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1.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 12: 20406223211052388, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729158

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the renal outcomes and prognostic factors among patients with type-2 diabetes (T2D) and biopsy-confirmed diabetic nephropathy (DN), non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD) and DN mixed with NDRD (MIX). Design and Methods: Patients with both T2D and chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent renal biopsy between January 2014 and December 2016 were recruited in this prospective observational study. Participants were divided into DN group, NDRD group, or MIX group according to the baseline pathological diagnosis. The primary endpoint was a composite renal event of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or ⩾ 40% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Results: Among the 292 participants included, 153 (52.4%) belonged to the DN group, 30 (10.3%) belonged to the NDRD group, and 109 (37.3%) belonged to the MIX group. During the median follow-up of 27 months, the adverse renal events occurred in 132 (44.2%) patients. Compared with NDRD group, the multiple adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for renal events in patients with DN and MIX groups were 3.900 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.103-13.788) and 2.691 (95% CI: 0.662-10.936), respectively. Baseline lower eGFR (HR: 1.159, 95% CI: 1.060-1.266), severe proteinuria (HR: 2.047, 95% CI: 1.227-3.416), lower hemoglobin (HR: 1.170, 95% CI: 1.008-1.267), and a family history of diabetes (HR: 1.138, 95% CI: 1.008-2.285) were independent predictors for adverse renal outcomes in patients with DN. Conclusion: In patients with T2D and CKD, pure DN and MIX group displayed a worse renal prognosis than NDRD group. Worse renal function, severe proteinuria, lower hemoglobin, and a family history of diabetes may be associated with adverse renal outcomes in patients with DN.

2.
Neoplasma ; 68(5): 938-946, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619972

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in females. The emergence of endocrine resistance is frustrating for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients even the efficacy of endocrine therapy is acceptable. Our previous study has shown that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are associated with endocrine resistance, yet the mechanism remains unclear. This article is dedicated to discuss the role of TAMs in the endocrine resistance of breast cancer. It was found that tamoxifen-resistant MCF-7 cells induced more macrophages polarized into TAMs. Conversely, TAMs increased the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which promoted tamoxifen resistance through the activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, clinical analysis supported that five-year progression-free survival (PFS) of breast cancer patients with abundant COX-2 expression in TAMs was shorter (p<0.05). Therefore, these results show a positive feedback loop between TAMs and breast cancer cells, suggesting that TAMs and COX-2 may be new therapeutic targets for breast cancer patients suffering from endocrine resistance.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
3.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(10)2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (gDLBCL) related to Helicobacter pylori infection exhibits a wide spectrum of prognosis, and the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) affects tumor progression. However, there are few studies on the correlation between prognosis and changes of TIME induced by H. pylori infection in de novo gDLBCL. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to determine the prognostic value of TIME related to H. pylori infection in de novo gDLBCL. A total of 252 patients were included and have been treated with standard rituximab to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy or other similar regimens in addition to H. pylori eradication (HPE). All patients were stratified by H. pylori infection, HPE efficacy, and preliminary TIME evaluation using conventional criteria. Statistical analyses were conducted. To assess the mechanism, 30 subjects were assessed for H. pylori infection. The components and spatial distributions of TIME were analyzed. RESULTS: The median follow-up of the 252 patients was 66.6 months (range 0.7-119.2), and the 5-year overall survival (OS) was 78.0%. A total of 109 H. pylori-positive cases with pathological complete remission and high tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (cohort 1) had significantly higher 5-year progression-free survival (88.1% vs 70.5%, p<0.001) and OS (89.2% vs 76.6%, p<0.001) than the other 143 patients (cohort 2). Among 30 patients, 19 were cytotoxin-associated gene A-marked as the cohort 1 subset. Compared with cohort 2, cohort 1 exhibited increased inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon γ, etc) and decreased immunosuppressive components (PD-L1, PD-1, IL-10, etc). There was reduced NF-kB activation. Cancer-promoting immune cells (PD-1hiTim-3+ CTL, Tregs, M2-like macrophages, etc) occupied a minor spatial distribution, while the antitumor subtypes increased, corresponding to favorable survival. CONCLUSION: H. pylori-evoked inflammatory responses disturb the TIME, causing a differential prognosis in de novo gDLBCL, which can be used to identify patients who could benefit from HPE and immunochemotherapy.

4.
Elife ; 102021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569934

RESUMO

Neural circuits coordinate with muscles and sensory feedback to generate motor behaviors appropriate to an animal's environment. In C. elegans, the mechanisms by which the motor circuit generates undulations and modulates them based on the environment are largely unclear. We quantitatively analyzed C. elegans locomotion during free movement and during transient optogenetic muscle inhibition. Undulatory movements were highly asymmetrical with respect to the duration of bending and unbending during each cycle. Phase response curves induced by brief optogenetic inhibition of head muscles showed gradual increases and rapid decreases as a function of phase at which the perturbation was applied. A relaxation oscillator model based on proprioceptive thresholds that switch the active muscle moment was developed and is shown to quantitatively agree with data from free movement, phase responses, and previous results for gait adaptation to mechanical loadings. Our results suggest a neuromuscular mechanism underlying C. elegans motor pattern generation within a compact circuit.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between individual and combined cardiometabolic morbidities and incident cardiovascular events in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A prospective, nationwide, and population-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 133572 participants aged ≥ 40 years were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. RESULTS: Compared with participants without diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, participants with only diabetes (hazard ratio [HR], 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-1.90) or only hypertension (2.04; 1.82-2.28) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD events, while participants with only dyslipidemia (0.97; 0.84-1.12) exhibited no significantly higher risk for CVD events. When analyzed collectively, participants with diabetes plus hypertension (HR, 2.67; 95%CI, 2.33-3.06), diabetes plus dyslipidemia (1.57; 1.32-1.87), and hypertension plus dyslipidemia (2.12; 1.88-2.39) exhibited significantly higher risk for CVD. Moreover, participants with the combination of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia exhibited the highest risk for CVD events (HR, 3.06; 95%CI, 2.71-3.46). Multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for CVD associated with diabetes based on fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, oral glucose tolerance test-2h glucose ≥11.1 mmol/L, and hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% were 1.64 (1.51-1.78), 1.57 (1.45-1.69), and 1.54 (1.42-1.66), respectively; associated with hypertension based on systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg were 1.89 (1.76-2.03) and 1.74 (1.60-1.88), respectively; associated with dyslipidemia based on total cholesterol ≥6.22 mmol/L, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥4.14 mmol/L, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <1.04 mmol/L, and triglycerides ≥2.26 mmol/L were 1.18 (1.08-1.30), 1.30 (1.17-1.44), 1.00 (0.92-1.09), and 1.10 (1.01-1.20), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia showed additive associations with the risk of CVD events in middle-aged and elderly Chinese adults.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(6): 509, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006822

RESUMO

Endocrine therapy is the standard treatment for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, but tumors eventually develop resistance. However, endocrine therapy resistance mechanisms mediated through interactions between breast cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are still unclear. Here, we characterized sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) overexpression drives the highly glycolytic phenotype of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells where enhanced lactic acid secretion promotes M2-like TAM polarization via the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α/signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 pathway. In turn, M2-like TAMs activate breast cancer cells through EGFR/PI3K/Akt signaling, providing feedback to upregulate SGLT1 and promote tamoxifen resistance and accelerate tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Higher expression of SGLT1 and CD163+ TAMs was associated with endocrine-resistant ER-positive breast cancers. Our study identifies a novel vicious cycle of metabolic reprogramming, M2-like TAM polarization, and endocrine therapy resistance, which involves SGLT1, proposing SGLT1 as a therapeutic target to overcome endocrine therapy resistance in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico , Animais , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Transfecção
7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 665869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33937269

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains an intractable challenge owing to its aggressive nature and lack of any known therapeutic targets. Macrophages play a crucial role in cancer promotion and poor prognosis within the tumor microenvironment (TME). The phagocytosis checkpoint in macrophages has broader implications for current cancer immunotherapeutic strategies. Here, we demonstrate the modulation in the antitumor activity of macrophages within the aberrant metabolic microenvironment of TNBC by metabolic intervention. The co-culture of macrophages with TNBC cell lines led to a decrease in both their phagocytic function and expression of interleukin (IL)-1ß and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The transcription of glycolysis and fatty acid (FA) catabolism-related factors was inhibited within the dysregulated tumor metabolic microenvironment. Enhancement of FA catabolism by treatment with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α) agonist, fenofibrate (FF), could re-establish macrophages to gain their antineoplastic activity by activating the signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) signaling pathway and increasing ATP production by FA oxidation. The combination of fenofibrate and anti-CD47 therapy significantly inhibited tumor growth in a 4T1 tumor-bearing mouse model. In conclusion, the enhancement of FA catabolism of macrophages could re-establish them to resume antitumor activity in the TME. Anti-CD47 therapy combined with fenofibrate may serve as a novel and potential immunotherapeutic approach for the treatment of TNBC.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(1): 113, 2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479193

RESUMO

In the status of obesity, the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) level usually declines and results in metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the intracellular mechanism of GLP-1 synthesis in L cells from the perspective of microRNA (miRNA). In the present study, we found that GLP-1 level was down-regulated in the plasma and ileum tissues of obese mice, while the ileac miR-194 expression was up-regulated. In vitro experiments indicated that miR-194 overexpression down-regulated GLP-1 level, mRNA levels of proglucagon gene (gcg) and prohormone convertase 1/3 gene (pcsk1), and the nuclear protein level of beta-catenin (ß-catenin). Further investigation confirmed that ß-catenin could promote gcg transcription through binding to transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2). miR-194 suppressed gcg mRNA level via negatively regulating TCF7L2 expression. What's more, forkhead box a1 (Foxa1) could bind to the promoter of pcsk1 and enhanced its transcription. miR-194 suppressed pcsk1 transcription through targeting Foxa1. Besides, the interference of miR-194 reduced palmitate (PA)-induced cell apoptosis and the anti-apoptosis effect of miR-194 inhibitor was abolished by TCF7L2 knockdown. Finally, in HFD-induced obese mice, the silence of miR-194 significantly elevated GLP-1 level and improved the metabolic symptoms caused by GLP-1 deficiency. To sum up, our study found that miR-194 suppressed GLP-1 synthesis in L cells via inhibiting TCF7L2-mediated gcg transcription and Foxa1-mediated pcsk1 transcription. Meanwhile, miR-194 took part in the PA-induced apoptosis of L cells.


Assuntos
Células Enteroendócrinas/metabolismo , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Animais , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/genética , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Células L , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Obesidade/genética , Transfecção
9.
Cancer Sci ; 112(4): 1603-1613, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453094

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women. Hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer (HR + BC) is the most common pathological type of breast cancer, of which the main treatment method is endocrine therapy. Unfortunately, primary or acquired drug resistance greatly limits its efficacy. In recent years, the newly launched CDK4/6 inhibitors could effectively reverse endocrine resistance in breast cancer. However, considering their expensive price and side effects, it is particularly important to find out effective biomarkers and screen sensitive patients. Here, we found through bioinformatics analysis that high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) expression increased in endocrine-resistant HR + BC. In clinical specimens, the higher expression of HMGB1 was associated with shorter progression-free survival (PFS) for HR + BC patients with endocrine therapy after surgery. For endocrine-resistant breast cancer, compared with HMGB1-negative patients, HMGB1-positive patients who received CDK4/6 inhibitors treatment benefited more in PFS. Moreover, we demonstrated that HMGB1 promoted tamoxifen resistance by combining with the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and activating nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. CDK4/6 inhibitors could downregulate the expression of HMGB1 and suppress the TLR4-NF-κB pathway, and in turn reverse tamoxifen resistance. These results illuminated the critical role of HMGB1 in the process of tamoxifen resistance, explained the mechanism of CDK4/6 inhibitors reversing tamoxifen resistance, and suggested the feasibility of HMGB1 as a potential biomarker for screening sensitive patients receiving CDK4/6 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Mama/efeitos dos fármacos , Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 394(1): 205-216, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500187

RESUMO

Tamoxifen is an estrogen modulator widely used in the treatment of patients with ESR/ER-positive breast cancer; however, resistance limits its clinical application. Autophagy alterations have recently been suggested as a new mechanism for tamoxifen resistance. Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) has been reported to be associated with the development and metastasis of breast cancer, but the relationship among GLUT1, autophagy, and endocrine resistance remains unclear. Our present study found that GLUT1 expression and autophagy flux were upregulated in the tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cell line MCF-7/TAMR-1 and that knockdown of GLUT1 promoted sensitization to tamoxifen. Moreover, knockdown of GLUT1 significantly decreased the enhancement of autophagy flux in tamoxifen-resistant cell lines. Furthermore, inhibiting autophagy in tamoxifen-resistant cells resulted in sensitization to tamoxifen. We conclude that GLUT1 contributes to tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer and that tamoxifen-resistant cells become resensitized to tamoxifen after GLUT1 silencing. These findings suggest GLUT1 as a new factor clinically associated with resistance to tamoxifen.

11.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2020: 6056383, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381220

RESUMO

The motor-imagery brain-computer interface system (MI-BCI) has a board prospect for development. However, long calibration time and lack of enough MI commands limit its use in practice. In order to enlarge the command set, we add the combinations of traditional MI commands as new commands into the command set. We also design an algorithm based on transfer learning so as to decrease the calibration time for collecting EEG signal and training model. We create feature extractor based on data from traditional commands and transfer patterns through the data from new commands. Through the comparison of the average accuracy between our algorithm and traditional algorithms and the visualization of spatial patterns in our algorithm, we find that the accuracy of our algorithm is much higher than traditional algorithms, especially as for the low-quality datasets. Besides, the visualization of spatial patterns is meaningful. The algorithm based on transfer learning takes the advantage of the information from source data. We enlarge the command set while shortening the calibration time, which is of significant importance to the MI-BCI application.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Interfaces Cérebro-Computador/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletroencefalografia/classificação , Eletroencefalografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Imaginação/fisiologia , Biologia Computacional , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Destreza Motora/fisiologia , Córtex Sensório-Motor/fisiologia , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
12.
Front Microbiol ; 11: 2026, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32983028

RESUMO

Chronic synthetic nitrogen (N) application can result in a significant accumulation of nitrate in the subsoil, which could alter subsoil N cycle and subsequently affect subsoil N levels. To understand how elemental interactions affect the cycle and storage of subsoil N, we examined the soils receiving no fertilizer control (CK), 30-year applications of synthetic fertilizer (CF), and CF plus organic manure (CF + OM). The N cycling microbial groups and activity were investigated through analyzing abundance of bacteria, nitrifiers and denitrifiers, potential nitrification (PNA) and denitrification (DEA) rates in the topsoil (0-20 cm) and subsoil depths (20-80 cm). Compared with the CK, the CF application increased subsoil nitrate but reduced or did not change subsoil microbial biomass N and total N. Corresponding to the increased nitrate, the abundances of denitrifiers increased in the CF subsoils. By contrast, the abundances of nitrifiers increased in the CF topsoil. Significant correlation between the abundances of nitrifiers and soil PNA was found in the topsoil, while significant correlation was also found in the subsoil between the abundances of nirS- and/or nirK-type denitrifiers and DEA. These results suggest that the depleted or less changed subsoil total N by CF application might be partly related to the enriched denitrifiers groups and the related potential activity. The contrasting responses of nitrifiers and denitrifiers in the CF subsoil indicate a decoupling of both processes. Our findings highlight that the leached nitrate by synthetic fertilizer addition not only occurs as an environmental risk causing groundwater contamination but may also alter the subsoil N cycle through the denitrifier groups.

13.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng ; 28(11): 2411-2419, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986556

RESUMO

A brain-computer interface (BCI) based on motor imagery (MI) translates human intentions into computer commands by recognizing the electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns of different imagination tasks. However, due to the scarcity of MI commands and the long calibration time, using the MI-based BCI system in practice is still challenging. Zero-shot learning (ZSL), which can recognize objects whose instances may not have been seen during training, has the potential to substantially reduce the calibration time. Thus, in this context, we first try to use a new type of motor imagery task, which is a combination of traditional tasks and propose a novel zero-shot learning model that can recognize both known and unknown categories of EEG signals. This is achieved by first learning a non-linear projection from EEG features to the target space and then applying a novelty detection method to differentiate unknown classes from known classes. Applications to a dataset collected from nine subjects confirm the possibility of identifying a new type of motor imagery only using already obtained motor imagery data. Results indicate that the classification accuracy of our zero-shot based method accounts for 91.81% of the traditional method which uses all categories of data.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Imaginação , Aprendizagem
14.
Cell Cycle ; 19(16): 1997-2006, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627655

RESUMO

LncRNAs play important roles in the regulation of podocyte apoptosis in diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the role of lncRNA SNHG17 in controlling mitophagy-induced apoptosis of podocytes in DN is unknown. This study aims to elucidate the underlying mechanism of lncRNA SNHG17 in the regulation of mitophagy-induced apoptosis of podocytes in DN. LncRNA SNHG17 and Mammalian Sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) expression were upregulated in glomeruli and podocytes of DM mice and high glucose-treated podocytes, whereas Parkin expression was downregulated. LncRNA SNHG17 overexpression suppressed mitophagy and induced apoptosis of podocytes while silencing lncRNA SNHG17 promoted mitophagy and reduced the apoptosis of podocytes. In addition, lncRNA SNHG17 interacted with Mst1 and regulated the degradation of Mst1. We further found lncRNA SNHG17 regulated Parkin expression through Mst1. Mechanistically, lncRNA SNHG17 regulated Parkin-dependent mitophagy and apoptosis of podocytes through regulating Mst1. Finally, silencing lncRNA SNHG17 promoted mitophagy and relieved DNin vivo. In conclusion, lncRNA SNHG17 knockdown promotes Parkin-dependent mitophagy and reduces apoptosis of podocytes through regulating the degradation of Mst1.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Mitofagia/genética , Podócitos/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Animais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Podócitos/metabolismo , Proteólise , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
15.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 6103542, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377271

RESUMO

Aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of tumor cells. SGLT1 plays a vital role in glucose metabolism. However, whether SGLT1 could promote cell growth and proliferation in breast cancer remains unclear. Here, we investigated the expression of SGLT1 in breast cancer and examined its role in malignant behavior and prognosis. Further, we examined the SGLT1 expression in breast cancer tissues and its relationship with clinicopathologic characteristics. We clarified that SGLT1 was overexpressed in HER2+ breast cancer cell lines and was affected by HER2 status. We further found that SGLT1 affected breast cancer cell proliferation and patient survival by mediating cell survival pathway activation. SGLT1 was overexpressed in HER2+ breast cancers and associated with lymph node metastasis and HER2+ status. Inhibition of HER2 decreased SGLT1 expression, and the extracellular acidification rate was also reduced in the UACC812 and SKBR3 cell lines. These changes could be reversed by proteasome inhibitor treatment. Knockdown of SGLT1 blocked PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation. Further, we demonstrated that high SGLT1 was significantly correlated with shorter survival in all breast cancer patients and specifically in HER2+ breast cancer patients. Therefore, we conclude that SGLT1 is overexpressed in HER2+ breast cancer, thereby promoting cell proliferation and shortening survival by activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. This study submits that SGLT1 is promising not only as a novel biomarker of HER2+ breast cancer subtype but also as a potential drug target.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transportador 1 de Glucose-Sódio/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Transportador 1 de Glucose-Sódio/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
16.
J Cancer ; 11(9): 2431-2441, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201514

RESUMO

Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PB-DLBCL), the most common histologic subtype of lymphoid malignancy in the breast, is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease that has insufficient systematic studies on the pathological and molecular features, optimal treatment scheme, as well as the prognostic factors. The aim of our study was to identify biomarkers and distinct subtypes of PB-DLBCLs and then evaluate the prognosis of this rare malignant lymphoma. We carried out hierarchical clustering analysis to evaluate protein expressions of potential biomarkers detected by immunohistochemistry staining of samples from 68 PB-DLBCL patients. The gene expression data from TCGA database was obtained to validate the identified clusters. We identified three robust clusters based on the B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling pathway, including two recognized NF-κB-dependent and PI3K-dependent clusters, and a distinct subset of PB-DLBCL with NF-κB-independent anti-apoptotic overexpression plus PI3K signaling, which exhibited an evolving definition and distinctive characters of a cluster group. Furthermore, survival analysis results showed an inferior outcome in NF-κB-dependent cluster patients and favorable survival in the PI3K-dependent cluster patients, suggesting an important predictive value of the three clusters. Our study provided a new perspective for understanding clinical complexity of PB-DLBCLs, and gave evidence for finding targeted biomarkers and strategies.

17.
Cell Biol Int ; 44(4): 985-997, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889386

RESUMO

The leucine zipper downregulated in cancer 1 (LDOC1) has been proposed as a regulator of transcription and cell signaling. We have previously demonstrated that LDOC1 is differentially expressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), this study was designed to characterize LDOC1 expression in thyroid follicle originated cancer tissues and to specifically evaluate its function in thyroid carcinogenesis. LDOC1 expression was performed in human normal thyroid and thyroid cancer. LDOC1 function was characterized, in two PTC cell lines (TPC1 and BCPAP), through the analysis of in vitro cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion along with in vivo tumor xenograft growth. Transduced BCPAP cells were stimulated with tumor necrosis factor α, and the levels of nuclear P65, Bax, Bcl-2, c-Myc, and XIAP were assessed. A luciferase reporter assay was used to measure nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity, and the functional connection between LDOC1 effect and NF-κB activity was determined using a specific NF-κB inhibitor. Our results revealed that LDOC1 was translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in human thyroid cancer, and was significantly downregulated in PTC compared with normal thyroid. LDOC1 overexpression in TPC1 resulted in a significant suppression of the malignant phenotype, whereas LDOC1 ablation in BCPAP promoted this phenotype. Additional studies demonstrated that LDOC1 ablation facilitated nuclear P65 expression and NF-κB activity. NF-κB inhibition reversed the effects of LDOC1 ablation on proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. Our findings confirmed that LDOC1 is a novel therapeutic target in PTC and provides new insight into the role of LDOC1 in PTC progression, through NF-κΒ signaling suppression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
18.
Cancer Sci ; 111(1): 47-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710162

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy among women. Although endocrine therapy is effective, the development of endocrine resistance is a major clinical challenge. The tumor microenvironment (TME) promotes tumor malignancy, and tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) within the TME play a crucial role in endocrine resistance. Herein, we aimed to elucidate the relationship between TAM and the endocrine-resistant phenotype of breast cancer. Macrophages were cultured with conditioned medium (CM) from tamoxifen-sensitive (MCF7-S) or -resistant (MCF7-R) MCF7 breast cancer cells. M2 polarization was detected by CD163 immunofluorescence. To determine the effect on endocrine resistance, MCF7 cells were cultured in the supernatant of different TAM, and then treated with tamoxifen. CC-chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) immunohistochemistry was carried out on pathological sections from 100 patients with invasive estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. We found that macrophages cultured in the CM of MCF7-S and MCF7-R cells were induced into TAM, with a more obvious M2 polarization in the latter. Tamoxifen resistance was increased by culture in TAM medium. TAM secreted CCL2, which increased endocrine resistance in breast cancer cells through activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. High expression of CCL2 was correlated with infiltration of CD163+macrophages (r = 0.548, P < .001), and patients with high CCL2 expression presented shorter progression-free survival than those with low CCL2 expression (P < .05). We conclude that CCL2 secreted by TAM activates PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and promotes an endocrine resistance feedback loop in the TME, suggesting that CCL2 and TAM may be novel therapeutic targets for patients with endocrine-resistant breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
19.
J Cancer ; 10(12): 2800-2810, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258788

RESUMO

Invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast (IMPC) is a rare subtype of breast cancer that has a high frequency of lymph node (LN) involvement and metastasis to distant organs. IMPC is characterized by distinct histomorphology and unfavorable prognosis when compared with invasive ductal carcinoma no special type (IDC-NST). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We reported here that plakoglobin, as a key component in cell adhesion, can promote collective metastasis through facilitating IMPC clusters formation. In comparing the clinicopathological features of 451 IMPC patients and 282 IDC-NST patients, our results showed that tumor emboli were significantly higher in IMPC patients and were associated with a high frequency of metastasis. Both in vitro and in vivo data showed overexpression of plakoglobin in both the cell membrane and the cytoplasm of IMPC clusters. When plakoglobin was knocked down in IMPC cell models, the tumor cell clusters were depolymerized. Using mouse models, we validated the metastatic potential of tumor clusters was higher than single cells in vivo. Further analysis showed that higher expression of plakoglobin was able to promote activation of the PI3K/Akt/Bcl-2 pathway, which might protect the clusters from anoikis. Our data indicate that plakoglobin promotes tumor cluster formation in IMPC and downregulates apoptosis in the cell clusters through activation of PI3K/Akt/Bcl-2 signaling. These results provide a convincing rationale for the high metastatic propensity seen in IMPC.

20.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 4743-4756, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191027

RESUMO

Background: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the pattern recognition receptors, has been reported to be involved in carcinogenesis. However, the clinical impact of TLR4 in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) remains unclear. Methods: The current study, using immunohistochemical staining, first examined TLR4 and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in patients with PTCL, to correlate TLR4 and PD-L1 expression with clinicopathological parameters. Results: It was found that the rates of high expression of TLR4 and PD-L1 were 41.7% and 45.8%, respectively. TLR4 expression was closely associated with PD-L1 expression. The expression of TLR4 was closely related to primary extranodal site involvement, increased Ann Arbor stage, and low hemoglobin expression, while the expression of PD-L1 was closely related to a low platelet count and multiple extranodal organ involvements (>1). High expression of either TLR4 or PD-L1 indicated a poor survival rate for patients with PTCL. Multivariate analyses further confirmed that increased expression levels of TLR4 and PD-L1 are unfavorable prognostic factors for PTCL. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that the expressions of TLR4 and PD-L1 are independent predictors of survival time for patients with PTCL. Thus, TLR4 and PD-L1 may serve as potential therapeutic targets in PTCL patients.

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