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1.
Cureus ; 11(9): e5614, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720130

RESUMO

Background Crescent fracture-dislocation of sacroiliac joint is a type of lateral compression pelvic injury associated with instability. These fractures comprise 12% of lateral compression fractures. Objective The objective of this study is to share the experience and to assess the functional outcome of fixation in crescent fracture-dislocation. Methods We analyzed a descriptive case series with clinical data of 15 patients at the Department of Orthopedics Surgery at the Dr. Ruth K.M. Pfau Civil Hospital at Dow University of Health Sciences in Karachi, Pakistan, from January 2016 to August 2018. The patients were treated by closed and open fracture reduction and fixed with percutaneous screws and reconstruction plates. Results A total of 15 patients were included in this study with age ranging from 20 to 60 years (11 men [73%]; four women [27%]). According to the mechanism of injury, five (33%) had motorcycle accidents; four (27%) had collision while sitting in a car; three (20%) were pedestrians hit by a vehicle; four (27%) were injured while sitting in van; two (13%) had bus-related injury, and one (6.5%) presented with a history of wall collapse. Five (33%) patients had type I fractures, seven (47%) had type II fractures, and three (20%) had type III fractures Associated injuries were midshaft femur fracture in two patients, contralateral superior and inferior rami fracture in three patients, and open tibia fracture in one patient. All fractures were fixed with reconstruction plates and screws. Patients were kept as non-weight-bearing on the injured joint for three weeks, mobilized non-weight-bearing on the contralateral leg after three weeks, and partial weight-bearing was started at eight weeks; full weight-bearing was started after three months. Nine patients (60%) had excellent outcomes, three (20%) had a good outcome, and three (20%) had a poor outcome. Conclusion Crescent fracture-dislocations are unstable injuries. These fractures should have proper reduction and fixation that will reduce pain, malunion, and shortening.

2.
Cureus ; 11(4): e4360, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192065

RESUMO

Introduction Intertrochanteric fractures are the most frequently operated fracture type and have the highest postoperative fatality rate. The most commonly used devices are the dynamic hip screw (DHS) with side plate assemblies and proximal femoral nail (PFN). The aim of this study was to determine the functional and radiological outcome of unstable intertrochanteric fracture post DHS fixation at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods A study was carried out in the department of orthopedics at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), from 12th June 2016 to 8th September 2017. A total of 106 patients between 18 and 75 years of age with unstable intertrochanteric fracture were included. Those patients who had multiple injuries and open fractures, subtrochanteric fractures, intracapsular fractures neck of femur, pathological fractures and patients who were non-ambulatory prior to their injury were excluded. Functional outcomes were measured both during pain using the visual analog scale and range of motion on goniometer between 80 and 100 degrees. Satisfactory outcomes were measured after three months. Results A total of 106 patients with the radiological diagnosis of the unstable intertrochanteric fracture having post DHS fixation were included in this study. Out of which, 69.8% (74) were males and the mean age was 66.61 ± 7.79 years over the range of 50 to 80 years. Patients with type II diabetes were 22.6% (24) with a mean duration of 4.3 ± 8.37 years. At the end of three months, no pain was reported in 82.1% (87) patients and 85.8% (91) patients had normal function. The satisfactory radiological outcome was observed in 86.8% (92) patients. Overall, acceptable outcomes were observed in 81.1% (86) patients at the end of three months. Conclusion The treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fracture with dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation results in better outcomes. In our study, we observed acceptable outcomes in a vast majority, 81.1%, of patients after three months of DHS fixation of the unstable intertrochanteric fracture.

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