*PLoS One ; 17(11): e0276555, 2022.*

##### RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a simple and elegant method to extract the thickness and the optical constants of various films from the reflectance and transmittance spectra in the wavelength range of 350 - 1000 nm. The underlying inverse problem is posed here as an optimization problem. To find unique solutions to this problem, we adopt an evolutionary optimization approach that drives a population of candidate solutions towards the global optimum. An ensemble of Tauc-Lorentz Oscillators (TLOs) and an ensemble of Gaussian Oscillators (GOs), are leveraged to compute the reflectance and transmittance spectra for different candidate thickness values and refractive index profiles. This model-based optimization is solved using two efficient evolutionary algorithms (EAs), namely genetic algorithm (GA) and covariance matrix adaptation evolution strategy (CMAES), such that the resulting spectra simultaneously fit all the given data points in the admissible wavelength range. Numerical results validate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in estimating the optical parameters of interest.

##### Assuntos

Aclimatação , Filmes Cinematográficos , Espectrofotometria , Algoritmos , Distribuição Normal*R Soc Open Sci ; 9(4): 220097, 2022 Apr.*

##### RESUMO

While fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problems are ubiquitous in various applications from cell biology to aerodynamics, they involve huge computational overhead. In this paper, we adopt a machine learning (ML)-based strategy to bypass the detailed FSI analysis that requires cumbersome simulations in solving the Navier-Stokes equations. To mimic the effect of fluid on an immersed beam, we have introduced dissipation into the beam model with time-varying forces acting on it. The forces in a discretized set-up have been decoupled via an appropriate linear algebraic operation, which generates the ground truth force/moment data for the ML analysis. The adopted ML technique, symbolic regression, generates computationally tractable functional forms to represent the force/moment with respect to space and time. These estimates are fed into the dissipative beam model to generate the immersed beam's deflections over time, which are in conformity with the detailed FSI solutions. Numerical results demonstrate that the ML-estimated continuous force and moment functions are able to accurately predict the beam deflections under different discretizations.

*Sci Rep ; 11(1): 23621, 2021 Dec 08.*

##### RESUMO

The past few decades have seen an uptick in the scope and range of device applications of organic semiconductors, such as organic field-effect transistors, organic photovoltaics and light-emitting diodes. Several researchers have studied electrical transport in these materials and proposed physical models to describe charge transport with different material parameters, with most disordered semiconductors exhibiting hopping transport. However, there exists a lack of a consensus among the different models to describe hopping transport accurately and uniformly. In this work, we first evaluate the efficacy of using a purely data-driven approach, i.e., symbolic regression, in unravelling the relationship between the measured field-effect mobility and the controllable inputs of temperature and gate voltage. While the regressor is able to capture the scaled mobility well with mean absolute error (MAE) ~ O(10-2), better than the traditionally used hopping transport model, it is unable to derive physically interpretable input-output relationships. We then examine a physics-inspired renormalization approach to describe the scaled mobility with respect to a scale-invariant reference temperature. We observe that the renormalization approach offers more generality and interpretability with a MAE of the ~ O(10-1), still better than the traditionally used hopping model, but less accurate as compared to the symbolic regression approach. Our work shows that physics-based approaches are powerful compared to purely data-driven modelling, providing an intuitive understanding of data with extrapolative ability.

*J Am Chem Soc ; 143(45): 18917-18931, 2021 11 17.*

##### RESUMO

New antibiotics are needed to battle growing antibiotic resistance, but the development process from hit, to lead, and ultimately to a useful drug takes decades. Although progress in molecular property prediction using machine-learning methods has opened up new pathways for aiding the antibiotics development process, many existing solutions rely on large data sets and finding structural similarities to existing antibiotics. Challenges remain in modeling unconventional antibiotic classes that are drawing increasing research attention. In response, we developed an antimicrobial activity prediction model for conjugated oligoelectrolyte molecules, a new class of antibiotics that lacks extensive prior structure-activity relationship studies. Our approach enables us to predict the minimum inhibitory concentration for E. coli K12, with 21 molecular descriptors selected by recursive elimination from a set of 5305 descriptors. This predictive model achieves an R2 of 0.65 with no prior knowledge of the underlying mechanism. We find the molecular representation optimum for the domain is the key to good predictions of antimicrobial activity. In the case of conjugated oligoelectrolytes, a representation reflecting the three-dimensional shape of the molecules is most critical. Although it is demonstrated with a specific example of conjugated oligoelectrolytes, our proposed approach for creating the predictive model can be readily adapted to other novel antibiotic candidate domains.