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1.
Kidney Int ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672324

RESUMO

Hereditary tubulopathies are rare diseases with unknown prevalence in adults. Often diagnosed in childhood, hereditary tubulopathies can nevertheless be evoked in adults. Precise diagnosis can be difficult or delayed due to insidious development of symptoms, comorbidities and polypharmacy. Here we evaluated the diagnostic value of a specific panel of known genes implicated in tubulopathies in adult patients and compared to our data obtained in children. To do this we analyzed 1033 non-related adult patients of which 744 had a clinical diagnosis of tubulopathy and 289 had a diagnosis of familial hypercalcemia with hypocalciuria recruited by three European reference centers. Three-quarters of our tubulopathies cohort included individuals with clinical suspicion of Gitelman syndrome, kidney hypophosphatemia and kidney tubular acidosis. We detected pathogenic variants in 26 different genes confirming a genetic diagnosis of tubulopathy in 29% of cases. In 16 cases (2.1%) the genetic testing changed the clinical diagnosis. The diagnosis of familial hypercalcemia with hypocalciuria was confirmed in 12% of cases. Thus, our work demonstrates the genetic origin of tubulopathies in one out of three adult patients, half of the rate observed in children. Hence, establishing a precise diagnosis is crucial for patients, in order to guide care, to survey and prevent chronic complications, and for genetic counselling. At the same time, this work enhances our understanding of complex phenotypes and enriches the database with the causal variants described.

2.
Europace ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603495

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify independent electrocardiogram (ECG) predictors of long-term clinical outcome based on standardized analysis of the surface ECG in a large multicentre cohort of patients with sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Retrospective observational study from the REMY French HCM clinical research observatory. Primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality, major non-fatal arrhythmic events, hospitalization for heart failure (HF), and stroke. Secondary endpoints were components of the primary endpoint. Uni- and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors. Among 994 patients with HCM, only 1.8% had a strictly normal baseline ECG. The most prevalent abnormalities were inverted T waves (63.7%), P-wave abnormalities (30.4%), and abnormal Q waves (25.5%). During a mean follow-up of 4.0 ± 2.0 years, a total of 272 major cardiovascular events occurred in 217 patients (21.8%): death or heart transplant in 98 (9.8%), major arrhythmic events in 40 (4.0%), HF hospitalization in 115 (11.6%), and stroke in 23 (2.3%). At multivariable analysis using ECG covariates, prolonged QTc interval, low QRS voltage, and PVCs of right bundle branch block pattern predicted worse outcome, but none remained independently associated with the primary endpoint after adjustment on main demographic and clinical variables. For secondary endpoints, abnormal Q waves independently predicted all-cause death [hazard ratio (HR) 2.35, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23-4.47; P = 0.009] and prolonged QTc the risk of HF hospitalization (HR 1.006, 95% CI 1.001-1.011; P = 0.024). CONCLUSION: The 12-lead surface ECG has no independent value to predict the primary outcome measure in patients with HCM. The 12-lead surface ECG has been widely used as a screening tool in HCM but its prognostic value remains poorly known. The value of baseline surface ECG to predict long-term clinical outcomes was studied in a cohort of 994 patients with sarcomeric HCM. The surface ECG has no significant additional value to predict outcome in this patient population.

3.
Clin Genet ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531849

RESUMO

Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders. Overlapping features including arterial aneurysms/dissections in both classical and vascular EDS are a major challenge in the clinical diagnosis of these subtypes. The COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) variant leads to a phenotype of classical EDS with a propensity to arterial complications. Our report describes a two-generation family with one individual presenting with a dissection of the right external iliac artery. The primary suspicion of vascular EDS with the unsatisfactory identification of a COL3A1 benign variant was secondarily readjusted with the identification of COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) variant. This raises the question of the association of COL1A1 p.(Arg312Cys) with arterial complications and the need for a gene panel including not only the usual genes tested in search of classical or vascular EDS but also COL1A1.

4.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424497

RESUMO

AIMS: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a poorly understood disease that predominantly affects women during middle-life, with features that include stenosis, aneurysm and dissection of medium-large arteries. Recently, plasma proteomics has emerged as an important means to understand cardiovascular diseases. Our objectives were: (1) To characterize plasma proteins and determine if any exhibit differential abundance in FMD subjects versus matched healthy controls; (2) To leverage these protein data to conduct systems analyses to provide biologic insights on FMD, and explore if this could be developed into a blood-based FMD test. METHODS AND RESULTS: Females with 'multifocal' FMD and matched healthy controls underwent clinical phenotyping, dermal biopsy and blood draw. Using dual-capture proximity-extension-assay and nuclear magnetic resonance-spectroscopy, we evaluated plasma levels of 981 proteins and 31 lipid sub-classes, respectively. In a discovery cohort (Ncases=90, Ncontrols=100), we identified 105 proteins and 16 lipid sub-classes (predominantly triglycerides and fatty acids) with differential plasma abundance in FMD cases versus controls. In an independent cohort (Ncases=23, Ncontrols=28), we successfully validated 37 plasma proteins and 10 lipid sub-classes with differential abundance. Among these, 5/37 proteins exhibited genetic control and Bayesian analyses identified 3 of these as potential upstream drivers of FMD. In a third cohort (Ncases=506, Ncontrols=876) the genetic locus of one of these upstream disease drivers, CD2-associated protein (CD2AP), was independently validated as being associated with risk of having FMD (OR = 1.36; P = 0.0003). Immune-fluorescence staining identified that CD2AP is expressed by the endothelium of medium-large arteries. Finally, machine learning trained on the discovery cohort was used to develop a test for FMD. When independently applied to the validation cohort, the test showed a c-statistic of 0.73 and sensitivity of 78.3%. CONCLUSIONS: FMD exhibits a plasma proteogenomic and lipid signature that includes potential causative disease drivers, and which holds promise for developing a blood-based test for this disease. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a poorly understood disease with no specific therapies, which can cause stenosis, aneurysm and dissection of medium-large arteries. At present, FMD is usually diagnosed by imaging studies, and screening for this disease can be challenging. We performed a 'reverse-translational' clinical study leveraging plasma and DNA samples from FMD patients and healthy matched controls to better understand this disease. We found that FMD patients exhibit a plasma proteogenomic signature that includes promising disease candidates. While further development will be required, our proof-of-concept analyses suggest that it may also be possible to develop a blood-based test for FMD.

5.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 13(2): 1317-1320, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension is an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Important candidate genes such as NOS3 gene have been widely studied and reported to be associated with essential hypertension (HTN) in human populations. AIM: We aim in this study to analyze the relationship between NOS3 -786T/C, a common genetic variant and HTN in a sample of the Algerian population of the Oran city. METHODS: A case-control study has been performed in 154 subjects including 77 hypertensives and 77 normotensives. The recruitment of these subjects was done in local Health Centers of the city of Oran, West Algeria. HTN was defined as elevated systolic blood pressure SBD≥140  mmHg and or sustained diastolic blood pressure DBP≥90  mmHg, measured using an Omron® Automatic BP Monitor - M-3W machine. Consents were obtained from all participants. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) combined with restrictive fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) was used to genotype the NOS -786T/C variant. RESULTS: The distribution of the allelic frequencies did not differ between cases and controls (OR = 1.48; 95%CI [0.94-2.32], P = 0.09). However, after adjustment with the age, sex, and body mass index, we observed significant association between NOS -786C allele and HTN status (OR = 2.08; 95%CI [1.18-3.66], P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the C allele of the NOS3 gene is associated with increased risk of essential hypertension in this sample of the Algerian population of the Oran city. Further validation in larger samples is needed to confirm this finding.

6.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(8): 1534-1545, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gitelman syndrome is a salt-losing tubulopathy caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene, which encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter. Previous studies suggested an intermediate phenotype for heterozygous carriers. METHODS: To evaluate the phenotype of heterozygous carriers of pathogenic SLC12A3 mutations, we performed a cross-sectional study of patients with Gitelman syndrome, heterozygous carriers, and healthy noncarriers. Participants measured their BP at home for three consecutive days before hospital admission for blood and urine sampling and an oral glucose tolerance test. RESULTS: We enrolled 242 participants, aged 18-75 years, including 81 heterozygous carriers, 82 healthy noncarriers, and 79 patients with Gitelman syndrome. The three groups had similar age, sex ratio, and body mass index. Compared with healthy noncarriers, heterozygous carriers showed significantly higher serum calcium concentration (P=0.01) and a trend for higher plasma aldosterone (P=0.06), but measures of home BP, plasma and urine electrolytes, renin, parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, and response to oral glucose tolerance testing were similar. Patients with Gitelman syndrome had lower systolic BP and higher heart rate than noncarriers and heterozygote carriers; they also had significantly higher fasting serum glucose concentration, higher levels of markers of insulin resistance, and a three-fold higher sensitivity to overweight. According to oral glucose tolerance testing, approximately 14% of patients with Gitelman syndrome were prediabetic, compared with 5% of heterozygous carriers and 4% of healthy noncarriers. CONCLUSIONS: Heterozygous carriers had a weak intermediate phenotype, between that of healthy noncarriers and patients with Gitelman syndrome. Moreover, the latter are at risk for development of type 2 diabetes, indicating the heightened importance of body weight control in these patients.

7.
Vasc Med ; 24(5): 461-464, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164056

RESUMO

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare disorder characterized by skin, eye, and cardiovascular lesions due to ectopic mineralization and fragmentation of elastic fibers of connective tissues. We present an atypical case of PXE with diffuse vascular calcification and negligible skin and eye lesions. The patient was a 37-year-old man suffering from severe bilateral arterial calcifications in superficial femoral and posterior tibial arteries. Eye fundoscopy and skin examination were first considered normal. This phenotype suggested first the diagnosis of Arterial Calcification due to Deficiency of CD73 (ACDC) characterized by mutations in NT5E gene. However, we found two variants in ABCC6 gene, and no variant in NT5E. Skin reexamination revealed few lateral skin papules confined to the scalp. Phenotypic overlap was described in vascular calcification disorders, between GACI and PXE phenotypes, and we discuss here expansion of this overlap, including ACDC phenotype. Identification of these expanding and overlapping phenotypes was enabled by genetic screening of the corresponding genes, in a systematic approach. We propose to create a calcification next generation sequencing (NGS) panel with NT5E, GGCX, ENPP1, and ABCC6 genes to improve the molecular diagnosis of vascular calcification.

8.
Clin Genet ; 96(4): 317-329, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31245841

RESUMO

Pathogenic variants in FLNC encoding filamin C have been firstly reported to cause myopathies, and were recently linked to isolated cardiac phenotypes. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of FLNC pathogenic variants in subtypes of cardiomyopathies and to study the relations between phenotype and genotype. DNAs from a cohort of 1150 unrelated index-patients with isolated cardiomyopathy (700 hypertrophic, 300 dilated, 50 restrictive cardiomyopathies, and 100 left ventricle non-compactions) have been sequenced on a custom panel of 51 cardiomyopathy disease-causing genes. An FLNC pathogenic variant was identified in 28 patients corresponding to a prevalence ranging from 1% to 8% depending on the cardiomyopathy subtype. Truncating variants were always identified in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, while missense or in-frame indel variants were found in other phenotypes. A personal or family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD) was significantly higher in patients with truncating variants than in patients carrying missense variants (P = .01). This work reported the first observation of a left ventricular non-compaction associated with a unique probably causal variant in FLNC which highlights the role of FLNC in cardiomyopathies. A correlation between the nature of the variant and the cardiomyopathy subtype was observed as well as with SCD risk.

9.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 62(7): 859-866, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a rare and severe genetic condition leading to spontaneous, potentially life-threatening arterial and digestive complications. Colonic ruptures are a common feature of the disease, but clear recommendations on their management are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify surgery-related morbidity and 30-day postoperative mortality after colonic perforation. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review. SETTING: A large cohort of patients with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was followed in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Between 2000 and 2016, the French National Reference Centre for Rare Vascular Diseases (HEGP, AP-HP, Paris, France) followed 148 patients with molecularly proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes measured were surgery-related morbidity and 30-day postoperative mortality. RESULTS: Of 133 patients with molecularly proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 30 (22%) had a history of colonic perforation and 15 (50%) were males. These subjects were diagnosed with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome at a younger age than patients with a history of GI events without colonic perforation (p = 0.0007). There were 46 colonic perforations, median 1.0 event per patient (interquartile range, 1.0-2.0). Reperforations occurred in 14 (47%) patients, mostly males. Surgical management consisted of Hartmann procedures or subtotal abdominal colectomies, with a nonnegligible rate of reperforation following partial colonic resection (11 patients, 41%). LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of this work are its retrospective design and that the diagnosis of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was made after colonic perforations in a majority of patients. CONCLUSION: Colonic perforations seem more severe in males, with a high rate of reperforation after Hartmann procedure. Subtotal colectomy may reduce digestive morbidity, particularly in male patients. Additional studies are required to identify other predictors of reperforation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A937.


Assuntos
Doenças do Colo/etiologia , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Colectomia/mortalidade , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 12(5): e002497, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112420

RESUMO

Background Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a common heart valve disease, the most frequent indication for valve repair or replacement. MVP is characterized by excess extracellular matrix secretion and cellular disorganization, which leads to bulky valves that are unable to coapt correctly during ventricular systole resulting in mitral regurgitation, and it is associated with sudden cardiac death. Here we aim to characterize globally the biological mechanisms underlying genetic susceptibility to MVP to better characterize its triggering mechanisms. Methods We applied i-GSEA4GWAS and DEPICT, two pathway enrichment tools to MVP genome-wide association studies. We followed-up the association with MVP in an independent dataset of cases and controls. This research was conducted using the UK Biobank Resource. Immunohistochemistry staining for Glis1 (GLIS family zinc finger 1) was conducted in developing heart of mice. Knockdown of Glis1 using morpholinos was performed in zebrafish animals 72 hours postfertilization. Results We show that genes at risk loci are involved in biological functions relevant to actin filament organization, cytoskeleton biology, and cardiac development. The enrichment for positive regulation of transcription, cell proliferation, and migration motivated the follow-up of GLIS1, a transcription factor from the Krüppel-like zinc finger family. In combination with previously available data, we now report a genome-wide significant association with MVP (odds ratio, 1.20; P=4.36×10-10), indicating that Glis1 is expressed during embryonic development predominantly in nuclei of endothelial and interstitial cells of mitral valves in mouse. We also show that Glis1 knockdown causes atrioventricular regurgitation in developing hearts in zebrafish. Conclusions Our findings define globally molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying common genetic susceptibility to MVP and implicate established and unprecedented mechanisms. Through the GLIS1 association and function, we point at regulatory functions during cardiac development as common mechanisms to mitral valve degeneration.

11.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(493)2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118289

RESUMO

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) affects 1 in 40 people and is the most common indication for mitral valve surgery. MVP can cause arrhythmias, heart failure, and sudden cardiac death, and to date, the causes of this disease are poorly understood. We now demonstrate that defects in primary cilia genes and their regulated pathways can cause MVP in familial and sporadic nonsyndromic MVP cases. Our expression studies and genetic ablation experiments confirmed a role for primary cilia in regulating ECM deposition during cardiac development. Loss of primary cilia during development resulted in progressive myxomatous degeneration and profound mitral valve pathology in the adult setting. Analysis of a large family with inherited, autosomal dominant nonsyndromic MVP identified a deleterious missense mutation in a cilia gene, DZIP1 A mouse model harboring this variant confirmed the pathogenicity of this mutation and revealed impaired ciliogenesis during development, which progressed to adult myxomatous valve disease and functional MVP. Relevance of primary cilia in common forms of MVP was tested using pathway enrichment in a large population of patients with MVP and controls from previously generated genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which confirmed the involvement of primary cilia genes in MVP. Together, our studies establish a developmental basis for MVP through altered cilia-dependent regulation of ECM and suggest that defects in primary cilia genes can be causative to disease phenotype in some patients with MVP.

12.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(5): 811-823, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in four genes, WNK lysine deficient protein kinase 1 and 4 (WNK1 and WNK4), kelch like family member 3 (KLHL3), or Cullin 3 (CUL3), can result in familial hyperkalemic hypertension (FHHt), a rare Mendelian form of human arterial hypertension. Although all mutations result in an increased abundance of WNK1 or WNK4, all FHHt-causing CUL3 mutations, resulting in the skipping of exon 9, lead to a more severe phenotype. METHODS: We created and compared two mouse models, one expressing the mutant Cul3 protein ubiquitously (pgk-Cul3∆9) and the other specifically in vascular smooth muscle cells (SM22-Cul3∆9). We conducted pharmacologic investigations on isolated aortas and generated stable and inducible HEK293 cell lines that overexpress the wild-type Cul3 or mutant Cul3 (Cul3∆9) protein. RESULTS: As expected, pgk-Cul3∆9 mice showed marked hypertension with significant hyperkalemia, hyperchloremia and low renin. BP increased significantly in SM22-Cul3∆9 mice, independent of any measurable effect on renal transport. Only pgk-Cul3∆9 mice displayed increased expression of the sodium chloride cotransporter and phosphorylation by the WNK-SPAK kinases. Both models showed altered reactivity of isolated aortas to phenylephrine and acetylcholine, as well as marked acute BP sensitivity to the calcium channel blocker amlodipine. Aortas from SM22-Cul3∆9 mice showed increased expression of RhoA, a key molecule involved in regulation of vascular tone, compared with aortas from control mice. We also observed increased RhoA abundance and t 1/2 in Cul3∆9-expressing cells, caused by decreased ubiquitination. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in Cul3 cause severe hypertension by affecting both renal and vascular function, the latter being associated with activation of RhoA.

13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(15): 1948-1957, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare genetic connective tissue disorder secondary to pathogenic variants within the COL3A1 gene, resulting in exceptional arterial and organ fragility and premature death. The only published clinical trial to date demonstrated the benefit of celiprolol on arterial morbimortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors herein describe the outcomes of a large cohort of vEDS patients followed ≤17 years in a single national referral center. METHODS: All patients with molecularly confirmed vEDS were included in a retrospective cohort study. After an initial work-up, patients were treated or recommended for treatment with celiprolol (≤400 mg/day) in addition to usual care and scheduled for yearly follow-up. vEDS-related events and deaths were collected and recorded for each patient. RESULTS: Between 2000 and 2017, 144 patients (median age at diagnosis 34.5 years, 91 probands) were included in this study. After a median follow-up of 5.3 years, overall patient survival was high (71.6%; 95% confidence interval: 50% to 90%) and dependent on the type of COL3A1 variant, age at diagnosis, and medical treatment. At the end of the study period, almost all patients (90.3%) were treated with celiprolol alone or in combination. More than two-thirds of patients remained clinically silent, despite a large number (51%) with previous arterial events or arterial lesions at molecular diagnosis. Patients treated with celiprolol had a better survival than others (p = 0.0004). The observed reduction in mortality was dose-dependent: the best protection was observed at the dose of 400 mg/day versus <400 mg/day (p = 0.003). During the period surveyed, the authors observed a statistically significant difference in the ratio of hospitalizations for acute arterial events/hospitalizations for regular follow-up before and after 2011. CONCLUSIONS: In this long-term survey, vEDS patients exhibited a low annual occurrence of arterial complications and a high survival rate, on which the overall medical care seems to have a positive influence.

14.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a rare and severe genetic condition leading to spontaneous, potentially life-threatening arterial and digestive complications. Colonic ruptures are a common feature of the disease, but clear recommendations on their management are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify surgery-related morbidity and 30-day postoperative mortality after colonic perforation. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review. SETTING: A large cohort of patients with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was followed in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Between 2000 and 2016, the French National Reference Centre for Rare Vascular Diseases (HEGP, AP-HP, Paris, France) followed 148 patients with molecularly proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcomes measured were surgery-related morbidity and 30-day postoperative mortality. RESULTS: Of 133 patients with molecularly proven vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 30 (22%) had a history of colonic perforation and 15 (50%) were males. These subjects were diagnosed with vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome at a younger age than patients with a history of GI events without colonic perforation (p = 0.0007). There were 46 colonic perforations, median 1.0 event per patient (interquartile range, 1.0-2.0). Reperforations occurred in 14 (47%) patients, mostly males. Surgical management consisted of Hartmann procedures or subtotal abdominal colectomies, with a nonnegligible rate of reperforation following partial colonic resection (11 patients, 41%). LIMITATIONS: The main limitations of this work are its retrospective design and that the diagnosis of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome was made after colonic perforations in a majority of patients. CONCLUSION: Colonic perforations seem more severe in males, with a high rate of reperforation after Hartmann procedure. Subtotal colectomy may reduce digestive morbidity, particularly in male patients. Additional studies are required to identify other predictors of reperforation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A937.

15.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(7): 1033-1043, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820038

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital heart defect (CHD), affecting 1-2% of the population. BAV is associated with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs). Deleterious copy number variations (CNVs) were found previously in up to 10% of CHD cases. This study aimed at unravelling the contribution of deleterious deletions or duplications in 95 unrelated BAV/TAA patients. Seven unique or rare CNVs were validated, harbouring protein-coding genes with a role in the cardiovascular system. Based on the presence of overlapping CNVs in patients with cardiovascular phenotypes in the DECIPHER database, the identification of similar CNVs in whole-exome sequencing data of 67 BAV/TAA patients and suggested topological domain involvement from Hi-C data, supportive evidence was obtained for two genes (DGCR6 and TBX20) of the seven initially validated CNVs. A rare variant burden analysis using next-generation sequencing data from 637 BAV/TAA patients was performed for these two candidate genes. This revealed a suggestive genetic role for TBX20 in BAV/TAA aetiology, further reinforced by segregation of a rare TBX20 variant with the phenotype within a BAV/TAA family. To conclude, our results do not confirm a significant contribution for deleterious CNVs in BAV/TAA as only one potentially pathogenic CNV (1.05%) was identified. We cannot exclude the possibility that BAV/TAA is occasionally attributed to causal CNVs though, or that certain CNVs act as genetic risk factors by creating a sensitised background for BAV/TAA. Finally, accumulative evidence for TBX20 involvement in BAV/TAA aetiology underlines the importance of this transcription factor in cardiovascular disease.

16.
Circ Genom Precis Med ; 12(3): e001996, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a rare inherited connective tissue disease secondary to mutations within the COL3A1 gene. The diagnosis of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is challenging, and patient selection for genetic testing relies on diagnostic criteria, which have never been evaluated. METHODS: All patients seen at a dedicated tertiary referral center for a suspicion of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome between January 2001 and March 2016 were retrospectively included in a diagnostic accuracy study. Major and minor diagnostic criteria of the Villefranche classification were tested for sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, according to results of genetic testing. RESULTS: N=519 patients were eligible for analysis dividing into n=384 probands and n=135 relatives. A pathogenic COL3A1 variant was identified in n=165 (31.8%) patients. The Villefranche criteria were met for n=248 patients with a sensitivity of 79% (95% CI, 0.72-0.85) and a negative predictive value of 87% (95% CI, 0.83-0.91). Diagnostic accuracy was highest for symptomatic probands (sensitivity 92%; negative predictive value 95%) with limited specificity (60%). Probands ≤25 years had the worst diagnostic performance. The revised diagnostic Criteria (2017) were less accurate than the Villefranche classification (overall diagnostic odds-ratio, 4.17 versus 7.8; probands diagnostic odds-ratio, 4.04 versus 18.1; and probands ≤25 years diagnostic odds-ratio, 2.36 versus 5.1) mainly due to a lack of sensitivity. CONCLUSIONS: The Villefranche criteria provide accurate detection of symptomatic probands in specialized practice but have limited specificity. The revised diagnostic criteria for vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome have increased specificity, but its overall performance is poorer. The early clinical diagnosis of probands without family history is not addressed by both diagnostic classifications.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare inherited connective tissue disease secondary to mutations within the COL3A1 gene. The diagnosis of vEDS is challenging and patient selection for genetic testing relies on diagnostic criteria, which have never been evaluated. METHODS: All patients seen at a dedicated tertiary referral centre for a suspicion of vEDS between January 2001 and March 2016 were retrospectively included in a diagnostic accuracy study. Major and minor diagnostic criteria of the Villefranche classification were tested for sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV), according to results of genetic testing. RESULTS: N=519 patients were eligible for analysis dividing into n=384 probands and n=135 relatives. A pathogenic COL3A1 variant was identified in n=165 (31.8%) patients. The Villefranche criteria were met for n=248 patients with a Se of 79% (95%CI: 0.72-0.85) and a NPV of 87% (95%CI: 0.83-0.91). Diagnostic accuracy was highest for symptomatic probands (Se 92%; NPV 95%) with limited Sp (60%). Probands {less than or equal to}25 years had the worst diagnostic performance. The revised diagnostic Criteria (2017) were less accurate than the Villefranche classification (overall Diagnostic odds-ratio (DOR) 4.17 vs. 7.8, probands DOR 4.04 vs. 18.1; probands {less than or equal to}25 years DOR 2.36 vs. 5.1), mainly due to a lack of Se. CONCLUSIONS: The Villefranche criteria provide accurate detection of symptomatic probands in specialized practice, but have limited Sp. The revised diagnostic criteria for vEDS have increased Sp, but its overall performance is poorer. The early clinical diagnosis of probands without family history is not addressed by both diagnostic classifications.

18.
Hypertension ; 73(2): 371-378, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624987

RESUMO

Arterial fibromuscular dysplasia is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease, whose pathophysiology is still unknown. We performed deep image-based vascular phenotyping of nonaffected arteries to look for systemic vascular alterations in fibromuscular dysplasia. This single center cross-sectional study included 50 patients with multifocal renal fibromuscular dysplasia, 50 hypertensive patients, and 50 healthy controls, matched for age, sex, and ethnicity; hypertensive patients were matched also for blood pressure. Brachial artery endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent dilation were studied by echotracking. Aortic stiffness was assessed by carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity. We quantified the presence of supernumerary acoustic interfaces within the common carotid wall by the triple signal (TS) score. We plotted the Young incremental elastic modulus/stress curves for common carotid artery, derived from echotracking and tonometry. Patients with fibromuscular dysplasia had impaired endothelium-independent dilation (adjusted P=0.002), smaller brachial artery diameter but comparable endothelium-dependent dilation and aortic stiffness. The prevalence of TS score >6 was 56%, 40%, 24% in patients with fibromuscular dysplasia, hypertensives, and controls, respectively ( P=0.005). Fibromuscular dysplasia remained significantly associated with TS in the multiple regression model ( P=0.022). Impaired endothelium-dependent dilation was present only in patients with fibromuscular dysplasia, TS score >6 ( P=0.047). Incremental elastic modulus was higher for a given wall stress (80 kPa) in the presence of a TS score >6, especially in fibromuscular dysplasia. In conclusion, nonclinically affected large- and medium-sized arteries in patients with multifocal renal fibromuscular dysplasia exhibit a cluster of diffuse alterations in smooth muscle cell function, arterial geometry, wall characteristics, and mechanical properties. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01935752.

19.
J Hypertens ; 37(2): 229-252, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30640867

RESUMO

: This article is a comprehensive document on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) which was commissioned by the Working Group 'Hypertension and the Kidney' of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the Society for Vascular Medicine (SVM). This document updates previous consensus documents/scientific statements on FMD published in 2014 with full harmonization of the position of European and US experts. In addition to practical consensus-based clinical recommendations, including a consensus protocol for catheter-based angiography and percutaneous angioplasty for renal FMD, the document also includes the first analysis of the European/International FMD Registry and provides updated data from the US Registry for FMD. Finally, it provides insights on ongoing research programs and proposes future research directions for understanding this multifaceted arterial disease.

20.
Vasc Med ; 24(2): 164-189, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648921

RESUMO

This article is a comprehensive document on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), which was commissioned by the working group 'Hypertension and the Kidney' of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the Society for Vascular Medicine (SVM). This document updates previous consensus documents/scientific statements on FMD published in 2014 with full harmonization of the position of European and US experts. In addition to practical consensus-based clinical recommendations, including a consensus protocol for catheter-based angiography and percutaneous angioplasty for renal FMD, the document also includes the first analysis of the European/International FMD Registry and provides updated data from the US Registry for FMD. Finally, it provides insights on ongoing research programs and proposes future research directions for understanding this multifaceted arterial disease.


Assuntos
Angiografia/normas , Angioplastia/normas , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Displasia Fibromuscular/diagnóstico por imagem , Displasia Fibromuscular/terapia , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Consenso , Displasia Fibromuscular/epidemiologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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