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1.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644095

RESUMO

Plexcitonic strong coupling between a plasmon-polariton and a quantum emitter empowers ultrafast quantum manipulations in the nanoscale under ambient conditions. The main body of previous studies deals with homogeneous quantum emitters. To enable multiqubit states for future quantum computing and network, the strong coupling involving two excitons of the same material but different resonant energies has been investigated and observed primarily at very low temperature. Here, we report a room-temperature diexcitonic strong coupling (DiSC) nanosystem in which the excitons of a transition metal dichalcogenide monolayer and dye molecules are both strongly coupled to a single Au nanocube. Coherent information exchange in this DiSC nanosystem could be observed even when exciton energy detuning is about five times larger than the respective line widths. The strong coupling behaviors in such a DiSC nanosystem can be manipulated by tuning the plasmon resonant energies and the coupling strengths, opening up a paradigm of controlling plasmon-assisted coherent energy transfer.

2.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651628

RESUMO

Directed genome evolution simulates the process of natural evolution at the genomic level in the laboratory to generate desired phenotypes. Here we review the applications of recent technological advances in genome writing and editing to directed genome evolution, with a focus on structural rearrangement techniques. We highlight how these techniques can be used to generate diverse genotypes, and to accelerate the evolution of phenotypic traits. We also discuss the perspectives of directed genome evolution.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506277

RESUMO

We present a learning-based approach for removing unwanted obstructions, such as window reflections, fence occlusions, or raindrops, from a short sequence of images captured by a moving camera. Our method leverages motion differences between the background and obstructing elements to recover both layers. Specifically, we alternate between estimating dense optical flow fields of the two layers and reconstructing each layer from the flow-warped images via a deep convolutional neural network. This learning-based layer reconstruction module facilitates accommodating potential errors in the flow estimation and brittle assumptions, such as brightness consistency. We show that the proposed approach learned from synthetically generated data performs well to real images. Experimental results on numerous challenging scenarios of reflection and fence removal demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(9): e2124760, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533573

RESUMO

Importance: The results of numerous large randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have changed clinical practice in gastric cancer (GC). However, research waste (ie, unpublished data, inadequate reporting, or avoidable design limitations) is still a major challenge for evidence-based medicine. Objectives: To determine the characteristics of GC RCTs in the past 20 years and the presence of research waste and to explore potential targets for improvement. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study of GC RCTs, ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for phase 3 or 4 RCTs registered from January 2000 to December 2019 using the keyword gastric cancer. Independent investigators undertook assessments and resolved discrepancies via consensus. Data were analyzed from August through December 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcomes were descriptions of the characteristics of GC RCTs and the proportion of studies with signs of research waste. Research waste was defined as unpublished data, inadequate reporting, or avoidable design limitations. Publication status was determined by searching PubMed and Scopus databases. The adequacy of reporting was evaluated using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) reporting guideline checklist. Avoidable design limitations were determined based on existing bias or lack of cited systematic literature reviews. In the analyses of research waste, 125 RCTs that ended after June 2016 without publication were excluded. Results: A total of 262 GC RCTs were included. The number of RCTs increased from 25 trials in 2000 to 2004 to 97 trials in 2015 to 2019, with a greater increase among RCTs of targeted therapy or immunotherapy, which increased from 0 trials in 2000 to 2004 to 36 trials in 2015 to 2019. The proportion of RCTs that were multicenter was higher in non-Asian regions than in Asian regions (50 of 71 RCTs [70.4%] vs 96 of 191 RCTs [50.3%]; P = .004). The analysis of research waste included 137 RCTs, of which 81 (59.1%) were published. Among published RCTs, 65 (80.2%) were judged to be adequately reported and 63 (77.8%) had avoidable design defects. Additionally, 119 RCTs (86.9%) had 1 or more features of research waste. Study settings that included blinding (odds ratio [OR], 0.56; 95% CI, 0.33-0.93; P = .03), a greater number of participants (ie, ≥200 participants; OR, 0.07; 95% CI, 0.01-0.51; P = .01), and external funding support (OR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.08-0.60; P = .004) were associated with lower odds of research waste. Additionally, 35 RCTs (49.3%) were referenced in guidelines, and 18 RCTs (22.2%) had their prospective data reused. Conclusions and Relevance: To our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the characteristics of GC RCTs in the past 20 years, and it found a research waste burden, which may provide evidence for the development of rational RCTs and reduction of waste in the future.

5.
Front Immunol ; 12: 705378, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526987

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is highly invasive and carries high mortality due to limited therapeutic strategies. In other solid tumors, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) target cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed death 1 (PD1), and the PD1 ligand PD-L1 has revolutionized treatment and improved outcomes. However, the relationship and clinical significance of CTLA-4 and PD-L1 expression in ICC remains to be addressed. Deciphering CTLA-4 and PD-L1 interactions in ICC enable targeted therapy for this disease. In this study, immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect and quantify CTLA-4, forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3), and PD-L1 in samples from 290 patients with ICC. The prognostic capabilities of CTLA-4, FOXP3, and PD-L1 expression in ICC were investigated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Independent risk factors related to ICC survival and recurrence were assessed by the Cox proportional hazards models. Here, we identified that CTLA-4+ lymphocyte density was elevated in ICC tumors compared with peritumoral hepatic tissues (P <.001), and patients with a high density of CTLA-4+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILsCTLA-4 High) showed a reduced overall survival (OS) rate and increased cumulative recurrence rate compared with patients with TILsCTLA-4 Low (P <.001 and P = .024, respectively). Similarly, patients with high FOXP3+ TILs (TILsFOXP3 High) had poorer prognoses than patients with low FOXP3+ TILs (P = .021, P = .034, respectively), and the density of CTLA-4+ TILs was positively correlated with FOXP3+ TILs (Pearson r = .31, P <.001). Furthermore, patients with high PD-L1 expression in tumors (TumorPD-L1 High) and/or TILsCTLA-4 High presented worse OS and a higher recurrence rate than patients with TILsCTLA-4 LowTumorPD-L1 Low. Moreover, multiple tumors, lymph node metastasis, and high TumorPD-L1/TILsCTLA-4 were independent risk factors of cumulative recurrence and OS for patients after ICC tumor resection. Furthermore, among ICC patients, those with hepatolithiasis had a higher expression of CTLA-4 and worse OS compared with patients with HBV infection or undefined risk factors (P = .018). In conclusion, CTLA-4 is increased in TILs in ICC and has an expression profile distinct from PD1/PD-L1. TumorPD-L1/TILsCTLA-4 is a predictive factor of OS and ICC recurrence, suggesting that combined therapy targeting PD1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 may be useful in treating patients with ICC.

6.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 206: 114352, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509662

RESUMO

Lung cancer has high morbidity and mortality and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly invasive malignant tumor with a very unfavorable survival rate. Early diagnosis and treatment can result in better prognosis for the SCLC patients but current diagnostic methods are either invasive or incapable for large-scale screen. Therefore, discovering biomarkers for early diagnosis of SCLC is of importance. In this work, we covalently coupled Concanavalin A (ConA) to functionalized magnetic nanoparticles to obtain magnetic ConA-nanoparticles (ConA-NPs) for the enrichment of glycosylated proteins. We then purified glycosylated proteins in 36 urine samples from 9 healthy controls, 9 SCLC patients, 9 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients, and 9 lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) patients. The purified glycosylated proteins were digested and analyzed by LC-MS/MS for identification and quantification. Among the 398 identified proteins, 20, 15, and 1 glycosylated protein(s), respectively, were upregulated in the urine of SCLC, LUAD, and LUSC patients. Immunoblotting experiments further demonstrated that cathepsin C and transferrin were significantly upregulated in the ConA-NP purified urine of SCLC patients. This work suggests that glycosylated cathepsin C and transferrin might be able to serve as potential biomarkers for the noninvasive diagnosis of SCLC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanopartículas , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Cromatografia Líquida , Concanavalina A , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Proteômica , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(40): 47987-47995, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585574

RESUMO

DNA nanostructures possess unique programmability and addressability and exhibit a wide variety of potential applications. Recently, they demonstrated their ability to be ideal carriers of antibacterial drugs. In this study, the first use of a DNA six-helix bundle (6HB) nanostructure to co-deliver antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) and silver ions is reported. Although 6HB with Ag+ shows excellent antibacterial effect against both Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, 6HB with ASO selectively inhibits S. aureus. Furthermore, 6HB with both Ag+ and ASO exhibits enhanced antibacterial efficacy on S. aureus, probably through two sequential activities. Specifically, Ag+-modified 6HB greatly delays bacterial growth by destroying its cell walls, whereas 6HB conjugated with ASO targeting the ftsZ gene of S. aureus effectively inhibits its growth in the logarithmic growth phase by inhibiting the expression of the ftsZ gene. Moreover, this synergistic antibacterial treatment shows excellent biosafety with human normal liver cell L02. This co-delivery system by DNA nanostructures provides a promising platform for antibacterial therapeutics.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 60(17): 13500-13509, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403261

RESUMO

It is necessary to develop stable and fast multistimuli responsive materials due to the growing demand in our daily life. In this work, a new viologen-based Cd-complex (1) exhibits multiple thermochromic and photochromic behaviors through 10 states with 7 colors. For example, it responds to both Cu Kα/Mo Kα X-ray sources and UV dual light quickly with a color change from colorless to dark blue (1X) (Cu Kα/Mo Kα X-ray sources) and cyan (1-UV) (UV light), respectively. Interestingly, it exhibits a three-step coloration phenomenon when heated, which is unprecedented in viologen compounds. Crystal 1 undergoes a color change to pink, blue, and brown under 130, 180, and 240 °C, respectively. In addition, upon fumigation, both 1P and 1Q undergo a decoloration process to colorless (1K) and yellow (1T), respectively. Four more states (1P, 1K, 1T, and 1O) obtained via dehydration-hydration treatment are all photochromic. More importantly, via single-crystal-single-crystal transformation (SC-SC), the photochromic and thermochromic behaviors of 1 were investigated from the molecular level, which is also rather rare for thermochromic species. The detailed electron donor and the pathways for electron transfer were clearly given according to the results of crystal structure. The colorful states upon external stimuli may be attributed to the multiple pathways for electron transfer.

10.
Clin Nutr ; 40(8): 4980-4987, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Body composition profiles influence the prognosis of several types of cancer; however, the role of body composition in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (LAGC) after neoadjuvant treatment (NT) has not been well characterized. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 213 patients with LAGC who underwent gastrectomy after NT at a high-volume institution from southern China were comprehensively evaluated for primary analysis. Additionally, 170 and 77 patients from Western China and Italy, respectively, were reviewed for external validation. The skeletal muscle index (SMI), skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD), and the subcutaneous as well as the visceral adiposity index were assessed from clinically acquired CT scans at diagnosis and preoperatively. RESULTS: Overall, none of the body composition parameters significantly changed after NT. The pre-NT skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD) and change in SMI (ΔSMI) were both significantly lower in the patients with poor response (tumor regression <50%; mean SMD: 43.5 vs 46.5, P = 0.003; mean ΔSMI: -1.0 vs 2.2, P < 0.001), and the cutoff values were calculated according to the Youden index as 43.7 and 1.2, respectively. Based on these 2 parameters, a novel model, the Skeletal Muscle Score (SMS), was proposed to predict the pathological response (AUC = 0.764 alone and = 0.822 in combination with the radiological response). Moreover, patients with an SMI loss >1.2 had a significantly prolonged drainage tube removal time (mean: 10.0 vs 8.2, P = 0.003) and postoperative hospital stay (mean: 11.1 vs 9.8, P = 0.048), as well as a significantly higher rate of postoperative complications (30.9% vs 16.7%, P = 0.015). In the multivariate analysis, SMI loss >1.2 independently predicted poor overall survival (HR: 1.677, 95% CI 1.040-2.704, P = 0.034) and recurrence-free survival (HR: 1.924, 95% CI 1.165-3.175, P = 0.011). ΔSMI was also significantly associated with pathological response, surgical outcomes, and survival in the 2 external cohorts (P all < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For LAGC, the pre-NT SMD and ΔSMI could accurately predict the pathological response after NT. An SMI loss >1.2 is closely associated with poorer outcomes and may indicate the need more supportive treatment.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39711-39718, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402304

RESUMO

The manufacture of DNA origami nanostructures with highly ordered functional motifs is of great significance for biomedical applications. Here, we present a robust strategy to produce customized scaffolds with integrated aptamer sequences, which enables direct construction of functional DNA origami structures. As we demonstrated, aptamers of various numbers and types were efficiently and stably integrated in user-defined positions of the scaffolds. Specifically, two different thrombin aptamer sequences were simultaneously inserted into the M13mp18 phage genome. The assembled functional DNA origami structures from this aptamer-integrated scaffold exhibited increased binding efficiency to thrombin and displayed more than 10-fold stronger resistance to exonuclease degradation than that produced using the traditional staple extension method. Additionally, a scaffold integrated with the platelet-derived growth factor aptamer was produced, and the assembled DNA origami structures showed significant inhibitory effect on breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231. This scalable method of creating design-specific scaffolds opens up a new way to construct more stable and functionally robust DNA origami structures and thus provides an important basis for their broader applications.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/metabolismo , DNA/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Trombina/química
12.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(34): 9719-9726, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415161

RESUMO

Measurements of the thermodynamic properties of biomolecular folding (ΔG°, ΔH°, ΔS°, etc.) provide a wealth of information on the folding process and have long played a central role in biophysical investigation. In particular, the excess heat capacity of folding (ΔCP) is crucial, as typically measured in bulk ensemble studies by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). Here, we report the first measurements of ΔCP at the single-molecule level using the single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) as well as the very first measurements of the heat capacity change associated with achieving the transition state (ΔC‡P) for nucleic acid folding. The deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) hairpin used in these studies exhibits an excess heat capacity for hybridization (ΔCP = -340 ± 60 J/mol/K per base pair) consistent with the range of literature expectations (ΔCP = -100 to -420 J/mol/K per base pair). Furthermore, the measured activation heat capacities (ΔC‡P) for such hairpin unfolding are consistent with a folding transition state containing few fully formed base pairs, in agreement with prevailing models of DNA hybridization.

13.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(15)2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359820

RESUMO

The high mortality of pancreatic cancer is attributed to the insidious progression of this disease, which results in a delayed diagnosis and advanced disease stage at diagnosis. More than 35% of patients with pancreatic cancer are in stage III, whereas 50% are in stage IV at diagnosis. Thus, understanding the aggressive features of pancreatic cancer will contribute to the resolution of problems, such as its early recurrence, metastasis, and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies targeting tumor suppressor gene products may help prevent the progression of pancreatic cancer. In this review, we discuss several recent clinical trials of pancreatic cancer and recent studies reporting safe and effective treatment modalities for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16901, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413369

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effects of irrigation frequency and nitrogen fertilization rate on the abundance, diversity, and composition of soil bacteria in winter wheat. Irrigation, but not nitrogen fertilization, significantly affected the bacterial alpha diversity index. Among the 50 phyla obtained in these treatments, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, and Firmicutes were the predominant phyla. The LEfSe analysis of different treatments indicated that irrigation had a stronger effect on soil bacteria community composition than nitrogen fertilization. Moreover, the soil pH, moisture, available phosphorus (AP), and available potassium (AK) significantly correlated with the relative abundance of dominant bacteria at the phylum, genus, and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) levels. Overall, after three years of irrigation and fertilization treatments, the effect of irrigation on soil bacteria abundance, diversity, and composition of winter wheat was stronger than that of nitrogen fertilization, highlighting the importance of water availability for bacteria communities in semi-arid ecosystems. Inorganic and organic fertilizers should be applied in rotation.

15.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(6): 1355-1364, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the safety, effectiveness, and feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) tracing in guiding lymph-node (LN) dissection during laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed data on 313 patients with clinical stage of cT1-4N0-3M0 who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy after NAC between February 2010 and October 2020 from two hospitals in China. Grouped according to whether ICG was injected. For the ICG group (n = 102) and non-ICG group (n = 211), 1:1 propensity matching analysis was used. RESULTS: After matching, there was no significant difference in the general clinical pathological data between the two groups (ICG vs. non-ICG: 94 vs. 94). The average number of total LN dissections was significantly higher in the ICG group and lower LN non-compliance rate than in the non-ICG group. Subgroup analysis showed that among patients with LN and tumor did not shrink after NAC, the number of LN dissections was significantly more and LN non-compliance rate was lower in the ICG group than in the non-ICG group. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly lesser in the ICG group than in the non-ICG group, while the recovery and complications of the two groups were similar. CONCLUSION: For patients with poor NAC outcomes, ICG tracing can increase the number of LN dissections during laparoscopic radical gastrectomy, reduce the rate of LN non-compliance, and reduce intraoperative bleeding. Patients with AGC should routinely undergo ICG-guided laparoscopic radical gastrectomy.

16.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370147

RESUMO

The tumor suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) in PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway is essential in inhibiting tumor growth and metastasis. However, whether the mutation of PTEN gene could induce tumorigenesis and impact the treatment of gastric cancer is still unclear. The purpose of the study was to investigate the combined treatment of gastric tumorigenesis using Rapamycin and Fluorouracil (5-Fu) through interfering with the Akt/mTOR pathway in a mouse model with PTEN conditional deletion. Three groups of mice were exposed for 5 days to Rapamycin and 5-Fu separately and together. The gene expression of the Akt/mTOR pathway, the protein expression of caspase-3 and p-Akt, p-S6K and p-4EBP1, and the pathological changes in stomachs were analyzed. Our study demonstrates that the conditional PTEN deletion in the cells of glandular stomach induces hyperplastic gastric tumors in mice. The combined Rapamycin administration with 5-Fu resulted in better outcomes than their separate administration for the treatment of gastric cancer by inhibiting the mTOR signal pathway. Our study indicates that Rapamycin has a synergistic interaction with chemotherapeutic 5-Fu, and demonstrates a potential therapeutic combination treatment on glandular stomach tumor with PTEN functional absence or aberrantly activated Akt/mTOR pathway. It provides important insights into the inhibition of the Akt/mTOR pathway in gastric cancer clinical therapy.

17.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351056

RESUMO

The direct anterior approach (DAA) are attracting increasing attention from orthopedic arthroplasty surgeons, due to the less blood loss, mild soft tissue invasion, rapid rehabilitation and shorter length of stay. However, the longer learning curve in DAA can give rise to several complications, such as intraoperative femoral fracture, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury, wound-healing problem, premature revision and so on. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the rate of postoperative orthopedic complications between the DAA and the lateral approach (LA). All studies involving the comparison of postoperative orthopedic complications after THA between the DAA and LA group were searched in 7 databases prior to October 2020. The odds ratio (OR) with the 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each outcome was calculated by using the RevMan 5.3. The methodological bias of included studies was evaluated and the potential heterogeneity sources were analyzed. Thirteen comparative studies including a total of 24853 hips (9575 hips in the DAA group and 15278 hips in the LA group) were eligible for this meta-analysis. There was no significant difference in the rate of surgical site infection [2.59% vs 2.14% (OR = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.59-1.61, P = 0.93)], heterotopic ossification [12.16% vs 26.47% (OR = 0.46; 95% CI: 0.20-1.07, P = 0.07)] and reoperation [2.70% and 2.11% respectively (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.68-1.26, P = 0.64)] between the DAA and LA groups. Although a lower rate in prosthesis malposition [36.19% vs 54.86% (OR = 0.50; 95% CI: 0.35-0.73, P = 0.0003)], leg length discrepancy [1.87% vs 2.37% (OR = 2.35; 95% CI: 1.30-4.25, P = 0.005)] and Trendelenburg gait [1.68% vs 4.78% (OR = 0.29; 95% CI: 0.13-0.65, P = 0.003)] was observed in the DAA group, a higher rate in dislocation [0.77% vs 0.18% (OR = 3.73; 95% CI: 2.35-5.94, P< 0.00001)], periprosthetic fracture [1.05% vs 0.41% (OR = 2.38; 95% CI: 1.58-3.58, P< 0.0001)], prosthesis loosening [0.61% vs 0.37% (OR = 1.66; 95% CI: 1.05-2.62, P = 0.03)] and nerve injury [0.95% vs 0% (OR = 7.12; 95% CI: 1.66-30.48, P = 0.008)] was found in the DAA group. This meta-analysis demonstrated several evidences indicating that the DAA exhibited the advantages in the accurate prosthesis placement and less damage of surrounding hip musculature. However, a higher rate in dislocation, periprosthetic fracture, prosthesis loosening and nerve injury in the DAA group should be paid more attention, due to the limited exposure and a longer learning curve, compared to the LA.

18.
Carcinogenesis ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314478

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of regulatory RNAs with complex roles in healthy and diseased tissues. However, the oncogenic role of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poorly understood, including the mechanisms by which the circular ubiquitin binding associated protein 2 (circUBAP2) contributes to tumorigenesis. We analyzed the expression of circUBAP2 in 20 paired samples of HCC and healthy tissue as well as in seven HCC cell lines via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Functional experiments, such as CCK8 viability assays, colony formation assays, wound healing, transwell assays, and flow cytometry, were conducted to assess the effects of circUBAP2 in vitro. To further elucidate the mechanisms by which circUBAP2 acts, we conducted dual-luciferase assays, western blots, RNA pull-down assays, and rescue experiments. CircUBAP2 was highly upregulated in most HCC tissues and was associated with poor prognosis. HCC patients with high circUBAP2 expression had greater vascular invasion and worse differentiation. Functionally, circUBAP2 overexpression enhanced HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and inhibited apoptosis. Furthermore, we found that circUBAP2 upregulated c-Myc expression by sponging miR-1294, thus contributing to hepatocarcinogenesis. Inhibiting circUBAP2 expression in HCC attenuated the oncogenic effects of c-Myc. These findings suggest that circUBAP2 promotes HCC growth and metastasis. CircUBAP2 may have value as an independent prognostic biomarker or as a new target for the treatment of HCC.

19.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284589

RESUMO

The development of smart luminescent materials, especially those stimulus-responsive fluorescent materials that can switch between different colors repeatedly under external stimulation based on a single molecule, is of great significance but a challenge. In this work, a novel zinc(II)-Schiff base complex (ZnL2) was obtained and characterized. Upon exposure to the HCl and NH3 vapors, it displayed remarkable tricolor acidochromic behavior with high contrast and rapid response under the ambient light as well as UV light (365 nm). The XPS analyses of ZnL2 crystals before and after HCl/NH3 fuming show that the acidochromism originates principally from the adsorption of vapor and the gas-solid reaction equilibrium on the crystal surface. The reddish-brown color of the HCl-fumigated ZnL2 crystals could be attributed to the generation of HL at the surface of ZnL2, and red-shifted emission could be ascribed to the self-absorption effect. The single crystal X-ray diffraction data indicate that these processes cause slight changes in the molecular conformation and crystal packing. ZnL2 shows reversible mechanochromic luminescence behavior between yellow and orange emission during the grinding-fuming/heating cycles due to the modulation between amorphous and crystalline states. Moreover, ZnL2 was successfully made into test paper for the rapid detection of HCl/NH3 vapors and mechanical stimuli.

20.
Surg Oncol ; 37: 101583, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the incidence and prognosis of intra-abdominal infectious complications (IaICs) after laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) and open radical gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: The data of patients who underwent radical gastrectomy (LAG and OG) for gastric cancer at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. A 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias. The incidence and prognosis of postoperative IaICs in the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: After PSM, no significant difference was found in the baseline data between OG (n = 913) and LAG (n = 913). The incidence of IaICs after OG and LAG was 4.1% and 5.1%, respectively (p = 0.264). The Cox multivariate analysis showed that IaICs were an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) of patients undergoing gastrectomy (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.65, p < 0.001). Further, LAG was an independent protective factor for OS among the patients with IaICs (HR: 0.54, p = 0.036), while tumor diameter of ≥50 mm (p = 0.01) and pathological TNM stage III (p < 0.001) were independent risk factors. The 5-year OS rate was higher in the patients with IaICs who underwent LAG than in those who underwent OG (51.1% vs. 32.4%, p = 0.042). The prognostic nutritional index was similar in both groups before surgery (p = 0.220) but lower on the first, third, and fifth days after OG than after LAG (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to OG, LAG can improve the prognosis of patients with postoperative IaICs and is therefore recommended for patients at a high risk for IaICs.

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