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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5008, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429436

RESUMO

Capabilities for continuous monitoring of pressures and temperatures at critical skin interfaces can help to guide care strategies that minimize the potential for pressure injuries in hospitalized patients or in individuals confined to the bed. This paper introduces a soft, skin-mountable class of sensor system for this purpose. The design includes a pressure-responsive element based on membrane deflection and a battery-free, wireless mode of operation capable of multi-site measurements at strategic locations across the body. Such devices yield continuous, simultaneous readings of pressure and temperature in a sequential readout scheme from a pair of primary antennas mounted under the bedding and connected to a wireless reader and a multiplexer located at the bedside. Experimental evaluation of the sensor and the complete system includes benchtop measurements and numerical simulations of the key features. Clinical trials involving two hemiplegic patients and a tetraplegic patient demonstrate the feasibility, functionality and long-term stability of this technology in operating hospital settings.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Pressão , Temperatura , Tecnologia sem Fio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica , Pele , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos
2.
World J Gastroenterol ; 22(46): 10131-10139, 2016 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28028361

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate histologic abnormalities in the gastric smooth muscle of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Full-thickness gastric specimens were obtained from patients undergoing surgery for gastric cancer. H&E stain and Masson's Trichrome stain were performed to assess the degree of fibrosis. Immunohistochemical staining using various antibodies was also performed [antibodies against protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor, c-Kit, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha, (PDGFRα)]. Immunofluorescent staining and evaluation with confocal microscopy were also conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-six controls and 35 diabetic patients (21 short-duration patients and 14 long-duration patients) were included. There were no significant differences in basic demographics between the two groups except in mean body mass index (BMI) (higher in the DM group). Proportions of moderate-to-severe intercellular fibrosis in the muscle layer were significantly higher in the DM group than in the control group (P < 0.01). On immunohistochemical staining, c-Kit- and PDGFRα-positive immunoreactivity were significantly decreased in the DM group compared with the control group (P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in PGP9.5, nNOS, VIP, and neurokinin 1 expression. On immunofluorescent staining, cellularity of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) was observed to decrease with increasing duration of DM. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that increased intercellular fibrosis, loss of ICC, and loss of fibroblast-like cells are found in the smooth muscle of DM patients. These abnormalities may contribute to changes in gastric motor activity in patients with DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Sistema Nervoso Entérico/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Telócitos/metabolismo , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus/patologia , Sistema Nervoso Entérico/patologia , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso/patologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Receptores da Neurocinina-1/metabolismo , Estômago/patologia , Telócitos/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo , Peptídeo Intestinal Vasoativo/metabolismo
3.
Korean J Gastroenterol ; 51(4): 241-7, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18516003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transient elastography (Fibroscan, Echosens, France) is a new, simple, and non-invasive method to assess the degree of hepatic fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness. Recent reports have shown that liver stiffness measurement using Fibroscan allowed accurate prediction of hepatic fibrosis in patient with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to evaluate accuracy of Fibroscan for the detection of hepatic fibrosis in Korea with various etiologies of chronic liver disease by comparison with fibrosis assessed by histologic examination. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with chronic liver diseases, which were histologically confirmed within recent 6 months were enrolled. Etiologies were HBV, HCV infection, autoimmune hepatitis, and non alcoholic steatohepatitis. Hepatic fibrosis was graded on the basis of standard guideline proposed by the Korean Study Group for the Pathology of Digestive Diseases. RESULTS: Fibroscan values were significantly higher in F3 (16.96 kPa) and F4 (19.86 kPa) than others (p=0.003). Liver stiffness measurement was significantly correlated to the fibrosis stage (r=0.614, p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Liver stiffness measurement by Fibroscan is a promising method for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis in chronic liver disease because it accompanies no complication.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica , Elasticidade , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Korean J Hepatol ; 11(4): 371-80, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16380666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several risk factors, such as size and location, are related to local recurrence after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The objectives of this study were to clarify factors related to prognosis. METHODS: From October 1999 to December 2002, we performed RFA for 107 consecutive patients with solitary HCC. We evaluated spiral computed tomography and serum alpha-fetoprotein level every 3 months after RFA. Seven possible factors for prognosis were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model: tumor size, tumor location, age, sex, etiology, platelet count, and Child-Pugh classification. Overall survival and disease free survival rate were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and differences between two groups were compared using the log rank test. RESULTS: The Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival after radiofrequency ablation were 90.5% at 12 months, 67.4% at 24 months and 46.4% at 36 months and disease free survival were 71.4%, 46.7% and 20.9%, respectively. Using the Cox proportional hazards regression model, it was shown that with regard to overall survival and disease free survival, Child-Pugh classification (P=0.001, P=0.026) and platelet count (P<0.001, P=0.002) were statistically significant factors. The other factors did not have a statistically significant relationship to overall survival and disease free survival. CONCLUSIONS: The size and location known as local recurrence factors were not statistically significant with regard to survival and disease free survival. The Child-Pugh classification and platelet count, that reflect the liver function at the time of RFA, were significant factors for prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Taxa de Sobrevida , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise
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