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1.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(2)2019 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30960279

RESUMO

While applying computer simulations to study semiflexible polymers, it is a primary task to determine the persistence length that characterizes the chain stiffness. One frequently asked question concerns the relationship between persistence length and the bending constant of applied bending potential. In this paper, theoretical persistence lengths of polymers with two different bending potentials were analyzed and examined by using lattice Monte Carlo simulations. We found that the persistence length was consistent with theoretical predictions only in bond fluctuation model with cosine squared angle potential. The reason for this is that the theoretical persistence length is calculated according to a continuous bond angle, which is discrete in lattice simulations. In lattice simulations, the theoretical persistence length is larger than that in continuous simulations.

2.
Chemistry ; 21(52): 18993-9, 2015 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26514914

RESUMO

Solid-state fluorescence sensing is one of the most appealing detection techniques because of its simplicity and convenience in practical operation. Herein, we report the development of a red-emitting carbon dots (RCDs)-based material as a solid-state fluorescence sensor for the selective probing of gaseous ammonia. The RCDs were prepared by a low-cost, one-step carbonization method using sugar cane bagasse as the carbon precursor. The pristine RCDs were then directly coated on polyvinylidene fluoride membrane to produce a new fluorescence sensor capable of selectively distinguishing toxic gaseous ammonia from other analyte vapors through sensitive fluorescence quenching with a low detection limit. More importantly, the interfacial response mechanism occurring on the surface of the RCDs has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and Raman measurements. The results indicate that fluorescence quenching in the RCDs might result from ammonia-induced Michael addition through insertion of N into the C=C group and deprotonation of the carboxyl group. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report that provides clear insight into the mechanism of surface chemistry on CDs in the solid state.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(20): 18008-17, 2014 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25248075

RESUMO

The biomedical applications of carbon nanomaterials, especially integrating noninvasive photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT), into a single system have enormous potential in cancer therapy. Herein, we present a novel and facile one-step method for the preparation of water-soluble single-walled carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) and metal phthalocyanines (MPc) hybrid for PTT and PDT. The hydrophilic MPc, tetrasulfonic acid tetrasodium salt copper phthalocyanine (TSCuPc), is coated on the surface of SWNHs via noncovalent π-π interaction using the sonication method. In this PTT/PDT nanosystem, SWNHs acts as a photosensitizer carrier and PTT agent, while TSCuPc acts as a hydrophilic and PDT agent. The EPR results demonstrated that the generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) not only from the photoinduced electron transfer process from TSCuPc to SWNHs but also from SWNHs without exciting TSCuPc to its excited state. The test of photothermal conversion proved that not only do SWNHs contribute to the photothermal therapy (PTT) effect, TSCuPc probably also contributes to that when it coats on the surface of SWNHs upon exposure to a 650-nm laser. More importantly, the results of in vitro cell viability revealed a significantly enhanced anticancer efficacy of combined noninvasive PTT/PDT, indicating that the SWNHs-TSCuPc nanohybrid is a hopeful candidate material for developing an efficient and biocompatible nanoplatform for biomedical application.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Indóis/química , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Fotoquimioterapia , Fototerapia , Água/química , Carbono/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Microscopia Confocal , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Fotodegradação , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Solubilidade , Análise Espectral Raman , Termogravimetria , Fatores de Tempo
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