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1.
Int J Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of exercise training and its mechanisms on the functional capacity improvement in Fontan patients (FP) are virtually unknown. This trial evaluated four-month aerobic exercise training and inspiratory muscle training on functional capacity, pulmonary function, and autonomic control in patients after Fontan operation. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial with 42 FP aged 12 to 30 years and, at least, five years of Fontan completion. Twenty-seven were referred to a four-months supervised and personalized aerobic exercise training (AET) or an inspiratory muscle training (IMT). A group of non-exercise (NET) was used as control. The effects of the exercise training in peak VO2; pulmonary volumes and capacities, maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP); muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA); forearm blood flow (FBF); handgrip strength and cross-sectional area of the thigh were analyzed. RESULTS: The AET decreased MSNA (p = 0.042), increased FBF (p = 0.012) and handgrip strength (p = 0.017). No significant changes in autonomic control were found in IMT and NET groups. Both AET and IMT increased peak VO2, but the increase was higher in the AET group compared to IMT (23% vs. 9%). No difference was found in the NET group. IMT group showed a 58% increase in MIP (p = 0.008) in forced vital capacity (p = 0.011) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (p = 0.011). No difference in pulmonary function was found in the AET group. CONCLUSIONS: Both aerobic exercise and inspiratory muscle training improved functional capacity. The AET group developed autonomic control, and handgrip strength, and the IMT increased inspiratory muscle strength and spirometry. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02283255.

2.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with poorer outcomes in children undergoing congenital heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). OBJECTIVE: To compare preoperative NLR levels between cyanotic and acyanotic children undergoing surgical repair with CPB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in 60-paired children (30 with tetralogy of Fallot [TOF] and 30 with ventricular septal defect [VSD]) between January 2018 and December 2019 matched by age, weight, and gender. Preoperative NLR was measured from the last complete blood count test before the surgery. All of them had negative viral screening. RESULTS: The median age in VSD children was 9.5 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 5-12), weight 7 kg (IQR: 5.5-8.7), 19 (63%) was female, and NLR was 0.45 (IQR: 0.3-0.65). The median age in TOF children was 8.5 months (IQR: 5-12), weight 7.6 kg (IQR: 5.8-8.7), 16 (53%) were female, and NLR was 0.67 (IQR: 0.41-1.1). Demographic parameters did not show any statistically significant difference between groups (p > .05). Children with TOF had higher preoperative NLR compared with VSD patients (p = .004). As lower O2 saturation as higher the NLR (p = .005). CONCLUSION: The preoperative level of NLR was higher in cyanotic congenital heart disease patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355805

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Anemia and blood transfusion are risk factors for morbidity/mortality in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The objective of this study is to analyze the association of blood transfusion with morbidity/ mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under CPB in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis using the State of São Paulo Registry of Cardiovascular Surgery from November 2013 to August 2014. Blood transfusion was only considered during surgery or within six hours after surgery. Anemia was defined as hematocrit ≤ 37.5%. Patients < 18 years old were excluded. The sample was divided in four groups - Group I (851, no anemia), Group II (200, anemia without blood transfusion), Group III (181, no anemia and transfusion), and Group IV (258, anemia and transfusion). RESULTS: A total of 1,490 patients were included; 639 (42.9%) were anemic and 439 (29.5%) underwent blood transfusion. Group II showed lower composite morbidity (odds ratio [OR] -0.05; confidence interval [CI] -0.27-0.17; P=0.81) than Group III (OR 0.41; CI 0.23-0.59; P=0.018) or Group IV (OR 0.54; CI 0.31- 0.77; P=0.016). Group III was at greater risk of mortality (OR 0.73; CI 0.43-1.03; P=0.02) than Group II, which was exposed only to anemia (OR -0.13; CI -0.55-0.29; P=0.75), or Group IV (OR 0.29; CI -0.13-0.71; P=0.539). CONCLUSION: Anemia in patients undergoing CABG with CPB is bad, but blood transfusion can be worse, increasing at least 50% the risk for mortality and/or morbidity.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238199, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease accounts for almost a third of all major congenital anomalies. Congenital heart defects have a significant impact on morbidity, mortality and health costs for children and adults. Research regarding the risk of pre-surgical mortality is scarce. OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to generate a predictive model calculator adapted to the regional reality focused on individual mortality prediction among patients with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Two thousand two hundred forty CHD consecutive patients' data from InCor's heart surgery program was used to develop and validate the preoperative risk-of-death prediction model of congenital patients undergoing heart surgery. There were six artificial intelligence models most cited in medical references used in this study: Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Random Forest (RF), Extra Trees (ET), Stochastic Gradient Boosting (SGB), Ada Boost Classification (ABC) and Bag Decision Trees (BDT). RESULTS: The top performing areas under the curve were achieved using Random Forest (0.902). Most influential predictors included previous admission to ICU, diagnostic group, patient's height, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, body mass, arterial oxygen saturation, and pulmonary atresia. These combined predictor variables represent 67.8% of importance for the risk of mortality in the Random Forest algorithm. CONCLUSIONS: The representativeness of "hospital death" is greater in patients up to 66 cm in height and body mass index below 13.0 for InCor's patients. The proportion of "hospital death" declines with the increased arterial oxygen saturation index. Patients with prior hospitalization before surgery had higher "hospital death" rates than who did not required such intervention. The diagnoses groups having the higher fatal outcomes probability are aligned with the international literature. A web application is presented where researchers and providers can calculate predicted mortality based on the CgntSCORE on any web browser or smartphone.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Período Pré-Operatório , Medição de Risco/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Transplant Proc ; 52(5): 1394-1396, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric end-stage heart disease is surgically managed by heart transplantation. A major complication of primary transplantation (PTx) is coronary allograft vasculopathy (CAV), a form of accelerated atherosclerosis. Retransplantation (RTx) has been the management of CAV; however, there is limited comprehensive literature on this subject. Here we report 25 years of single-center experience in managing CAV with RTx and place it in the context of recent studies. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken on patients who underwent PTx <18 years old and subsequent RTx due to CAV at the Heart Institute (InCor) University of São Paulo Medical School between 1992 and 2018. The maintenance immunosuppression protocol was double immunosuppression. For both PTx and RTx, quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted for transplantation indication, donor/recipient demographics, post-transplant survival, rejection, infection, and immunosuppression. RESULTS: Between 1992 and 2018, 200 children underwent heart transplantation. Ten re-transplantations were performed, for which 7 (70%) were for CAV. Ages at RTx ranged from 11.5 to 29.3 years (19.1 ± 5.68 years; median 18.2 years). The mean time between PTx and RTx was 12.9 ± 3.4 years (median 13.4 years). The Kaplan-Meier survival rate at 1 month, 3 years, and 5 years was 85.7%, 71.5%, and 47.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Cardiac RTx can be a management option for CAV in patients who have undergone PTx in childhood with double immunosuppression therapy.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 35(2): 134-140, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD) on arterial pump flow in a simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass circuit utilizing a centrifugal pump (CP) with an external arterial filter. METHODS: The simulation circuit consisted of a Quadrox-I Pediatric oxygenator, a Rotaflow CP (Maquet Cardiopulmonary AG, Rastatt, Germany), and a custom pediatric tubing set primed with Lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells. Venous line pressure, reservoir pressure, and arterial flow were measured with VAVD turned off to record baseline values. Four other conditions were tested with progressively higher vacuum pressures (-20, -40, -60, and -80 mmHg) applied to the baseline cardiotomy pressure. An arterial filter was placed into the circuit and arterial flow was measured with the purge line in both open and closed positions. These trials were repeated at set arterial flow rates of 1500, 2000, and 2500 mL/min. RESULTS: The use of progressively higher vacuum caused a reduction in effective arterial flow from 1490±0.00 to 590±0.00, from 2020±0.01 to 1220±0.00, and from 2490±0.0 to 1830±0.01 mL/min. Effective forward flow decreased with increased levels of VAVD. CONCLUSION: The use of VAVD reduces arterial flow when a CP is used as the main arterial pump. The reduction in the forward arterial flow increases as the vacuum level increases. The loss of forward flow is further reduced when the arterial filter purge line is kept in the recommended open position.An independent flow probe is essential to monitor pump flow during cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Criança , Drenagem , Desenho de Equipamento , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Modelos Cardiovasculares
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 603-612, Abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131198

RESUMO

Abstract Background: The current challenge of cardiovascular surgery (CVS) is to improve the outcomes in increasingly severe patients. In this respect, continuous quality improvement (CQI) programs have had an impact on outcomes. Objective: To assess the evolution of the incidence and mortality due to CVS, as well as the current outcomes of the Hospital das Clínicas Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo Medical School (InCor-HCFMUSP). Methods: An outcome analysis of CVSs performed at the InCor, between January 1984 and June 2019. We observed the surgical volume and mortality rates in 5 time periods: 1st (1984-1989), 2nd (1990-1999), 3rd (2000-2007), 4th (2008-2015) and 5th (2016-2019). The CQI program was implemented between 2015 and 2016. The analysis included the total number of surgeries and the evolution of the most frequent procedures. Results: A total of 105,599 CCVs were performed, with an annual mean of 2,964 procedures and mortality of 5,63%. When comparing the 4th and the 5th periods, the average global volume of surgeries was increased from 2,943 to 3,139 (p = 0.368), bypass graft (CABG), from 638 to 597 (p = 0.214), heart valve surgery, from 372 to 465 (p = 0.201), and congenital heart disease surgery, from 530 to 615 (p = 0.125). The average global mortality went from 7.8% to 5% (p < 0.0001); in CABG surgery, from 5.8% to 3.1% (p < 0.0001); in heart valve surgery, from 14% to 7.5% (p < 0.0001) and in congenital heart disease surgery, from 12.1% to 9.6% (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: In spite of a recent trend towards increased surgical volume, there was a significant decrease in operative mortality in the groups studied. After the implementation of the CQI program, the mortality rates were closer to international standards.


Resumo Fundamento: O desafio atual da cirurgia cardiovascular (CCV) é melhorar resultados em pacientes cada vez mais graves. Nesse sentido, Programas de Melhoria Contínua da Qualidade (PMCQ) tem impactado os resultados. Objetivo: Avaliar a evolução da incidência e mortalidade das CCV, assim como os resultados atuais do Instituto do Coração do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (InCor). Métodos: Análise dos resultados das CCV realizadas no InCor entre jan-1984 e jun-2019. Foram observadas as tendências dos volumes cirúrgicos e da mortalidade em 5 períodos 1º (1984-1989), 2º (1990-1999), 3º (2000-2007), 4º (2008-2015) e 5º (2016-2019). O PMCQ foi estabelecido entre 2015-2016. A análise incluiu o total de cirurgias e a evolução dos procedimentos mais frequentes. Resultados: Foram realizadas 105.599 CCV, com uma média anual de 2.964 procedimentos e mortalidade de 5,63%. Comparando o 4º com o 5º período, o volume global médio de cirurgias foi de 2.943 para 3.139 (p = 0,368), cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) de 638 para 597 (p = 0,214), valvas cardíacas de 372 para 465 (p = 0,201) e cardiopatias congênitas de 530 para 615 (p = 0,125). A mortalidade média global passou de 7,8% para 5% (p < 0,0001), nas cirurgias de revascularização miocárdica de 5,8% para 3,1% (p < 0,0001), nas cirurgias valvares de 14% para 7,5% (p < 0,0001) e nas cirurgias de cardiopatias congênitas de 12,1% para 9,6% (p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Embora haja uma tendência recente ao aumento dos volumes cirúrgicos, houve uma diminuição significativa da mortalidade cirúrgica nos grupos analisados. Após o estabelecimento do PMCQ, as taxas de mortalidade se aproximaram a dos padrões internacionais.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0217732, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricle retraining has been extensively studied by our laboratory. Previous studies have demonstrated that intermittent overload causes a more efficient ventricular hypertrophy. The adaptive mechanisms involved in the ventricle retraining are not completely established. This study assessed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in the ventricles of goats submitted to systolic overload. METHODS: Twenty-one young goats were divided into 3 groups (7 animals each): control, 96-hour continuous systolic overload, and intermittent systolic overload (four 12-hour periods of systolic overload paired with 12-hour resting period). During the 96-hour protocol, systolic overload was adjusted to achieve a right ventricular (RV) / aortic pressure ratio of 0.7. Hemodynamic evaluations were performed daily before and after systolic overload. Echocardiograms were obtained preoperatively and at protocol end to measure cardiac masses thickness. At study end, the animals were killed for morphologic evaluation and immunohistochemical assessment of VEGF expression. RESULTS: RV-trained groups developed hypertrophy of RV and septal masses, confirmed by increased weight and thickness, as expected. In the study groups, there was a small but significantly increased water content of the RV and septum compared with those in the control group (p<0.002). VEGF expression in the RV myocardium was greater in the intermittent group (2.89% ± 0.41%) than in the continuous (1.80% ± 0.19%) and control (1.43% ± 0.18%) groups (p<0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent systolic overload promotes greater upregulation of VEGF expression in the subpulmonary ventricle, an adaptation that provides a mechanism for increased myocardial perfusion during the rapid myocardial hypertrophy of young goats.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Cardiomegalia/cirurgia , Cabras , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Masculino , Sístole , Regulação para Cima , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
11.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 37, 2020 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI), also known as Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (OMIM 253200) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder, caused by the deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase (also known as arylsulfatase B) due to mutations of the ARSB gene. Cardiologic features are well recognized, and are always present in MPS VI patients. Generally, the onset and the progression of the cardiologic symptoms are insidious, and just a few patients have developed a rapidly progressive disease. Cardiac involvement in MPS VI is a common and progressive feature. For MPS patients, cardiac evaluations are recommended every 1 to 2 years, including blood pressure measurement, electrocardiography and echocardiography. However, congestive heart failure and valvular surgical repair are not frequently seen, and if so, they are performed in adults. Here we report on an atypical MPS VI case with ascites fetalis and a rapidly progressive cardiac disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-month-old Brazilian male, only child of a Brazilian healthy non-consanguineous couple. During pregnancy, second trimester ultrasonography observed fetal ascites and bilateral hydrocele. Physical exam at 6 months-old revealed a typical gibbus deformity and MPS was suspected. Biochemical investigation revealed a diagnosis of MPS type VI, confirmed by molecular test. Baseline echocardiogram revealed discrete tricuspid regurgitation and a thickened mitral valve with posterior leaflet prolapse, causing moderate to severe regurgitation. The patient evolved with mitral insufficiency and congestive heart failure, eventually requiring surgical repair by the first year of age. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first case of MPS VI whose manifestations started in the prenatal period with fetal ascites, with severe cardiac valvular disease that eventually required early surgical repair. Moreover, in MPS with neonatal presentation, including fetal hydrops, besides MPS I, IVA and VII, clinicians should include MPS VI in the differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Coração/fisiopatologia , Mucopolissacaridose VI/genética , N-Acetilgalactosamina-4-Sulfatase/genética , Ascite , Brasil/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mucopolissacaridose VI/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucopolissacaridose VI/fisiopatologia , Mutação , Fenótipo
12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(4): 603-612, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current challenge of cardiovascular surgery (CVS) is to improve the outcomes in increasingly severe patients. In this respect, continuous quality improvement (CQI) programs have had an impact on outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of the incidence and mortality due to CVS, as well as the current outcomes of the Hospital das Clínicas Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo Medical School (InCor-HCFMUSP). METHODS: An outcome analysis of CVSs performed at the InCor, between January 1984 and June 2019. We observed the surgical volume and mortality rates in 5 time periods: 1st (1984-1989), 2nd (1990-1999), 3rd (2000-2007), 4th (2008-2015) and 5th (2016-2019). The CQI program was implemented between 2015 and 2016. The analysis included the total number of surgeries and the evolution of the most frequent procedures. RESULTS: A total of 105,599 CCVs were performed, with an annual mean of 2,964 procedures and mortality of 5,63%. When comparing the 4th and the 5th periods, the average global volume of surgeries was increased from 2,943 to 3,139 (p = 0.368), bypass graft (CABG), from 638 to 597 (p = 0.214), heart valve surgery, from 372 to 465 (p = 0.201), and congenital heart disease surgery, from 530 to 615 (p = 0.125). The average global mortality went from 7.8% to 5% (p < 0.0001); in CABG surgery, from 5.8% to 3.1% (p < 0.0001); in heart valve surgery, from 14% to 7.5% (p < 0.0001) and in congenital heart disease surgery, from 12.1% to 9.6% (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In spite of a recent trend towards increased surgical volume, there was a significant decrease in operative mortality in the groups studied. After the implementation of the CQI program, the mortality rates were closer to international standards.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares
13.
J Card Surg ; 35(2): 328-334, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with worse outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Little is known about this association in the pediatric population who require surgery for congenital heart defects, especially in patients with a single ventricle (SV). OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association of the preoperative NLR with outcomes in patients undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure. METHODS: This study involved a retrospective cohort analysis of 141 consecutive patients with SV undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure between January 2011 and December 2017 in two centers. The preoperative NLR was included in the last hemogram test before surgery. According to the NLR level, the patients were divided into group I (NLR < 1), group II (NLR between 1 and 2), and group III (NLR > 2). The primary endpoint was total hospital length of stay (LOS), and secondary endpoints were mechanical ventilation (MV) time, intensive care unit (ICU) LOS, ventricular dysfunction, complications, and middle-term mortality. RESULTS: The average follow-up duration was 48 months. There were 61, 47, and 33 patients in groups I, II, and III, respectively. Patients in group III exhibited an increased risk of prolonged total hospital LOS (P = .00). An increase in MV time (P = .03) and ICU LOS (P = .02) was also observed in this group, and these patients experienced greater mortality in 24 months following the surgery (P = .03). There was no association between the NLR and ventricular dysfunction (P = .26) and complications (P = .46). CONCLUSION: A high preoperative NLR was associated with worse outcomes in patients with SV physiology undergoing the bidirectional Glenn procedure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Neutrófilos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 11(1): 22-28, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Atrioventricular valve (AVV) regurgitation in patients with single ventricle (SV) physiology severely impacts prognosis; the appropriate timing for surgical treatment is unknown. We sought to study the results of surgical treatment of AVV regurgitation in SV patients and evaluate risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Medical records of 81 consecutive patients with moderate or severe AAV regurgitation who were submitted to AVV repair or replacement during any stage of univentricular palliation between January 2013 and May 2017 were examined. We studied demographic data and perioperative factors looking for predictors that might have influenced the results. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the impact on postoperative ventricular dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: Median age and weight were seven months (interquartile range [IQR]: 3-24) and 5.2 kg (IQR: 3.7-11.2), respectively. Seventy (86.4%) patients underwent AVV repair, and 11 (13.6%) patients underwent AVV replacement. There was an association between AVV repair effectiveness and timing of intervention (P = .004). Atrioventricular valve intervention at the time of initial surgical palliation was associated with more ineffective repairs (P = .001), while AVV replacement was more common between Glenn and Fontan procedures (P = .004). Overall 30-day mortality was 30.5% (25 patients). In-hospital mortality was 49.4%, and it was higher when AVV repair was performed concomitant with initial (stage 1) palliation (64.1% vs 35.7%; P = .01) and when an effective repair was not achieved (75% vs 41%; P = .008). Multivariable analysis identified timing concomitant with stage 1 palliation as an independent risk factor for mortality (P = .01); meanwhile, an effective repair was a protective factor against in-hospital mortality (P = .05). CONCLUSION: Univentricular physiology with AVV regurgitation is a high-risk group of patients. Surgery for AVV regurgitation at stage 1 palliation was associated with less effective repair and higher mortality in this initial experience. On the other hand, effective repair determined better outcomes, highlighting the importance of experience and the learning curve in the management of such patients.

15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 134-140, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101474

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the impact of vacuum-assisted venous drainage (VAVD) on arterial pump flow in a simulated pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass circuit utilizing a centrifugal pump (CP) with an external arterial filter. Methods: The simulation circuit consisted of a Quadrox-I Pediatric oxygenator, a Rotaflow CP (Maquet Cardiopulmonary AG, Rastatt, Germany), and a custom pediatric tubing set primed with Lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells. Venous line pressure, reservoir pressure, and arterial flow were measured with VAVD turned off to record baseline values. Four other conditions were tested with progressively higher vacuum pressures (-20, -40, -60, and -80 mmHg) applied to the baseline cardiotomy pressure. An arterial filter was placed into the circuit and arterial flow was measured with the purge line in both open and closed positions. These trials were repeated at set arterial flow rates of 1500, 2000, and 2500 mL/min. Results: The use of progressively higher vacuum caused a reduction in effective arterial flow from 1490±0.00 to 590±0.00, from 2020±0.01 to 1220±0.00, and from 2490±0.0 to 1830±0.01 mL/min. Effective forward flow decreased with increased levels of VAVD. Conclusion: The use of VAVD reduces arterial flow when a CP is used as the main arterial pump. The reduction in the forward arterial flow increases as the vacuum level increases. The loss of forward flow is further reduced when the arterial filter purge line is kept in the recommended open position. An independent flow probe is essential to monitor pump flow during cardiopulmonary bypass.

17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 511-516, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042045

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. Results: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.

18.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(8): 1655-1662, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506731

RESUMO

We sought to better define the demographics and characteristics of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) in a cohort of paediatric OHT patients from a developing country. Data were collected from the Heart Institute, Sao Paulo, for all paediatric OHT recipients from October 1992 to October 2018. Group differences between the PTLD and non-PTLD cohorts were assessed by Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney U tests. Kaplan-Meier curves analysed the survival in each group. Data were reviewed for 202 paediatric OHT recipients. Overall 1-, 5- and 10-year survival for the entire cohort was 76.5%, 68.3% and 62.9%; 24 patients (11.9%) developed PTLD at a median 3.1 years (IQR 0.8-9.0) after OHT. Cases were evenly spread over the follow-up period, with PTLD diagnosed in 9.8% (n = 137) of patients who were alive at 3 years, 15.3% (n = 78) of patients who were alive at 5 years and 29.3% (n = 41) of patients who were alive at 10 years. The commonest form of PTLD was diffuse large B cell lymphoma (n = 9), and most patients received rituximab with immunosuppression and chemotherapy as treatment (n = 15). We identified no increased risk in mortality amongst the PTLD vs. non-PTLD cohorts in multivariate analysis (P = 0.365). PTLD after paediatric OHT had acceptable outcomes. However, risk factors for PTLD were not identified and warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 511-516, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
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