthy subjects underwent venous occlusion plethysmography, magnetic resonance imaging of the thigh musculature and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), norepinephrine measures, cardiovascular magnetic resonance, handgrip strength and 6-minute walk test were also performed. RESULTS: Fontan patients have blunted FBF (1.59 ±â€¯0.33 vs 2.17 ±â€¯0.52 mL/min/100 mL p < 0.001) and forearm vascular conductance (FVC) (1.69 ±â€¯0.04 vs 2.34 ±â€¯0.62 units p < 0.001), reduced CSA of the thigh (81.2 ±â€¯18.6 vs 116.3 ±â€¯26.4 cm2p < 0.001), lower peak VO2 (29.3 ±â€¯6 vs 41.5 ±â€¯9 mL/kg/min p < 0.001), walked distance (607 ±â€¯60 vs 701 ±â€¯58 m p < 0.001) and handgrip strength (21 ±â€¯9 vs 30 ±â€¯8 kgf p < 0.001). The MSNA (30 ±â€¯4 vs 22 ±â€¯3 bursts/min p < 0.001) and norepinephrine concentration [265 (236-344) vs 222 (147-262) pg/mL p = 0.006] were also higher in Fontan patients. Multivariate linear regression showed FVC (ß = 0.653; CI = 0.102-1.205; p = 0.022) and stroke volume (ß = 0.018; CI = 0.007-0.029; p = 0.002) to be independently associated with reduced CSA of the thigh adjusted for body mass index. The CSA of the thigh adjusted for body mass index (ß = 5.283; CI = 2.254-8.312; p = 0.001) was independently associated with reduced peak VO2. CONCLUSION: Patients with Fontan operation have underdeveloped skeletal muscle with reduced strength that is associated with suboptimal peripheral blood supply and diminished exercise capacity.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Técnica de Fontan/tendências , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Teste de Esforço/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Antebraço/diagnóstico por imagem , Antebraço/fisiologia , Capacidade Residual Funcional/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto Jovem
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 224-232, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-958406

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: Hemodilution is a concern in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Using a smaller dual tubing rather than a single larger inner diameter (ID) tubing in the venous limb to decrease prime volume has been a standard practice. The purpose of this study is to evaluate these tubing options. Methods: Four different CPB circuits primed with blood (hematocrit 30%) were investigated. Two setups were used with two circuits for each one. In Setup I, a neonatal oxygenator was connected to dual 3/16" ID venous limbs (Circuit A) or to a single 1/4" ID venous limb (Circuit B); and in Setup II, a pediatric oxygenator was connected to dual 1/4" ID venous limbs (Circuit C) or a single 3/8" ID venous limb (Circuit D). Trials were conducted at arterial flow rates of 500 ml/min up to 1500 ml/min (Setup I) and up to 3000 ml/min (Setup II), at 36°C and 28°C. Results: Circuit B exhibited a higher venous flow rate than Circuit A, and Circuit D exhibited a higher venous flow rate than Circuit C, at both temperatures. Flow resistance was significantly higher in Circuits A and C than in Circuits B (P<0.001) and D (P<0.001), respectively. Conclusion: A single 1/4" venous limb is better than dual 3/16" venous limbs at all flow rates, up to 1500 ml/min. Moreover, a single 3/8" venous limb is better than dual 1/4" venous limbs, up to 3000 ml/min. Our findings strongly suggest a revision of perfusion practice to include single venous limb circuits for CPB.

17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(3): 242-249, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-958407

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Donor shortage and organ allocation is the main problem in pediatric heart transplant. Mechanical circulatory support is known to increase waiting list survival, but it is not routinely used in pediatric programs in Latin America. Methods: All patients listed for heart transplant and supported by a mechanical circulatory support between January 2012 and March 2016 were included in this retrospective single-center study. The endpoints were mechanical circulatory support time, complications, heart transplant survival and discharge from the hospital. Results: Twenty-nine patients from our waiting list were assessed. Twelve (45%) patients were initially supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and a centrifugal pump was implanted in 17 (55%) patients. Five patients initially supported by ECMO were bridged to another device. One was bridged to a centrifugal pump and four were bridged to Berlin Heart Excor®. Among the 29 supported patients, 18 (62%) managed to have a heart transplant. Thirty-day survival period after heart transplant was 56% (10 patients). Median support duration was 12 days (interquartile range [IQR] 4 - 26 days) per run and the waiting time for heart transplant was 9.5 days (IQR 2.5-25 days). Acute kidney injury was identified as a mortality predictor (OR=22.6 [CI=1.04-494.6]; P=0.04). Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support was able to bridge most INTERMACS 1 and 2 pediatric patients to transplant with an acceptable complication rate. Acute renal failure increased mortality after mechanical circulatory support in our experience.

18.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(4): 260-269, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: ASSIST is the first Brazilian initiative in building a collaborative quality improvement program in pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease. The purposes of this manuscript are: (a) to describe the development of the ASSIST project, including the historical, philosophical, organizational, and infrastructural components that will facilitate collaborative quality improvement in congenital heart disease care; (b) to report past and ongoing challenges faced; and (c) to report the first preliminary data analysis. METHODS: A total of 614 operations were prospectively included in a comprehensive online database between September 2014 and December 2015 in two participating centers. Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS) 1 and Aristotle Basic Complexity (ABC) scores were obtained. Descriptive statistics were provided, and the predictive values of the two scores for mortality were calculated by multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: Many barriers and challenges were faced and overcome. Overall mortality was 13.4%. Independent predictors of in-hospital death were: RACHS-1 categories (3, 4, and 5/6), ABC level 4, and age group (≤ 30 days, and 30 days - 1 year). CONCLUSION: The ASSIST project was successfully created over a solid base of collaborative work. The main challenges faced, and overcome, were lack of institutional support, funding, computational infrastructure, dedicated staff, and trust. RACHS-1 and ABC scores performed well in our case mix. Our preliminary outcome analysis shows opportunities for improvement.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco Ajustado/métodos
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(4): 260-269, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897919

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: ASSIST is the first Brazilian initiative in building a collaborative quality improvement program in pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease. The purposes of this manuscript are: (a) to describe the development of the ASSIST project, including the historical, philosophical, organizational, and infrastructural components that will facilitate collaborative quality improvement in congenital heart disease care; (b) to report past and ongoing challenges faced; and (c) to report the first preliminary data analysis. Methods: A total of 614 operations were prospectively included in a comprehensive online database between September 2014 and December 2015 in two participating centers. Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS) 1 and Aristotle Basic Complexity (ABC) scores were obtained. Descriptive statistics were provided, and the predictive values of the two scores for mortality were calculated by multivariate logistic regression models. Results: Many barriers and challenges were faced and overcome. Overall mortality was 13.4%. Independent predictors of in-hospital death were: RACHS-1 categories (3, 4, and 5/6), ABC level 4, and age group (≤ 30 days, and 30 days - 1 year). Conclusion: The ASSIST project was successfully created over a solid base of collaborative work. The main challenges faced, and overcome, were lack of institutional support, funding, computational infrastructure, dedicated staff, and trust. RACHS-1 and ABC scores performed well in our case mix. Our preliminary outcome analysis shows opportunities for improvement.

20.
Artif Organs ; 41(9): 865-874, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28597590

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the hemodynamic performances and gaseous microemboli (GME) handling ability of two pediatric oxygenators in a simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) model and the importance of adding an arterial filter in the circuit. The circuit consisted of a Braile Infant oxygenator or a Maquet Quadrox-I Pediatric oxygenator without integrated arterial filter (parallel arrangement), 1/4 in. ID tubing A-V loop, and a 12-Fr arterial cannula, primed with lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells. Trials were conducted at flow rates ranging from 500 to 2000 mL/min (500 mL/min increment) at 35°C and 28°C. Real-time pressure and flow data were recorded using a custom-based data acquisition system. For GME testing, 5 cc of air was manually injected into the venous line. GME were recorded using the Emboli Detection and Classification Quantifier (EDAC) System. An additional experiment using a separate arterial filter was conducted. There was no difference in the mean circuit pressure, pressure drop, total hemodynamic energy level, and energy loss between the two oxygenators. The venous line pressures were higher in the Braile than in the Quadrox group during all trials (P <0.01). GME count and volume at pre-/post oxygenator and pre-cannula sites in the Quadrox were lower than the Braile group at high flow rates (P < 0.05). In the additional experiment, an arterial filter captured a significant number of microemboli at all flow rates. The Braile Infant oxygenator has a matched hemodynamic characteristic with the Quadrox-i Pediatric oxygenator. The Quadrox-i has a better GME handling ability compared with the Braile Infant oxygenator. Regardless of type of oxygenator an additional arterial filter decreases the number of GME.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar/efeitos adversos , Embolia Aérea/prevenção & controle , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Oxigenadores de Membrana/efeitos adversos , Artérias , Criança , Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Gases/sangue , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Pesquisa Interdisciplinar , Pressão
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