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1.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(23): 13128-13135, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075977

RESUMO

Chiral metasurfaces patterned with L-shaped holes in a thin film of Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 are designed. The impact of temperature T on circular conversion dichroism, mainly characterized by circular polarization differential transmittance (CPDT), is studied by rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The results show that decreasing T will give rise to the appearance of much more narrow CPDT peaks and dips, and the maximum differential transmittance between two opposite circularly polarized light can reach above 0.60 by optimizing the structural parameters at 80 K. As the T increases, the differential transmittance gradually decreases, and the CPDT peak and dip values exhibit variation tendencies of 'Z' and 'S' types, respectively. Two simple formulae of CPDT extreme values with respect to T are derived, predicting that the decreasing tendency will reach saturation when T ≥ 500 K. Differing from the wavelength-independent variation trend of differential transmittance, CPDT extremum positions mainly show a blueshift (redshift) tendency at the wavelength λ > 10 µm (λ < 5 µm) as the T increases. Moreover, evolutions of CPDT with various factors including the thickness of Cd3As2, incident and azimuth angles are also clearly unveiled.

2.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 5(24): 13055-62, 2013 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24283510

RESUMO

Cu nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated in silica by 45 keV Cu ion implantation at a fluence of 1.0 × 10(17) cm(-2) and were then subjected to implantation of 50 keV Zn ions at fluences of 1.0 × 10(16), 5.0 × 10(16), and 10.0 × 10(16) cm(-2), respectively. Our results clearly show that post Zn ion implantation could significantly modify structures and components of the preformed Cu NPs and thus the corresponding surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorption can be modulated in a wide range. In particular, CuZn alloy NPs with unique SPR absorption were synthesized in Cu-implanted silica followed by Zn ion implantation at a fluence of 5.0 × 10(16) cm(-2). During subsequent annealing, two distinguished processes concerning CuZn alloy NPs (i.e., realloying and dealloying) were found that directly result from thermally driven diffusion of Zn atoms. Moreover, owing to Zn diffusion, lots of core-shell nanostructures consisting of Zn-related compound shells around Cu cores were observed after annealing at 500 °C and higher. The underlying mechanism concerning the formation and decomposition of CuZn alloy NPs is discussed and presented.

3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 30(1): 34-7, 2009 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19565845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between air temperature and emergency room visits among patients covered by medical care program from 'third-grade' hospitals in Shanghai. METHODS: Generalized additive model (GAM) was used to analyze time series, and AR(P) was used to deal with auto correlation of time series. After controlling factors as both medium-term and long-term trends, day of the week, vocation, typical pneumonia and pollutants, the association between air temperature and emergency room visits in virtue of quadratic curve and differential coefficient principle were estimated. RESULTS: When air temperature was below 14.71 degrees C, the increase of 95% confidence interval to relative risk in corresponding emergency room visits along with 1 degree C increase of air temperature, was less than 1. However, when air temperature was above 19.59 degrees C, the relative risk's 95% confidence interval was greater than 1. When air temperature varied at the range of 14.71 degrees C-19.59 degrees C, the 95% confidence interval of the relative risk would include 1. Hence, air temperature range between 14.71 degrees C-19.59 degrees C, was called the optimum temperature range. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that the current air temperature had an acute impact on the number of emergency room visits among patients covered by medical care program visiting those third grade hospitals in Shanghai.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Estatísticos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Temperatura , China , Humanos
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