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Nat Commun ; 10(1): 987, 2019 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804336


The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of the author Matthew Holwill, which was incorrectly given as Mathew Holwill. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

Nat Commun ; 10(1): 230, 2019 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30651554


Despite a rich choice of two-dimensional materials, which exists these days, heterostructures, both vertical (van der Waals) and in-plane, offer an unprecedented control over the properties and functionalities of the resulted structures. Thus, planar heterostructures allow p-n junctions between different two-dimensional semiconductors and graphene nanoribbons with well-defined edges; and vertical heterostructures resulted in the observation of superconductivity in purely carbon-based systems and realisation of vertical tunnelling transistors. Here we demonstrate simultaneous use of in-plane and van der Waals heterostructures to build vertical single electron tunnelling transistors. We grow graphene quantum dots inside the matrix of hexagonal boron nitride, which allows a dramatic reduction of the number of localised states along the perimeter of the quantum dots. The use of hexagonal boron nitride tunnel barriers as contacts to the graphene quantum dots make our transistors reproducible and not dependent on the localised states, opening even larger flexibility when designing future devices.

Langmuir ; 34(15): 4634-4639, 2018 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29597351


By selective attachment of fluorescent dyes to the core-forming block, we produced patchy micelles of diblock copolymers with fluorophores localized in the micellar cores. From these patchy micelles functionalized with dyes, fluorescent supracolloidal chains in a few micrometers were polymerized by combining the patches in neighboring micelles, indicating that selective modification of the core-forming block delivered the functionality into the supracolloidal chain without altering the polymerization of patchy micelles. Thus, with the same polymerization condition, we were able to produce red-, green-, and blue-emitting supracolloidal chains by varying the fluorescent dyes attached to the core-forming block. In addition, we directly visualized individual supracolloidal chains by fluorescence confocal microscopy as well as by transmission electron microscopy.

Soft Matter ; 13(38): 6756-6760, 2017 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28937168


Supracolloidal chains of diblock copolymer micelles were functionalized with gold and silver nanoparticles (NPs). Both NPs were independently synthesized in situ in the core of spherical micelles which were then converted to patchy micelles. With these patchy micelles as colloidal monomers, supracolloidal chains were polymerized by combining the patches of neighboring micelles. Since all micelles contained NPs, NPs were incorporated in every repeat unit of chains. In addition, a single gold NP was synthesized in the micellar core in contrast to several silver NPs so that we differentiated the chains with Au NPs from those with Ag NPs by the number of NPs in the repeat unit as well as by plasmonic bands in UV-Vis spectra.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 52(60): 9430-3, 2016 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27377162


We report controlled branching and eventual crosslinking in supracolloidal chains by introducing well-defined trifunctional patchy micelles. Uniform micelles having three patches were induced from core-crosslinked micelles of diblock copolymers. Three patches in the micelles served as functional groups for crosslinking as well as branching in supracolloidal polymerization.

Indian J Orthop ; 47(5): 482-6, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24133308


BACKGROUND: To investigate false negative rate in the diagnosis of diastasis on initial static anteroposterior radiograph and reliability of intraoperative external rotational stress test for detection of concealed disruption of syndesmosis in pronation external rotation (PER) stage IV (Lauge-Hansen) ankle fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 34 PER stage IV ankle fractures between September 2001 and September 2008. Twenty (59%) patients show syndesmotic injury on initial anteroposterior radiographs. We performed an intraoperative external rotation stress test in other 14 patients with suspicious PER stage IV ankle fractures, which showed no defined syndesmotic injury on anteroposterior radiographs inspite of a medial malleolar fracture, an oblique fibular fracture above the syndesmosis and fracture of the posterior tubercle of the tibia. RESULTS: All 14 fractures showed different degrees of tibiofibular clear space (TFCS) and tibiofibular overlapping (TFO) on the external rotation stress test radiograph compared to the initial plain anteroposterior radiograph. It is important to understand the fracture pattern characterstic of PER stage IV ankle fractures even though it appears normal on anteroposterior radiographs, it is to be confirmed for the concealed syndesmotic injury through a routine intraoperative external rotational stress radiograph.