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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(22): e009260, 2018 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571502

RESUMO

Background Ticagrelor reduced cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with prior MI in PEGASUS-TIMI 54 (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events [eg, Death From Heart or Vascular Disease, Heart Attack, or Stroke] in Patients With Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin). MI can occur in diverse settings and with varying severity; therefore, understanding the types and sizes of MI events prevented is of clinical importance. Methods and Results MIs were adjudicated by a blinded clinical events committee and categorized by subtype and fold elevation of peak cardiac troponin over the upper limit of normal. A total of 1042 MIs occurred in 898 of the 21 162 randomized patients over a median follow-up of 33 months. The majority of the MIs (76%) were spontaneous (Type 1), with demand MI (Type 2) and stent thrombosis (Type 4b) accounting for 13% and 9%, respectively; sudden death (Type 3), percutaneous coronary intervention-related (Type 4a) and coronary artery bypass graft-related (Type 5) each accounted for <1%. Half of MIs (520, 50%) had a peak troponin ≥10x upper limit of normal and 21% of MIs (220) had a peak troponin ≥100× upper limit of normal. A total of 21% (224) were ST-segment-elevation MI STEMI. Overall ticagrelor reduced MI (4.47% versus 5.25%, hazard ratio 0.83, 95% confidence interval 0.72-0.95, P=0.0055). The benefit was consistent among the subtypes, including a 31% reduction in MIs with a peak troponin ≥100× upper limit of normal (hazard ratio 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.53-0.92, P=0.0096) and a 40% reduction in ST-segment elevation MI (hazard ratio 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.46-0.78, P=0.0002). Conclusions In stable outpatients with prior MI, the majority of recurrent MIs are spontaneous and associated with a high biomarker elevation. Ticagrelor reduces the MI consistently among subtypes and sizes including large MIs and ST-segment elevation MI. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01225562.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 71(5): 489-496, 2018 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29406853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) and multivessel coronary disease (MVD) are at high risk for recurrent coronary events. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor versus placebo in patients with MVD in the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 54) trial. METHODS: Patients with a history of MI 1 to 3 years before inclusion in the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial were stratified in a pre-specified analysis based on the presence of MVD. The effect of ticagrelor (60 mg and 90 mg) on the composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke (major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]), as well as the composite of coronary death, MI, or stent thrombosis (coronary events), and on TIMI major bleeding, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), and fatal bleeding were evaluated over a median of 33 months. RESULTS: A total of 12,558 patients (59.4%) had MVD. In the placebo arm, compared with patients without MVD, those with MVD were at higher risk for MACE (9.37% vs. 8.57%, adjusted hazard ratio [HRadj]: 1.24; p = 0.026) and for coronary events (7.67% vs. 5.34%, HRadj: 1.49; p = 0.0005). In patients with MVD, ticagrelor reduced the risk of MACE (7.94% vs. 9.37%, HR: 0.82; p = 0.004) and coronary events (6.02% vs. 7.67%, HR: 0.76; p < 0.0001), including a 36% reduction in coronary death (HR: 0.64; 95% confidence interval: 0.48 to 0.85; p = 0.002). In this subgroup, ticagrelor increased the risk of TIMI major bleeding (2.52% vs. 1.08%, HR: 2.67; p < 0.0001), but not ICH or fatal bleeds. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with prior MI and MVD are at increased risk of MACE and coronary events, and experience substantial relative and absolute risk reductions in both outcomes with long-term ticagrelor treatment relative to those without MVD. Ticagrelor increases the risk of TIMI major bleeding, but not ICH or fatal bleeding. For patients with prior MI and MVD, ticagrelor is an effective option for long-term antiplatelet therapy. (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events [e.g., Death From Heart or Vascular Disease, Heart Attack, or Stroke] in Patients With Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin [PEGASUS]; NCT01225562).

3.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 70(11): 1368-1375, 2017 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor reduces ischemic risk in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI). It remains unclear whether ischemic risk and the benefits of prolonged P2Y12 inhibition in this population remain consistent over time. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to investigate the pattern of ischemic risk over time and whether the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor were similar early and late after randomization. METHODS: The PEGASUS-TIMI (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) 54 trial randomized patients with prior MI (median 1.7 years prior) to ticagrelor 90 mg, ticagrelor 60 mg, or placebo on a background of aspirin. The rates of cardiovascular (CV) death, MI, and stroke as well as TIMI major bleeding were analyzed at yearly landmarks (years 1, 2, and 3). RESULTS: A total of 21,162 patients were randomized and followed for 33 months (median), with 28% of patients ≥5 years from MI at trial conclusion. The risk of CV death, MI, or stroke in the placebo arm remained roughly constant over the trial at an ∼3% annualized rate. The benefit of ticagrelor 60 mg was consistent at each subsequent landmark (year 1 hazard ratio [HR]: 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.67 to 0.99; year 2 HR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.11; and year 3 HR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.62 to 1.00). TIMI major bleeding was increased with ticagrelor 60 mg at each landmark, but with the greatest hazard in the first year (year 1 HR: 3.22; year 2 HR: 2.07; year 3 HR: 1.65). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of MI remain at persistent high risk for CVD, MI, and stroke as late as 5 years after MI. The efficacy of low-dose ticagrelor is consistent over time with a trend toward less excess bleeding. (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin [PEGASUS]; NCT01225562).


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Causas de Morte/tendências , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Ticagrelor , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JAMA Cardiol ; 1(4): 425-32, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27438319

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: In the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial, treatment with ticagrelor reduced the incidence of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke by 15% to 16% among stable patients compared with placebo. However, more patients prematurely discontinued treatment with ticagrelor than with placebo. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reasons and timing of discontinuation of treatment with ticagrelor among stable patients prior myocardial infarction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial, 21 162 stable outpatients with prior myocardial infarction were randomly assigned to 90 mg of ticagrelor twice daily, 60 mg of ticagrelor twice daily, or placebo, with all of the patients receiving a low dose of aspirin. These participants were followed up for a median of 33 months (study start date: October 2010; completion date: December 2014). Discontinuation of treatment was evaluated by treatment arm, cause, and timing. This analysis was initiated in May 2015. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: Discontinuation of treatment. RESULTS: Over 33 months, 32%, 29%, and 21% of patients receiving 90 mg of ticagrelor, 60 mg of ticagrelor, and placebo, respectively, discontinued treatment (P < .001). Discontinuation of treatment due to an adverse event occurred in 19%, 16%, and 9% of patients, respectively (P < .001). The most frequent adverse events leading to discontinuation of treatment were bleeding (with Kaplan-Meier event rates of 7.8%, 6.2%, and 1.5% of patients, respectively; P < .001) and dyspnea (6.5%, 4.6%, and 0.8% of patients, respectively; P < .001). Eighty-six percent of bleeding events that led to the discontinuation of treatment with ticagrelor were nonmajor, and 86% of adverse events due to dyspnea that led to discontinuation of treatment with ticagrelor were mild or moderate in severity. The discontinuation rates are annualized for patients who received 90 mg of ticagrelor twice daily (hazard ratio [HR], 2.00 [95% CI, 1.84-2.16] for the first year; HR, 1.12 [95% CI, 1.00-1.26] for the second and third years) and patients who received 60 mg of ticagrelor twice daily (HR, 1.59 [95% CI, 1.46-1.73] for the first year; HR, 1.18 [95% CI, 1.06-1.32] for the second and third years) compared with patients who received placebo. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: When initiated among stable patients with prior myocardial infarction, discontinuation of treatment with ticagrelor was driven primarily by nonserious adverse events occurring primarily early after randomization. For patients completing 1 year of treatment, the subsequent discontinuation rate was low. These data demonstrate how adverse events considered "nonserious" by traditional trial criteria may have an effect on quality of life and, thus, may precipitate the discontinuation of treatments and underscore the need for patient education and counseling on the timing and nature of adverse effects with the aim of improving adherence when appropriate. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01225562.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Dispneia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y , Qualidade de Vida , Ticagrelor
5.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 67(23): 2719-2728, 2016 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27046162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with heightened ischemic and bleeding risk in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI). OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor on major cardiovascular (CV) events and major adverse limb events in patients with PAD and a prior MI. METHODS: PEGASUS-TIMI 54 (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 54) randomized 21,162 patients with prior MI (1 to 3 years) to ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily, ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily, or placebo, all on a background of low-dose aspirin. History of PAD was obtained at baseline. Occurrences of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (defined as CV death, MI, or stroke) and major adverse limb events (MALE) (defined as acute limb ischemia or peripheral revascularization for ischemia) were recorded in follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 1,143 patients (5%) had known PAD. In the placebo arm, those with PAD (n = 404) had higher rates of MACE at 3 years than those without (n = 6,663; 19.3% vs. 8.4%; p < 0.001), which persisted after adjusting for baseline differences (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.20 to 2.13; p = 0.0013), and higher rates of acute limb ischemia (1.0% vs. 0.1%) and peripheral revascularization procedures (9.15% vs. 0.46%). Whereas the relative risk reduction in MACE with ticagrelor was consistent, regardless of PAD, patients with PAD had a greater absolute risk reduction of 4.1% (number needed to treat: 25) due to their higher absolute risk. The absolute excess of TIMI major bleeding was 0.12% (number needed to harm: 834). The 60-mg dose had particularly favorable outcomes for CV and all-cause mortality. Ticagrelor (pooled doses) reduced the risk of MALE (hazard ratio: 0.65; 95% confidence interval: 0.44 to 0.95; p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: Among stable patients with prior MI, those with concomitant PAD have heightened ischemic risk. In these patients, ticagrelor reduced MACE, with a large absolute risk reduction, and MALE. (Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin [PEGASUS-TIMI 54]; NCT01225562).


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Isquemia/epidemiologia , Isquemia/prevenção & controle , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Ticagrelor , Enxerto Vascular/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Eur Heart J ; 37(4): 400-8, 2016 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26443023

RESUMO

AIMS: We evaluated the relationship of renal function and ischaemic and bleeding risk as well as the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in stable patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with a history of MI 1-3 years prior from PEGASUS-TIMI 54 were stratified based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), with <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) pre-specified for analysis of the effect of ticagrelor on the primary efficacy composite of cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke (major adverse cardiovascular events, MACE) and the primary safety endpoint of TIMI major bleeding. Of 20 898 patients, those with eGFR <60 (N = 4849, 23.2%) had a greater risk of MACE at 3 years relative to those without, which remained significant after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio, HRadj 1.54, 95% confidence interval, CI 1.27-1.85, P < 0.001). The relative risk reduction in MACE with ticagrelor was similar in those with eGFR <60 (ticagrelor pooled vs. placebo: HR 0.81; 95% CI 0.68-0.96) vs. ≥60 (HR 0.88; 95% CI 0.77-1.00, Pinteraction = 0.44). However, due to the greater absolute risk in the former group, the absolute risk reduction with ticagrelor was higher: 2.7 vs. 0.63%. Bleeding tended to occur more frequently in patients with renal dysfunction. The absolute increase in TIMI major bleeding with ticagrelor was similar in those with and without eGFR <60 (1.19 vs. 1.43%), whereas the excess of minor bleeding tended to be more pronounced (1.93 vs. 0.69%). CONCLUSION: In patients with a history of MI, patients with renal dysfunction are at increased risk of MACE and consequently experience a particularly robust absolute risk reduction with long-term treatment with ticagrelor.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Trombose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/mortalidade , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Ticagrelor , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Eur Heart J ; 37(14): 1133-42, 2016 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26491109

RESUMO

AIMS: Ticagrelor reduced major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) by 15-16% in patients with prior myocardial infarction (MI) in PEGASUS-TIMI 54. We hypothesized that patients who recently discontinued P2Y12 inhibition, even years after MI, may be at particular risk of MACE and may derive particular benefit from continuation or reinitiation of therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients in PEGASUS-TIMI 54 were categorized by time from last P2Y12 inhibitor (days: ≤30, >30-360, >360). The risk of MACE and the efficacy of ticagrelor were compared across categories. In the placebo arm, patients who more recently stopped P2Y12 inhibitor therapy had a greater number of risk factors but still had a higher risk of MACE after multivariable adjustment [≤30 days, hazard ratio (HR)adj 1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.12-1.93, P = 0.0051; 30 days-1 year, HRadj 1.28, 95% CI 0.98-1.67, P = 0.073] compared with those who stopped >1 year prior (P-trend = 0.0097). The benefit of ticagrelor depended on the time from last dose, with HRs (95% CI) for ticagrelor (pooled doses) vs. placebo of 0.73 (0.61-0.87), 0.86 (0.71-1.04), and 1.01 (0.80-1.27), respectively, by category (P-trend for interaction < 0.001). The benefit in those ≤30 days of stopping was similar regardless of time from MI (<2 years, HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.60-0.89 vs. ≥2 years, HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.50-1.00). CONCLUSION: The benefit of ticagrelor for long-term secondary prevention in patients with prior MI and at least one additional risk factor appeared more marked in patients continuing on or re-starting after only a brief interruption of P2Y12 inhibition, when compared with patients who had proved themselves stable more than 2 years from their MI and off P2Y12 inhibitor therapy for more than a year. The increase in bleeding events with ticagrelor was similar regardless of this time interval. For clinicians considering a strategy of prolonged P2Y12 inhibitor therapy in high-risk patients, these data suggest greater benefit in the continuation of such therapy without interruption after MI, rather than re-initiating such therapy in patients who have remained stable for an extended period. Future analyses may help to clarify further the profile of post-MI patients most likely to benefit from uninterrupted dual antiplatelet therapy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT01225562.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Prevenção Secundária , Ticagrelor , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
N Engl J Med ; 372(19): 1791-800, 2015 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25773268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential benefit of dual antiplatelet therapy beyond 1 year after a myocardial infarction has not been established. We investigated the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor, a P2Y12 receptor antagonist with established efficacy after an acute coronary syndrome, in this context. METHODS: We randomly assigned, in a double-blind 1:1:1 fashion, 21,162 patients who had had a myocardial infarction 1 to 3 years earlier to ticagrelor at a dose of 90 mg twice daily, ticagrelor at a dose of 60 mg twice daily, or placebo. All the patients were to receive low-dose aspirin and were followed for a median of 33 months. The primary efficacy end point was the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The primary safety end point was Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleeding. RESULTS: The two ticagrelor doses each reduced, as compared with placebo, the rate of the primary efficacy end point, with Kaplan-Meier rates at 3 years of 7.85% in the group that received 90 mg of ticagrelor twice daily, 7.77% in the group that received 60 mg of ticagrelor twice daily, and 9.04% in the placebo group (hazard ratio for 90 mg of ticagrelor vs. placebo, 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.75 to 0.96; P=0.008; hazard ratio for 60 mg of ticagrelor vs. placebo, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.74 to 0.95; P=0.004). Rates of TIMI major bleeding were higher with ticagrelor (2.60% with 90 mg and 2.30% with 60 mg) than with placebo (1.06%) (P<0.001 for each dose vs. placebo); the rates of intracranial hemorrhage or fatal bleeding in the three groups were 0.63%, 0.71%, and 0.60%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a myocardial infarction more than 1 year previously, treatment with ticagrelor significantly reduced the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke and increased the risk of major bleeding. (Funded by AstraZeneca; PEGASUS-TIMI 54 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01225562.).


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Adenosina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Risco , Prevenção Secundária , Ticagrelor
9.
Am Heart J ; 167(4): 437-444.e5, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24655690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P2Y12 receptor antagonist therapy is recommended in addition to ASA for up to 1 year after acute coronary syndrome to reduce ischemic events. In contrast, the benefit of long-term dual antiplatelet therapy beyond 1 year remains unclear. Ticagrelor is a potent, reversibly binding P2Y12 receptor-antagonist that has been shown to be superior to clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes for up to 1 year. STUDY DESIGN: PEGASUS-TIMI 54 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multinational clinical trial designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in addition to aspirin (75-150 mg) for the prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with a history of myocardial infarction and risk factors. Patients with a history of spontaneous myocardial infarction within 1 to 3 years are randomized in a 1:1:1 fashion to ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily, ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily, or matching placebo, all with low dose ASA, until the end of the study. The primary endpoint is a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. Recruitment began in October 2010 and completed in April 2013 with a sample size of over 21,000 patients. The trial is planned to continue until the latest of either 1,360 adjudicated primary end points are accrued or the last patient randomized has been followed for at least 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: PEGASUS-TIMI 54 is investigating whether the addition of intensive antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor to low-dose aspirin reduces major adverse cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with a history of myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/prevenção & controle , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/métodos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor
10.
Eur Heart J ; 30(23): 2897-907, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19690349

RESUMO

AIMS: Oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) is effective but has significant limitations. AZD0837, a new oral anticoagulant, is a prodrug converted to a selective and reversible direct thrombin inhibitor (AR-H067637). We report from a Phase II randomized, dose-guiding study (NCT00684307) to assess safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of extended-release AZD0837 in patients with AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atrial fibrillation patients (n = 955) with > or =1 additional risk factor for stroke were randomized to receive AZD0837 (150, 300, or 450 mg once daily or 200 mg twice daily) or VKA (international normalized ratio 2-3, target 2.5) for 3-9 months. Approximately 30% of patients were naïve to VKA treatment. Total bleeding events were similar or lower in all AZD0837 groups (5.3-14.7%, mean exposure 138-145 days) vs. VKA (14.5%, mean exposure 161 days), with fewer clinically relevant bleeding events on AZD0837 150 and 300 mg once daily. Adverse events were similar between treatment groups; with AZD0837, the most common were gastrointestinal disorders (e.g. diarrhoea, flatulence, or nausea). d-Dimer, used as a biomarker of thrombogenesis, decreased in all groups in VKA-naïve subjects with treatment, whereas in VKA pre-treated patients, d-dimer levels started low and remained low in all groups. As expected, only a few strokes or systemic embolic events occurred. In the AZD0837 groups, mean S-creatinine increased by approximately 10% from baseline and returned to baseline following treatment cessation. The frequency of serum alanine aminotransferase > or =3x upper limit of normal was similar for AZD0837 and VKA. CONCLUSION: AZD0837 was generally well tolerated at all doses tested. AZD0837 treatment at an exposure corresponding to the 300 mg od dose in this study provides similar suppression of thrombogenesis at a potentially lower bleeding risk compared with dose-adjusted VKA. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00684307.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Tempo de Sangramento , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombina/antagonistas & inibidores , Trombina/metabolismo , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Vitamina K/metabolismo
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