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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413168

RESUMO

Purpose: Vocal fold injection (VFI) via the cricothyroid (CT) membrane is used in the treatment of various VF diseases. The technical challenges of this technique are mainly related to the invisibility of the needle. Recently, real-time light-guided VFI (RL-VFI) was developed for simultaneous injection under light guidance in the CT approach. Herein, we present the first clinical trial of RL-VFI investigating the feasibility and safety of the new technique in unilateral vocal fold paralysis (VFP). Methods: This was a prospective pilot study that enrolled 40 patients, who were treated with RL-VFI for unilateral VFP between September 2020 and August 2021. Adverse events were monitored during the procedure and for 4 weeks postoperatively. Voice Handicap Index-10, GRBAS scale, aerodynamic study, and acoustic analysis were evaluated to compare the voice improvement after 4 weeks with the baseline values. Results: The needle tip was intuitively identified by the red light, and the mean procedure time was 95.6 ± 40.6 seconds for the initial injection, while it required 79.2 ± 70.5 seconds for the additional injection. The injection was proceeded under light guidance without additional manipulation after the needle reached the intended point. No acute and delayed adverse events were reported. Among the 40 patients, 36 completed voice analysis after 4 weeks. Subjective and objective voice parameters, including voice handicap index, GRBAS scale, maximum phonation time, mean expiratory airflow, fundamental frequency, jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonics ratio improved significantly after RL-VFI (P > 0.05) while expiratory volume was retained. Conclusion: RL-VFI is feasible and safe for treating patients with unilateral VFP. This technique is anticipated to improve the precision and safety of the CT approach in the treatment of unilateral VFP. This study provides a rationale for further structured clinical studies.

2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6833, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35477727

RESUMO

The optimal timing of endoscopy in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) remains controversial. In this study, we investigated the clinical outcomes of urgent endoscopy in patients with UGIB compared with elective endoscopy. From January 2016 to December 2018, consecutive patients who visited the emergency department and underwent endoscopy for clinical manifestations of acute UGIB, including variceal bleeding, were eligible. Urgent endoscopy (within 6 h) and elective endoscopy (after 6 h) were defined as the time taken to perform endoscopy after presentation to the emergency department. The primary outcome was mortality rate within 30 days. A total of 572 patients were included in the analysis. Urgent endoscopy was performed in 490 patients (85.7%). The 30-day mortality rate did not differ between the urgent and elective endoscopy groups (5.3% and 6.1%, p = 0.791). There was no difference regarding the recurrent bleeding rate, total amount of transfusion, or length of hospital between the groups. In multivariate analysis, age and the amount of transfusion were associated with mortality. Urgent endoscopy was not associated with a lower 30-day mortality rate compared with elective endoscopy in patients with acute UGIB.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Doença Aguda , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Humanos
3.
J Biomed Inform ; 128: 104038, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248796

RESUMO

A clinical pathway (CP) is a tool for effectively managing a care process. There are several research efforts on developing clinical pathways (CPs) in the process mining domain. However, the nature of the data affects data analysis results, and patient clinical variability makes it challenging to develop CPs. Thus, it is crucial to determine candidate care processes that can be standardized as CPs before applying process mining techniques. This paper proposed a method for assessing CP feasibility regarding clinical complexity using clinical order logs from electronic health records. The proposed method consists of data preparation, activity & trace homogeneity evaluations, and process inspection using process mining. Each step consists of metrics to measure the homogeneity of processes and a visualization method to demonstrate the diversity of processes based on the log. The case study was conducted with five surgical groups of patients from a tertiary hospital in South Korea to validate the proposed method. The five groups of patients were successfully assessed. In addition, the visualization methods helped clinical experts grasp the diversity of care processes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Clínicos , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , República da Coreia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344950

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary metastatic head and neck cancer has a poor prognosis. Pulmonary metastasectomy has been performed but only in carefully selected patients. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics and oncological follow-up of patients who underwent pulmonary metastasectomy. METHODS: Data of 54 patients with squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) who underwent metastasectomy between 2003 and 2019 at two tertiary referral centers were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The 3-year and 5-year disease-free survival rates after metastasectomy were 49.9% and 39.9% for SCC and 38.9% and 32.4% for ACC, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that a disease-free interval (DFI) less than 14 months and R1 resection (hazard ratio [HR] [95% confidence interval]: 2.95 [0.77-5.62], 4.64 [0.99-21.65], respectively) were risk factors for recurrence in SCC and that a high T stage (HR: 5.24 [1.22-22.58]) was a risk factor in ACC. In SCC, a DFI less than 14 months and R1 resection (hazard ratio: 6.35 [1.36-29.54], 12.79 [1.53-106.95], respectively) were risk factors in a multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Pulmonary metastasectomy had a fair effect on head and neck SCC and ACC, and the prognosis was better in SCC patients with a DFI greater than 14 months.

5.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613221082619, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324320

RESUMO

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a commonly used injectable material in temporary vocal fold injections (VFI) in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Hyaluronic acid has generally been known for its three-six months of longevity following VFI. Owing to recent advances in cross-linking technologies, the longevity of HA-based materials, including deep-volumizing cross-linked HA used in VFI, has been improved. However, persisting injectable material in the subepithelial space poses undesirable complications following VFI. Herein, we report 2 cases of unexpected persistence of superficially injected cross-linked HA. In the first case, a 70-year-old man with iatrogenic UVFP received VFI with cross-linked HA three years ago and was referred for persistent dysphonia. Previously injected HA spilled out from the vocal fold (VF) when an epithelial incision was made in the subepithelial cystic lesion. In the second case, a 72-year-old woman with iatrogenic UVFP received VFI with cross-linked HA that migrated into the subepithelial space. Diffuse swelling of the injected VF caused dysphonia that lasted for a year. The previously injected HA spilled out when an epithelial incision was made in the swollen VF. Since superficially injected deep-volumizing cross-linked HA can persist for up to three years, laryngologists should be aware of possible sequelae upon suboptimal VFI with cross-linked HA.

6.
Laryngoscope ; 2022 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLNs), albeit decreased over the years, leaves the surgeon helpless as there is not much that can be done once it occurs. Nimodipine has been suggested as a remedy that could accelerate the recovery of the nerve. Our study aimed to examine the factors that affect the recovery rate (RR) and time to recovery (TTR) of post-thyroidectomy RLN paralysis, with an emphasis on the use of nimodipine. METHODS: A total of 197 patients who had undergone thyroid and parathyroid surgeries were retrospectively reviewed from October 2016 to August 2019. Patients who had RLN paralysis following surgery were assessed. The medical records were retrospectively analyzed to look for possible factors that may influence RLN recovery. RESULTS: A total of 289 nerves were at risk. Temporary RLN paralysis rate was 7.9% while 1.7% was permanent. Age (odds ratio [OR] = 4.8) and intra-operative extra-thyroid extension (OR = 9.0) were independent risk factors for RLN paralysis. The rate of recovery was 82.1%. Loss of signal (LOS; P = .066) was a factor trending for an impact on RR but not nimodipine (P > .05). The mean TTR was 32 days. LOS, nimodipine, and steroid use, among others, were factors trending for an impact on the TTR. CONCLUSION: Although not reaching statistical significance, nimodipine and steroids might influence TTR but not the RR. Larger studies are warranted to address the effect of nimodipine on the outcome of RLN paralysis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2022.

7.
J Pers Med ; 12(1)2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055371

RESUMO

Bismuth quadruple therapy (BQT) is an effective treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection. However, frequent dosing schedules of BQT regimen often compromise drug adherence and may affect treatment outcomes. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the efficacy of twice-daily BQT compared to that of four times a day therapy. From August 2018 to November 2020, adult patients who failed first-line standard triple therapy and underwent BQT were eligible. Patients were categorized into two groups according to dosing schedule: (i) the BQT group (n = 213) who received standard BQT administered four times a day; and (ii) the BQTb group (n = 141) who received proton pump inhibitor, bismuth 600 mg, metronidazole 500 mg, and tetracycline 1 g twice a day. The eradication rate did not differ between the BQT (92.5%) and the BQTb groups (90.1%) (p = 0.441). Adherence and adverse event rate were similar between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that current smoking was associated with eradication failure; however, dosing frequency was not associated with the efficacy of eradication therapy. This study suggested that twice a day BQT is as effective as four times a day therapy for second-line treatment of H. pylori infection.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 9(4): e2103098, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894089

RESUMO

The multivalent binding effect has been the subject of extensive studies to modulate adhesion behaviors of various biological and engineered systems. However, precise control over the strong avidity-based binding remains a significant challenge. Here, a set of engineering strategies are developed and tested to systematically enhance the multivalent binding of peptides in a stepwise manner. Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers are employed to increase local peptide densities on a substrate, resulting in hierarchically multivalent architectures (HMAs) that display multivalent dendrimer-peptide conjugates (DPCs) with various configurations. To control binding behaviors, effects of the three major components of the HMAs are investigated: i) poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) linkers as spacers between conjugated peptides; ii) multiple peptides on the DPCs; and iii) various surface arrangements of HMAs (i.e., a mixture of DPCs each containing different peptides vs DPCs cofunctionalized with multiple peptides). The optimized HMA configuration enables significantly enhanced target cell binding with high selectivity compared to the control surfaces directly conjugated with peptides. The engineering approaches presented herein can be applied individually or in combination, providing guidelines for the effective utilization of biomolecular multivalent interactions using DPC-based HMAs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dendrímeros/metabolismo , Humanos , Fenômenos Físicos , Polietilenoglicóis/metabolismo
9.
Cancer Res Treat ; 54(2): 406-416, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the outcomes of primary radiotherapy (RT) versus surgery in early-stage human papilloma virus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (hpv+OPC), and investigate the preoperative clinical factors that can predict the requirement for postoperative adjuvant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter study included 166 patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition-Stages I-II hpv+OPC. Sixty (36.1%) and 106 (63.9%) patients underwent primary (concurrent chemo)radiotherapy [(CC)RT] and surgery, respectively. Seventy-eight patients (73.6%) in the surgery group received postoperative (CC)RT. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 45.6 months for survivors, the 2-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and locoregional control (LC) for RT/surgery were 97.8%/96.4%, 91.1%/92.0%, and 92.9%/93.3%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, patients with synchronous radiologic extranodal extension and conglomeration (ENEcong) of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) showed significantly poorer OS (p=0.047), PFS (p=0.001), and LC (p=0.003). In patients undergoing primary surgery, two or more clinically positive LN metastases (odds ratio [OR], 5.15; p=0.004) and LN metastases with ENEcong (OR, 3.75; p=0.009) were predictors of postoperative chemoradiotherapy. No patient in the primary RT group demonstrated late severe toxicity whereas three (2.8%), one (0.9%), and one (0.9%) patient in the surgery group showed grade 3 dysphagia, grade 3 xerostomia, and fatal oral cavity bleeding. CONCLUSION: We found no differences in OS, PFS, and LC between upfront RT and surgery in stage I-II hpv+OPC which warrants comparison through a prospective trial in the treatment de-escalation era. However, most early-stage hpv+OPC patients undergoing surgery received adjuvant (CC)RT. Pretreatment LN findings were prognostic and predictive for adjuvant treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/cirurgia , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
10.
Head Neck ; 44(3): 672-680, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34918845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the efficacy of preoperative Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in predicting postoperative complications in elderly patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery. METHODS: Medical records of patients aged ≥70 who underwent elective head and neck cancer surgery were reviewed. CGA scores were prospectively collected prior to surgery and analyzed to determine their association with postoperative complications. RESULTS: Of the 65 patients enrolled in this study, 34 (52.3%) with deficits in two or more preoperative CGA domains were categorized as "frail." Fourteen patients (21.5%) experienced postoperative complications. Age was not a risk factor for the complications (p = 0.504). The multivariate analysis indicated that major postoperative complications were significantly associated with frailty (odds ratio [OR] = 21.9, p = 0.039), operation time (OR = 39, p = 0.048), and estimated blood loss (OR = 19.8, p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty assessed by preoperative CGA, but not chronological age, was significantly associated with major postoperative complications in elderly patients undergoing head and neck cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Avaliação Geriátrica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
11.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696565

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Poor oral health is associated with head and neck cancer (HNC). We evaluated whether a national oral health screening program (OHSP) could reduce the risk of HNC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 408,247 healthy individuals aged ≥ 40 years from the National Health Insurance System-National Health Screening program during 2003 and 2004 in Korea were analyzed. The risk of HNC was compared between subjects who underwent OHSP (HEALS-Dental+, n=165,292) and routine health check-ups only (HEALS-Dental‒, n=242,955). The impact of individual oral health-related factors on HNC risk was evaluated in HEALS-Dental+. RESULTS: A total of 1,650 HNC cases were diagnosed. The 10-year HNC-free rate was 99.684% with a median follow-up of 11 years. The risk of all HNC (hazard ratio [HR], 1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 1.29; p=0.011) and oropharyngeal cancer (HR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.94; p=0.005) was significantly higher in HEALS-Dental‒ than in HEALS-Dental+. In HEALS-Dental+, oral cavity cancer was marginally reduced (p=0.085), and missing teeth was a significant factor for HNC (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.50; p=0.032). Toothbrushing was a significant factor in univariate analysis (p=0.028), but not in multivariate analysis (p=0.877). CONCLUSION: The National OHSP significantly reduced the long-term HNC risk, particularly the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer. Routine OHSP should be considered at the population level.

12.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 385, 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ingested foreign objects frequently require emergency removal. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of endoscopic removal of foreign bodies from the upper gastrointestinal tract and the risk factors for adverse events. METHODS: Adults (> 18 years) who underwent endoscopic management of ingested foreign bodies at two centers, one inland and one on the coast, between January 2008 and December 2017 were eligible. Clinical characteristics and procedure-related outcomes were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups, based on whether the foreign bodies were sharp or blunt in shape. RESULTS: A total of 853 patients aged 19-96 years were analyzed. Ingestion of fish bones was more common in the coastal area, whereas ingestion of food boluses was more common in the inland area. The duration of impaction ranged from 1 h to over 1 month and was significantly longer in patients who ingested blunt than sharp foreign bodies (15 vs. 5 h, p < 0.001). Most (98.9%) foreign bodies were successfully removed. Adverse events occurred in 31.2 % of patients, including ulcers (4.0%) and perforations (3.3 %). Multivariate analysis showed that age (odds ratio [OR] 1.015, p = 0.012), sharp foreign bodies (OR 5.133, p < 0.001), location in the esophagus (OR 2.723, p = 0.018), and duration of impaction (OR 1.431, p < 0.001) were factors associated with adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Early recognition and timely endoscopic removal of ingested foreign bodies, particularly in elderly patients and those with sharp foreign bodies, may improve clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Endoscopia , Esôfago/cirurgia , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior/cirurgia
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19717, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611230

RESUMO

Temporalis muscle thickness (TMT) on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is correlated with sarcopenia and can be a predictive marker for survival in patients with brain tumors, but the association of TMT on head and neck computed tomography (CT) with survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains unclear. We investigated whether TMT on CT could predict progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with HNSCC. A total of 106 patients with newly diagnosed HNSCC were included in this retrospective study. The patients underwent baseline head and neck CT and/or MRI between July, 2008 and August, 2018. The correlation between TMT on CT and MRI was tested using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The cut-off value of TMT on CT for determining tumor progression was identified using receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. Uni- and consecutive multi-variable Cox regression models were used to verify the association between TMT and PFS. TMT on CT and MRI showed excellent correlation (ICC, 0.894). After a mean follow-up of 37 months, 49 out of 106 patients showed locoregional recurrence and/or distant metastasis. The cut-off TMT of 6.47 mm showed good performance in predicting tumor progression (area under the curve, 0.779). The Cox regression model showed that TMT ≤ 6.24 mm (median value in study population) was a significant contributing factor for predicting shorter PFS (hazard ratio 0.399; 95% confidence interval 0.209-0.763; P = .005). TMT may be used as a surrogate parameter for pre-treatment sarcopenia and could help predict PFS in patients with HNSCC.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Músculo Temporal/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Músculo Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(7)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357253

RESUMO

We investigated the performance of single-structured light-emitting electrochemical cell (LEC) devices with Ru(bpy)3(PF6)2 polymer composite as an emission layer by controlling thickness and heat treatment. When the thickness was smaller than 120-150 nm, the device performance decreased because of the low optical properties and non-dense surface properties. On the other hand, when the thickness was over than 150 nm, the device had too high surface roughness, resulting in high-efficiency roll-off and poor device stability. With 150 nm thickness, the absorbance increased, and the surface roughness was low and dense, resulting in increased device characteristics and better stability. The heat treatment effect further improved the surface properties, thus improving the device characteristics. In particular, the external quantum efficiency (EQE) reduction rate was shallow at 100 °C, which indicates that the LEC device has stable operating characteristics. The LEC device exhibited a maximum luminance of 3532 cd/m2 and an EQE of 1.14% under 150 nm thickness and 100 °C heat treatment.

16.
Biomacromolecules ; 22(9): 3746-3755, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319087

RESUMO

Dendron micelles have shown promising results as a multifunctional delivery system, owing to their unique molecular architecture. Herein, we have prepared a novel poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendron-lipid hybrid nanoparticle (DLNP) as a nanocarrier for drug/gene co-delivery and examined how the dendron generation of DLNPs impacts their cargo-carrying capabilities. DLNPs, formed by a thin-layer hydration method, were internally loaded with chemo-drugs and externally complexed with plasmids. Compared to generation 2 dendron DLNP (D2LNPs), D3LNPs demonstrated a higher drug encapsulation efficiency (31% vs 87%) and better gene complexation (minimal N/P ratio of 20:1 vs 5:1 for complexation) due to their smaller micellar aggregation number and higher charge density, respectively. Furthermore, D3LNPs were able to avoid endocytosis and subsequent lysosomal degradation and demonstrated a higher cellular uptake than D2LNPs. As a result, D3LNPs exhibited significantly enhanced antitumor and gene transfection efficacy in comparison to D2LNPs. These findings provide design cues for engineering multifunctional dendron-based nanotherapeutic systems for effective combination cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Dendrímeros , Nanopartículas , DNA/genética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Lipídeos , Micelas , Transfecção
18.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 259(10): 2879-2886, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914158

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes of a treat-and-extend (TAE) regimen with aflibercept for treatment-naive macular edema (ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, noncomparative, open-label clinical trial. Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients received three monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections prior to the TAE regimen. However, if the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was ≥ 20/20 and the central macular thickness (CMT) was < 250 µm during the loading phase, the patient immediately proceeded to the TAE regimen. The treatment interval was adjusted by 4 weeks based on changes in CMT. The primary outcome was the mean change in BCVA from baseline to 52 weeks. RESULTS: The mean change in BCVA was 23.6 ± 14.2 letters. The proportion of patients with BCVA gain ≥ 15 letters was 77.1% at 24 weeks and 72.9% at 52 weeks. The mean reduction in CMT was 326.2 ± 235.6 µm at 24 weeks and 324.2 ± 238.0 µm at 52 weeks. The mean number of injections was 6.7 ± 1.2 (range: 6-11, all patients received three monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections) over 52 weeks, and 34 patients (70.8%) reached the maximal extension interval of 16 weeks at 52 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: The TAE regimen using aflibercept for ME secondary to BRVO, which has a treatment interval of up to 16 weeks, showed comparable efficacy to the fixed-dosing regimen along with reduced treatment burden.


Assuntos
Edema Macular , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Injeções Intravítreas , Edema Macular/diagnóstico , Edema Macular/tratamento farmacológico , Edema Macular/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/complicações , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/diagnóstico , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
19.
Gland Surg ; 10(2): 721-728, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33708554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of malignancy in the parotid gland before surgery is often challenging. Various clues should be used to increase the index of suspicion for malignancy. We hypothesized that malignant lesions of the parotid gland are located at the superior part of the gland compared to benign ones. METHODS: A total of 169 consecutive patients were included in this study whose medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Benign and malignant tumors were compared in size, height difference from five anatomical landmarks: hard palate, mastoid tip, earlobe, condylar head, and mandibular notch. The cutoff heights from significant landmarks (hard palate, condylar head) were estimated with ROC analysis and chi-square test. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (17.2%) were diagnosed with malignant and 140 patients (82.8%) as benign. The height differed significantly between benign and malignant tumors when the reference point was set for the hard palate (P=0.024) and the condylar head (P=0.049), with the cutoff height from reference points to be 22.5, 51.5 mm, respectively. Diagnostic values of parotid level difference presented higher sensitivity (75.9% for hard palate, 72.4% for condylar head vs. 47.8% for fine needle aspiration cytology) and lower false negative rate (24.1% for hard palate, 27.6% for condylar head vs. 52.2% for fine needle aspiration cytology) compared to fine needle aspiration cytology. CONCLUSIONS: Malignant tumors of the parotid gland tend to locate at the superior part of the gland compared to benign tumors. Parotid tumors lying cephalad should raise an index of suspicion for malignancy. Height of the tumor in the parotid gland should be deliberately considered during the first encounter of the patient, which in turn could curate the next step in the diagnostic approach and treatment planning.

20.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 113, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk stratification before endoscopy is crucial for proper management of patients suspected as having upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). There is no consensus regarding the role of nasogastric lavage for risk stratification. In this study, we investigated the usefulness of nasogastric lavage to identify patients with UGIB requiring endoscopic examination. METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2018, patients who visited the emergency department with a clinical suspicion of UGIB and who underwent nasogastric lavage before endoscopy were eligible. Patients with esophagogastric variceal bleeding were excluded. The added predictive ability of nasogastric lavage to the Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS) was estimated using category-free net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement. RESULTS: Data for 487 patients with nonvariceal UGIB were analyzed. The nasogastric aspirate was bloody in 67 patients (13.8 %), coffee-ground in 227 patients (46.6 %), and clear in 193 patients (39.6 %). The gross appearance of the nasogastric aspirate was associated with the presence of UGIB. Model comparisons showed that addition of nasogastric lavage findings to the GBS improved the performance of the model to predict the presence of UGIB. Subgroup analysis showed that nasogastric lavage improved the performance of the prediction model in patients with the GBS ≤ 11, whereas no additive value was found when the GBS was greater than 11. CONCLUSIONS: Nasogastric lavage is useful for predicting the presence of UGIB in a subgroup of patients, while its clinical utility is limited in high-risk patients with a GBS of 12 or more.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Irrigação Terapêutica
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