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1.
Lab Invest ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521991

RESUMO

Bioactive glass (BG) has recently shown great promise in soft tissue repair, especially in wound healing; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Pyroptosis is a novel type of programmed cell death that is involved in various traumatic injury diseases. Here, we hypothesized that BG may promote wound healing through suppression of pyroptosis. To test this scenario, we investigated the possible effect of BG on pyroptosis in wound healing both in vivo and in vitro. This study showed that BG can accelerate wound closure, granulation formation, collagen deposition, and angiogenesis. Moreover, western blot analysis and immunofluorescence staining revealed that BG inhibited the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in vivo and in vitro. In addition, while BG regulated the expression of connexin43 (Cx43), it inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Cx43 activation and inhibition experiments further indicate that BG inhibited pyroptosis in endothelial cells by decreasing Cx43 expression and ROS levels. Taken together, these studies suggest that BG promotes wound healing by inhibiting pyroptosis via Cx43/ROS signaling pathway.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study focused on the development of a self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) to improve, potentially, the solubility and oral bioavailability of liquiritin (LQ). METHODS: The solubility of LQ in different types of excipient, namely oils (OLs), emulsifiers (EMs), and co-emulsifiers (CO-EMs), was evaluated, and a pseudo-ternary phase diagram (PTPD) and the formulation optimization were established. The prepared self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system of liquiritin (LQ-SNEDDS) was assessed using droplet size (DS), zeta potential (ZP), polydispersity index (PDI), droplet morphology, drug release in vitro, and oral bioavailability. RESULTS: After the dilution of the LQ-SNEDDS, a transparent nanoemulsion was obtained with an acceptable DS (24.70 ± 0.73 nm), ZP (-18.69 ± 1.44 mV), and PDI (0.122 ± 0.006). The LQ-SNEDDS that was developed had a better release rate in vitro than the free LQ suspension. Pharmacokinetic evaluation showed that the relative oral bioavailability of LQ-SNEDDS was increased by 5.53 times, and LQ-SNEDDS exhibited a delayed half life and longer retention time in comparison with those of free LQ. Similarly, LQ-SNEDDS had a better urate lowering effect and provided better organ protection than free LQ at the same dose (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The incorporation of LQ into SNEDDS could serve as a promising approach to improve the solubility, oral bioavailability, and anti-hyperuricemic effect of LQ. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
Front Immunol ; 12: 660842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484174

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a phospholipid that regulates pleiotropic biological activities and exerts extracellular functions by binding to five specific G-protein-coupled receptors, S1P receptors (S1PR) 1-5. When activated by S1P, S1PR promote the proliferation and invasion of tumor cells by inducing the formation of new blood vessels. We developed and assessed a new monoclonal antibody imaging probe 99mTc-HYNIC-S1PR1mAb, to explore the feasibility of targeting the S1PR1 in vitro and in vivo. S1PR1mAb was prepared and followed by technetium-99m labeling with succinimidyl 6-hydraziniumnicotinate hydrochloride. Cell uptake and blocking studies were performed to investigate the binding specificity of 99mTc-HYNIC-S1PR1mAb in vitro. 99mTc-HYNIC-S1P1mAb was also tested in vivo in mice xenografted with SK-HEP-1 (high-expression of S1PR1) and MCF-7 (low-expression of S1PR1) using single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT). Ex vivo gamma counting of tissues from tumor-bearing mice was used to evaluate 99mTc-HYNIC-S1PR1mAb biodistribution. The biodistribution study results showed significantly higher uptake in SK-HEP-1 tumors than in MCF-7 tumors (P < 0.001). Reduced uptake of 99mTc-HYNIC-S1PR1mAb in SK-HEP-1 was observed in tumor-bearing nude mice pretreated with fingolimod, which binds competitively to the receptors, especially S1PR1. 99mTc-HYNIC-S1PR1mAb can be synthesized and specifically targeted to S1PR1 in vitro and in vivo, allowing S1PR1 expression assessment with SPECT imaging.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 662, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deer mice (genus Peromyscus) are the most common rodents in North America. Despite the availability of reference genomes for some species, a comprehensive database of polymorphisms, especially in those maintained as living stocks and distributed to academic investigators, is missing. In the present study we surveyed two populations of P. maniculatus that are maintained at the Peromyscus Genetic Stock Center (PGSC) for polymorphisms across their 2.5 × 109 bp genome. RESULTS: High density of variation was identified, corresponding to one SNP every 55 bp for the high altitude stock (SM2) or 207 bp for the low altitude stock (BW) using snpEff (v4.3). Indels were detected every 1157 bp for BW or 311 bp for SM2. The average Watterson estimator for the BW and SM2 populations is 248813.70388 and 869071.7671 respectively. Some differences in the distribution of missense, nonsense and silent mutations were identified between the stocks, as well as polymorphisms in genes associated with inflammation (NFATC2), hypoxia (HIF1a) and cholesterol metabolism (INSIG1) and may possess value in modeling pathology. CONCLUSIONS: This genomic resource, in combination with the availability of P. maniculatus from the PGSC, is expected to promote genetic and genomic studies with this animal model.


Assuntos
Altitude , Peromyscus , Animais , Genômica , Modelos Animais , Peromyscus/genética , Polimorfismo Genético
5.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 159-166, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adhesives' enamel bonding performance utilising the traditional microtensile bond strength test (µTBST) and a new double-sided microtensile bond strength test (DµTBST) to assess the suitability of the latter. METHODS: A 'tug-of-war' direct encounter design was employed to compare the enamel bond strengths of two universal adhesives and their different application modes simultaneously under the same tensile load applied to double-sided bonded specimens. Clearfil Universal Bond (CU; Kuraray, Kurashiki, Japan) and Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SB; 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA) were applied in self-etch (S) and etch-and-rinse (E) mode on 110 human molar samples to perform two experiments. Experiment 1 compared the enamel bond strengths of the combinations of adhesive application modes utilising µTBST. The data were analysed using a Welch analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by a Games-Howell test. Experiment 2 employed DµTBST to determine the suitability of the new double-sided bonded assembly and ascertain which of the adhesive application mode combinations was superior. The data were analysed using a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, followed by pairwise comparisons with a Mantel-Cox log-rank test. The level of significance was set at P ˂ 0.05. RESULTS: The µTBST results did not show significant differences for CUE vs CUS, SBE vs SBS, CUS vs SBS and CUS vs SBE (P ˃ 0.05); however, from DµTBST, the survival distributions for the interventions were statistically significantly different (χ2(3) = 145.130, P ˂ 0.0005), indicating the superiority of universal adhesive CU over SB and application mode E over S with certainty. CONCLUSION: DµTBST was able to add more discerning outcomes to the µTBST results, indicating that the new technique could become a valuable adjunct to the conventional method.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
6.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(42): 22933-22939, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431192

RESUMO

A built-in electric field in electrocatalyst can significantly accumulate higher concentration of NO3 - ions near electrocatalyst surface region, thus facilitating mass transfer for efficient nitrate removal at ultra-low concentration and electroreduction reaction (NO3 RR). A model electrocatalyst is created by stacking CuCl (111) and rutile TiO2 (110) layers together, in which a built-in electric field induced from the electron transfer from TiO2 to CuCl (CuCl_BEF) is successfully formed . This built-in electric field effectively triggers interfacial accumulation of NO3 - ions around the electrocatalyst. The electric field also raises the energy of key reaction intermediate *NO to lower the energy barrier of the rate determining step. A NH3 product selectivity of 98.6 %, a low NO2 - production of <0.6 %, and mass-specific ammonia production rate of 64.4 h-1 is achieved, which are all the best among studies reported at 100 mg L-1 of nitrate concentration to date.

7.
J Microencapsul ; : 1-13, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338606

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to develop licochalcone A-loaded self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (LCA-SMEDDS) to improve bioavailability and anti-hyperuricemic activity of hydrophobic natural compound licochalcone A (LCA). The prepared LCA-SMEDDS was characterised by transmission electron microscopy analysis, particle size, polymer dispersity index (PDI), zeta potential, stability tests and in vitro release analysis. LCA-SMEDDS and free LCA were orally administered to Sprague-Dawley rats to investigate respective bioavailability. The hyperuricaemia rat model was established to evaluate anti-hyperuricemic activity. The particle size, PDI, and zeta potential of LCA-SMEDDS were 25.68 ± 0.79 nm, 0.074 ± 0.024, -14.37 ± 2.17 mV. The oral bioavailability of LCA-SMEDDS was increased 2.36-fold compared with the free LCA. The uric acid level of LCA-SMEDDS group (200 mg/kg) was decreased 60.08% compared with model control group. The developed LCA-SMEDDS could be an outstanding candidate for improving oral bioavailability and anti-hyperuricemic activity of LCA.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the active compounds and the molecular mechanism of Cyathula Officinalis as a drug treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The target genes of active ingredients from Cyathula Officinalis were obtained from bioinformatics analysis tool for the molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine. The protein-protein interaction between the target genes were analyzed using STRING and Genemania. The transcriptome of RA patients compared to healthy people (GSE121894) were analyzed using R program package Limma. The relative expression of the target genes was obtained from the RNA-seq datasets. The molecular docking analyses were processed based on the molecular model of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) binding with estradiol (PDB ID:1A52). The binding details were analyzed by SYBYL. RESULTS: Inokosterone, ecdysterone, and cyaterone were the 3 active ingredients from Cyathula Officinalis that bind to target genes. Of all the significantly changed genes from RA patients, ESR1, ADORA1, and ANXA1 were significantly increased in mRNA samples of RA patients. CONCLUSION: ESR1, the transcription factor that binds inokosterone in the molecular binding analysis, is the target protein of Cyathula Officinalis.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463962

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin resistance inevitably occurs in almost all cases of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), and it is important to study the roles of lncRNAs and their specific regulatory mechanisms in oxaliplatin resistance. Exosomes are increasingly designed for drug or functional nucleic acid delivery due to their properties, thereby improving the effectiveness of cancer therapy. The results of this study show that the low expression of PGM5 antisense RNA 1 (PGM5-AS1) in colon cancer is induced by transcription inhibitor, GFI1B. PGM5-AS1 prevents proliferation, migration, and acquired oxaliplatin tolerance of colon cancer cells. Exosomes encapsulating oxaliplatin and PGM5-AS1 can reverse drug resistance. For identifying differentially expressed target genes regarding PGM5-AS1, RNA transcriptome sequencing was performed. The mechanism by which PGM5-AS1 regulates its target genes was explored by performing experiments such as fluorescent in situ hybridization assay, dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation. The results show that by recruiting SRSF3, PGM5-AS1 activates alternate splicing to downregulate PAEP expression. For hsa-miR-423-5p, PGM5-AS1 can also act as a sponge to upregulate the NME1 expression.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2355-2362, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313052

RESUMO

Stand density is a critical factor impacting the diversity of understory plants. We analyzed the diversity of understory plants and soil seed banks, as well as their relationship by setting up three planting densities in a Pinus massoniana plantation, including low density (1575 trees·hm-2, D1), medium (2474 trees·hm-2, D2), and high (3550 trees·hm-2, D3). It aimed to provide a scientific basis for the implementation of the multi-objective sustainable development of plantations. The results showed that there were 70 species of herbs and shrubs belonging to 42 families and 62 genera. D1 was dominated by heliophiles, whereas both the D2 and D3 were dominated by shade-tolerant species. The Margalef (M), Shannon (H), Simpson (D), Pielou (Jsw), and Altalo (Al) indices of the herbs and shrubs exhibited a downward trend with increasing stand den-sity. In the herb layer, D1 and D3 showed significant difference in H, D, Jsw and Al. There were significant differences of Jsw and Al in the shrub layer among the three stand densities, but no diffe-rence of H and D. H, D, Jsw and Al in the soil seed bank first decreased and then increased with increasing stand density, with species richness and diversity being the highest in D1. The similarity coefficient of Jaccard and Sorensen among different stand densities was low. In the herb layer, M was positively correlated with Jsw. The correlations between stand density and H, D, Jsw and Al were greater in the shrub layer than in the herb layer. There was significant negative correlation between stand density and Jsw both in the shrub and herb layers. The stand density of 1575 trees·hm-2 was comparatively beneficial for the development of understory, plant diversity, and sustainability of P. massoniana plantation.


Assuntos
Pinus , China , Humanos , Banco de Sementes , Solo , Árvores
11.
Theranostics ; 11(14): 6800-6817, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093854

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy is a new and effective form of adoptive cell therapy that is rapidly entering the mainstream for the treatment of CD19-positive hematological cancers because of its impressive effect and durable responses. Huge challenges remain in achieving similar success in patients with solid tumors. The current methods of monitoring CAR-T, including morphological imaging (CT and MRI), blood tests, and biopsy, have limitations to assess whether CAR-T cells are homing to tumor sites and infiltrating into tumor bed, or to assess the survival, proliferation, and persistence of CAR-T cells in solid tumors associated with an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Radionuclide-based molecular imaging affords improved CAR-T cellular visualization and therapeutic monitoring through either a direct cellular radiolabeling approach or a reporter gene imaging strategy, and endogenous cell imaging is beneficial to reflect functional information and immune status of T cells. Focusing on the dynamic monitoring and precise assessment of CAR-T therapy, this review summarizes the current applications of radionuclide-based noninvasive imaging in CAR-T cells visualization and monitoring and presents current challenges and strategic choices.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral , Animais , Genes Reporter , Humanos , Camundongos , Radioisótopos , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
FASEB J ; 35(7): e21665, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131955

RESUMO

The pro-inflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), has been suggested to be a key factor in the induction of obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction. However, the role that macrophage-derived TNF-α has on regulating metabolic perturbations in obesity is not completely understood. Therefore, we utilized the TNF-αFlox/Flox (F/F) , LyzMcre± mouse model to determine the impact that macrophage TNF-α deletion has on the development of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. At 10 weeks of age, male littermates were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups: TNF-αF/F low-fat diet (TNF-αF/F LFD), TNF-αF/F, LyzMCre LFD, TNF-αF/F HFD, or TNF-αF/F, LyzMCre HFD (n = 16-28/group) and were fed their respective diets for 18 weeks. Body weight was assessed throughout the course of the experiment. Body composition, hepatic lipid accumulation, and metabolic outcomes were also examined. A microarray gene expression experiment was performed from RNA isolated from epididymal adipose tissue of the HFD-fed groups (n = 10/group) and results were verified via qRT-PCR for all groups. Macrophage-derived TNF-α deletion significantly reduced adipose tissue TNF-α gene expression and circulating TNF-α and downregulated genes linked to the toll-like receptor (TLR) and NFκB signaling pathways. However, macrophage TNF-α deletion had no effect on hindering the development of obesity, hepatic lipid accumulation, or improving glucose metabolism or insulin sensitivity. In conclusion, macrophage-derived TNF-α is not a causative factor for the induction of obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Inflamação/patologia , Resistência à Insulina , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/fisiologia , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Feminino , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/etiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout
13.
Front Immunol ; 12: 642546, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33936059

RESUMO

Background: Vaccination is the best way to protect children under 5 years from death or disability. Children with biliary atresia (BA), which is the most common pediatric cholestatic end-stage liver disease (PELD), are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. However, the vaccination coverage and factors modulating vaccine responses in children with BA are largely unknown. Methods: In this study, 288 children (median age: 7 months) diagnosed with BA before liver transplantation were enrolled for the evaluation of vaccination status and the factors affecting the immune response to the hepatitis B (HBV) vaccine. Moreover, 49 BA children (median age: 4 months) were enrolled for flow cytometric analysis of CD4+ T cells and CD19+ B cell subsets and correlations with serum bile acid levels. Results: Generally, these children had very low routine vaccination rates for the meningococcal serogroup AC (Men AC) (41.2%), measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) (31.3%), poliomyelitis (Polio) (25.3%), hepatitis A (HAV) (25.0%), Japanese encephalitis (JE) (15.0%), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) (14.2%), meningococcal serogroup A (Men A) (13.5%) and varicella (VAR) (10.8%) vaccines, but not for the HBV (96.2%) and bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) (84.7%) vaccines. Remarkably, 19.8% (57/288) of the patients had HBV infection. Out of 220 patients vaccinated for HBV, 113 (51.4%), 85 (38.6%) and 22 (10%) had one, two or three doses of the HBV vaccine, respectively. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis revealed that the bile acid level was an independent factor associated with poor HBV vaccine response (p = 0.03; OR = 0.394; 95% CI = 0.170-0.969). Immunophenotyping showed that bile acids were only negatively correlated with the CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell ratio (p = 0.01). Conclusion: This study reveals the overall vaccination rates of routine vaccines in Chinese BA children are very low and the poor HBV vaccine responses are associated with bile acids, possibly via the inhibition of CD19+CD27+IgG+ post-class-switched memory B cell response. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.chictr.org.cn, identifier ChiCTR1800019165.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/sangue , Atresia Biliar , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/imunologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Pharmazie ; 76(5): 220-224, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964996

RESUMO

Anisodamine exerts significant protective effect on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in various organs. However, little is known about the mechanisms of anisodamine in renal I/R injury. Activation of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) pathway promotes the repair of renal epithelial cells following oxidant injury. The present study investigated whether the renoprotective role of anisodamine against renal I/R injury in rats was associated with the activation of ERK signaling pathway. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were separated into the following groups: Sham-operated group, I/R group, anisodamine-treated group, PD98059 (MEK-1/ERK inhibitor)-treated group and anisodamine plus PD98059-treated group. A rat model of renal I/R was established by excising the right kidney and then clamping the left renal pedicle for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 24 h. Serum and renal tissue samples were obtained for assays of the associated morphological, molecular and biochemical parameters. Treatment with anisodamine ameliorated renal I/R injury, as evidenced by improvements of renal histology and kidney function, a decrease in paller's score and apoptosis index. Anisodamine also upregulated the phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and its downstream targets, including 90 ribosomal S6 kinase (p90rsk) and Bad, as well as the expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein, downregulated the expression levels of proapoptotic proteins Bax and cleaved-caspase-3, whereas these effects were greatly abolished by administration of PD98059. In conclusion, the results suggest that anisodamine prevents renal I/R injury in rats as a result of an activation of the ERK signaling pathway and anti-apoptotic properties.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860450

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to fabricate a novel drug delivery system using Soluplus® (polyvinyl caprolactam-polyvinyl acetate-polyethylene glycol graft copolymer) and glycyrrhizic acid to improve solubility, bioavailability, and anti-hyperuricemic activity of aloe emodin (AE). The AE-loaded mixed micelles (AE-M) were prepared by thin-film hydration method. The optimal AE-M contained small-sized (30.13 ± 1.34 nm) particles with high encapsulation efficiency (m/m, %) of 90.3 ± 1.08%. The release rate of AE increased in the micellar formulation than that of free AE in the four media (DDW, pH 7.0; phosphate buffer solution, pH 7.4; phosphate buffer solution, pH 6.8; and hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, pH 1.2). In comparison to free AE, the pharmacokinetic study of AE-M showed that its relative oral bioavailability increased by 3.09 times, indicating that mixed micelles may promote gastrointestinal absorption. More importantly, AE-M effectively reduced uric acid level by inhibiting xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity in model rats. The degree of ankle swelling, serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-6-related inflammatory factors levels all decreased in the gouty arthritis model established via monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. Taken together, the AE-M demonstrated the potential to improve the bioavailability, anti-hyperuricemic activity, and anti-inflammation of AE.

16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(3): 951-958, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754561

RESUMO

To solve the problem of uncoordinated source-sink relationship that limits the increase of peanut yield, we investigated the regulating effects of ethephon on the formation of source-sink in cultivar Shanhua 9 by spraying at 10, 20, and 30 d after anthesis in a field experiment. The results showed that spraying ethephon at 10 d and 20 d after anthesis significantly reduced the number of flowers, pegs and young pods, but increased the number of immature pods and mature pods. Spraying at 30 d after anthesis did not affect the number of flowers, pegs and young pods. Spraying ethephon could improve the leaf area per plant. Spraying at 10 d after anthesis achieved the highest leaf area per plant and the increment amplitude decreased with the delay of spraying stage. Spraying ethephon at 10 d and 20 d after anthesis significantly improved the photosynthetic performance of peanut, whereas spraying at 30 days after anthesis increased the photosynthesis only in the short-term and had no effect at late growth period. In terms of the comprehensive characters of source and sink, spraying ethephon at 20 d after anthesis achieved the most harmonious source-sink relationship, which could promote the transport of photosynthate to pods and increase the economic pods ratio, pod fullness, and the yield. Therefore, spraying ethephon is an effective practice to solve the problems of "more flowers but less pegs" and "more pods but less kernels" in peanut. The optimum spraying stage of ethephon to regulate flowering should be at 20 d after anthesis.


Assuntos
Arachis , Fotossíntese , Compostos Organofosforados/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta
17.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 10, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNA can regulate gene at various levels such as apparent genetics, alternative splicing, and regulation of mRNA degradation. However, the molecular mechanism of LncRNA in cholangiocarcinoma is still unclear. This deserves further exploration. METHODS: We investigated the expression of AGAP2-AS1 in 32 CCA tissues and two CCA cell lines. We found a LncRNA AGAP2-AS1 which induced by SP1 has not been reported in CCA, and Knockdown and overexpression were used to investigate the biological role of AGAP2-AS1 in vitro. CHIP and RIP were performed to verify the putative targets of AGAP2-AS1. RESULTS: AGAP2-AS1 was significantly upregulated in CCA tumor tissues. SP1 induced AGAP2-AS1 plays an important role in tumorigenesis. AGAP2-AS1 knockdown significantly inhibited proliferation and caused apoptosis in CCA cells. In addition, we demonstrated that AGAP2-AS1 promotes the proliferation of CCA. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the long non-coding RNA AGAP2-AS1 plays a role in promoting the proliferation of cholangiocarcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias
18.
Neuron ; 109(7): 1100-1117.e10, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606969

RESUMO

Aging results in gray and white matter degeneration, but the specific microglial responses are unknown. Using single-cell RNA sequencing from white and gray matter separately, we identified white matter-associated microglia (WAMs), which share parts of the disease-associated microglia (DAM) gene signature and are characterized by activation of genes implicated in phagocytic activity and lipid metabolism. WAMs depend on triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) signaling and are aging dependent. In the aged brain, WAMs form independent of apolipoprotein E (APOE), in contrast to mouse models of Alzheimer's disease, in which microglia with the WAM gene signature are generated prematurely and in an APOE-dependent pathway similar to DAMs. Within the white matter, microglia frequently cluster in nodules, where they are engaged in clearing degenerated myelin. Thus, WAMs may represent a potentially protective response required to clear degenerated myelin accumulating during white matter aging and disease.


Assuntos
Microglia/fisiologia , Substância Branca/citologia , Substância Branca/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Doenças Desmielinizantes/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Substância Cinzenta/citologia , Substância Cinzenta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Imuno-Histoquímica , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Microglia/ultraestrutura , Bainha de Mielina/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/biossíntese , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Análise de Célula Única
19.
Drug Dev Ind Pharm ; 47(2): 308-318, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Liquiritin, as one of the main flavonoids in Glycyrrhiza, exhibits extensive pharmacological effects, such as the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and so on. Herein, the aqueous solubility and oral bioavailability of liquiritin was purposely enhanced via the preparation of the mixed micelles. METHODS: The liquiritin-loaded micelles (LLM) were fabricated via thin-film dispersion method. The optimal LLM formulation was evaluated through physical properties including particle size (PS), encapsulation efficiency (EE) and drug loading (DL). In vitro accumulate release as well as in vivo pharmacokinetics were also evaluated. Moreover, the hypolipidemic activity of LLM was observed in the hyperlipidemia mice model. RESULTS: The LLM exhibited a homogenous spherical shape with small mean PS, good stability and high encapsulation efficiency. The accumulate release rates in vitro of the LLM were obviously higher than free liquiritin. The oral bioavailability of the formulation was heightened by 3.98 times in comparison with the free liquiritin. More importantly, LLM increased the hypolipidemic and effect of alleviating lipid metabolism disorder in hepatocytes of liquiritin in hyperlipidemia mice model. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, the improved solubility of liquiritin in water coupled with its enhanced oral bioavailability and concomitant hypolipidemic activity could be attributed to the incorporation of the drug into the mixed micelles.


Assuntos
Flavanonas/administração & dosagem , Glucosídeos/administração & dosagem , Micelas , Administração Oral , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Portadores de Fármacos , Flavanonas/química , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade
20.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-10, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459072

RESUMO

PURPOSE: By using full body radiograph, the aim of the current study was to elucidate the expected degree of lower extremity compensatory change after long thoracolumbar realignment surgery with adult spinal deformity patient who had normal or only mild osteoarthritis on lower extremities. METHODS: Two novel parameters were used for assessment of regional compensation of the lower extremity. The Pearson correlation test was used to assess the correlation of postoperative changes of lower extremity compensation with the other spinopelvic parameters. RESULTS: Overall, 113 spinal deformity patients (mean age was 54.5 years) were recruited and the average number of fused vertebrae was 13.3 ± 3.5. Except pelvic tilt (PT), postoperative sacrum-femur angle (SF) changes showed only moderate correlation with all angular spinopelvic parameters (r = 0.323-0.374; p < .001 to p = .001). Also C7 sagittal vertical axis showed no significant correlation with SF (p = .584-.621). However, postoperative changes of sagittal femur-tibia angle (SFT) reported strong correlation with all parameters evaluated (r = 0.455-0.586; p < .001 to p = .046). CONCLUSION: For adult spinal deformity patients who had normal or only mild osteoarthritis on the lower extremities underwent long thoracolumbar realignment surgery, the surgeon could expect improvement of compensatory change of the knee with correction of spinopelvic parameters. However, the degree of hip compensation improvement was relatively difficult to predict than that of the knee, except PT.

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