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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246934, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285605

RESUMO

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; Phylum Mollusca have important position in food web and act as bio indicators, pests and intermediate host. Being resistant these are called cockroaches of malacology. Physid snails were collected from different water bodies of Faisalabad (Punjab) and were identified up to species using morphological markers. The morphometry of the specimens was carried out with the help of a digital Vernier caliper in millimeters (mm) using linear measurement of shell characters. Linear regression analysis of the AL/SW ratio vs AL and SL/SW ratio vs AL indicated that allometric growth exists only in Physa acuta when compared with P.gyrina and P. fontinalis. This study will lead to assess the status of the Physid species in Central Punjab. The Principal component analysis shows that the Component 1 (Shell Length) and component 2 (Shell Width) are the most prolific components and nearly 80 percent of the identification. The distance between P. acuta and P. fontinalis is 5.4699, P. acuta and P. gyrina is 7.6411, P. fontinalis and P. gyrina is 16.6080 showing that P. acuta resembles with P. fontinalis, and both these specimens donot resemble with P. gyrina. P.acuta is an invasive species and shows bioactivity making it a potent candidate for bioactive substances.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; o filo Mollusca possui importante posição na teia alimentar e atua como bioindicador, praga e hospedeiro intermediário. Por serem resistentes, são chamadas baratas de malacologia. Os caramujos físidos foram coletados em diferentes corpos d'água de Faisalabad (Punjab) e identificados até as espécies por meio de marcadores morfológicos. A morfometria dos corpos de prova foi realizada com auxílio de paquímetro digital Vernier em milímetros (mm) por meio de medida linear dos caracteres da casca. A análise de regressão linear da razão AL / SW vs. AL e razão SL / SW vs. AL indicou que o crescimento alométrico existe apenas em Physa acuta quando comparado com P. gyrina e P. fontinalis. Este estudo levará a avaliar a situação das espécies de físido no Punjab Central. A análise do componente principal mostra que o componente 1 (comprimento da casca) e o componente 2 (largura da casca) são os componentes mais prolíficos e quase 80% da identificação. A distância entre P. acuta e P. fontinalis é 5,4699, P. acuta e P. gyrina é 7,6411, P. fontinalis e P. gyrina é 16,6080, mostrando que P. acuta se assemelha a P. fontinalis, e ambos os espécimes não se parecem com P. gyrina. P. acuta é uma espécie invasora e apresenta bioatividade, tornando-se uma candidata potente para substâncias bioativas.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246984, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285632

RESUMO

Abstract Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; belong to Phylum Mollusca and being bioindicators, intermediate hosts of parasites and pests hold a key position in the ecosystem. There are three species of Genus Physa i.e. P. fontinalis, Physa acuta and P. gyrina water bodies of Central Punjab and were characterized on the basis of molecular markers High level of genetic diversity was revealed by polymorphic RAPD, however SSR markers were not amplified. The multivariate analysis revealed polymorphism ranging from 9.09 percent to 50 percent among the three Physid species. Total number of 79 loci were observed for the three species under study and 24 loci were observed to be polymorphic. These RAPD fragment(s) can be developed into co dominant markers (SCAR) by cloning and can be further sequenced for the development of the Physa species specific markers to identify the introduced and native species in Pakistan.


Resumo Os físidos pertencem à classe Gastropoda; pertencem ao filo Mollusca e, sendo bioindicadores, hospedeiros intermediários de parasitas e pragas, ocupam uma posição-chave no ecossistema. Existem três espécies do gênero Physa, ou seja, P. fontinalis, Physa acuta e P. gyrina em corpos d'água do Punjab Central e foram caracterizadas com base em marcadores moleculares. Alto nível de diversidade genética foi revelado por RAPD polimórfico, no entanto os marcadores SSR não foram amplificados. A análise multivariada revelou polimorfismo variando de 9,09% a 50% entre as três espécies de Physid. Um número total de 79 loci foi observado para as três espécies em estudo e 24 loci foram observados como polimórficos. Esses fragmentos RAPD podem ser desenvolvidos em marcadores codominantes (SCAR) por clonagem e podem ser posteriormente sequenciados para o desenvolvimento de marcadores específicos da espécie Physa para identificar as espécies introduzidas e nativas no Paquistão.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246934, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431912

RESUMO

Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; Phylum Mollusca have important position in food web and act as bio indicators, pests and intermediate host. Being resistant these are called cockroaches of malacology. Physid snails were collected from different water bodies of Faisalabad (Punjab) and were identified up to species using morphological markers. The morphometry of the specimens was carried out with the help of a digital Vernier caliper in millimeters (mm) using linear measurement of shell characters. Linear regression analysis of the AL/SW ratio vs AL and SL/SW ratio vs AL indicated that allometric growth exists only in Physa acuta when compared with P.gyrina and P. fontinalis. This study will lead to assess the status of the Physid species in Central Punjab. The Principal component analysis shows that the Component 1 (Shell Length) and component 2 (Shell Width) are the most prolific components and nearly 80 percent of the identification. The distance between P. acuta and P. fontinalis is 5.4699, P. acuta and P. gyrina is 7.6411, P. fontinalis and P. gyrina is 16.6080 showing that P. acuta resembles with P. fontinalis, and both these specimens donot resemble with P. gyrina. P.acuta is an invasive species and shows bioactivity making it a potent candidate for bioactive substances.


Assuntos
Espécies Introduzidas , Caramujos , Animais
4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246984, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431913

RESUMO

Physids belong to Class Gastropoda; belong to Phylum Mollusca and being bioindicators, intermediate hosts of parasites and pests hold a key position in the ecosystem. There are three species of Genus Physa i.e. P. fontinalis, Physa acuta and P. gyrina water bodies of Central Punjab and were characterized on the basis of molecular markers High level of genetic diversity was revealed by polymorphic RAPD, however SSR markers were not amplified. The multivariate analysis revealed polymorphism ranging from 9.09 percent to 50 percent among the three Physid species. Total number of 79 loci were observed for the three species under study and 24 loci were observed to be polymorphic. These RAPD fragment(s) can be developed into co dominant markers (SCAR) by cloning and can be further sequenced for the development of the Physa species specific markers to identify the introduced and native species in Pakistan.


Assuntos
Gastrópodes , Espécies Introduzidas , Animais , Ecossistema , Paquistão , Filogenia , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico
5.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 15(21): 6830-3, 2007 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17761420

RESUMO

Derivatives of chlorogenic acid or its analogues were synthesized by coupling protected chlorogenic acid or its analogues with p-octyloxyaniline and selected amino acids. Most of the compounds exhibited significant potency against Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida species with low toxicity to brine shrimps. The 4,5-dihydroxyl groups in the quinic acid moiety were necessary for the activity and introduction of a free amino group increased the inhibitory activity against Aspergillus fumigatus.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Aspergillus fumigatus/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Clorogênico/análogos & derivados , Cryptococcus neoformans/efeitos dos fármacos , Antifúngicos/síntese química
6.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 56(1 Suppl 1): S48-50, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16689485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst the health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study. A precoded Proforma was filled out which included questions regarding the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of HIV, HBV and HCV. SETTING: Departments of a tertiary health care facility at CHK. Antibodies to HIV, HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were done using enzymes linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]. RESULTS: Uptake of screening was 98% to those offered. The prevalence was 5.6% for antibodies to HCV, 2.4% for HBsAg, while none of those studied had antibodies to HIV. CONCLUSION: Our results show the prevalence of antibodies to HCV in health workers are 20 folds higher than health workers in the developed countries. Similarly, the prevalence of HBV although not as high as HCV is significant. Seroprevalence of HIV does not exist in this group. We need to ensure better training; regulations regarding preventive and safety measures also need to be enforced (JPMA 52:92; 2002).

7.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 52(3): 92-4, 2002 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12071075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B (HBV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst the health workers of Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study. A precoded Proforma was filled out which included questions regarding the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of HIV, HBV and HCV. SETTING: Departments of a tertiary health care facility at CHK. Antibodies to HIV, HCV and Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were done using enzymes linked immunabsorbant assay [ELISA]. RESULTS: Uptake of screening was 98% to those offered. The prevalence was 5-6% for antibodies to HCV, 2.4% for HBsAg, while none of those studied had antibodies to HIV. CONCLUSION: Our results show the prevalence of antibodies to HCV in health workers are 20 folds higher than health workers in the developed countries. Similarly, the prevalence of HBV although not as high as HCV is significant. Seroprevalence of HIV does not exist in this group. We need to ensure better training; regulations regarding preventive and safety measures also need to be enforced.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos Penetrantes Produzidos por Agulha/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Hepatite B/transmissão , Hepatite C/transmissão , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Masculino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Acad Radiol ; 9(2): 130-46, 2002 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11918366

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the adequacy of multibreath and single-breath stable xenon gas techniques to measure regional ventilation during cardiac-gated, high-speed, multisection imaging, the authors carried out a series of studies using electron-beam computed tomography (CT) and a recently introduced subsecond multisection spiral CT scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In four anesthetized pigs, the authors implemented single-breath and/or dynamic multibreath wash-in and washout protocols with respiratory-- and cardiac-gated image acquisition. The effects of varying tidal volume and inspiratory flow rate were evaluated independently. Scanning was done at end expiration to avoid artifacts from partial volumed conducting airways, which are filled with inspired gas concentration during inspiration. RESULTS: A single breath of 100% xenon provides adequate enhancement in the lung parenchyma (mean, 32 HU +/- 1.85 [standard error]) and should not cause unwanted side effects (mean xenon concentration in lung periphery, 21%). The single-breath method is suitable for studies requiring only short periods of apnea. Using the multibreath method, in dependent portions of the lung, there was close agreement between measured changes and predictions based on the xenon calibration data. More than 10 breaths were needed to clear tracer from poorly ventilated areas, and some nondependent regions demonstrated apparently "linear" rather than exponential clearance curves, possibly reflecting longer washout times. Analysis of wash-in and washout curves revealed vertical ventilation gradients and, at higher inspiratory flow rates, redistribution of ventilation to areas of the lung with greater pathway conductance. CONCLUSION: With careful attention to lung volume and use of cardiac gating, it is now possible to correlate lung structure with function to a degree heretofore not possible.


Assuntos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/fisiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Xenônio , Animais , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Modelos Animais , Ventilação Pulmonar , Suínos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/instrumentação
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