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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203039


We develop a method for obtaining safe initial policies for reinforcement learning via approximate dynamic programming (ADP) techniques for uncertain systems evolving with discrete-time dynamics. We employ the kernelized Lipschitz estimation to learn multiplier matrices that are used in semidefinite programming frameworks for computing admissible initial control policies with provably high probability. Such admissible controllers enable safe initialization and constraint enforcement while providing exponential stability of the equilibrium of the closed-loop system.

Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1368, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718661


Predicting physical response of an artificially structured material is of particular interest for scientific and engineering applications. Here we use deep learning to predict optical response of artificially engineered nanophotonic devices. In addition to predicting forward approximation of transmission response for any given topology, this approach allows us to inversely approximate designs for a targeted optical response. Our Deep Neural Network (DNN) could design compact (2.6 × 2.6 µm2) silicon-on-insulator (SOI)-based 1 × 2 power splitters with various target splitting ratios in a fraction of a second. This model is trained to minimize the reflection (to smaller than ~ -20 dB) while achieving maximum transmission efficiency above 90% and target splitting specifications. This approach paves the way for rapid design of integrated photonic components relying on complex nanostructures.

IEEE Trans Cybern ; 48(6): 1898-1909, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28693003


This paper presents information-theoretic performance analysis of passive sensor networks for detection of moving targets. The proposed method falls largely under the category of data-level information fusion in sensor networks. To this end, a measure of information contribution for sensors is formulated in a symbolic dynamics framework. The network information state is approximately represented as the largest principal component of the time series collected across the network. To quantify each sensor's contribution for generation of the information content, Markov machine models as well as x-Markov (pronounced as cross-Markov) machine models, conditioned on the network information state, are constructed; the difference between the conditional entropies of these machines is then treated as an approximate measure of information contribution by the respective sensors. The x-Markov models represent the conditional temporal statistics given the network information state. The proposed method has been validated on experimental data collected from a local area network of passive sensors for target detection, where the statistical characteristics of environmental disturbances are similar to those of the target signal in the sense of time scale and texture. A distinctive feature of the proposed algorithm is that the network decisions are independent of the behavior and identity of the individual sensors, which is desirable from computational perspectives. Results are presented to demonstrate the proposed method's efficacy to correctly identify the presence of a target with very low false-alarm rates. The performance of the underlying algorithm is compared with that of a recent data-driven, feature-level information fusion algorithm. It is shown that the proposed algorithm outperforms the other algorithm.

IEEE Trans Cybern ; 47(1): 93-104, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26960235


This paper addresses the problem of target detection in dynamic environments in a semi-supervised data-driven setting with low-cost passive sensors. A key challenge here is to simultaneously achieve high probabilities of correct detection with low probabilities of false alarm under the constraints of limited computation and communication resources. In general, the changes in a dynamic environment may significantly affect the performance of target detection due to limited training scenarios and the assumptions made on signal behavior under a static environment. To this end, an algorithm of binary hypothesis testing is proposed based on clustering of features extracted from multiple sensors that may observe the target. First, the features are extracted individually from time-series signals of different sensors by using a recently reported feature extraction tool, called symbolic dynamic filtering. Then, these features are grouped as clusters in the feature space to evaluate homogeneity of the sensor responses. Finally, a decision for target detection is made based on the distance measurements between pairs of sensor clusters. The proposed procedure has been experimentally validated in a laboratory setting for mobile target detection. In the experiments, multiple homogeneous infrared sensors have been used with different orientations in the presence of changing ambient illumination intensities. The experimental results show that the proposed target detection procedure with feature-level sensor fusion is robust and that it outperforms those with decision-level and data-level sensor fusion.