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1.
J Org Chem ; 84(17): 10870-10876, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397566

RESUMO

We describe a large-scale synthesis of a series of helicene-like compounds based on a dibenzo[c]acridine fragment by the Friedlander reaction. The series includes targeted constrained (closed) derivatives comprising 11 rings that exhibit very intense circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) (glum = 8 × 10-3) contrary to their nonconstrained (open) 10-ring precursors that are not CPL active. The relationship between structure and chiroptical properties in the series is discussed with the aid of quantum-chemical calculations.

2.
J Org Chem ; 84(16): 9965-9974, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319662

RESUMO

In the context of molecular engineering of push-pull dipolar dyes, we introduce a structural modification of the well-known electron-accepting group 2-dicyanomethylidene-3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethyl-2,5-dihydrofuran (TCF). Introduction of a (benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl) moiety failed, and unexpected structures were obtained. On the other hand, phenylthio and phenylsulfonyl entities were successfully introduced at position 3 of the 2-(dicyanomethylidene)-2,5-dihydrofuran ring, giving access to new electron-acceptor groups and dipolar fluorophores displaying near-infrared emission in solution or in the solid state, brighter than their TCF analogues.

3.
J Org Chem ; 84(14): 9127-9137, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246016

RESUMO

In this article, we present the synthesis of new cryptophane-type hosts capable of binding xenon in aqueous media and that may be useful for the development of xenon-based magnetic resonance imaging derivatives. The synthetic route proposed was chosen to facilitate both the introduction of water-solubilizing substituents and the functionalization of the host with a single arm showing recognition properties that constitute two crucial steps. This was made possible by preparing new cryptophane-223 derivatives bearing two different chemical functions that can be easily modified at a later stage. Thus, subsequent reactions allowed the design of a new cryptophane host able to bind zinc or nickel cations. The ability of this molecule to bind cationic species was assessed by calorimetric titration experiments and hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR. The advantages and disadvantages of this approach are discussed.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(13): 4101-4104, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816389

RESUMO

The reduction of [Ni(DME)Cl2] with 2 equiv. of bis(trimethylsilyl)-1,4-tetramethyldihydropyrazine in the presence of a ligand L and an excess of olefin cleanly leads to [Ni(L)(alkene)2] complexes. When reduction is performed in the presence of 1,5-cyclooctadiene (COD), [Ni(COD)2] is obtained. Such an approach also allows access to the NiI dimer [Ni(bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane)Cl]2.

5.
J Org Chem ; 83(23): 14465-14471, 2018 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426750

RESUMO

Whereas the synthesis of the anti-cryptophane-A (1) derivative has been known for nearly 40 years, the preparation of its diastereomer (cryptophane-B according to Collet's nomenclature) has never been reported. Thus, the synthesis of the cryptophane-B derivative represents a real challenge for chemists interested in the preparation of these hollow molecules. Herein, we describe a synthetic route that allows us to prepare cryptophane-B (2), albeit in a low yield. The X-ray crystallographic structure of this compound is described, and it reveals the presence of an ethanol molecule inside the cavity of the host. Finally, the ability of cryptophane-B to bind xenon in 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane- d2 is also studied via hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR.

6.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 14: 1885-1889, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30112093

RESUMO

A hemicryptophane cage bearing amine and amide functions in its three linkers was synthesized in five steps. The X-ray molecular structure of the cage shows a triple-stranded helical arrangement of the linkers stabilized by intramolecular hydrogen bonds between amide and amine groups. The chirality of the cyclotriveratrylene unit controls the propeller arrangement of the three aromatic rings in the opposite part of the cage. 1H NMR studies suggest that this structure is retained in solution.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 47(31): 10429-10433, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995054

RESUMO

The reaction of a bifunctional hydroxy N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC-OH) ligand with alkyl-aluminum(iii) derivatives appears to be dependent on the precursor used. The expected alkoxy-NHC metallated product is indeed obtained with Al(iBu)3. In contrast, the sterically hindered [Al(iBu)(OAr)2] (OAr = 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenoxy) displays reactivity at the carbene and affords an imidazolium-aluminate zwitterion. The non-innocence of the Al-NHC motif is further highlighted by the heterolytic cleavage of the phenol O-H bond across the Al-CNHC bond from Al(O-NHC)X2 derivatives (X = iBu, OAr).

8.
Dalton Trans ; 47(27): 8897-8905, 2018 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29942960

RESUMO

The direct synthesis of copper selenide nanoparticles from the reaction of ditertiarybutyl selenide tBu2Se with copper(ii) trifluoroacetate Cu(TFA)2 under mild conditions is reported. The isolation of a molecular species during the course of this reaction, established as [Cu2(TFA)2(tBu2Se)3], by spectroscopic studies and single crystal X-ray structure analysis, confirmed that metal selenide NPs are formed via this intermediate species containing a reduced copper center. Extending this reaction in the presence of commercial TiO2 (P25) offered an easy synthesis of copper selenide-titania nanocomposites with different Cu/Ti ratios. These nanocomposites, well-characterized by powder XRD, STEM, TEM, BET, XPS, EDX and UV-Vis studies, were examined as photocatalysts for the degradation of formic acid (FA). The nCu2-xSe-TiO2 nanocomposites with low mol% of copper selenide, i.e. n = 0.1 and 0.3 mol%, displayed a superior catalytic activity over P25, which is an established benchmark for photocatalysis under UV light.

9.
Chemistry ; 24(17): 4361-4370, 2018 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29315910

RESUMO

The straightforward synthesis of a new unsymmetrical hydroxy-tethered N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligand, HL, is presented. The free ligand exhibits an unusual OH-carbene hydrogen-bonding interaction. This OH-carbene motif was used to yield 1) the first tantalum complex displaying both a Fischer- and Schrock-type carbene ligand and 2) a unique NHC-based early/late heterobimetallic complex. More specifically, the protonolysis chemistry between the ligand's hydroxy group and imido-alkyl or alkylidene-alkyl tantalum precursor complexes yielded the rare monometallic tantalum-NHC complexes [Ta(XtBu)(L)(CH2 tBu)2 ] (X=N, CH), in which the alkoxy-carbene ligand acts as a chelate. In contrast, HL only binds to rhodium through the NHC unit in [Rh(HL)(cod)Cl] (cod=cycloocta-1,5-diene), the hydroxy pendant arm remaining unbound. This bifunctional ligand scaffold successfully promoted the assembly of rhodium/tantalum heterobimetallic complexes upon either 1) the insertion of [Rh(cod)Cl]2 into the Ta-NHC bond in [Ta(NtBu)(L)(CH2 tBu)2 ] or 2) protonolysis between the free hydroxy group in [Rh(HL)(cod)Cl] and one alkyl group in [Ta(NtBu)(CH2 tBu)3 ].

10.
Dalton Trans ; 46(38): 13055-13064, 2017 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28937169

RESUMO

Triazene ligands are introduced, for the first time, in the precursor chemistry for their ability to afford oxygen-free molecular precursors of Fe0 nanoparticles. For this purpose, we synthesized new asymmetric triazene ligands t-BuN[double bond, length as m-dash]N-NHR (R = Et, i-Pr, n-Bu) featuring different alkyl substituents at 1,3-N centers, as well as a symmetric ligand t-BuN[double bond, length as m-dash]N-NHt-Bu and used them to develop novel heteroleptic monomeric FeII triazenide derivatives [Fe(t-BuN3R)2(TMEDA)] (where TMEDA = tetramethylethylenediamine). A range of physico-chemical studies such as FT-IR, TG-DTA, 1H & 13C NMR, mass spectrometry, single crystal X-ray structure analysis, cyclic voltammetry and Mössbauer spectroscopy were used to characterize these newly synthesized ligands and FeII derivatives. One representative derivative [Fe(t-BuN3Et)2(TMEDA)] was evaluated as a precursor for the synthesis of metallic Fe0 and intermetallic Al13Fe4 nanoparticles by the chemical solution deposition method.

11.
Nanoscale ; 9(19): 6551-6557, 2017 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28470265

RESUMO

Resonant acoustic modes from ultrathin CdS colloidal nanoplatelets (NPLs) are probed under high pressure using low frequency Raman spectroscopy. In particular we focus on the characterization of the recently evidenced mass load effect that is responsible for a significant downshift of the NPL breathing frequency due to the inert mass of organic ligands. We show that a key parameter in the observation of the mass effect is whether the surrounding medium is able to support THz acoustic wave propagation, at a frequency close to that of the inorganic vibrating core. At low pressures, surface organic molecules show a single particle-like behavior and a strong mass effect is observed. Upon pressure loading the ligands are compacted together with the surrounding medium and slowly turned into a solid medium that supports THz acoustic phonons. We observe a continuous transition towards a fully embedded NPL with a frequency close to that of a freely vibrating slab and a progressive loss of the mass effect. The quality factor of the detected vibration significantly decreases as a result of the appearance of a "phonon-like" behavior of the environment at the origin of damping and energy dissipation.

12.
Chemistry ; 23(31): 7433-7437, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28393410

RESUMO

A new dimension for secondary phosphine oxide (SPOs) ligands is described in this article. Demonstrated on original π-allylic nickel structures, these self-assembled complexes trigger catalytic hydrophosphinylation reactions. Addition of a Lewis acid B(C6 F5 )3 switches the reactivity towards migratory insertion and thus ethylene oligomerization through an unprecedented outer-sphere interaction with the coordinated SPO ligand. NMR experiments and X-ray analyses allowed for the observation of the formation of zwitterionic active species as well as their degradation pathway.

13.
Chemphyschem ; 18(12): 1561-1568, 2017 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28394036

RESUMO

We report the laser-polarized 129 Xe and 1 H NMR spectra of a series of cryptophane derivatives that differ only by the number of methoxy groups attached on their benzene rings and the syn or anti arrangement of the linkers (compounds 6 a-s, 9 a-s, 12 a-s). All these compounds bind xenon even though the characteristic signal of the gas encapsulated in the cavity of the cage-molecule cannot always be detected. Interestingly, the exchange dynamics of xenon strongly depends on the degree of substitution and is different from that of the cryptophane derivatives studied previously. In solution, the 1 H NMR spectra of these derivatives show the presence of different conformations in a slow exchange regime that can be explained by a decrease of the flexibility of their skeleton. Thanks to 129 Xe-1 H dipolar cross-relaxation (SPINOE) spectra, we demonstrate that a single conformation present in solution can bind xenon.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 46(2): 517-523, 2017 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27966725

RESUMO

Two new 3D porphyrin-based metal organic frameworks were obtained by solvothermally reacting iron(iii) chloride, a free base (5,10,15,20-tetrakis[4-(2,3,4,5-tetrazolyl)phenyl]porphyrin) (H2TTPP) and either pyrazine or 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO). Both MOFs displayed a 3-D open framework of the fry topology, where the inorganic building unit is a chain of corner-sharing FeN4O2 octahedra and the porphyrinic linker is metallated with iron during the reaction course, with the N-donor base bridging the iron of the porphyrinic cores. Through thorough structural and spectroscopic analyses of the pyrazine containing material the chemical formula [FeIIpzTTP(FeDMF1-xFeOHx)]n was inferred (x ≥ 0.25). Whereas the already reported carboxylate analogue is built up from a pure iron(iii) inorganic chain, here spectroscopic and structural studies evidenced a mixed valence iron(ii/iii) state, evidencing that, in agreement with the HSAB theory, the substitution of a carboxylate function by a tetrazolate one allows redox tuning. Finally, both materials feature one-dimensional channels of ca. 8 × 12 Å within the structures with permanent microporosity.

15.
Organometallics ; 36(3): 605-613, 2017 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031510

RESUMO

The use of the dialkene divinyltetramethyldisiloxane (dvtms) allows easy access to the reactive 16 valence-electron complexes [Fe0(L-L)(dvtms)], (L-L) = dppe (1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane), (1), dppp (1,2-bis(diisopropylphosphino)propane), (2), pyNMeP(iPr)2 (N-(diisopropylphosphino)-N-methylpyridin-2-amine), (4), dipe (1,2-bis(diisopropylphosphino)ethane), (5), and [Fe0(L)2(dvtms)], L = PMe3, (3), by a mild reductive route using AlEt2(OEt) as reducing agent. In contrast, by the same methodology, the 18 valence-electron complexes [Fe0(L-L)2(ethylene)], (L-L) = dppm (1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)methane), 6, (L-L) = dppa (1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)amine) 7 or (L-L)=dppe, 8, were obtained, which do not contain dvtms. In addition, a combined DFT and solid-state paramagnetic NMR methodology is introduced for the structure determination of 5. A comparative study of the reactivity of 1,2,4-6 and 8 with 3-hexyne highlights emerging mechanistic implications for C-C coupling reactions using these complexes as catalysts.

16.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 72(Pt 8): 1081-4, 2016 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27536387

RESUMO

In the title compound, C24H32BrN3O2, the six-membered cyclo-hexane ring adopts a chair conformation and the isoxasolidine ring adopts a twisted conformation. The mol-ecule has five chiral centres and the absolute configuration has been determined in this analysis. The mol-ecular structure is stabilized by weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N contacts. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by N-H⋯N and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming undulating sheets parallel to the bc plane.

17.
Chem Asian J ; 11(11): 1658-63, 2016 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27123779

RESUMO

The reactions of different silver(I) reagents AgX (X(-) =iodide, trifluoroacetate, triflate) with selenoethers R2 Se (R=Me, tBu) in a variety of solvents were investigated in relation with their use as precursors for Ag2 Se nanomaterials. Different reaction conditions led to different reactivities and afforded either molecular complexes or metal selenide nanoparticles. The reactions leading to in situ formation of the metal selenide nanoparticles were then extended in the presence of commercial TiO2 (P25) to prepare silver selenide-titania nanocomposites with different Ag/Ti ratios. These nanocomposites, well characterized by elemental analysis (Ag, Se), PXRD, TEM, BET, XPS and UV/Vis studies, were investigated as photocatalysts for the degradation of formic acid (FA) solution. The xAg2 Se-TiO2 nanocomposites (x=0.01, 0.13 and 0.25 mol %) exhibited a much higher catalytic activity as compared to P25, which is an established benchmark for the photocatalysis under UV light, and retained a good photocatalytic stability after recycling for several times.

18.
Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun ; 72(Pt 3): 378-81, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27006812

RESUMO

The title compound, C15H18ClN5O2, crystallizes with two independent mol-ecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit. In both mol-ecules, the isoxazolidine rings have an envelope conformation with the O atoms at the flap positions. Each mol-ecule has three stereogenic centres with configurations 2(S), 3(S) and 4(R), confirmed by resonant scattering. Their conformations are significantly different, for example in mol-ecule A the phenyl ring is inclined to the triazole ring by 32.5 (2)°, while in mol-ecule B the corresponding dihedral angle is 10.7 (2)°. In the crystal, the A and B mol-ecules are linked via an N-H⋯O and a C-H⋯O hydrogen bond. These units are linked by C-H⋯O and C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming slabs parallel to the ab plane. There are C-H⋯π inter-actions present within the slabs.

19.
J Phys Chem B ; 119(27): 8631-9, 2015 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26091242

RESUMO

Enantiopure cryptophane derivatives 1 and 2, possessing linkers of different nature (ethylenedioxy and propylenedioxy) connecting the two cyclotribenzylenes (CTB) units, were separated by HPLC using chiral stationary phases. X-ray crystallographic structures of the four enantiomers (+)-1, (-)-1, (+)-2, and (-)-2 have been obtained, allowing the unambiguous determination of their absolute configuration (AC) in the solid state. The chiroptical properties of compounds 1 and 2 were determined from polarimetry, electronic circular dichroism (ECD), vibrational circular dichroism (VCD), and Raman optical activity (ROA) experiments and were compared to those of cryptophane-A (3) derivative. VCD, ROA and ECD spectra of 1 and 2 were calculated by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations, respectively, to confirm the AC of the cryptophane derivatives in solution. The (+)-PP and (-)-MM configurations were established for compounds 1 and 2 in chloroform solution, as already reported for the two enantiomers of 3. This result is in agreement with the X-ray structures of the two enantiomers of 1 and 2.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 44(17): 7991-8000, 2015 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25825820

RESUMO

The synthesis, crystal structure and photophysical properties of the new compound [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F][K(18-crown-6)], ThiaSO2 = p-tert-butylsulphonylcalix[4]arene, are presented and compared to the ones of [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F]K. The strong orange luminescence is attributed to the Mn(2+) centred (4)T1→(6)A1 transition. Its temperature and pressure dependence and quenching by molecular dioxygen are reported. The latter is attributed to energy transfer from the (4)T1 state exciting dioxygen to its (1)∑(+)g state. In the solid state, the quenching is much more efficient in [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F][K(18-crown-6)] than in [Mn4(ThiaSO2)2F]K. This is attributed to the open pore structure of the former allowing fast diffusion of dioxygen into the crystal lattice.

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