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1.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658747

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is considered to mediate plant growth and development. However, whether H2 S regulates the adaptation of mangrove plant to intertidal flooding habitats is not well understood. In this study, sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) was used as an H2 S donor to investigate the effect of H2 S on the responses of mangrove plant Avicennia marina to waterlogging. The results showed that 24-h waterlogging increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death in roots. Excessive mitochondrial ROS accumulation is highly oxidative and leads to mitochondrial structural and functional damage. However, the application of NaHS counteracted the oxidative damage caused by waterlogging. The mitochondrial ROS production was reduced by H2 S through increasing the expressions of the alternative oxidase genes and increasing the proportion of alternative respiratory pathway in the total mitochondrial respiration. Secondly, H2 S enhanced the capacity of the antioxidant system. Meanwhile, H2 S induced Ca2+ influx and activated the expression of intracellular Ca2+ -sensing-related genes. In addition, the alleviating effect of H2 S on waterlogging can be reversed by Ca2+ chelator and Ca2+ channel blockers. In conclusion, this study provides the first evidence to explain the role of H2 S in waterlogging adaptation in mangrove plants from the mitochondrial aspect.

2.
Cells ; 12(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36672245

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a type of iron-dependent cell death caused by ferrous iron overload, reactive oxygen species generation through the Fenton reaction, and lipid peroxidation, leading to antioxidative system dysfunction and, ultimately, cell membrane damage. The functional role of ferroptosis in human physiology and pathology is considered a cause or consequence of diseases. Circulating exosomes mediate intercellular communication and organ crosstalk. They not only transport functional proteins and nucleic acids derived from parental cells but also serve as vehicles for the targeted delivery of exogenous cargo. Exosomes regulate ferroptosis by delivering the biological material to the recipient cell, affecting ferroptosis-related proteins, or transporting ferritin-bound iron out of the cell. This review discusses pathogenesis mediated by endogenous exosomes and the therapeutic potential of exogenous exosomes for ferroptosis-related diseases. In addition, this review explores the role of exosome-mediated ferroptosis in ferroptosis-related diseases with an emphasis on strategies for engineering exosomes for ferroptosis therapy.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Ferroptose , Humanos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Morte Celular , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos
3.
Environ Dev Sustain ; : 1-24, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687742

RESUMO

Built environment plays a significant role in optimizing building energy consumption. However, few studies have explored the comprehensive effect between built environment metrics on building energy consumption. Thus, this study aims to explore interrelationships between built environment on building energy consumption focused on moderating effect. In this study, we established a built environment measure system from the perspective of land use and land cover, landscape structure and building configuration. This study explored the correlation between built environment and building energy consumption and analyzed the moderating effect of building configuration emphatically. Results show that: for integrated grids group, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and modified normalized difference water index (MNDWI) have a positive influence and impervious area (IA) has a negative influence, with NDVI has the greatest impact. Building floor (BF), building coverage ratio (BCR) and aspect ratio can weaken the positive relationship between NDVI and energy use intensity of grid ( EUI grid ). BCR weakens the positive effect of MNDWI on EUI grid . The moderating effect of building configuration on EUI varies in the same grid group and among different grid groups. For sample 1, BCR inhibits the negative effect of mean perimeter-area ration (PARA-MN) on EUI grid . For sample 2, BF promotes the negative effect of number of patches and land use richness index (R) on EUI grid . And sky view factor inhibits the positive effect of IA on EUI grid . This study reveals the pathways of built environment on building energy consumption. As a result, the keys of optimizing building energy consumption are the reasonable planning and optimization of the urban built environment of different land cover. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10668-023-02930-w.

4.
J Pain Res ; 16: 83-92, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647434

RESUMO

Purpose: The present study aimed to explore the effects of continuous sacral block on the postoperative pain of children and the satisfaction of the nurses in post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Also, the influence of the modified protocol of continuous sacral block was investigated. Patients and Methods: A total of 60 children undergoing laparoscopic surgery were randomly divided into two groups: GI and GC groups. The general anesthesia was induced with midazolam, propofol, sufentanil and succinylcholine in both groups. In addition, the patients were subjected to continuous sacral block with levobupivacaine in group GC. The modified protocol of continuous sacral block was divided into three steps: comprehensive lumbar and sacral vertebral canal scanning by ultrasound, catheterization and administration. The EVENDOL pain scales and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scales of the children were evaluated at 5 min after extubation (T3), 90 min (T4), and 4 h (T5) after the operation. The nurses' satisfaction scores at T3 -T4 and adverse events, such as nausea and vomiting, were also recorded, after the operation. Results: After ultrasonic scanning, one patient in group GC was excluded due to the sacral hiatus atresia, which might lead to failure of catheterization. Data of 59 patients were collected for statistical analysis. Compared to the GI group, the EVENDOL scores and the pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scales were reduced at T3, T4, and T5 (P < 0.05) in group GC. Furthermore, there was a higher rank of PACU nurses' satisfaction in the GC group compared to the GI group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on the modified protocol, continuous sacral block provides reliable and safety analgesia for children undergoing laparoscopic surgery, thereby improving the satisfaction of PACU nurses.

5.
Water Res ; 229: 119395, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463677

RESUMO

Membrane fouling was still a challenge for the potential application of forward osmosis (FO) in algae dewatering. In this study, the fouling behaviors of Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus were compared in the FO membrane filtration process, and the roles of their soluble-extracellular polymeric substances (sEPS) and bound-EPS (bEPS) in fouling performance were investigated. The results showed that fouling behaviors could be divided into two stages including a quickly dropped and later a stable process. The bEPS of both species presented the highest flux decline (about 40.0%) by comparison with their sEPS, cells and broth. This performance was consistent with the largest dissolved organic carbon losses in feed solutions, and the highest interfacial free energy analyzed by the extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (XDLVO) theory. The chemical characterizations of algal foulants further showed that the severe fouling performance was also consistent with a proper ratio of carbohydrates and proteins contents in the cake layer, as well as the higher low molecular weight (LMW) components. Compared with the bEPS, the sEPS was crucial for the membrane fouling of S. obliquus, and an evolution of the membrane fouling structure was found in both species at the later filtration stage. This work clearly revealed the fundamental mechanism of FO membrane fouling caused by real microalgal suspension, and it will improve our understanding of the evolutionary fouling performances of algal EPS.

6.
J Diabetes Complications ; 37(1): 108362, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462459

RESUMO

AIMS: People with diabetes tend to face a higher risk of stroke. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated the different outcomes of new glucose-lowering drugs marketed in recent years on cardiovascular outcome events. The effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors on stroke risk were evaluated in published RCTs. METHODS: A search of Embase, Cochrane Library, and PubMed databases identified studies with stroke as an outcome event up to 3 December 2021. Risk ratios for stroke outcomes were analyzed using a fixed-effects model. I2 was used to assess the heterogeneity of the study. RESULTS: 19 RCTs with 155,027 participants with type 2 diabetes were identified. Pooled analysis showed that compared to placebo, GLP-1 agonists reduced non-fatal stroke by 15 % (RR = 0.85, 95%CI 0.77-0.94, P = 0.002, I2 = 0 %) and total stroke (RR = 0.84, 95%CI 0.77-0.93, P = 0.000, I2 = 0 %) by 16 %. SGLT-2 inhibitors and DPP-4 inhibitors were not significantly associated with lower stroke risk. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicates that GLP-1 agonists have potential benefits for stroke. However, further studies are needed if GLP-1 agonists are to be used to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with type 2 diabetes. More research is also needed to investigate the effects of new glucose-lowering drugs on different stroke subtypes. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: This protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/; registration number: CRD42022326382).

7.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205462, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453571

RESUMO

Acetylation of extracellular proteins has been observed in many independent studies where particular attention has been given to the dynamic change of the microenvironmental protein post-translational modifications. While extracellular proteins can be acetylated within the cells prior to their micro-environmental distribution, their deacetylation in a tumor microenvironment remains elusive. Here it is described that multiple acetyl-vWA domain-carrying proteins including integrin ß3 (ITGB3) and collagen 6A (COL6A) are deacetylated by Sirtuin family member SIRT2 in extracellular space. SIRT2 is secreted by macrophages following toll-like receptor (TLR) family member TLR4 or TLR2 activation. TLR-activated SIRT2 undergoes autophagosome translocation. TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6)-mediated autophagy flux in response to TLR2/4 activation can then pump SIRT2 into the microenvironment to function as extracellular SIRT2 (eSIRT2). In the extracellular space, eSIRT2 deacetylates ITGB3 on aK416 involved in cell attachment and migration, leading to a promotion of cancer cell metastasis. In lung cancer patients, significantly increased serum eSIRT2 level correlates with dramatically decreased ITGB3-K416 acetylation in cancer cells. Thus, the extracellular space is a subcellular organelle-like arena where eSIRT2 promotes cancer cell metastasis via catalyzing extracellular protein deacetylation.

8.
Opt Express ; 30(26): 47647-47658, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558688

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel and perfect absorber based on patterned graphene and vanadium dioxide hybrid metamaterial, which can not only achieve wide-band perfect absorption and dual-channel absorption in the terahertz band, but also realize their conversion by adjusting the temperature to control the metallic or insulating phase of VO2. Firstly, the absorption spectrum of the proposed structure is analyzed without graphene, where the absorption can reach as high as 100% at one frequency point (f = 5.956 THz) when VO2 is in the metal phase. What merits attention is that the addition of graphene above the structure enhances the almost 100% absorption from one frequency point (f = 5.956 THz) to a wide frequency band, in which the broadband width records 1.683 THz. Secondly, when VO2 is the insulating phase, the absorption of the metamaterial structure with graphene outperforms better, and two high absorption peaks are formed, logging 100% and 90.7% at f3 = 5.545 THz and f4 = 7.684 THz, respectively. Lastly, the adjustment of the Fermi level of graphene from 0.8 eV to 1.1 eV incurs an obvious blueshift of the absorption spectra, where an asynchronous optical switch can be achieved at fK1 = 5.782 THz and fK2 = 6.898 THz. Besides, the absorber exhibits polarization sensitivity at f3 = 5.545 THz, and polarization insensitivity at f4 = 7.684 THz with the shift in the polarization angle of incident light from 0° to 90°. Accordingly, this paper gives insights into the new method that increases the high absorption width, as well as the great potential in the multifunctional modulator.

9.
Swiss J Palaeontol ; 141(1): 19, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36439694

RESUMO

The Smithian-Spathian boundary (SSB) crisis played a prominent role in resetting the evolution and diversity of the nekton (ammonoids and conodonts) during the Early Triassic recovery. The late Smithian nektonic crisis culminated at the SSB, ca. 2.7 Myr after the Permian-Triassic boundary mass extinction. An accurate and high-resolution biochronological frame is needed for establishing patterns of extinction and re-diversification of this crisis. Here, we propose a new biochronological frame for conodonts that is based on the Unitary Associations Method (UAM). In this new time frame, the SSB can thus be placed between the climax of the extinction and the onset of the re-diversification. Based on the study of new and rich conodont collections obtained from five sections (of which four are newly described here) in the Nanpanjiang Basin, South China, we have performed a thorough taxonomical revision and described one new genus and 21 new species. Additionally, we have critically reassessed the published conodont data from 16 other sections from South China, and we have used this new, standardized dataset to construct the most accurate, highly resolved, and laterally reproducible biozonation of the Smithian to early Spathian interval for South China. The resulting 11 Unitary Association Zones (UAZ) are intercalibrated with lithological and chemostratigraphical (δ13Ccarb) markers, as well as with ammonoid zones, thus providing a firm basis for an evolutionary meaningful and laterally consistent definition of the SSB. Our UAZ8, which is characterized by the occurrence of Icriospathodus ex gr. crassatus, Triassospathodus symmetricus and Novispathodus brevissimus, is marked by a new evolutionary radiation of both conodonts and ammonoids and is within a positive peak in the carbon isotope record. Consequently, we propose to place the SSB within the separation interval intercalated between UAZ7 and UAZ8 thus leaving some flexibility for future refinement and updating. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1186/s13358-022-00259-x.

10.
Clin Kidney J ; 15(12): 2331-2339, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381367

RESUMO

Background: The visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) is an important risk factor for stroke and coronary heart disease and may also be associated with kidney damage and the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Data on the association between VVV in BP and the risk of CKD progression among patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) are limited. We aimed to evaluate the relationships of VVV in BP with the progression of IgAN. Methods: We assessed 1376 patients with IgAN at Peking University First Hospital. The main VVV in BP was expressed as the standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV) and average real variability (ARV). The associations of variability in BP with composite kidney disease progression events, defined as a 50% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and kidney failure, were examined using Cox models. Results: During a median follow-up of 44.1 months (interquartile range 23.0-76.7), 247 (18.0%) patients experienced composite kidney disease progression events. With a higher SD in systolic BP (SBP) values, the risk of kidney disease progression events increased {hazard ratio [HR] 1.07 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03-1.11]; P < .001} after maximal adjustment, including baseline SBP and mean SBP during the first 12-month period. Using the first quartile of SD SBP values as the reference, the risk of composite kidney disease progression events was higher among patients with higher SD SBP values; the HR was 2.12 (95% CI 1.31-3.44) in the highest quartile (P for trend < .001). A similar trend could be observed when analysing the SD of diastolic BP, but the risk was not significantly increased. The associations were similar when analysed with the CV and ARV. Conclusion: SBP variability was significantly associated with kidney disease progression in IgAN.

11.
Hemoglobin ; 46(4): 245-248, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36210651

RESUMO

ß-Thalassemia (ß-thal), a highly prevalent disease in tropical and subtropical regions of Southern China, is caused mainly by point mutations in the ß-globin gene cluster. However, large deletions have also been found to contribute to some types of ß-thal. We identified a novel 5 kb deletion in the ß-globin cluster in a Chinese patient using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), and characterized it with single molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing, gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR) and Sanger sequencing. The deletion was located between positions 5226189 and 5231091 on chromosome 11 (GRCh38), extending from 4 kb upstream of the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) to the second intron of the ß-globin gene. The patient with this deletion presented with microcytosis and hypochromic red cells, as well as relatively high Hb F and Hb A2 levels. Our research indicated that SMRT sequencing is a useful tool for accurate detection of large deletions. Our study broadens the spectrum of deletional ß-thalassemias and provides a perspective for further study of the function of the ß-globin cluster.


Assuntos
Globinas beta , Talassemia beta , Humanos , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Talassemia beta/genética , Deleção de Genes , Família Multigênica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Deleção de Sequência
12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 3281896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36199425

RESUMO

As nanoscale membranous vesicles, human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell-derived small extracellular vesicles (hucMSC-sEVs) have attracted extensive attention in the field of tissue regeneration. Under the premise that the mechanisms of hucMSC-sEVs on the treatment of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) have not been revealed clearly, we constructed DKD rat model with success. After tail vein injection, hucMSC-sEVs effectively reduced blood glucose, maintained body weight and improved renal function in DKD rats. Notably, we found that hucMSC-sEVs suppressed YAP expression in renal cortical regions. Further in vitro experiments, we confirmed that the expression of YAP in the nucleus of renal podocytes was increased, and the level of autophagy was inhibited in the high-glucose environment, which could be reversed by intervention with hucMSC-sEVs. We screened out the key protein 14-3-3ζ, which could not only promote YAP cytoplasmic retention instead of entering the nucleus, but also enhance the level of autophagy in the cytoplasm. Ultimately, excessive YAP protein was removed by autophagy, a classic way of protein degradation. In conclusion, our study provides new strategies for the prevention of DKD and proposes the possibility of hucMSC-sEVs becoming a new treatment for DKD in the future.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Proteínas de Sinalização YAP/metabolismo , Proteínas 14-3-3/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Cordão Umbilical
13.
Plant Divers ; 44(5): 436-444, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187549

RESUMO

Larch forests are important for species diversity, as well as soil and water conservation in mountain regions. In this study, we determined large-scale patterns of species richness in larch forests and identified the factors that drive these patterns. We found that larch forest species richness was high in southern China and low in northern China, and that patterns of species richness along an elevational gradient depend on larch forest type. In addition, we found that patterns of species richness in larch forests are best explained by contemporary climatic factors. Specifically, mean annual temperature and annual potential evapotranspiration were the most important factors for species richness of tree and shrub layers, while mean temperature of the coldest quarter and anomaly of annual precipitation from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present were the most important for that of herb layer and the whole community. Community structural factors, especially stand density, are also associated with the species richness of larch forests. Our findings that species richness in China's larch forests is mainly affected by energy availability and cold conditions support the ambient energy hypothesis and the freezing tolerance hypothesis.

14.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 889637, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117654

RESUMO

Background: We previously demonstrated that flurbiprofen increased arterial oxygen partial pressure and reduced intrapulmonary shunts. The present study aims to investigate whether flurbiprofen improves intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) and reduces the incidence of postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients undergoing one-lung ventilation (OLV). Methods: One hundred and twenty patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were randomly assigned to the flurbiprofen-treated group (n = 60) and the control-treated group (n = 60). Flurbiprofen was intravenously administered 20 minutes before skin incision. The rScO2 and partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2) were recorded during the surgery, and POD was measured by the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) within 5 days after surgery. The study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry with the number ChiCTR1800020032. Results: Compared with the control group, treatment with flurbiprofen significantly improved the mean value of intraoperative rScO2 as well as the PaO2 value (P < 0.05, both) and significantly reduced the baseline values of the rScO2 area under threshold (AUT) (P < 0.01) at 15, 30, and 60 min after OLV in the flurbiprofen-treated group. After surgery, the POD incidence in the flurbiprofen-treated group was significantly decreased compared with that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Treatment with flurbiprofen may improve rScO2 and reduce the incidence of POD in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic one-lung ventilation surgery for lung cancer. Clinical trial registration: http://www.chictr.org/cn/, identifier ChiCTR1800020032.

15.
ACS Nano ; 16(9): 14754-14764, 2022 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049118

RESUMO

Here, we introduce polymer of intrinsic microporosity 1 (PIM-1) to design single-layer and multilayered all-inorganic antireflective coatings (ARCs) with excellent mechanical properties. Using PIM-1 as a template in sequential infiltration synthesis (SIS), we can fabricate highly uniform, mechanically stable conformal coatings of AlOx with porosities of ∼50% and a refractive index of 1.41 compared to 1.76 for nonporous AlOx that is perfectly suited for substrates commonly used in high-end optical systems or touch screens (e.g., sapphire, conductive glass, bendable glass, etc.). We show that such films can be used as a single-layer ARC capable of reduction of the Fresnel reflections of sapphire to as low as 0.1% at 500 nm being deposited only on one side of the substrate. We also demonstrate that deposition of the second layer with higher porosity using block copolymers enables the design of graded-index double-layered coatings. AlOx structures with just two layers and a total thickness of less than 200 nm are capable of reduction of Fresnel reflections under normal illumination to below 0.5% in a broad spectral range with 0.1% reflection at 700 nm. Additionally, and most importantly, we show that highly porous single-layer and graded-index double-layered ARCs are characterized by high hardness and scratch resistivity. The hardness and the maximum reached load were 7.5 GPa and 13 mN with a scratch depth of about 130 nm, respectively, that is very promising for the structures consisting of two porous AlOx layers with 50% and 85% porosities, correspondingly. Such mechanical properties of coatings can also allow their application as protective layers for other optical coatings.

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(18)2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36143732

RESUMO

Polyester/cotton (T/C) blend fabrics are highly flammable due to the particular "scaffolding effect". In this work, an intumescent flame retardant (IFR) agent containing P, N, and B was designed and synthesized using bio-based phytic acid, pentaerythritol, boric acid, and urea. The IFR compounds were deposited onto a T/C blend fabric by the surface-coating route. The chemical structure of IFR agent and its potential cross-linking reactions with T/C fibers were characterized. The morphology, thermal stability, heat-release ability, flame retardancy, and mechanism of coated T/C blend fabrics were explored. The self-extinguishing action was observed for the coated T/C blend fabric with a weight gain of 13.7%; the limiting oxygen index (LOI) value increased to 27.1% versus 16.9% for a pristine one. Furthermore, the intumescent flame retardant (IFR) coating imparted T/C blend fabrics with high thermal stability and significantly suppressed heat release by nearly 50%. The char residue analyses on morphology and element content confirmed the intumescent FR action for coated T/C blend fabrics. The prepared IFR coating has great potential to serve as an eco-friendly approach for improving the flame retardancy of T/C blend textiles.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; 854: 158776, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116653

RESUMO

In order to reduce CO2 emissions, as well as realize the resource utilization of waste dander (WD) and the goal of international "peak carbon dioxide emissions" and "carbon neutrality", Biochar was prepared with WD via pyrolysis technology, achieving CaSO4 in situ generated on its surface, which could be used to inhibit soil organic carbon (SOC) from mineralizing and enhance soil carbon sequestration ability. The characterization results showed that the unstable carbon (C) structures as well as more conjugated structures were generated on Ca-BC, obtaining an increased C sequestration of Ca-BC to 21.70 %. With the application of Ca-BC, the mineralization rate of SOC was reduced to 0.451 mg CO2/(g·d), and the soil moisture content, pH and TOC content were increased to 45.48 %, 7.96 and 47.19 %. In addition, the bioinformatics analysis and redundancy analysis revealed that the application of Ca-BC promoted bacteria to convert into the stable C-dominant phyla (Firmicutes).

18.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 17(1): 85, 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057865

RESUMO

Double narrowband induced perfect absorption in the terahertz region is achieved in a graphene-dielectric-gold hybrid metamaterial, whose physical mechanism is analyzed using the coupled-mode theory (CMT), which agreed well with the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation. This study found that the Fermi level of graphene can be adjusted to improve the absorptivity when the refractive index (RI) nd of the chosen dielectric cannot achieve a good absorption effect. In addition, the blue shift of absorption spectrum can be used in the design of dual-frequency electro-optical switches, of which the modulation degree of amplitude (MDA) can reach as high as 94.05% and 93.41%, indicating that this is a very promising electro-optical switch. Most significantly, the RI sensing performance is investigated, which shows an ultra-high absorption sensitivity SA = 4.4°/RIU, wavelength sensitivity Sλ = 9.8°/RIU, and phase shift sensitivity Sφ = 2691°/RIU. At last, an interesting finding is that the two peaks (R1 and R2) of plasmon-induced absorption (PIA) show different polarization characteristics (insensitive or sensitive) to the incident light angle; this polarization-sensitive is particularly important for the PIT/PIA-based optical polarizers. Undoubtedly, this paper is of great significance to the research and design of terahertz photonic devices and sensors.

19.
Arch Virol ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083350

RESUMO

The wide spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has significantly threatened public health. Human herd immunity induced by vaccination is essential to fight the epidemic. Therefore, highly immunogenic and safe vaccines are necessary to control SARS-CoV-2, whose S protein is the antigenic determinant responsible for eliciting antibodies that prevent viral entry and fusion. In this study, we developed a SARS-CoV-2 DNA vaccine expressing the S protein, named pVAX-S-OP, which was optimized according to the human-origin codon preference and using polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid as an adjuvant. pVAX-S-OP induced specific antibodies and neutralizing antibodies in BALB/c and hACE2 transgenic mice. Furthermore, we observed 1.43-fold higher antibody titers in mice receiving pVAX-S-OP plus adjuvant than in those receiving pVAX-S-OP alone. Interferon gamma production in the pVAX-S-OP-immunized group was 1.58 times (CD3+CD4+IFN-gamma+) and 2.29 times (CD3+CD8+IFN-gamma+) lower than that in the pVAX-S-OP plus adjuvant group but higher than that in the control group. The pVAX-S-OP vaccine was also observed to stimulate a Th1-type immune response. When, hACE2 transgenic mice were challenged with SARS-CoV-2, qPCR detection of N and E genes showed that the viral RNA loads in pVAX-S-OP-immunized mice lung tissues were 104 times and 106 times lower than those of the PBS control group, which shows that the vaccine could reduce the amount of live virus in the lungs of hACE2 mice. In addition, pathological sections showed less lung damage in the pVAX-S-OP-immunized group. Taken together, our results demonstrated that pVAX-S-OP has significant immunogenicity, which provides support for developing SARS-CoV-2 DNA candidate vaccines.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 535: 82-91, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a serious infectious disease that lacks robust blood-based biomarkers to identify cured TB. Some discharged patients are not fully cured and may relapse or even develop multidrug-resistant TB. This study is committed to finding proteomic-based plasma biomarkers to support establishing laboratory standards for clinical TB cure. METHODS: Data-independent acquisition (DIA) was used to obtain the plasma protein expression profiles of TB patients at different treatment stages compared with healthy controls. Multivariate statistical methods and bioinformatics were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Bioinformatic analysis suggests coagulation dysfunction and vitamin and lipid metabolism disturbances in TB. Albumin (ALB), haptoglobin (HP), out at first protein homolog (OAF), and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) can be used to establish a diagnostic model for the efficacy evaluation of TB with an area under the curve of 0.963, which could effectively distinguish untreated TB patients from cured patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our research demonstrated that ALB, HP, OAF and RBP4 can be potential biomarkers for evaluating the efficacy of TB. These findings may provide experimental data for establishing the laboratory indicators of clinical TB cure and providing clinicians with new targets for exploring the underlying mechanisms of TB pathogenesis.

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