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1.
Eur Heart J ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36632831

RESUMO

AIMS: Few reports have examined the incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) or their relationship with mortality in patients with heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF) or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the PARAGON-HF, TOPCAT, I-Preserve, and CHARM-Preserved trials were merged. VT/VF, reported as adverse events, were identified. Patients who experienced VT/VF were compared with patients who did not. The relationship between VT/VF and mortality was examined in time-updated Cox proportional hazard regression models. Variables associated with VT/VF were examined in Cox proportional hazard regression models. The rate of VT/VF in patients with HFmrEF compared with patients with HFpEF was examined in a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Of 13 609 patients, over a median follow-up of 1170 days (interquartile range: 966-1451), 146 (1.1%) experienced an investigator-reported VT/VF (incidence rate 0.3 per 100 person-years). Patients who experienced VT/VF were more likely to be male, have had a myocardial infarction, poorer renal function, more adverse left ventricular remodelling, and higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) than patients who did not. Occurrence of VT/VF was associated with NT-proBNP, history of atrial fibrillation/flutter, male sex, lower ejection fraction, and history of hypertension. VT/VF was associated with all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 3.95, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.80-5.57; P < 0.001] and cardiovascular death, driven by death from heart failure and not sudden death. Patients with HFmrEF had a higher rate of VT/VF than patients with HFpEF (adjusted HR: 2.19, 95% CI: 1.77-2.71). CONCLUSION: VT/VF was uncommon in patients with HFmrEF and HFpEF. However, such events were strongly associated with mortality and appear to be a marker of disease severity rather than risk of sudden death. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov unique identifier: NCT01920711(PARAGON-HF); NCT00094302 (TOPCAT); NCT00095238 (I-Preserve); NCT00634712 (CHARM-Preserved).

3.
Heart ; 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522146

RESUMO

AIMS: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of implantable haemodynamic monitoring (IHM)-guided care. METHODS: PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE were searched for RCTs of IHM in patients with heart failure (HF). Outcomes were examined in total (first and recurrent) event analyses. RESULTS: Five trials comparing IHM-guided care with standard care alone were identified and included 2710 patients across ejection fraction (EF) ranges. Data were available for 628 patients (23.2%) with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) (EF ≥50%) and 2023 patients (74.6%) with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (EF <50%). Chronicle, CardioMEMS and HeartPOD IHMs were used. In all patients, regardless of EF, IHM-guided care reduced total HF hospitalisations (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.82) and total worsening HF events (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.84). In patients with HFrEF, IHM-guided care reduced total worsening HF events (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.86). The effect of IHM-guided care on total worsening HF events in patients with HFpEF was uncertain (fixed-effect model: HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.88; random-effects model: HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.32 to 1.14). IHM-guided care did not reduce mortality (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.20). IHM-guided care reduced all-cause mortality and total worsening HF events (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.88). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF across all EFs, IHM-guided care reduced total HF hospitalisations and worsening HF events. This benefit was consistent in patients with HFrEF but not consistent in HFpEF. Further trials with pre-specified analyses of patients with an EF of ≥50% are required. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021253905.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36526515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) experience a high burden of symptoms, physical limitations, and poor quality of life; improving health status is a key goal of management. OBJECTIVES: In a prespecified analysis of the DELIVER (Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the Lives of Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure) trial, we examine effects of dapagliflozin on health status using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ). METHODS: The DELIVER trial randomized patients with symptomatic HFmrEF/HFpEF to dapagliflozin 10 mg or placebo. KCCQ was evaluated at randomization, 1, 4, and 8 months; KCCQ Total Symptom Score (TSS) was a key secondary endpoint. Patients were stratified by KCCQ-TSS tertiles; Cox models examined effects of dapagliflozin on clinical outcomes. We evaluated the effects of dapagliflozin on KCCQ-TSS, Physical Limitations (PLS), Clinical Summary (CSS), and Overall Summary (OSS) domains. Responder analyses compared proportions of dapagliflozin vs placebo-treated patients with clinically meaningful changes in KCCQ. RESULTS: A total of 5,795 patients had baseline KCCQ (median KCCQ-TSS 72.9). The effects of dapagliflozin on reducing cardiovascular death/worsening HF appeared more pronounced in patients with greater baseline symptom burden (lowest-to-highest KCCQ-TSS tertile: HR: 0.70 [95% CI: 0.58-0.84]; 0.81 [95% CI: 0.65-1.01]; 1.07 [95% CI: 0.83-1.37]; Pinteraction = 0.026). Dapagliflozin improved KCCQ-TSS, -PLS, -CSS, and -OSS at 8 months (2.4, 1.9, 2.3, and 2.1 points higher vs placebo; P < 0.001 for all). Dapagliflozin-treated patients experienced improvements in KCCQ-TSS regardless of EF (Pinteraction = 0.85). Fewer dapagliflozin-treated patients had deterioration, and more had improvements in all KCCQ domains at 8 months. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical benefits of dapagliflozin in HFmrEF/HFpEF appear especially pronounced in those with greater baseline symptom impairment. Dapagliflozin improved all KCCQ domains and the proportion of patients experiencing clinically meaningful changes in health status. (Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the LIVEs of Patients With PReserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure [DELIVER]; NCT03619213).

5.
Nat Med ; 28(12): 2504-2511, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522606

RESUMO

With modern treatments for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (EF), indicative of impaired cardiac systolic function, patients may exhibit an increase in EF. Limited data are available regarding the clinical management of this growing population, categorized as heart failure with improved EF (HFimpEF), which has a high event rate and has been excluded from virtually all prior heart failure outcomes trials. In a prespecified analysis of the DELIVER trial ( NCT03619213 ), of a total of 6,263 participants with symptomatic heart failure and a left ventricular EF >40%, 1,151 (18%) had HFimpEF, defined as patients whose EF improved from ≤40% to >40%. Participants were randomized to 10 mg dapagliflozin or placebo daily and the primary outcome of the trial was a composite of cardiovascular death or worsening heart failure (heart failure hospitalization or an urgent heart failure visit). Participants with HFimpEF had similar event rates to those with an EF consistently >40%. In participants with HFimpEF, dapagliflozin reduced the primary composite outcome (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.56-0.97), first worsening heart failure events (HR = 0.78, 95% CI = 0.61-1.14), cardiovascular death (HR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.41-0.96) and total worsening heart failure events (rate ratio = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.50-0.94) to a similar extent as for individuals with an EF consistently >40%. These data suggest that patients with HFimpEF who are symptomatic may benefit from the addition of a sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor to previously instituted guideline-directed medical therapy to further reduce morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Compostos Benzidrílicos/uso terapêutico , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico
7.
Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol ; 10(12): 869-881, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes are risk factors for heart failure and adverse heart failure outcomes. The Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the Lives of Patients with Preserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure (DELIVER) trial showed that dapagliflozin was associated with a reduction in the primary outcome of worsening heart failure or cardiovascular mortality in patients with heart failure with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of oral dapagliflozin in these patients by their baseline glycaemia categories. METHODS: DELIVER was an international, multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial done in 350 health-care centres and hospitals across 20 countries. Patients aged 40 years or older with New York Heart Association class II-IV, left ventricular ejection fraction of more than 40%, elevated natriuretic peptides (N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide ≥300 pg/mL or ≥600 pg/mL for patients in atrial fibrillation or flutter), and evidence of structural heart disease were randomly assigned (1:1) to 10 mg dapagliflozin or placebo, administered orally, and followed up for a median of 2·3 years (IQR 1·7-2·8). The primary outcome, a composite of time from randomisation to first worsening heart failure events (defined as an unplanned hospitalisation or urgent heart failure visit requiring intravenous therapy) or cardiovascular death, in participants with type 2 diabetes (history of or identified by HbA1c ≥6·5% [48 mmol/mol] at baseline) or prediabetes (HbA1c 5·7 to <6·5% [39 mmol/mol to <48 mmol/mol] at baseline) was compared with those with normoglycaemia (HbA1c <5·7% [39 mmol/mol]). Efficacy of dapagliflozin versus placebo was assessed according to glycaemic status and based on HbA1c as a continuous measure. The full-analysis set comprised all patients who were randomly assigned to study treatment, with patients analysed according to their randomised treatment assignment, irrespective of the treatment received (ie, intention to treat). The safety analysis set comprised patients who were randomly assigned to study treatment and who took at least one dose of investigational product, with patients analysed according to the treatment actually received. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03619213. FINDINGS: Between Sept 1, 2018, and Jan 18, 2021, 6263 patients were randomly assigned to oral dapagliflozin (n=3131) or placebo (n=3132). Of these patients, 1175 had normoglycaemia, 1934 had prediabetes, and 3150 had type 2 diabetes and were included in the glycaemia subgroup analysis (3515 [56·2%] of 6263 patients were men and 4435 [70·9%] were White). The incidence rate of the primary outcome was 6·9 per 100 patient-years in the normoglycaemia subgroup (reference), increasing to 7·6 per 100 patient-years in the prediabetes subgroup (hazard ratio 1·09 [95% CI 0·90-1·31]) and 10·1 per 100 patient-years in the type 2 diabetes subgroup (1·46 [1·24-1·73]; p<0·0001 for trend). Dapagliflozin reduced the risk of the primary outcome versus placebo in each subgroup (hazard ratio 0·77 [95% CI 0·57-1·04], log-rank p=0·088, for patients with normoglycaemia, 0·87 [0·69-1·08], log-rank p=0·21, for patients with prediabetes, and 0·81 [0·69-0·95], log-rank p=0·0077, for patients with type 2 diabetes; pinteraction=0·82) and across the continuous HbA1c range (pinteraction=0·85). Volume-related or renal serious adverse events or adverse events leading to discontinuation of the study drug, hypoglycaemia, and amputations were not differentially affected by treatment in any of the glycaemia categories. INTERPRETATION: In patients with heart failure with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction, oral dapagliflozin improved heart failure outcomes to a similar extent in three glycaemia subgroups: normoglycaemia, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes. Moreover, the heart failure benefits of dapagliflozin seem to be consistent across a continuous glycaemic range. FUNDING: AstraZeneca.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estado Pré-Diabético , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Volume Sistólico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Glicemia
8.
JACC Asia ; 2(2): 139-153, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339117

RESUMO

Background: Patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in Asia exhibit many differences from those in other parts of the world. Objectives: This study sought to investigate the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin, compared with placebo, in HFrEF patients in Asia, compared with those elsewhere, enrolled in the DAPA-HF (Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse-outcomes in Heart Failure) trial. Methods: Patients in New York Heart Association functional class II to IV with a left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% and elevated N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were eligible for the DAPA-HF trial. The primary outcome in the DAPA-HF trial was the composite of an episode of worsening HF (HF hospitalization or urgent HF visit requiring intravenous therapy) or cardiovascular death. Results: Of the 4,744 patients in the DAPA-HF trial, 1,096 (23.1%) were enrolled in Asia; 721 (15.2% overall, 65.8% of patients in Asia) were enrolled in East Asia (237 in China, 343 in Japan, and 141 in Taiwan), 138 (2.9% overall, 12.6% in Asia) in South-East Asia (Vietnam), and 237 (5.0% overall, 21.6% in Asia) in South Asia (India). Patients from Asia had similar rates of worsening HF events and mortality compared with patients elsewhere. Compared with placebo, dapagliflozin reduced the risk of the primary endpoint to the same extent in patients from Asia (HR: 0.65; 95% CI: 0.49 to 0.87) as elsewhere (HR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.66 to 0.89) (P for interaction = 0.32). Consistent benefits were observed for the other prespecified outcomes and among the regions of Asia. Study drug discontinuation and prespecified adverse events did not differ between regions. Conclusions: Dapagliflozin, compared with placebo, reduced the risk of worsening HF events and cardiovascular death to the same extent in Asian patients as elsewhere. (Study to Evaluate the Effect of Dapagliflozin on the Incidence of Worsening Heart Failure or Cardiovascular Death in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure [DAPA-HF]; NCT03036124).

9.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342375

RESUMO

AIMS: The effects of adding a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor to a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) or an angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) in patients with heart failure (HF) and mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are uncertain, even though the use of all three drugs is recommended in recent guidelines. METHODS AND RESULTS: The efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin added to background MRA or ARNI therapy was examined in patients with HFmrEF/HFpEF enrolled in the DELIVER trial. The primary outcome was the composite of worsening HF or cardiovascular death. Of 6263 patients, 2667 (42.6%) were treated with an MRA and 301 (4.8%) with an ARNI at baseline. Patients taking either were younger, more often men and had lower systolic blood pressure and ejection fraction; they were also more likely to have prior HF hospitalization. The benefit of dapagliflozin was similar whether patients were receiving these therapies. The hazard ratio for the effect of dapagliflozin compared to placebo on the primary outcome was 0.86 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74-1.01) for MRA non-users versus 0.76 (95% CI 0.64-0.91) for MRA users (pinteraction  = 0.30). The corresponding values for ARNI non-users and users were 0.82 (95% CI 0.73-0.92) and 0.74 (95% CI 0.45-1.22), respectively (pinteraction  = 0.75). None of the adverse events examined was more common with dapagliflozin compared to placebo overall or in the MRA and ARNI subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin were similar, regardless of background treatment with an MRA or ARNI. SGLT2 inhibitors may be added to other treatments recommended in recent guidelines for HFmrEF/HFpEF.

10.
Circulation ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have emerged as a key pharmacotherapy in heart failure (HF) with both reduced and preserved ejection fraction. The benefit of other HF therapies may be modified by sex, but whether sex modifies the treatment effect and safety profile of SGLT2 inhibitors remains unclear. Our analyses aim to assess the impact of sex on the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin. METHODS: In a pre-specified patient-level pooled analysis of DAPA-HF and DELIVER, clinical outcomes were compared by sex (including the composite of cardiovascular [CV] death or worsening HF events; CV death; all-cause death, total events (first and recurrent HF hospitalization and CV death), and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire [KCCQ] scores) across the spectrum of left ventricular ejection fraction (EF). RESULTS: Of a total of 11,007 randomized patients, 3856 (35%) were women. Women with HF were older, had higher body mass index, but were less likely to have a history of diabetes and myocardial infarction/stroke; and more likely to have hypertension and atrial fibrillation, compared to men. At baseline, women had higher EF but worse KCCQ scores than men. After adjusting for baseline differences, women were less likely than men to experience CV death (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0.69, 95% CI 0.60-0.79), all-cause death (aHR 0.69, 95% 0.62-0.78), HF hospitalizations (aHR 0.82, 95% CI 0.72-0.94), and total events (adjusted rate ratio 0.77, 95% CI 0.71-0.84). Dapagliflozin reduced the primary endpoint in both men and women similarly (p-interaction=0.77) with no sex-related differences in secondary outcomes (all p-interactions > 0.35) or safety events. The benefit of dapagliflozin was observed across the entire EF spectrum and was not modified by sex (p-interaction > 0.40). There were no sex-related differences in serious adverse events, adverse events, or drug discontinuation due to adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: In DAPA-HF and DELIVER, the response to dapagliflozin was similar between men and women. Sex did not modify the treatment effect of dapagliflozin across the range of ejection fraction.

11.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189985

RESUMO

Importance: In 2 trials enrolling patients with heart failure (HF) across the spectrum of ejection fraction (EF), dapagliflozin has been shown to reduce the rate of the composite of worsening HF events or death from cardiovascular (CV) causes. Objective: To examine the effects of dapagliflozin on cause-specific CV and non-CV mortality across the spectrum of EF. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a participant-level, pooled, prespecified secondary analysis of data from the Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Heart Failure, or DAPA-HF trial (participant left ventricular EF [LVEF] ≤40%), and Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the Lives of Patients With Preserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure, or DELIVER trial (participant LVEF >40%), to assess the effects of randomized treatment on cause-specific mortality. The trials assigned adjacent populations of patients with chronic HF, New York Heart Association class II-IV symptoms, and elevated natriuretic peptides to treatment with dapagliflozin (10 mg, once daily) or placebo. The primary outcome for each study was a composite of worsening HF events (hospitalization or urgent heart failure visits) or CV death. Clinical outcomes, including all deaths, were adjudicated as to cause by clinical end points committees blinded to treatment assignment. Intervention: Dapagliflozin vs placebo. Main Outcomes and Measures: The mode of death in relation to baseline EF was examined, as well as the effect of randomized treatment on cause-specific death in Cox regression models. Relationships with continuous EF were modeled using Poisson regression. Results: Of 11 007 patients in the pooled data set, there were 1628 deaths during follow-up (mean [SD] age, 71.7 [10.3] years; 1139 male [70.0%]). Of those who died, 872 (53.5%) were ascribed to CV deaths, 487 (29.9%) to non-CV deaths, and 269 (16.5%) to undetermined causes. Of CV deaths, 289 (33.1%; this represented 17.8% of total deaths) were due to HF, 441 (50.6%; 27.1% of total deaths) were sudden, 69 (7.9%; 4.2% of total deaths) were due to stroke, 47 (5.4%; 2.9% of total deaths) to myocardial infarction, and 26 (3.0%; 1.6% of total deaths) were due to other CV causes. The proportion of non-CV deaths was higher in those with higher EF. In the pooled population, across the spectrum of EF, treatment with dapagliflozin was associated with lower rates of CV death (hazard ratio [HR], 0.86; 95% CI, 0.75-0.98; P = .02), principally due to lower rates of sudden death (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.70-1.01; P = .07) and HF death (HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.70-1.11; P = .30), with little difference in rates of death from stroke or MI. Conclusions and Relevance: In a pooled analysis of patients with HF in the DAPA-HF and DELIVER randomized clinical trials, across the full spectrum of LVEF, dapagliflozin significantly reduced risks of CV death with contributions from lower rates of sudden death and death from progressive HF. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03036124, NCT03619213.

12.
Heart Fail Clin ; 18(4): 579-586, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36216487

RESUMO

The trials of SLGT2 inhibitors in type 2 diabetes suggested a potential benefit of these drugs in patients with heart failure. When randomized trials confirmed their benefit in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, attention turned to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). In the EMPEROR-Preserved trial the SGLT2 inhibitor empagliflozin reduced the risk of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (HR 0.79 95%CI 0.69-0.9, P < .001). This was driven by a reduction in worsening HF events. SGLT2 inhibitors are likely to become the new standard of care in patients with HFPEF.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Circulation ; 146(14): 1067-1081, 2022 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors attenuate left ventricular (LV) enlargement after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Preclinical data suggest similar benefits with combined angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibition, but human data are conflicting. The PARADISE-MI Echo Study (Prospective ARNI Versus ACE Inhibitor Trial to Determine Superiority in Reducing Heart Failure Events After Myocardial Infarction) tested the effect of sacubitril/valsartan compared with ramipril on LV function and adverse remodeling after high risk-AMI. METHODS: In a prespecified substudy, 544 PARADISE-MI participants were enrolled in the Echo Study to undergo protocol echocardiography at randomization and after 8 months. Patients were randomized within 0.5 to 7 days of presentation with their index AMI to receive a target dose of sacubitril/valsartan 200 mg or ramipril 5 mg twice daily. Echocardiographic measures were performed at a core laboratory by investigators blinded to treatment assignment. The effect of treatment on change in echo measures was assessed with ANCOVA with adjustment for baseline value and enrollment region. The primary end points were change in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial volume (LAV), and prespecified secondary end points included changes in LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes. RESULTS: Mean age was 64±12 years; 26% were women; mean LVEF was 42±12%; and LAV was 49±17 mL. Of 544 enrolled patients, 457 (84%) had a follow-up echo at 8 months (228 taking sacubitril/valsartan, 229 taking ramipril). There was no significant difference in change in LVEF (P=0.79) or LAV (P =0.62) by treatment group. Patients randomized to sacubitril/valsartan demonstrated less increase in LV end-diastolic volume (P=0.025) and greater decline in LV mass index (P=0.037), increase in tissue Doppler e'lat (P=0.005), decrease in E/e'lat (P=0.045), and decrease in tricuspid regurgitation peak velocity (P=0.024) than patients randomized to ramipril. These differences remained significant after adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics. Baseline LVEF, LV end-diastolic volume, LV end-systolic volume, LV mass index, LAV, and Doppler-based diastolic indices were associated with risk of cardiovascular death or incident heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with sacubitril/valsartan compared with ramipril after AMI did not result in changes in LVEF or LAV at 8 months. Patients randomized to sacubitril/valsartan had less LV enlargement and greater improvement in filling pressure. Measures of LV size, systolic function, and diastolic properties were predictive of cardiovascular death and incident heart failure after AMI in this contemporary, well-treated cohort. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT02924727.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Aminobutiratos/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Bifenilo/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Neprilisina , Estudos Prospectivos , Ramipril/farmacologia , Ramipril/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Tetrazóis/efeitos adversos , Valsartana/uso terapêutico
17.
JACC Heart Fail ; 10(12): 902-913, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is used for diagnostic and prognostic evaluation in heart failure (HF). Previous clinical trials in heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF) or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have shown potential heterogeneity in the treatment response by baseline NT-proBNP levels. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the treatment effect of dapagliflozin across baseline levels of NT-proBNP among patients with HFmrEF or HFpEF. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis from DELIVER (Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the LIVEs of Patients With PReserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure), a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of dapagliflozin in patients with HFmrEF or HFpEF. Elevated NT-proBNP was part of the inclusion criteria (≥300 ng/L for non-atrial fibrillation or flutter [AFF]; ≥600 ng/L for AFF). Baseline NT-proBNP was categorized in quartiles and additionally analyzed continuously. The primary composite outcome was cardiovascular death or worsening HF events. RESULTS: Among the 6,262 included patients (mean: 71.7 years and 3,516 [56%] men), the median baseline concentration of NT-proBNP was 716 (Q1-Q3: 469-1,280) ng/L and 1,399 (Q1-Q3: 962-2,212) ng/L for non-AFF and AFF, respectively. Higher NT-proBNP levels were linearly associated with a greater risk of the primary outcome (adjusted HR for log2NTpro-BNP was 1.53 [95% CI: 1.46-1.62] and Q4 vs Q1: 3.46 [95% CI: 2.48-4.22]; P < 0.001), with consistent results regardless of AFF status. The clinical benefit of dapagliflozin was present irrespective of baseline NT-proBNP concentration (P value for interaction = 0.40 by quartiles and = 0.19 continuously for the primary outcome) and the absolute risk reduction was, therefore, greater with higher NT-proBNP concentrations. The effect on health status and safety of dapagliflozin was similarly consistent across NT-proBNP quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: Dapagliflozin is safe and improves outcomes irrespective of baseline NT-proBNP concentrations in HFmrEF or HFpEF, with the greatest absolute benefit likely seen in patients with higher NT-proBNP concentrations. (Dapagliflozin Evaluation to Improve the LIVEs of Patients With PReserved Ejection Fraction Heart Failure [DELIVER]; NCT03619213).


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Biomarcadores
18.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 24(10): 1892-1901, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054231

RESUMO

AIMS: This pre-specified analysis of the DELIVER trial examined whether clinical benefits of dapagliflozin in heart failure (HF) with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% varied by baseline New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and examined the treatment effects on NYHA class over time. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatment effects of dapagliflozin by baseline NYHA class II (n = 4713) versus III/IV (n = 1549) were examined on the primary endpoint (cardiovascular death or worsening HF event) and key secondary endpoints. Effects of dapagliflozin on change in NYHA class at 4, 16, and 32 weeks were also evaluated. Higher baseline NYHA class was associated with older age, female sex, greater comorbidity burden, lower LVEF, and higher natriuretic peptide levels. Participants with baseline NYHA class III/IV, as compared with II, were independently more likely to experience the primary endpoint (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.16 [95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.33]) and all-cause death (adjusted HR 1.22 [1.06-1.40]). Dapagliflozin consistently reduced the risk of the primary endpoint compared with placebo, irrespective of baseline NYHA class (HR 0.81 [0.70-0.94] for NYHA class II vs. HR 0.80 [0.65-0.98] for NYHA class III/IV; pinteraction  = 0.921). Participants with NYHA class III/IV had greater improvement in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire total symptom scores between baseline and 32 weeks (+4.8 [2.5-7.1]) versus NYHA class II (+1.8 [0.7-2.9]; pinteraction  = 0.011). Dapagliflozin was associated with higher odds of any improvement in NYHA class (odds ratio [OR] 1.32 [1.16-1.51]), as well as improvement to NYHA class I (OR 1.43 [1.17-1.75]), versus placebo at 32 weeks, with benefits seen as early as 4 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: Among symptomatic patients with HF and LVEF >40%, treatment with dapagliflozin provided clinical benefit irrespective of baseline NYHA class and was associated with early and sustained improvements in NYHA class over time.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Feminino , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , New York
19.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 24(10): 1856-1868, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054568

RESUMO

AIMS: Reflecting both increased venous pressure and reduced cardiac output, abnormal liver tests are common in patients with severe heart failure and are associated with adverse clinical outcomes. We aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of abnormal liver tests in ambulatory patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), explore any treatment interaction between bilirubin and sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and examine change in liver tests with SGLT2 inhibitor treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: We explored these objectives in the Dapagliflozin And Prevention of Adverse outcomes in Heart Failure (DAPA-HF) trial, with focus on bilirubin. We calculated the incidence of cardiovascular death or worsening heart failure by bilirubin tertile. Secondary cardiovascular outcomes were examined, along with the change in liver tests at the end-of-study visit. Baseline bilirubin was available in 4720 patients (99.5%). Participants in the highest bilirubin tertile (T3) have more severe HFrEF (lower left ventricular ejection fraction, higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP] and worse New York Heart Association class), had a greater burden of atrial fibrillation but less diabetes. Higher bilirubin (T3 vs. T1) was associated with worse outcomes even after adjustment for other predictive variables, including NT-proBNP and troponin T (adjusted hazard ratio for the primary outcome 1.73 [95% confidence interval 1.37-2.17], p < 0.001; and 1.52 [1.12-2.07], p = 0.01 for cardiovascular death). Baseline bilirubin did not modify the benefits of dapagliflozin. During follow-up, dapagliflozin had no effect on liver tests. CONCLUSION: Bilirubin concentration was an independent predictor of worse outcomes but did not modify the benefits of dapagliflozin in HFrEF. Dapagliflozin was not associated with change in liver tests. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03036124.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Bilirrubina , Fígado
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