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2.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(1): 35-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910762

RESUMO

CME: Hypercalcemia Abstract. Hypercalcemia is defined as albumin-corrected calcium >2.6 mmol/l. Symptoms of hypercalcemia are mainly neurological-psychiatrical and cardiovascular. Severe symptomatic hypercalcemia is an emergency and requires an immediate therapy. At the same time, the underlying cause of hypercalcemia has to be identified and treated. Based on pathophysiology, hypercalcemia can be divided into four groups: parathyroid hormone dysfunction, disturbances of vitamin D metabolism, of bone metabolism or of renal calcium excretion. Medical history and specific laboratory diagnostics help to identify one of these groups and to make the correct final diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hipercalcemia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cálcio na Dieta , Emergências , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hormônio Paratireóideo
3.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20182018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30219774

RESUMO

We present a case of a young male patient with a fatal pulmonary air embolism following a penetrating gunshot head injury. He suffered from severe head trauma including a laceration of the superior sagittal sinus. Operative neurosurgical intervention did not establish a watertight closure of the wounds. Eight days after the trauma, the patient suddenly collapsed and died after an attempt to mobilise him to the vertical. Forensic autopsy indicated pulmonary air embolism as the cause of death. Retrospectively, we postulate an entry of air to the venous system via the incompletely occluded wounds and the lacerated superior sagittal sinus while mobilisation to the vertical created a negative pressure in the dural sinus.


Assuntos
Embolia Aérea/etiologia , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Seio Sagital Superior/lesões , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Adulto , Coma/etiologia , Evolução Fatal , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia
4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 15(1): 94, 2017 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28476163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different standardized questionnaires are used to assess tinnitus severity, making comparisons across studies difficult. These questionnaires are also used to measure treatment-related changes in tinnitus although they were not designed for this purpose. To solve these problems, a new questionnaire - the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) - has been established. The TFI is highly responsive to treatment-related change and promises to be the new gold standard in tinnitus evaluation. The aim of the current study was to validate a German version of the TFI for a German-speaking population in Switzerland. METHODS: At the ENT department of the University Hospital Zurich, 264 subjects completed an online survey including the German version for Switzerland of TFI, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and sociodemographic variables. Internal consistency of the TFI was calculated with Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Pearson correlation coefficients were used for the test-retest reliability of the TFI and to investigate convergent and discriminant validity between the THI and the BDI and BAI, respectively. Factor analysis was assessed using a principal component analysis with oblique rotation. The different factors extracted were then compared with the original questionnaire. RESULTS: The German version of the TFI for Switzerland showed an excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.97) and an excellent test-retest reliability of 0.91. The convergent validity with THI was high (r = 0.86). The discriminant validity with BAI and BDI showed moderate results (BAI: r = 0.60 and BDI: r = 0.65). In the factor analysis only five factors with one main factor could be extracted instead of eight factors as described in the original version. Nevertheless, relations to the original eight subscales could be demonstrated. CONCLUSION: The German version of the TFI for Switzerland is a suitable instrument for measuring the impact of tinnitus. The reliability and validity of this version are comparable with the original version of the TFI. Although this study showed only five factors in the factor analysis, relations to the original eight subscales were identified. Therefore, the German version of the TFI for Switzerland can deliver relevant information regarding the different tinnitus domains. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration number on clinicaltrial.gov: NCT01837368 .


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Zumbido/diagnóstico , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Suíça , Zumbido/psicologia , Traduções
6.
Ther Umsch ; 70(3): 152-6, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23454561

RESUMO

Hypersplenism is characterized by a significant reduction in one or more of the cellular elements of the blood in the presence of normocellular or hypercellular bone marrow and splenomegaly. The incidence of hypersplenism in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension is high. In rare cases the hyperslenism is symptomatic with bleeding disorders or hemolytic anemia. In this situation the splenectomy is the therapy of choice. The arterial partial embolisation is a good alternative procedure in patients with high risk of operation.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Hiperesplenismo/diagnóstico , Hiperesplenismo/terapia , Esplenectomia/métodos , Humanos
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