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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112809, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541942

RESUMO

A simple and specific, rapid resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for determination of chlorogenic acid in human plasma using neochlorogenic acid as the internal standard. Plasma samples were precipitated with methanol and separated on a Zorbax C18 column (50 × 2.1 mm, i.d. 1.8 µm) at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min using a gradient mobile phase of methanol-water containing 0.1% formic acid (v/v). The detection was performed on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer by multiple reaction monitoring in negative ESI mode. The method was fully validated over the concentration range of 10-2000 ng/mL. The indicators of inter- and intra-day precision (RSD%) were all within 10.7%, and the accuracy (RE%) was ranged from -3.0% to 10.6%. Moreover, we evaluated this bioanalytical method by re-analysis of incurred samples as an additional measure of assay reproducibility. This method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic study of CGA in Chinese subjects with advanced solid tumor after intramuscular injection administration of Chlorogenic acid for injection (CAFI).

2.
Psych J ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722451

RESUMO

Involuntary mental time travel (MTT) refers to the phenomenon of mentally reliving past experiences or pre-living possible future events in an involuntary form. Few studies have explored involuntary MTT in individuals with schizotypal personality features. The present study aimed to first explore the psychometric properties of the Involuntary Autobiographic Memory Inventory (IAMI) in a Chinese sample (Study 1), and then to explore whether individuals with schizotypal personality features experience involuntary MTT more frequently than individuals without schizotypal features. Moreover, the study explored whether the aberrant frequency of involuntary MTT is correlated with positive schizotypal features (Study 2). The results showed that the IAMI had good structural validity and reliability in a Chinese sample. Individuals with schizotypal traits reported a significantly higher frequency, less positive emotion, and stronger emotional intensity for both involuntary memories and future thoughts compared with individuals without schizotypal features. Further analyses in individuals with schizotypal personality features showed that the frequencies of both involuntary memories and future thoughts were significantly correlated with positive schizotypal traits. These results have potential theoretical and clinical implications for a comprehensive understanding of involuntary MTT among individuals with schizotypal personality features.

3.
Leg Med (Tokyo) ; 41: 101639, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706234

RESUMO

From a legal and penalty point of view, it is essential to conclude if an individual has reached the legal age (also known as age of majority). Although Cameriere's third molar maturity index (I3M) has been used to discriminate between adults and minors, no study has tested the applicability of I3M in the Eastern Chinese population. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of the region-specific cut-off value of I3M for discriminating minors from adults in an Eastern Chinese population. Five hundred fifty-six subjects (276 males and 280 females) aged 14-24 years participated in this study. A logistic regression analysis was conducted by considering the adult and minor ages as dichotomous dependent variables and I3M and sex as predictor variables. The results showed that sex was not statistically significant in distinguishing adults and minors. The receiver operating curve analysis showed the best performance of the cut-off value of I3M < 0.08 in discriminating adults from minors. Furthermore, the diagnostic test showed the proportion of accuracy was 90.22% in males and 86.43% in females. The sensitivity and specificity for males were 88% and 94.06%, respectively, while those for females were 83.71% and 91.18%, respectively. The estimated Bayes post-test probability was 97.18% and 96.01% in males and females respectively. Therefore, I3M < 0.08 may be a useful tool for indicating the legal age in Eastern Chinese population.

4.
Injury ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative hidden blood loss after hip hemiarthroplasty via the SuperPATH approach and the conventional posterior approach (the Moore approach). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2017, 130 patients (80.7 ±â€¯6.0 years) with displaced femoral neck fracture (Garden type III or IV) undergoing hip hemiarthroplasty were included in this study. As a non-randomisation study, Fifty-two patients (SuperPATH group) were operated using the SuperPATH approach, and 78 patients (Moore group) were operated with the conventional posterior approach (Moore approach). The demographic and relevant clinical information of the patients were collected. According to the combination formulas of Nadler, Gross and Sehat, the hidden blood loss (HBL) of each patient was calculated. Student's t-test for independent samples was used to compare the normally distributed variables and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare variables not following a normal distribution. RESULTS: The visible blood loss (VBL) in the SuperPATH group was 123.7 ±â€¯47.5 ml, the hidden blood loss (HBL) was 1084.1 ±â€¯816.8 ml and the HBL% was 82.7 ±â€¯16.5%. In the Moore group, the VBL was 303.6 ±â€¯139.6 ml, the HBL was 700.2 ±â€¯563.8 ml and the HBL% was 61.5 ±â€¯23.8%. The patients in the SuperPATH group had more HBL and HBL% (P < 0.05). However, no significant difference was observed of total blood loss (TBL) between the two groups (P = 0.125). CONCLUSIONS: HBL should not be ignored in patients who underwent hip hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures, as it is a significant portion of TBL. Compared with the conventional approach, the SuperPATH approach had a greater amount of HBL. A better understanding of HBL after hip hemiarthroplasty may help surgeons improve clinical assessment and ensure patient safety.

5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 95: 180-189, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600595

RESUMO

Low levels of stresses cause eustress while high stressful situations result in distress. Female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was reared under crowded conditions to mimic the stressful environment of intensive fishery production. Trout was stocked for 300 days with initial densities of 4.6 ±â€¯0.02 (final: 31.1 ±â€¯0.62), 6.6 ±â€¯0.03 (final: 40.6 ±â€¯0.77), and 8.6 ±â€¯0.04 (final: 49.3 ±â€¯1.09) kg/m3 as SD1, SD2 and SD3. We assessed molecular, cellular and organismal parameters to understand the flexibility of neuro-endocrine-immune network during stress. Trout with higher initial density (SD3) displayed the slightly activated hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis with positively increased antioxidant enzyme activities and anti-inflammatory cytokine transcriptions on day 60 or 120. These results indicated that low level of stress was capable of exerting eustress by activating neuro-endocrine-immune network with beneficial adaptation. Transition from eustress to distress was induced by the increased intensity and duration of crowding stress on day 240 and 300. The prolonged activation of HPI axis resulted in suppressed growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor (GH-IGF) axis, up-regulated cytokine transcriptions and severe reactive oxygen species stress. Stress means reset of neuro-endocrine-immune network with energy expenditure and redistribution. Digestive ability of trout with distress was also inhibited on day 240 and 300, indicating a decreased total energy supplement and energy distribution for functions are not necessary for surviving such as growth and reproduction. Consequently, we observed the dyshomeostasis of energy balance and neuro-endocrine-immune network of trout during long-term crowding conditions.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 700: 134391, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627044

RESUMO

In this study, bioaccumulation and transfer characteristics of dechlorane plus (DP) were examined between human adipose tissue and matched maternal serum, and the possible transfer mechanism between tissues was further discussed. The median level of total DP was 971 pg g-1 wet weight (ww) and 1.22 ng g-1 lipid weight (lw) in adipose tissue, respectively, and was 34.7 pg g-1 ww and 3.98 ng g-1 lw for serum, respectively. DP wet levels' positive association with fat contents of five types of human tissues indicated that DP distribution might be related to lipid-driven mechanism. However, the lipid-adjusted adipose-serum partitioning ratios were estimated to be 0.35 for syn-DP and 0.35 for anti-DP, accordingly, which implied that the DP distribution between serum and adipose tissues, was not only regulated by the tissue lipid contents. Both the internal mono-dechlorination of anti-DP, and stereo-selective behavior of DP isomers were not found in DP transfer from blood to adipose tissue. The marginal positive relationship was observed between serum levels and apolipoprotein A concentrations (p = 0.095 for total DP and 0.045 for syn-DP), and neither association was found between serum levels and thyroid hormone concentrations (THs). To our best knowledge, this is the first report about the accumulation relationship of DP between human adipose tissue and blood stream with the corresponding distribution-related mechanism.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(18): 7847-7858, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548436

RESUMO

Klotho beta (KLB) mediates binding of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 to the FGF receptor (FGFR). FGF21-KLB-FGFR signaling regulates multiple metabolic systems in the liver, and we hypothesized that FGF21, KLB and FGFR single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are involved in hepatic lipid accumulation. The SNPs were detected in 1688 individuals divided into four groups: non-obese without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), obese without NAFLD, non-obese with NAFLD, and obese with NAFLD. The A-allele of KLB SNP rs7670903 correlated with higher body mass index (P = 0.0005), and the A-allele frequency was higher in the obese than non-obese group (P = 0.003). The G-allele frequency of KLB rs7674434 and T-allele frequency of rs12152703 were higher in the obese with NAFLD than obese without NAFLD group (P = 0.004 and P = 0.006), but the genotype distribution between two non-obese groups did not differ. KLB rs7674434 and rs12152703 had associations with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively) levels in all subjects, but the associations were especially strong with ALT in the NAFLD group (P = 0.005 and P = 0.008, respectively). These findings suggest that KLB SNPs are related to obesity and hepatic inflammation and that they may be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.

8.
Appl Opt ; 58(20): 5388-5396, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504006

RESUMO

Ion beam polishing (IBP) has been widely used in smooth surface manufacturing. Nevertheless, the evolution of the process and mechanisms of the change in surface roughness have not yet been fully clarified. In this paper, the evolution of surface morphology at the micrometer scale under IBP is studied. First, a series of experimental results indicate that the results at the nanometer and micrometer scales are not consistent. Second, a two-step positioning method that can accurately acquire a contour location before and after polishing is proposed to improve the reliability of the experimental results at the micrometer scale. This method can help analyze the effect of surface morphology on the amount of material removal and can eliminate errors introduced by the method of averaging measurements at different positions selected randomly. Furthermore, a correlation analysis is conducted between the profiles of the amount of material removal and the initial contours, at the micrometer scale. A similarity is revealed between the removal amount and the initial morphology. Finally, a simulation of the evolution process of morphology is performed, based on the dominant smoothing mechanism. It is consistent with the experimental results. The simulation reveals that the mass redistribution of surface atoms, induced by the ion beam, plays an important role in the evolution of the micromorphology of the surface. The analysis helps to further research on roughness optimization at the micrometer scale.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(18)2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540417

RESUMO

Three-dimensional measurement with fringe projection sensor has been commonly researched. However, the measurement accuracy and efficiency of most fringe projection sensors are still seriously affected by image saturation and the non-linear effects of the projector. In order to solve the challenge, in conjunction with the advantages of stereo vision technology and fringe projection technology, an adaptive binocular fringe dynamic projection method is proposed. The proposed method can avoid image saturation by adaptively adjusting the projection intensity. Firstly, the flowchart of the proposed method is explained. Then, an adaptive optimal projection intensity method based on multi-threshold segmentation is introduced to adjust the projection illumination. Finally, the mapping relationship of binocular saturation point and projection point is established by binocular transformation and left camera-projector mapping. Experiments demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve higher accuracy for high dynamic range measurement.

10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been few reports of mutations in the beta-myosin heavy chain (MYH7) gene in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which is associated with sudden cardiac death caused by HCM. This study aimed to screen the mutation sites in the sarcomeric gene MYH7 in Chinese patients with HCM. We also planned to analyze the pathogenicity of the mutation site as well as its significance in clinical and forensic medicine. METHODS: From January 2006 to June 2017, autopsy cases were collected from the Department of Pathology, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao Autopsy Center and Technical Department of Criminal Police Detachment of Qingdao Public Security Bureau. The experiment was to detect MYH7 gene status in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from 18 independent autopsy cases who suffered HCM related sudden death (fatal HCM) and 20 cases without cardiomyopathy. Common mutation exon fragments of MYH7 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. The end-of-deoxygenation method and gene cloning method were further performed to analyze the mutation sites. Homologous comparison among mutant sites was conducted using BLAST online database. RESULTS: The 1336th nucleotide of MYH7 gene at exon 14 was converted from T to G in one HCM case, resulting in the conversion of threonine (Thr) at position 446 to proline (Pro). In another case, the 1402th nucleotide at exon 14 was converted from T to C, resulting in the conversion of phenylalanine (Phe) at position 468 to leucine (Leu). Homologous comparison results showed that the two amino acid residues of Thr446 and Phe468 are highly conserved among different species. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed fatal HCM harbored mutations of Thr446Pro and Phe468Leu in the MYH7 gene. It is significant for clinical and forensic medicine to further explore the functions and detailed mechanisms of these mutations.

11.
Conscious Cogn ; 74: 102774, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276909

RESUMO

Mind wandering has consistently been associated with impairments in cognition, emotion and daily performance. However, few experimental studies on mind wandering have been conducted in individuals with schizophrenia. The present study aimed to examine mind wandering in schizophrenia patients with a thought-sampling experiment embedded in a rapid go/no-go task and the relationship between the frequency of mind wandering and psychotic symptoms. Fifty-eight schizophrenia patients and 56 matched healthy controls were recruited and engaged in a task that assessed mind wandering. The results showed that schizophrenia patients (1.4%) reported less frequent mind wandering than healthy controls (5.8%). Moreover, there was no significant correlation between the frequency of mind wandering and psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia patients. Further studies in different stages of schizophrenia and in patients with more severe psychotic symptoms are needed to demonstrate a more comprehensive picture of mind wandering in schizophrenia.

12.
Exp Cell Res ; 382(2): 111468, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201812

RESUMO

Database screening indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in pathogenesis of endometrial cancer. Among these miRNAs, miR-449a might be involved in tumorigenesis and lower expression of miR-449a was associated with poor prognosis. However, the role of miR-449a and its underlying molecular mechanism in endometrial cancer (EC) has not been investigated. In this study, our analysis found that miR-449a expression is inversely correlated with the stage of EC. Downregulation of miR-449a was correlated with tumor progression and poor prognosis in the EC patients. Results of functional analyses revealed that overexpression of miR-449a in human EC cells alleviated cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis. Conversely, loss of miR-449a in EC cancer cells facilitated all these cellular activities. Moreover, we identified N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) as a direct and functional target gene of miR-449a in EC cells, and the expression of NDRG1 in 87 EC specimens were inversely correlated with that of miR-449a. Additionally, further studies show that the down-regulation of NDRG1 expression inhibited proliferation and metastasis of EC cells through the PTEN/AKT pathway. Therefore, these results suggest that miR-449a suppresses the growth and metastasis of EC by directly targeting the NDRG1 gene and that the activation of miR-449a may represent an effective therapeutic strategy in EC.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082484

RESUMO

The tyrosine 3-monooxygenase/tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation (14-3-3) proteins are a group of highly conserved homologous and heterologous proteins involved in a wild range of physiological processes, including the regulation of many molecular phenomena under different environmental salinities. In this study, we identified eleven 14-3-3 genes from the spotted sea bass (Lateolabrax maculatus) genome and transcriptomic databases and verified their identities by conducting phylogenetic, syntenic and gene structure analyses. The spotted sea bass 14-3-3 genes are highly conserved based on sequence alignment, conserved domains and motifs, and tertiary structural feature. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis of 14-3-3 genes in gill of spotted sea bass under normal physiological conditions indicated that the expression level of 14-3-3 zeta was the highest among tested genes, followed by 14-3-3 theta. Furthermore, expression profiles of 14-3-3 genes in gill tissue (in vivo and in vitro) indicated that the 14-3-3 zeta and 14-3-3 theta genes were significantly induced by different environmental salinities in spotted sea bass, suggesting their potential involvement in response to salinity challenge. Our findings may lay the foundation for future functional studies on the 14-3-3 gene family in euryhaline teleosts.

14.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 106, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid metabolism imbalance has been recognized as one of the major drivers of impaired glucose metabolism in the context of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the rates of which are steadily increasing worldwide. Impaired glucose regulation (IGR) plays a vital role in the prevention and treatment of T2DM. The goal of this study was to further clarify whether the combination of plant sterols (PS) and omega-3 fatty acids yields any synergistic effect that enhances the prevention and treatment of IGR. METHODS: A total of 200 participants were randomized to receive PS and omega-3 fatty acids (n = 50), PS alone (n = 50), omega-3 fatty acids alone (n = 50), or placebo soy bean powder plus placebo capsules (n = 50) for 12 weeks. Patient characteristics including body composition, blood pressure, glucose metabolism (Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting insulin (FINS), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR)), lipid metabolism (TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C) and inflammatory factors (Hs-CRP, IL-6) were all monitored in these IGR individuals. RESULTS: Compared to the placebo group, the group receiving the combined intervention exhibited significantly decreased TG, HDL-C, FBG, HOMA-IR and HbA1c. Omega-3 fatty acids alone were associated with significant reductions in waistline, TG, FBG, HOMA-IR and Hs-CRP. PS alone was only associated with decreased TG and Hs-CRP. No interventions produced significant changes in body weight, BMI, blood pressure, FINS, body fat percentage, visceral fat rating, TC, LDL-C or IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this study has demonstrated for the first time that PS, omega-3 fatty acids or the combination thereof significantly improved inflammation, insulin resistance, as well as glucose and lipid metabolism in IGR individuals. These findings may provide a scientific basis for the development of nutritional products incorporating PS and omega-3 fatty acids, and also for the development of nutritional supplement strategies aimed at preventing the development of disease in the IGR population.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/uso terapêutico , Intolerância à Glucose/sangue , Intolerância à Glucose/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fitosteróis/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fitosteróis/farmacologia
15.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 27(9): 948-959, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Late-life depression involves the disconnection of white matter tracts that regulate mood. A pathogenic link between poor tract integrity and depressive symptoms is believed to be white matter lesions (WML), however the mechanisms linking tract integrity, WML, and depression remains unexplored. The authors sought to identify whether the association between reduced tract integrity and depressive symptoms is mediated by WML in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), and whether individual characteristics moderate this effect. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in a tertiary memory clinic. A total of 91 patients with mild AD and 79 healthy elderly, comparable in depressive symptoms, white matter hyperintensities (WMH) volume, cardiovascular risk, age, and sex were chosen. Tract integrity was assessed using diffusion tensor imaging, WML were indexed as WMH, measured using fluid-attenuation inversion recovery imaging, and depressive symptoms were measured with the informant-based Geriatric Depression Scale. RESULTS: In patients with mild AD, reduced tract integrity in right hemispheric cortical-subcortical tracts and the genu of the corpus callosum was moderately associated with depressive symptoms. This association was fully mediated by WML. Moderation analysis indicated that old age strengthened the association between all tracts and depressive symptoms, as mediated by WML. In cognitively healthy elderly, neither tracts nor WML were related to depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: Reduced tract integrity may be important but not sufficient for the manifestation of depressive symptoms in mild AD. Instead, WML may drive the pathogenic link between reduced tract integrity and depressive symptoms.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217133, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125355

RESUMO

Acute change in water temperature causes heavy economic losses in the aquaculture industry. The present study investigated the metabolic and molecular effects of acute thermal stress on black rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii). Gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS)-based metabolomics was used to investigate the global metabolic response of black rockfish at a high water temperature (27°C), low water temperature (5°C) and normal water temperature (16°C). Metabolites involved in energy metabolism and basic amino acids were significantly increased upon acute exposure to 27°C (P < 0.05), and no change in metabolite levels occurred in the low water temperature group. However, certain fatty acid levels were elevated after cold stress (P < 0.05), and this effect was not observed in the 27°C group, suggesting that acute high and low temperature exposures caused different physiological responses. Using quantitative real-time PCR, we analyzed the expression of ubiquitin (ub), hypoxia-inducible factor (hif), lactate dehydrogenase (ldh), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (acac). Higher expression levels of ub, hif, and ldh (P < 0.05) were observed in the high water temperature group, but no changes in these expression levels occurred in the low water temperature group. Our findings provide a potential metabolic profile for black rockfish when exposed to acute temperature stress and provide some insights into host metabolic and molecular responses to thermal stress.

17.
Plant Cell Environ ; 42(8): 2340-2356, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938457

RESUMO

Hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) is emerging as an important signalling molecule involved in plant resistance to various stresses. However, the underlying mechanism of H2 S in aluminium (Al) resistance and the crosstalk between H2 S and nitric oxide (NO) in Al stress signalling remain elusive. Citrate secretion is a wide-spread strategy for plants against Al toxicity. Here, two citrate transporter genes, GmMATE13 and GmMATE47, were identified and characterized in soybean. Functional analysis in Xenopus oocytes and transgenic Arabidopsis showed that GmMATE13 and GmMATE47 mediated citrate exudation and enhanced Al resistance. Al treatment triggered H2 S generation and citrate exudation in soybean roots. Pretreatment with an H2 S donor significantly elevated Al-induced citrate exudation, reduced Al accumulation in root tips, and alleviated Al-induced inhibition of root elongation, whereas application of an H2 S scavenger elicited the opposite effect. Furthermore, H2 S and NO mediated Al-induced GmMATE expression and plasma membrane (PM) H+ -ATPase activity and expression. Further investigation showed that NO induced H2 S production by regulating the key enzymes involved in biosynthesis and degradation of H2 S. These findings indicate that H2 S acts downstream of NO in mediating Al-induced citrate secretion through the upregulation of PM H+ -ATPase-coupled citrate transporter cotransport systems, thereby conferring plant resistance to Al toxicity.

18.
Opt Express ; 27(5): 6268-6282, 2019 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876215

RESUMO

Traditional KDP polishing methods, such as magnetorheological finishing (MRF), ion-beam figuring (IBF), and chemical mechanical polishing (CMP), are limited by either hard-to-remove residual particles, unavoidable heating effect, or applicability that is restricted to large-sized KDP. The abrasive-free jet polishing (AFJP) is regarded as a promising polishing method that can circumvent the above issues. KDP AFJP makes use of a thermodynamically and kinetically stable ionic liquid (IL) microemulsion that contains nanometer range water droplets evenly dispersed in the non-aqueous carrier liquid. The sprayed out nanoscale water droplets can remove material through dissolution. In this paper, the normal impinging of a nanoscale water droplet on the KDP surface is investigated. And then a materials removal model is proposed for water droplets. This model considers two major modes, namely deformation of a water droplet in compressing and deformation restoring of a water droplet in slipping process. Finally, KDP AFJP spot experiments were then conducted to validate the model veracity. The proposed model fits well with the simulation and experimental results which further suggest KDP AFJP's feasibility. This proposed model provides a good explanation for KDP AFJP's removal mechanism.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 4749, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894627

RESUMO

Instead of assuming a constant relationship between brain abnormalities and memory impairment, we aimed to examine the stage-dependent contributions of multimodal brain structural and functional deterioration to memory impairment in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) continuum. We assessed grey matter volume, white matter (WM) microstructural measures (free-water (FW) and FW-corrected fractional anisotropy), and functional connectivity of the default mode network (DMN) in 54 amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and 46 AD. We employed a novel sparse varying coefficient model to investigate how the associations between abnormal brain measures and memory impairment varied throughout disease continuum. We found lower functional connectivity in the DMN was related to worse memory across AD continuum. Higher widespread white matter FW and lower fractional anisotropy in the fornix showed a stronger association with memory impairment in the early aMCI stage; such WM-memory associations then decreased with increased dementia severity. Notably, the effect of the DMN atrophy occurred in early aMCI stage, while the effect of the medial temporal atrophy occurred in the AD stage. Our study provided evidence to support the hypothetical progression models underlying memory dysfunction in AD cascade and underscored the importance of FW increases and DMN degeneration in early stage of memory deficit.

20.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(2): 99, 2019 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718500

RESUMO

Chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) is a recently identified gene associated with malignant tumor progression and patient chemotherapy resistance in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Previously, we found an association between CHD1L overexpression and poor patient survival in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, little is known about the relationship between CHD1L expression and chemotherapy resistance of NSCLC. By employing immunohistochemistry, we analyzed the expression of CHD1L in NSCLC samples and elucidated the roles and mechanism of CHD1L in NSCLC chemoresistance. We found that the increased expression of CHD1L is positively correlated with a shorter survival time of patients who had received chemotherapy after surgery. We also found that the expression of CHD1L was increased after cisplatin treatment in A549 cells. Conversely, the depletion of CHD1L in cisplatin-resistance cells increased the cell sensitivity to cisplatin, indicating that CHD1L plays a critical role in cisplatin resistance of NSCLC cells. Importantly, we identified the ATP-Binding Cassette Sub-Family B Member (ABCB1) gene as a potential downstream target of CHD1L in NSCLC cells. Knocking down ABCB1 coupled with ectopic expression of CHD1L enhanced the effect of cisplatin on NSCLC cells apoptosis. In addition, overexpressed CHD1L increase the transcription of c-Jun which targeted directly to the promoter of ABCB1. Our data demonstrate that CHD1L could induce cisplatin resistance in NSCLC via c-Jun-ABCB1-NF-κB axis, and may serve as a novel predictive marker and the potential therapeutic target for cisplatin resistance in NSCLC.

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