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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28672854

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce bicycle injuries among rural middle school students in China. A one-year cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted with seventh grade students from six middle schools in two towns in rural Chaoshan, China. The two towns were randomly assigned to either the intervention or control group. Road safety education materials, two lectures on road safety, and a series of health education activities were delivered to 1312 students in the intervention group over one year, and the content of the intervention included traffic safety knowledge, methods of preventing bicycle injury and management of bicycle injuries. Questionnaires weere administered to the two groups before and after the intervention to measure the incidence, cognitions, and behaviors related to bicycle injuries. The pre-intervention incidence of bicycle injuries exhibited no significant difference between the two groups, while the difference reached significance after the intervention (χ² = 13.409, p < 0.001). In the intervention group, the incidence decreased significantly after the intervention (χ² = 8.137, p = 0.004), while no significant change was observed in the control group. Publicity and education intervention measures have certain short-term effects on the prevention of bicycle injuries among rural middle school students; we should approach intervention measures according to the characteristics of traffic injuries in different areas.


Assuntos
Ciclismo/lesões , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População Rural , Segurança , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
2.
Int J Equity Health ; 16(1): 28, 2017 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28122573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bicycle injuries are a leading cause of accidental death among children in the world, and bicycle-related injuries are also very common in China, thus to find out bicycle injury risk factors is imperative. This study aims to identify the cyclist-, bicycle- and road-related risk factors of bicycle injury, to develop health education programs as an intervention and to provide a scientific basis for establishing policies against bicycle injury. METHODS: We selected two middle schools randomly among seven schools in Chaoshan rural areas,where the main means of transportation for students from home to school was bicycle. The subjects were middle school students from 7th to 9th grades from Gucuo Middle School and Hefeng Middle School. Cyclists were surveyed through questionnaires about bicycle injury in the past 12 months. RESULTS: Multivariable logistic analysis showed that compared with a combination-type road、 motor lane and a non-intact road were both risk factors of bicycle injuries. This was followed by riding with fatigue, non-motor lane and inattentive riding. CONCLUSION: Bicycle injuries are frequent in China. Three risk factors on bicycle traffic injury among middle school students in Chaoshan rural areas of China were identified. This study provides important data to develop intervention strategies for China and other developing countries.


Assuntos
Ciclismo , População Rural , Instituições Acadêmicas , Transportes , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atenção , Criança , China , Planejamento Ambiental , Fadiga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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