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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22399, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension remains an enormous public health concern, imposing a major burden of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Relevant studies showed that acupuncture therapy might be effective in treating essential hypertension. However, there is no consistent conclusion so far. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for patients with essential hypertension. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and the Wan-fang databases from inception through November 29, 2019. Randomized controlled trials investigating acupuncture therapy for hypertension were included. We will use Endnote software X8 for studies selection, Review Manager software 5.3 for the data analysis. RESULTS: We will synthesize current studies to evaluate the safeties and effectiveness of acupuncture for essential hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Our study will provide the evidence of acupuncture therapy for essential hypertension.

2.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(8): 834-8, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture by stages on secondary dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis through prospective case-series study. METHODS: A total of 36 cases of adenomyosis patients with moderate-to-severe dysmenorrhea were treated with acupuncture by stages. The acupoints of Diji (SP 8), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ciliao (BL 32) and Shiqizhui (EX-B 8) were selected and acupuncture was given once a day during menstrual period; the acupoints of Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) ect. were selected and acupuncture was given twice per week during non-menstrual period. All the treatment was given for three menstrual cycles. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Cox menstrual symptom scale (CMSS), Endometriosis Health Profile-5 (EHP-5) scores and the menstrual blood volume of pictorial blood loss assessment chart (PBAC) were observed before treatment and at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment. Before treatment and at the 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment, the volume of uterus was measured by transvaginal ultrasound and the correlation among the quality of life, the severity of pain and symptoms was analyzed. RESULTS: The VAS, CMSS and EHP-5 scores at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the PBAC scores were reduced but without statistical different (P>0.05). Compared before treatment, at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment, the PBAC scores were reduced in patients with PBAC>100 points (P<0.01). Compared between 2nd and 1st menstrual cycle into treatment, between 3rd and 2nd menstrual cycle into treatment, the VAS, CMSS scores were all decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the severity score of CMSS and EHP-5 at the corresponding time points of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd menstrual cycle into treatment (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The acupuncture by stages has significant analgesic effect in patients with secondary dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis, and has the advantages of relieving the menstruation-related symptoms, regulating menstrual blood volume and improving the quality of life.

3.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1799, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973754

RESUMO

Objective: Early and accurate diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) remains a clinical challenge. The main objective is to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of the routinely performed immunoglobulin G (IgG) index for MS patients in the Asian population. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among a cohort of clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients in China with known oligoclonal band (OCB) status and IgG index at baseline. We first evaluated the predictive value of IgG index for OCB status. Secondly, the diagnostic utility and prognostic value of IgG index alone were tested. Lastly, we incorporated IgG index into the 2017 McDonald criteria by replacing OCB with either "IgG index or OCB" (modified criteria 1), "IgG index and OCB" (modified criteria 2), or "IgG index" (modified criteria 3). The diagnostic utility of different criteria was calculated and compared. Results: In a CIS cohort in China (n = 105), IgG index > 0.7 forecasted OCB positivity (X 2 = 22.90, P < 0.001). An elevated IgG index was highly prognostic of more clinical relapses [1-year adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.32, P = 0.015; 2-years adjusted OR = 1.69, P = 0.013] and Expanded Disability Status Scale worsening (1-year adjusted OR = 1.76, P = 0.040; 2-years adjusted OR = 1.85, P = 0.032). Under the 2017 McDonald criteria (Positive Likelihood Ratio = 1.54, Negative Likelihood Ratio = 0.56), an IgG index > 0.7 in CIS patients increased the likelihood of developing MS within 2 years, either when OCB status was unknown (Positive Likelihood Ratio = 2.11) or with OCB positivity (Positive Likelihood Ratio = 2.11) at baseline; An IgG index ≤ 0.7, along with a negative OCB, helped rule out the MS diagnosis (Negative Likelihood Ratio = 0.53). Conclusions: IgG index > 0.7 predicts OCB positivity at the initial attack of MS and is prognostic of early disease activity. IgG index serves as an easily-obtainable and accurate OCB surrogate for MS diagnosis in the Asian population.

4.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 127: 105825, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish and validate a nomogram to predict the prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from multiple perspectives. RESULTS: A total of 98,640 eligible patients were randomly divided into a training set (n = 69,048) and a validation set (n = 29,592). The baseline characteristics of the two sets were similar. We used clinical data from patients in the training set for univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Twelve independent risk factors were incorporated for constructed a prognostic nomogram. And the nomogram with a concordance index of 0.777 (95 % CI, 0.775 to 0.779) for overall survival. The calibration curve results showed that the actual survival rate was consistent with the predicted survival rate. The area under curve of the receiver operating characteristic curves demonstrated that the nomogram has a high prediction of the overall survival rate in patients with NSCLC. CONCLUSION: We have developed a nomogram with high prediction accuracy and discrimination ability, which can help clinicians making personalized survival predictions for NSCLC patients.

5.
FASEB J ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959379

RESUMO

Sphingolipids have been implicated in mammalian placental development and function, but their regulation in the placenta remains unclear. Herein we report that alkaline ceramidase 2 (ACER2) plays a key role in sustaining the integrity of the placental vasculature by regulating the homeostasis of sphingolipids in mice. The mouse alkaline ceramidase 2 gene (Acer2) is highly expressed in the placenta between embryonic day (E) 9.5 and E12.5. Acer2 deficiency in both the mother and fetus decreases the placental levels of sphingolipids, including sphingoid bases (sphingosine and dihydrosphingosine) and sphingoid base-1-phosphates (sphingosine-1-phosphate and dihydrosphingosine-1-phosphate) and results in the in utero death of ≈50% of embryos at E12.5 whereas Acer2 deficiency in either the mother or fetus has no such effects. Acer2 deficiency causes hemorrhages from the maternal vasculature in the junctional and/or labyrinthine zones in E12.5 placentas. Moreover, hemorrhagic but not non-hemorrhagic Acer2-deficient placentas exhibit an expansion of parietal trophoblast giant cells with a concomitant decrease in the area of the fetal blood vessel network in the labyrinthine zone, suggesting that Acer2 deficiency results in embryonic lethality due to the atrophy of the fetal blood vessel network in the placenta. Taken together, these results suggest that ACER2 sustains the integrity of the placental vasculature by controlling the homeostasis of sphingolipids in mice.

6.
J Clin Pharmacol ; 60(10): 1275-1293, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779201

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by infection with SARS-CoV-2 has led to more than 600 000 deaths worldwide. Patients with severe disease often experience acute respiratory distress characterized by upregulation of multiple cytokines. Immunomodulatory biological therapies are being evaluated in clinical trials for the management of the systemic inflammatory response and pulmonary complications in patients with advanced stages of COVID-19. In this review, we summarize the clinical pharmacology considerations in the development of immunomodulatory therapeutic proteins for mitigating the heightened inflammatory response identified in COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Proteínas/imunologia , Proteínas/farmacologia
7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(4): 1272-1277, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32798411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the renal pathology and cytogenetic features in the multiple myeloma (MM) patients with renal impairment. METHODS: The clinical data of newly diagnosed MM patients with renal impairment in our hospital from January 2009 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, and the relationship between FISH results and results of renal pathological exanimation was analyzed statistically by using SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients underwent renal biopsy, included 12 males and 8 females. FISH result showed that out of 20 patients, 7 cases presented interstitial nephritis, among which 3 cases were negative for FISH, and in the remaining cases the rate of IgH rearrangement, 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion detection was 42.86%, 28.57%, 28.57%, 28.57% and 14.29% respectively, the detection positive rate was statistically significantly lower as compared with total probe positive rate (P<0.01). There were 6 cases of cast nephropathy, among which IgH rearrangement, the rate of 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion detection was 66.67%, 50%, 66.67%, 50% and 0% respectively. Compared with the total probe positive rate, there was no statistical significance (P>0.05). There were 4 cases of acute tubular necrosis, among which the detection rates of IgH rearrangement, 1q21 amplification, RB1 deletion, D13S319 deletion, and P53 deletion was 100%, 50%, 50%, 25% and 25%, respectively. Compared with the total probe positive rate, there was no statistical significance (P>0.05). There were one case of amyloidosis, and one case of tubular nephropathy with amyloidosis, the detection with 5 probes were all positive. One case of light chain deposition disease was positive for RB1 gene deletion + D13S319 gene deletion. CONCLUSION: FISH in the MM patients with different renal pathological changes is characterized by heterogeneity, which can be used to predict the risk of renal damage and speculate possible renal pathological types to guide prognosis.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Citogenética , Citogenética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 77(2): 667-674, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over time, improved cognitive abilities in elderly individuals lead to an overall increase in performance on widely used cognitive screening tests (e.g., Mini-Mental State Examination, MMSE) and impact screening efficacy. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the epoch effect on cognitive function measured using MMSE, in addition to the influence of demographic characteristics on MMSE. We also evaluated the ability of the MMSE in detecting dementia and examined the discrimination ability and measurement precision of the MMSE. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, Chinese veterans aged ≥60 years were interviewed. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to explore the factors affecting the MMSE. The expected MMSE score was calculated to examine the epoch effect. The diagnostic accuracy of the MMSE was determined via receiver operating characteristic curve analyses. Item response theory methods were implemented using Stata 16.0. RESULTS: The MMSE score increased with higher education and decreased with advancing age. The observed MMSE score in this study (26.9) was higher than the expected MMSE score (24.9). It demonstrated 78.3% /84.1% /89.9% sensitivity and 85.8% /79.5% /66.8% specificity in detecting dementia using the cut-off score 25/26/27. The MMSE showed reduced discrimination and provided little information for ability level of -1 and above. CONCLUSION: Improved cognitive ability over time may increase the performance on cognitive screening tests (e.g., MMSE). This impact of epoch in cognitive function emphasizes the importance of regularly updating cognitive screening tests.

9.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 119-123, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744003

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the increased expression of thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) in diabetes affects the senescence of islet ß cells. Methods: Six normal mice (db/m) and six diabetic mice (db/db) were randomly selected. Fasting blood glucose was measured by blood sugar meter, the expression levels of TXNIP protein, p16, p21 and Rb in pancreatic tissues were detected by Western blot, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity in pancreatic tissue was determined by immunochemical staining. INS-1 islet beta cells were randomly divided into 7 groups (n=6), and transfected with lentiviruses (30 µl) for 4 to 6 hours, then was screened with puromycin (PM, 3 µg/m) for 7 days to construct normal group, scramble ShRNA group (interference with airborne poison group), TXNIP-ShRNA-1 group (TXNIP silence group-1), TXNIP-ShRNA-2 group (TXNIP silence group 2), TXNIP-ShRNA-3 group (TXNIP silence group 3), Ad-GFP group (overexpression of the air virus group), Ad-TXNIP-GFP group (TXNIP overexpression group) stably transferred INS-1 islet beta cell line. TXNIP protein expression was detected by Western blot, aging-related beta-galactosidase activity was detected by immunochemical staining, the changes of expression of p16, p21 and Rb was determined by Western blot. Results: Compared with normal mice, the fasting blood glucose of db/db group was increased significantly (P<0. 01), the expression of TXNIP protein was increased significantly in pancreatic tissues(P<0. 05), positive staining rate of ß- galactosidase was increased significantly in pancreatic tissues, p16/p21/Rb protein expression levels were increased significantly (P<0. 05). Compared with Ad-GFP group, the positive staining rate of ß- galactosidase in Ad-TXNIP-GFP group was increased significantly, p16/p21/Rb protein expression levels were increased significantly (P<0. 01). Compared to the scramble ShRNA group, the positive staining rate of ß- galactosidase in TXNIP-ShRNA group was decreased, p16/p21/Rb protein expression levels were decreased significantly (P<0. 05). Conclusion: Diabetes can induce islet ß-cell senescence by up-regulating TXNIP expression.

10.
Opt Lett ; 45(16): 4599-4602, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797019

RESUMO

We demonstrate the impact of the optics roughness in Öffner stretchers used in chirped pulse amplification laser chains and how it is possible to improve the temporal contrast ratio in the temporal range of 10-100 ps by adequately choosing the optical quality of the key components. Experimental demonstration has been realized in the front-end source of the multi-petawatt (PW) laser facility Apollon, resulting in an enhancement of the contrast ratio by two to three orders of magnitude.

11.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 2617-2629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801799

RESUMO

Purpose: The Chinese Meropenem Surveillance Study (CMSS) was conducted every 2 years from 2010 to 2018 to monitor the antimicrobial activity of commonly used antimicrobial agents against nosocomial gram-negative bacilli in China. Methods: From 2010 to 2018, 6,537 gram-negative bacilli were collected from 14 teaching hospitals. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of meropenem and other antimicrobial agents were determined using the agar dilution and broth microdilution methods. Results: Continuous surveillance indicated that, except for Klebsiella pneumoniae, the susceptibility of Enterobacterales to carbapenems was relatively stable over time. Carbapenems had the highest activity against the tested isolates, with MIC90 values (MIC for 90% of organisms) ranging from 0.032 mg/L to 8 mg/L. More than 90% of bacteria were susceptible to either meropenem or imipenem; more than 80% were susceptible to ertapenem. The prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli, K. pneumoniae, and P. mirabilis each year was 50.4-64.3%, 18-41.2%, and 1.9-33.8%, respectively. The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) and carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) continued to increase significantly over time, from 7.6% to 21.2% and 64.6% to 69.3%, respectively. The prevalence of CRKP was higher from urinary tract infections (25.4%) than from bloodstream infections (14.2%), intra-abdominal infections (14.5%), and respiratory infections (14.4%). In total, 129 CRKP isolates were evaluated by PCR; of these, 92 (71.3%) carried the bla KPC-2 gene. Colistin maintained very high in vitro antimicrobial activity against P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii (more than 95% of isolates exhibited susceptibility at all timepoints). Conclusion: The results indicate an increase in K. pneumoniae resistance to carbapenems over time, mainly owing to KPC-type carbapenemase production. A. baumannii was severely resistant to carbapenems in China. Ongoing MIC-based resistance surveillance, like CMSS, provides additional data for clinical anti-infective treatment.

12.
FASEB J ; 2020 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741018

RESUMO

Lung cancer is one of most common malignancies worldwide. We have previously identified retinoic acid-induced gene G (Rig-G) as a tumor suppressor in not only acute promyelocytic leukemia, but also in other solid tumors. However, the clinical significance of Rig-G and the underlying mechanism(s) for its biological function in lung cancer remain largely unexplored. Herein, we first compared the expression of Rig-G between lung cancer (n = 138) and normal tissues (n = 23), from public-available data sets and our patient cohort. We further analyzed the correlation of Rig-G expression with key clinico-pathological features and survival outcomes in a multi-site clinical cohort of 300 lung cancer patients. Functional studies for Rig-G were performed in cell lines, and an animal model to support clinical findings. We found that Rig-G was frequently downregulated in lung cancer tissues and cell lines, and correlated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients. Overexpression of Rig-G led to significantly reduced cell growth and suppressed migration in A549 and NCI-H1944 cells, accompanied by reduced epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Likewise, restoration of Rig-G in Lewis lung carcinoma cells permitted development of fewer cancer metastases versus controls in an animal model. Gene expression profiling results identified p53 pathway as a key downstream target of Rig-G, and p53 inhibition by pifithrin-α caused abrogation of tumor-suppressive effects of Rig-G in lung cancer. In conclusion, we, for the first time, have identified Rig-G as a novel and important tumor suppressor, which may serve as a potential therapeutic target for restoring p53 expression in lung cancer patients.

13.
Acta Biomater ; 114: 221-232, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771590

RESUMO

Antibody-mediated osseous regeneration (AMOR) has been proved as a promising strategy for osteogenic differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells derived MSCs (iMSCs). The key characteristic of antibody that determines the AMOR potential is largely unknown. The glycosylation profile of immunoglobulin G (IgG) represents a key checkpoint that determines its effector functions. Herein, we modified the sialylation profile of BMP2 antibodies to investigate the effects of glycosylation on antibody-mediated osteogenic differentiation of iMSCs. We found that over-sialylated BMP2 antibodies stimulated the highest amount of new bone while those non- or low-sialylated led to bone porosity and collapse. The immune response aroused by BMP2 immune complexes (BMP2-ICs) was intensified by desialylation, which contributed to an environment that favored osteoclastogenesis while inhibited osteoblastogenesis. In vitro study further demonstrated that the osteogenic potential of BMP2-ICs was not significantly affected by the degree of sialylation. On the other hand, BMP2-ICs could stimulate osteoclastogenesis by binding FcγRs on preosteoclasts directly, which was significantly intensified by desialylation and attenuated by over-sialylation. Bone defects implanted with alginate microbeads loaded with iMSCs and over-sialylated antibodies showed more bone formation than those sites with non- or low sialylated antibodies. Taken together, our study demonstrated that sialylation profile is one of the traits that decide the AMOR potential of BMP2 antibodies. Enhancement of sialylation may be a promising strategy to optimize antibody for iMSCs application in bone tissue engineering. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Antibody-mediated osseous regeneration (AMOR) is a promising strategy for bone tissue engineering that takes advantage of the specific reactivity of antibodies to sequester endogenous BMP2 and present it to osteoprogenitor cells. We previously demonstrated that BMP2 immune complex can drive iPSCs derived MSCs to osteogenic lineage. In this study, we analyze the effects of glycosylation profile on antibody directed osteogenic differentiation of iMSCs because glycosylation profile represents a key checkpoint that determines the effector functions of antibodies, and it is susceptible to variations in different clones. The results showed that sialylation profile is one of the traits that decides the AMOR potential of BMP2 antibody, and the enhancement of sialylation maybe a promising strategy to optimize antibodies for AMOR.

14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(7): 721-5, 2020 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of herb-separated moxibustion combined with budesonide nasal spray (rhinocort) on moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) of kidney-yang deficiency type, and to explore the correlation between nasal temperature and condition of allergic rhinitis. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with moderate to severe persistent AR were randomized into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Both groups were treated with rhinocort, one spray on each side of the nostril (approximately 64 µg each spray), once in the morning and once in the evening, for 4 weeks. On the basis of the above treatment, the observation group was treated with herb-separated moxibustion at Shenshu (BL 23), Feishu (BL 13), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14), 3 moxibustions per acupoint, a single treatment lasting about 30 min. This treatment was given once every other day, 3 times every week, and totally continuous 4 weeks. The changes of AR symptom visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before and after treatment and at 3 months follow-up after treatment. The heat variation (temperature, range) on projection areas of the nose, lungs, large intestine and kidneys of the two groups' patients before and after treatment were detected by the infrared thermal imaging diagnostic system, and the correlation between the VAS scores and nasal temperature before and after treatment was analyzed. The clinical effects of both groups were evaluated according to the VAS score. RESULTS: The total effective rate in the observation group after treatment was 85.7% (30/35), which was higher than 71.9% in the control group (23/32, P<0.05). After treatment and at follow-up, the VAS scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group at follow-up (P<0.05). After treatment, the nasal temperature, pulmonary range, large intestinal range and renal range of the observation group were all lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), the nasal temperature and nasal range of the control group were lower than before treatment (P<0.05), and the reduction of nasal temperature, nasal range and renal range in the observation group was greater than that of the control group (P<0.05). Before and after treatment, there was a correlation between VAS score and nasal temperature (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The herb-separated moxibustion combining western medication has a better effect and long-term effect than western medication alone for moderate to severe persistent AR, which can improve heat variation on projected areas of the nose, lung, large intestine and kidney of patients. In addition, nasal temperature can reflect the severity of the symptoms of patients with moderate to severe persistent AR, or it can be used as a secondary indicator to evaluate condition of AR.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Budesonida/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Deficiência da Energia Yang
15.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(6): 461-7, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of catgut implantation at "Yingxiang"(LI20) on lower airway remodeling and levels of osteopon-tin (OPN) protein in allergic rhinitis (AR) rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of AR. METHODS: Male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model and catgut implantation groups, with 10 rats in each group. The AR model was established by intraperitoneal injection and nasal drip of ovalbumin. The catgut implantation was applied to bilateral "Yingxiang"(LI20) for 28 days in rats of the catgut implantation group. The total score of allergic symptoms of rats in each group were observed. The histopathological changes of lower airway were observed under light microscope after Hematoxylineosin, Periodic acid-Schiff and Masson staining. The expression of OPN protein was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot, separately. RESULTS: The total score of allergic symptoms of nose-wiping, running nose and sneezing, count of lung goblet cells, lung fiber content, and immunoactivity and expression levels of OPN protein were significantly increased in the model group in contrast to the control group (P<0.05). After the intervention, the total score of allergic symptoms, count of lung goblet cells, immunoactivity and expression levels of OPN protein were considerably down-regulated in the catgut implantation group relevant to the model group (P<0.05). H.E. stain showed thickening of partial airway wall, narrowing of lumen, increase of mucus section, widened alveolar septum, infiltration of inflammatory cells, lymphocytes and eosinophil around the bronchus and in the lung interstitium in AR rats, which was milder in the catgut implantation group. The immunoactivity and expression levels of OPN protein were positively related with the lung goblet cells count and lung fiber content (P<0.05,P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupoint implantation of catgut can improve pathological changes of lower airway remodeling, which may be related to its effect in down-regulating the expression of OPN protein in the lung tissue.


Assuntos
Categute , Rinite Alérgica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Curr Med Imaging ; 16(6): 682-687, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between the corpus callosum area (CCa) and the degree of cerebral atrophy in patients with cerebral atrophy. METHODS: 119 patients with brain atrophy were grouped according to the degree of brain atrophy. Median sagittal CCa and intracranial area (ICa) were measured, and the ratio of corpus callosum to the intracranial area (CCa-ICa ratio) was calculated. The data were analyzed using ANOVA. RESULTS: CCa significantly reduced in patients with cerebral atrophy, and the degree of cerebral atrophy was found to be positively correlated with the degree of reduction in the CCa. CONCLUSION: The reduction in the CCa and the CCa-ICa ratio in the median sagittal can be used as a reference indicator for the diagnosis and grading of brain atrophy in clinical practice.

17.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 117, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Exosome shave emerged as crucial regulators of intercellular communication and that abundant Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are enriched within exosomes. CircRNAs are novel members of noncoding RNAs regulating cancer proliferation and progression. However, the function and regulatory mechanism of cancer-derived exosomal circRNAs in CRC remains unclear. METHODS: CRC cells-derived exosomes were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) and western blot. CCK-8, wound healing and transwell assays, and flow cytometry assays were conducted to assess whether exosomes would affect the proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis of CRC cells, respectively. Moreover, we performed the RNA sequencing and RT-qPCR to identify circRNAs in exosome-stimulated CRC cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay was used to detect the cellular distribution of circPACRGL. Bioinformatic analyses (StarBase 2.0) were used to pool the miRNA targets of circPACRGL. Luciferase assays were performed to verify the direct interaction. Finally, flow cytometry was used to detect the differentiation of N1-N2 neutrophils. RESULTS: Our study identified a novel CRC-derived exosomal circRNA, circPACRGL. We found circPACRGL was significantly upregulated in CRC cells after tumor-derived exosomes addition. Moreover, circPACRGL serves as a sponge for miR-142-3p/miR-506-3p to facilitate the transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) expression. As a result, circPACRGL promoted CRC cell proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as differentiation of N1 to N2 neutrophils via miR-142-3p/miR-506-3p-TGF-ß1 axis. CONCLUSION: Our study, the first to reveal that cancer-derived exosomal circPACRGL plays an oncogenic role in CRC proliferation and metastasis, providing mechanistic insights into the roles of circRNAs in CRC progression and a valuable marker for CRC treatment.

18.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 194, 2020 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ginkgolide B (GKB) is a major active component of the extracts of Ginkgo biloba leaves, and it has been used as an anti-cancer agent. However, it is unknown whether GKB has the therapeutic effects on lung cancer. Here, we studied the effects of GKB on lung cancer cells. METHODS: The effects of GKB on lung cancer cell proliferation and invasion were analyzed by cell counting kit (CCK-8) and cell invasion assays, respectively. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to confirm the expression of autophagy-associated proteins in GKB-treated cells. Immunofluorescence analysis was used to analyze the level of light chain 3B (LC3B). RESULTS: Treatment with GKB time-dependently inhibited the proliferation and decreased the invasive capacity of A549 and H1975 cells. GKB induced apoptosis of these cells, but there was no significant effect on apoptosis compared to the control treatment. GKB-induced inhibition of cell proliferation and GKB-induced cell death were due to autophagy rather than apoptosis. GKB-induced autophagy of lung cancer cells was dependent on beclin-1, and autophagy-induced inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome contributed to the anti-tumor effect of GKB. CONCLUSIONS: GKB-mediated autophagy of lung cancer cells is beclin-1-dependent and results in inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Therefore, GKB might be a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of lung cancer.

19.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(15): 127277, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527456

RESUMO

Nitric oxide (NO) dysfunction, oxidative stress, and dyslipidemia are main risk factors associated with the pathophysiology of diabetic complications. In this study, 3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl nitrate (HT-ONO2) was designed, synthesized and evaluated, which incorporated hydroxytyrosol (HT) and nitrate. HT-ONO2 significantly exhibited hypoglycemic activity after oral administration to diabetic mice induced by streptozocin (STZ). HT-ONO2 also potently decreased plasma triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) in hyperlipidemia mice induced by Triton WR 1339. Meanwhile, HT-ONO2 displayed NO-releasing and antioxidant activity both in diabetic and hyperlipidemia mice and in vitro. Moreover, HT-ONO2 shown definite vasodilation and α-glucosidase inhibition activity in vitro. The results suggested that the hybrid hydroxytyrosol-based nitrate with NO supplement, antioxidant, hypoglycemia and hypolipidemia provided a potential multi-target agent to ameliorate the diabetes mellitus and its complications.

20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(2): 625-633, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476357

RESUMO

We isolated bacteria from the phycosphere of Scenedesmus obliques and sequenced 16S rDNAs to establish algae-bacterial co-culture systems. Further, we examined effects of the bacteria on algal growth, and parameters associated with physio-biochemical and oil-producing characteristics of S. obliquus. Seven bacterial strains were isolated, including Micrococcus (strains 1-1, 1-2 and 1-3), Pseudomonas sp. (strains 2-1 and 2-2), Exiguobacterium (strain-3) and Staphylococcus sp. (strain-4). Among them, two bacteria (strain 1-2 and strain 2-1) were characterized as the dominant growth-promoting bacterial strains, which significantly increased algal growth, pigment production, and oil enrichment. After eight days cultivation under microalgal-bacterial (strain 1-2) symbiotic systemat at an initial ratio of 1:10, biomass of S. obliquus was 4.27 g·L-1, about 46.0% higher than that of the control. The contents of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids were increased by 12.1%, 16.7% and 25.0%, respectively. Oil content was increased by 14.0% and reached to 25.7%, and the oleic acid content was significantly higher than that of the control and up to 16.4%. When co-cultured with Pseudomonas sp. (strain 2-1) for eight days at an initial ratio of 1:5, algal biomass, chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b and carotenoids contents were higher than that of the control by 47.9%, 16.0%, 17.5% and 19.9%, respectively. The total oil (27.1%) and oleic acid (18.2%) contents were increased by 20.4% and 64.0%, respectively. We concluded that Micrococcus (strain 1-2) and Pseudomonas sp. (strain 2-1) could significantly promote algal growth and increase oil production by their beneficial interaction with S. obliques, which could be potentially used in commercial production of S. obliques.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Scenedesmus , Bactérias , Biomassa , Clorofila A
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