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1.
Tunis Med ; 97(5): 659-666, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729737

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, driven by the epidemiological transition world-wide. AIM: We aimed to describe the epidemiological profile of CVD hospitalizations, to assess their chronological trends and to estimate their future projected trends. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from the regional morbidity registry of the University Hospital of Sfax, Tunisia, between 2003 and 2016. We included patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), heart failure (HF) and rhythm and conduction disorder (RCD). RESULTS: The mean age-standardized hospital incidence rate (ASHIR) was 94.8, 20.6 and 14/100000 inhabitants/year for IHD, HF and RCD, respectively. Trends analysis of CVD showed a significant increase in the ASHIR of IHD from 54.3/100000 inhabitants in 2003 to 123/100000 inhabitants in 2016, with an Annual Percentage Change (APC) of 3.59% (95%CI:0.4-6.7%;p<0.001). An upward trend was observed for HF, with ASHIR rising from 8.6/100000 inhabitants in 2003 to 22.6/100000 inhabitants in 2016, with an APC of 8.29% (95%CI:4.1-12;p<0.001). For RCD, no significant change in ASHIR was found. Projections showed that the estimated ASHIR would attend 131 and 36.5/100000 inhabitants for IHD and HF, respectively, while RCD would decline to 19.6/100000 inhabitant in 2026. CONCLUSIONS: IHD and HF were rising at an alarming rate and were expected to continue up to the next 10 years. Therefore, there is an urgent need to emphasize on primordial, primary, and secondary prevention in order to reduce the massive burden of CVD.

2.
Sante Publique ; Vol. 31(3): 433-441, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represent a major public health problem worldwide. Giving their impact on the morbidity and mortality burden, understanding their chronological trends over time is a priority for epidemiological surveillance. We aimed to determine the epidemiological specificities of NCDs and to study their chronological trends over the period 2010-2015. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of hospitalized patients from the regional registry of morbidity and mortality in the Southern University Hospital of Tunisia during the period 2010-2015. RESULTS: We included 18,081 patients with NCDs aged ≥ 25 years. The distribution of NCDs was characterized by the predominance of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (10,346 cases, 57.2%). Chronological trends analysis of NCDs showed that NCDs remained globally stable between 2010 and 2015. The same result applied to the group of cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes mellitus. However, CVD increased significantly between 2010 and 2015 (ρ = 0.84; p = 0.036). The proportion of CVD increased significantly among men (ρ = 0.87; p = 0.019) and elderly (ρ = 0.88; p = 0.019). The hospital mortality rate of NCDs increased significantly (ρ = 0.85; p = 0.031), notably for CVDs (ρ = 0.94; p = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Chronological trends analysis revealed a significant rise in the morbidity and mortality burden of CVDs during the period 2010-2015. It is imperative, therefore, to strengthen health care for these patients and to introduce the concept of integrated NCDs prevention as an essential component of the health system.


Assuntos
Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade/tendências , Mortalidade/tendências , Doenças não Transmissíveis/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tunísia/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100056

RESUMO

Background Body image is considered as central to many aspects of human functioning including emotions, thoughts, behaviors and relationships. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence of body image distortion and dissatisfaction among adolescents and to assess their main determinants. Methods This was a cross-sectional school-based study conducted among school-adolescents in the south of Tunisia, between October 2017 and February 2018. Results Among 1210 school-adolescents, body image distortion and dissatisfaction prevalence were 44.8% and 42.4%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that being in the 16-18 years age group [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.28, p = 0.046], low family financial situation (AOR = 1.88, p = 0.014), as well as high frequency of eating pasta (AOR = 1.3, p = 0.04) and fast-food consumption (AOR = 1.7, p = 0.042) were independently associated with under-estimated body image. Skipping breakfast (AOR = 1.9, p = 0.017) and having one obese parent (AOR = 1.9, p = 0.01) were independently associated with higher frequency of over-estimated body image. Regarding body image dissatisfaction, independent factors associated with desire to lose weight were: female gender (AOR = 1.53, p = 0.007), high income family financial situation (AOR = 2.1, p = 0.008) and having one parent who is obese (AOR = 2.21, p < 0.001). However, frequent fast-food consumption (AOR = 1.9, p = 0.038) and eating between meals (AOR = 1.57, p = 0.01) were independently associated with a higher desire to gain weight. Conclusions Our study highlighted that the prevalence of body image distortion and dissatisfaction were substantially high among adolescents. Their determinants included socio-demographic factors and lifestyle behaviors. Increased awareness among parents, educators and public health planners may help adolescents improve accuracy of body image attitudes.

4.
J Res Health Sci ; 19(1): e00440, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) is a public health problem among school-adolescents. This study aimed to identify the prevalence, risk factors and consequences of neck, shoulders and low-back pain among school-adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: School-adolescents aged from 12 to 18 years between October 2017 and February 2018 in South of Tunisia were recruited. Eligible participants were randomly selected and were asked to respond a four-section questionnaire. Factors independently associated with MSP were determined through multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among 1221 enrolled subjects, shoulders, low-back and neck pain were reported in 43%, 35.8% and 32%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that independent risk factors of neck pain were female gender (Adjusted odds ratio AOR=1.55; P=0.002), using computer ≥4 hours/week (AOR=1.50; P=0.010), too low desk (AOR=2.30; P<0.001) and carrying schoolbag ≥60 minutes (AOR=1.58; P=0.008). Female gender (AOR=3.30; P<0.001), BMI ≥25 Kg/m2 (AOR=1.6; P=0.018), playing videogames ≥2 hours/day (AOR=2.37; P<0.001) and schoolbag weight to body weight ≥10% (AOR=1.46; P=0.026) were independently associated with shoulders pain. For low back-pain, independent risk factors were high-school grade (AOR=2.70; P<0.001), playing videogames ≥2 hours/day (AOR=1.83; P<0.001), watching TV≥12 hours/week (AOR=1.5; P=0.016), too low seat backrest (AOR=1.4; P=0.005) and too far seat-to-black (board) distance (AOR=1.5; P=0.041). School-adolescents consumed drugs for MSP in 19.5%, had sleep disturbance in 34% and aggressive behaviors in 22.8%. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MSP was substantially high among school-adolescents and their associated risk factors included sociodemographic factors, leisure activities and classroom furniture. An ergonomic specific and behavior-based school program is urgently needed.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Musculoesquelética/etiologia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Dor de Ombro/etiologia , Estudantes , Adolescente , Dorso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Modelos Logísticos , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Masculino , Dor Musculoesquelética/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Pescoço , Cervicalgia/tratamento farmacológico , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Tempo de Tela , Ombro , Dor de Ombro/tratamento farmacológico , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia/epidemiologia
5.
Am J Infect Control ; 47(8): 945-950, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of health care-associated infections (HAI) in our university hospitals (UH) and to delineate the risk factors associated with HAI. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the 2 UH of Sfax, Tunisia on July 2017, including all patients hospitalized for at least 48 hours. It was a 1-day pass per department and a 1-week prevalence survey per UH. RESULTS: Of 752 patients eligible for the study, the total number of HAI was 82, representing an overall prevalence of HAI of 10.9%. Respiratory tract infections were the most prevalent HAI (36.6%). In multivariate analysis, intrinsic risk factors independently associated with HAI were immune-suppression (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.8; P < .001), diabetes (AOR = 2.2; P = .008), and malnutrition (AOR = 2.2; P = .019). Extrinsic risk factors were endotracheal intubation (AOR = 17; P = .01), transfer to another department (AOR = 9; P = .019), parental feeding (AOR = 7.2; P = .014), tobacco use (AOR = 6.3; P = .004), as well as surgical wound class contaminated or dirty (AOR = 6.3; P = .002), and peripheral venous catheter (AOR = 4.7; P = .006). CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlighted the magnitude of the HAI problem threatening the quality of care in Southern Tunisia. A wise identification of HAI risk factors may help health care workers to ascertain the avoidability of these infections.

6.
Pediatr Int ; 60(1): 76-82, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28891268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological profile of childhood respiratory tract diseases (RTD) in the region of Sfax, Tunisia, and to evaluate their trends over a 13 year period. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all children hospitalized with RTD aged under 14 years. We collected data from the regional morbidity register of the university hospital of Sfax from 2003 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 10 797 RTD patients were enrolled from 49 880 pediatric hospitalizations (21.7%). A male predominance was noted (60%). The median age was 8 months (IQR, 2-36 months). Acute bronchitis (AB) accounted for 53.8%, followed by asthma (15%), pneumonia (14%) and acute upper respiratory infection (AURI; 7.2%). The hospital incidence rate (HIR) of RTD was 34/10 000 inhabitants/year. It was 18.2; 5.07; 4.7 and 2.4/10 000 inhabitants for AB, asthma, pneumonia and AURI, respectively. We noted a significant increase in the HIR of RTD with an annual percentage change (APC) of 10.94% (P < 0.001); in the HIR of AB (APC, 5.27%; P < 0.001); and in asthma HIR (APC, 11.2%; P < 0.001). Otherwise, a significant decrease in AURI HIR was observed (APC, -8.8%; P < 0.001). AB lethality rate increased significantly, with an APC of 7.4% (P < 0.001). Projected trends analysis up to 2024 showed a significant rise in AB and in asthma, while AURI would significantly decrease. CONCLUSIONS: RTD continues to be a serious health problem over time in terms of morbidity and mortality. Preventive and curative strategies are needed urgently.


Assuntos
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tunísia/epidemiologia
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