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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615779

RESUMO

Although many strategies have been used to help design effective near-infrared (NIR) luminescent materials, it is still a huge challenge to realize long-wavelength NIR luminescence of diimineplatinum(II) complexes in the solid state. Herein, we have successfully achieved long-wavelength NIR luminescence of a family of diimineplatinum(II) complexes based on a new strategy that combines a one-dimensional (1D) "Pt wire" structure with the electronic effect of the substituent. The structures of six solvated diimineplatinum(II) complexes based on 4,4-dichloro-2,2'-bipyridine or 4,4-dibromo-2,2'-bipyridine and 4-substituted phenylacetylene ligands have been determined, namely, 1·1/2toluene, 2·1/2THF, 3·1/8toluene, 4·1/2THF, 5·1/8CH2Cl2, and 6·1/4toluene. All of them crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/c or C2/m and stack in the 1D "Pt wire" structure. In the solid state, six complexes exhibited unusual long-wavelength metal-metal-to-ligand charge-transfer luminescence that peaked at 984, 1044, 972, 990, 1022, and 935 nm, respectively. Interestingly, 2·1/2THF has the shortest Pt···Pt distance and the longest emission wavelength among the six complexes. As far as we know, the luminescence of 2·1/2THF at 1044 nm is the longest emission wavelength among known diimineplatinum(II) complexes. Systematic studies revealed that good molecular planarity, suitable substituent position, weak hydrogen-bond-forming ability of the substituents, appropriate molecular bending, and weakening of the interaction between solvated molecules and platinum molecules are conducive to the construction of a 1D "Pt wire" structure of the diimineplatinum(II) complex. Furthermore, the emission energy of the complex is mainly determined by the strength of the Pt-Pt interaction and electronic effect of the substituent.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 252: 119510, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561687

RESUMO

Herein, a new "turn on" fluorescent probe C-1 is developed to specifically detect hydrazine using coumarin nucleus as the fluorophore and ß-diketone as the recognition group. The probe shows high selectivity towards hydrazine over other common ions and amine-containing species, as well as good water solubility and quantitative detectability of hydrazine in concentration range of 1-200 µM. The detection limit is as low as 1.89 ppb, which is lower than the threshold set by EPA (10 ppb). Probe-coated filter papers are confirmed to detect gaseous hydrazine successfully through obvious fluorescence color changes. In addition, the probe has been verified to detect hydrazine in actual water environment and living cells.

3.
Environ Res ; 195: 110867, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582130

RESUMO

Ambient air pollution has been identified as one of the leading causes of global burden of disease. The relationship between ambient air pollution exposure and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has stimulated increasing scientific interest in the past few years. However, evidence from human epidemiological studies is still limited and inconsistent. We performed an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the potential association comprehensively. Selected electronic databases were searched for related English language studies until March 1, 2020 with a final follow-up in December 31, 2020. Risk of bias assessment for individual studies were assessed using the OHAT (Office of Health Assessment and Translation) risk-of-bias rating tool. Confidence rating and level-of-evidence conclusions were developed for bodies of evidence for a given ambient air pollutant. Summary effect estimates were calculated using random-effects meta-analyses when three or more studies are identified for the same air pollutant-CKD combination. A total of 13 studies were finally identified in our study. The meta-analytic estimates (ORs) for risk of CKD were 1.15 (95% CI: 1.07, 1.24) for each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5, 1.25 (95% CI: 1.11, 1.40) for each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM10, 1.10 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.17) for each 10 ppb increase in NO2, 1.06 (95% CI: 0.98, 1.15) for each 1 ppb increase in SO2 and 1.04 (95% CI: 1.00, 1.08) for each 0.1 ppm increase in CO, respectively. The level of evidence was appraised as moderate for four of the five tested air pollutant-CKD combinations using an adaptation of the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) tool. In conclusion, this study suggests that certain ambient air pollutant exposure was significantly associated with an increased risk of CKD. Given the limitations, the results of this study should be interpreted with caution, and further well-designed epidemiological studies are needed to draw a definite evidence of a causal relationship.

4.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 8815144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33603780

RESUMO

Purpose: This study is aimed at investigating brain structural changes and structural network properties in complete spinal cord injury (SCI) patients, as well as their relationship with clinical variables. Materials and Methods: Structural MRI of brain was acquired in 24 complete thoracic SCI patients (38.50 ± 11.19 years, 22 males) within the first postinjury year, while 26 age- and gender-matched healthy participants (38.38 ± 10.63 years, 24 males) were enrolled as control. The voxel-based morphometry (VBM) approach and graph theoretical network analysis based on cross-subject grey matter volume- (GMV-) based structural covariance networks (SCNs) were conducted to investigate the impact of SCI on brain structure. Partial correlation analysis was performed to explore the relationship between the GMV of structurally changed brain regions and SCI patients' clinical variables, including injury duration, injury level, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS), International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) scale, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), and Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), after removing the effects of age and gender. Results: Compared with healthy controls, SCI patients showed higher SDS score (t = 4.392 and p < 0.001). In the VBM analysis, significant GMV reduction was found in the left middle frontal cortex, right superior orbital frontal cortex (OFC), and left inferior OFC. No significant difference was found in global network properties between SCI patients and healthy controls. In the regional network properties, significantly higher betweenness centrality (BC) was noted in the right anterior cingulum cortex (ACC) and left inferior OFC and higher nodal degree and efficiency in bilateral middle OFCs, while decreased BC was noted in the right putamen in SCI patients. Only negative correlation was found between GMV of right middle OFC and SDS score in SCI patients (r = -0.503 and p = 0.017), while no significant correlation between other abnormal brain regions and any of the clinical variables (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: SCI patients would experience depressive and/or anxious feelings at the early stage. Their GMV reduction mainly involved psychology-cognition related rather than sensorimotor brain regions. The efficiency of regional information transmission in psychology-cognition regions increased. Greater GMV reduction in psychology region was related with more severe depressive feelings. Therefore, early neuropsychological intervention is suggested to prevent psychological and cognitive dysfunction as well as irreversible brain structure damage.

5.
Food Funct ; 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634806

RESUMO

Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by overweight resulting from fat accumulation, along with disturbance of metabolism and gut microbiota. Fermentation, as a green processing method, is beneficial for improving the nutrition capacity of food components. Polysaccharides are considered as one of the important components in food and are also potential supplements for anti-obesity treatment. This study aimed to investigate the anti-obesity effects of polysaccharides from fermented and non-fermented Momordica charantia L. with Lactobacillus plantarum NCU116 (FP and NFP) on obese rats by serum metabolomics and gut microbiota analysis. Metabolomics results revealed that abnormal lipid metabolism was formed due to obesity. The supplement of FP and NFP improved the glycerophospholipids, glycosphingolipids, and amino acid metabolism of the obese rats, which alleviated the hypercholesterolemia and overweight in rats. Furthermore, the disorder of gut microbiota was ameliorated by FP and NFP. FP promoted the growth of beneficial bacteria, such as phylum Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and genera Anaerostipes, Coprococcus, Lactobacillus, and Bifidobacterium. FP also reduced several harmful bacteria belonging to the phylum Proteobacteria and genera Helicobacter. The positive correlation of the weight loss and lowering of serum lipids with the increased beneficial bacteria further elucidated that the anti-obesity effect of FP in obese rats is associated with the regulation of gut microbiota and serum metabolites. The results of this study could provide information for developing probiotic products in the future that may have beneficial effects on the prevention or treatment of obesity.

6.
Lupus ; : 961203321995242, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our study purpose was to detect the distribution of anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) IgG subclasses in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to evaluate their influence on the inflammatory process in SLE. METHODS: We determined the serum levels of ANA IgG subclasses from 70 SLE patients, 25 patients with other autoimmune diseases (OAD), and 25 healthy controls using ELISA. The serum level of total ANA IgG and the avidity of ANA IgG, dsDNA IgG, and dsDNA IgG subclasses were analysed by ELISA. RESULTS: The results indicated that levels of four ANA IgG subclasses (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4) and total IgG were significantly higher in SLE patients than in OAD patients and healthy controls (p < 0.001). Moreover, the level of each ANA IgG subclass and the prevalence of high-avidity IgG ANAs (HA IgG ANAs) were significantly higher in the active cases than in the inactive cases of SLE and LN. Furthermore, level of ANA IgG subclasses decreased as level of dsDNA IgG subclasses decreased in 30 patients with SLE. In comparison, ANA IgG3 was significantly effective in high-dose prednisone combined with hydroxychloroquine (p = 0.025). Additionally, it revealed that level of dsDNA IgG had a significant influence on four ANA IgG subclasses, especially on ANA IgG3 (ß coefficient = 0.649, p < 0.001). Level of ANA IgG3 was also positively related to the serum level of dsDNA IgG (r = 0.729, p < 0.001) and RAI of HA IgG ANAs (r = 0.504, p < 0.001). However, the level of ANA IgG4 was positively related to the serum level of albumin (r = 0.572, p < 0.001) and RAI of HA IgG ANAs (r = 0.549, p < 0.001). Moreover, the results revealed that cutaneous and renal involvement were mainly associated with the ANA IgG1 and IgG4 subclasses. Although, arthritic involvement was mainly associated with ANA IgG3. CONCLUSIONS: First, we demonstrated that the ANA IgG subclasses were diagnostic tools in SLE patients. Furthermore, HA IgG ANAs might affect the distribution of ANA IgG3 and IgG4. Moreover, ANA IgG3 might play a particular role in the activity of SLE disease and therapy. Therefore, an altered ANA IgG subclass distribution might be a risk factor influencing the inflammatory process in SLE.

7.
J Mol Histol ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555537

RESUMO

Nogo-A protein consists of two main extracellular domains: Nogo-66 (rat amino acid [aa] 1019-1083) and Nogo-A-Δ20 (extracellular, active 180 amino acid Nogo-A region), which serve as strong inhibitors of axon regeneration in the adult CNS (Central Nervous System). Although receptors S1PR2 and HSPGs have been identified as Nogo-A-Δ20 binding proteins, it remains at present elusive whether other receptors directly interacting with Nogo-A-Δ20 exist, and decrease cell death. On the other hand, the key roles of EphA4 in the regulation of glioblastoma, axon regeneration and NSCs (Neural Stem Cells) proliferation or differentiation are well understood, but little is known the relationship between EphA4 and Nogo-A-Δ20 in NSCs apoptosis. Thus, we aim to determine whether Nogo-A-Δ20 can bind to EphA4 and affect survival of NSCs. Here, we discover that EphA4, belonging to a member of erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular (Eph) receptors family, could be acting as a high affinity ligand for Nogo-A-Δ20. Trans-membrane protein of EphA4 is needed for Nogo-A-Δ20-triggered inhibition of NSCs apoptosis, which are mediated by balancing p38 inactivation and JNK MAPK pathway activation. Finally, we predict at the atomic level that essential residues Lys-205, Ile-190, Pro-194 in Nogo-A-Δ20 and EphA4 residues Gln-390, Asn-425, Pro-426 might play critical roles in Nogo-A-Δ20/EphA4 binding via molecular docking.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 131-136, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy, survival and adverse effects of non-transplanted multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with bortezomib maintenance. METHODS: A total of 25 newly diagnosed/relapsed non-transplanted MM patients treated in West District of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from June 2004 to November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received PD regimen (bortezomib and dexamethasone), including bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m2 and dexamethasone 20 mg on days 1, 8, 15, 22 in a 3-month cycle. RESULTS: Till November 1, 2017, 5 patients achieved stringent complete response (sCR), 8 patients achieved complete response (CR), 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 4 patients achieved partial reponse (PR), while 1 patient achieved stable disease (SD). After maintenance therapy, 21 patients maintained the efficacy above PR, of which 1 patient was improved from CR to sCR; 4 patients adjusted chemotherapy after disease progressed. Median maintenance therapy was 9 cycles (range from 6 to 31), and the median maintenance time was 27 months (range from 18 to 97). Median follow-up time was 73 months (range from 25 to 171). Median progress-free survival (PFS) time was 30 months (range from 9 to 105) and overall survival (OS) time was 57 months (range from 27 to 160). Till November 1, 2019, 3-year survival rate was 84% (21/25), and 5-year survival rate was 72% (13/18). The most common adverse events were transient leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral neuropathy, which the patients could tolerate after the prevention and treatment. CONCLUSION: Bortezomib-based maintenance therapy for non-transplanted MM patients can be an option in consideration of its safety and efficacy.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Bortezomib/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565352

RESUMO

Polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) were mainly obtained from the plants of Hypericum genus of Guttiferae family, and possessed intriguing chemical structures and appealing biological activities. Two new PPAPs derivatives, hyperacmosin C (1) and hyperacmosin D (2) were isolated from H. acmosepalum. Their structures were established by NMR, HREIMS, and experimental electronic circular dichroism spectra. Besides, compound 1 showed significant hepatoprotective activity at 10 µM against paracetamol-induced HepG2 cell damage and compound 2 could moderately increase the relative glucose consumption.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572484

RESUMO

The characteristics of spatial-temporal distribution and sources for multiple environmental carriers (surface soil, soil profiles, atmospheric dustfall) from the typical industrial city of Baiyin in Northwestern China were studied by means of environmental magnetism. This study aims to contribute to the potential application of magnetic measurements in the case of multiple environmental carriers, for the evaluation and differentiation of urban pollution sources. Results show that background magnetic susceptibility of soil is 37 × 10-8 m3 kg-1, and that magnetite and hematite carry the magnetic properties. However, magnetic properties of urban soil and atmospheric dustfall are dominated by PSD magnetite. Magnetite content in soil samples is anomalously high surrounding metallurgical plant and slag dump (major industry district), of moderate value in the center of the city (major commercial district), and of low value in the west of city (Baiyin new zone). Vertical distribution of magnetite content in soil profile of waste land suggests that the pollutants are mostly enriched in the top 0-2 cm soil layers, while planting of crops near the industrial area may accelerate the transfer of contaminants deeper in the soil (2-30 cm); accordingly, reducing detrimental soil tillage practices can alleviate the vertical migration of pollution. Measurements of magnetic variations of atmospheric dustfall indicate that industrial emissions by factory chimneys and blowing dust from slag heap and mineral transport control the magnetic properties of dust, with slag heaps being the main pollution source since 2014. Governance of slag pollution is a primary task in resource-exhausted urban contexts. The combination of several magnetic parameters arising from multiple environmental carriers, such as soil and atmospheric dustfall, can provide comprehensive spatio-temporal information on environmental pollution.

11.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544595

RESUMO

The superior optical and electronic properties of the two-dimensional (2D) rhenium disulfide (ReS2) makes it suitable for nanoelectronic and optoelectronic applications. However, the internal defects coupled with with the low mobility and light-absorbing capability of ReS2 impede its utilization in high-performance photodetectors. Fabrication of mixed-dimensional heterojunctions is an alternative method for designing high-performance hybrid photodetectors. This study proposes a mixed-dimensional van der Waals (vdW) heterojunction photodetector, containing high-performance one-dimensional (1D) p-type tellurium (Te) and 2D n-type ReS2, developed by depositing Te nanowires on ReS2 nanoflake using the dry transfer method. It can improve the injection and separation efficiency of photoexcited electron-hole pairs due to the type II p-n heterojunction formed at the ReS2 and Te interface. The proposed heterojunction device is sensitive to visible-light sensitivity (632 nm) with an ultrafast photoresponse (5 ms), high responsivity (180 A/W), and specific detectivity (109), which is superior to the pristine Te and ReS2 photodetectors. As compared to the ReS2 device, the responsivity and response speed is better by an order of magnitude. These results demonstrate the fabrication and application potential of Te/ReS2 mixed-dimensional heterojunction for high-performance optoelectronic devices and sensors.

12.
Microbiol Immunol ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527427

RESUMO

Antituberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ATDILI) has received increasing attention globally, which may limit the effectiveness of the anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) treatment. Many host genetic determinants of ATDILI have been identified, recently. Whereas, little knowledge about the association between aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A1 (ALDH1A1) polymorphisms and ATDILI is currently available, so we investigated the association between their variants and the susceptibility to ATDILI. A total of 747 TB patients treated by first-line antituberculosis drugs were prospectively enrolled at West China Hospital. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood sample of each patient and 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ALDH1A1 gene were screened and genotyped with a custom-designed 2x48-plex SNP Scan TM Kit. The patients were followed up monthly to monitor the development of ATDILI. The C allele and the CA genotype of rs7852860 was significantly associated with an elevated risk for ATDILI (p = 0.006 and 0.005, respectively), which was consistent with the results in the dominant and additive models. No allele, genotype or genetic model of the other 6 SNPs (rs3764435, rs348471, rs63319, rs610529, rs7027604, rs8187876) were found to be associated with the susceptibility to ATDILI. Our findings firstly demonstate that rs7852860 variants in ALDH1A1 gene is associated with susceptibility to ATDILI in the Chinese Han population. Validation studies with larger sample sizes and other ethnic groups are needed to confirm our findings. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 60(4): 2839-2845, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539081

RESUMO

Protein design has received much attention in the last decades. With an additional disulfide bond to enhance the protein stability, human A15C neuroglobin (Ngb) is an ideal protein scaffold for heme enzyme design. In this study, we rationally converted A15C Ngb into a multifunctional peroxidase by replacing the heme axial His64 with an Asp residue, where Asp64 and the native Lys67 at the heme distal site were proposed to act as an acid-base catalytic couple for H2O2 activation. Kinetic studies showed that the catalytic efficiency of A15C/H64D Ngb was much higher (∼50-80-fold) than that of native dehaloperoxidase, which even exceeds (∼3-fold) that of the most efficient native horseradish peroxidase. Moreover, the dye-decolorizing peroxidase activity was also comparable to that of some native enzymes. Electron paramagnetic resonance, molecular docking, and isothermal titration calorimetry studies provided valuable information for the substrate-protein interactions. Therefore, this study presents the rational design of an efficient multifunctional peroxidase based on Ngb with potential applications such as in bioremediation for environmental sustainability.

14.
Environ Microbiol ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538379

RESUMO

The methanol-derived methanogenetic pathway contributes to bulk methane production in cold regions, but the cold adaptation mechanisms are obscure. This work investigated the mechanisms using a psychrophilic methylotrophic methanogen Methanolobus psychrophilus R15. R15 possesses two mtaCB operon paralogues-encoding methanol:corrinoid methyltransferase that is key to methanol-based methanogenesis. Molecular combined methanogenic assays determined that MtaC1 is important in methanogenesis at the optimal temperature of 18°C, but MtaC2 can be a cold-adaptive paralogue by highly upregulated at 8°C. The 5'P-seq and 5'RACE all assayed that processing occurred at the 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) of mtaC2; reporter genes detected higher protein expression, and RNA half-life experiments assayed prolonged lifespan of the processed transcript. Therefore, mtaC2 5'-UTR processing to move the bulged structure elevated both the translation efficiency and transcript stability. 5'P-seq, quantitative RT-PCR and northern blot all identified enhanced mtaC2 5'-UTR processing at 8°C, which could contribute to the upregulation of mtaC2 at cold. The R15 cell extract contains an endoribonuclease cleaving an identified 10 nt-processing motif and the native mtaC2 5'-UTR particularly folded at 8°C. Therefore, this study revealed a 5'-UTR processing mediated post-transcriptional regulation mechanism controlling the cold-adaptive methanol-supported methanogenetic pathway, which may be used by other methylotrophic methanogens.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594724

RESUMO

Controlling gas sorption by simple pore modification is important in molecular recognition and industrial separation processes. In particular, it is challenging to realize the inverse selectivity, which reduces the adsorption of a high-affinity gas and increases the adsorption of a low-affinity gas. Herein, an "opposite action" strategy is demonstrated for boosting CO2/C2H2 selectivity in porous coordination polymers (PCPs). A precise steric design of channel pores using an amino group as an additional interacting site enabled the synergetic increase in CO2 adsorption while suppressing the C2H2 adsorption. Based on this strategy, two new ultramicroporous PCP physisorbents that are isostructural were synthesised. They exhibited the highest CO2 uptake and CO2/C2H2 volume uptake ratio at 298 K. Origin of this specific selectivity was verified by detailed density functional theory calculations. The breakthrough separation performances with remarkable stability and recyclability of both the PCPs render them relevant materials for C2H2 purification from CO2/C2H2 mixtures.

16.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 640-647, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587004

RESUMO

This study investigated anti-polyphenol oxidase activity and mechanism of purified total flavonoids (PTF) from young loquat fruits. PTF remarkably inhibited the activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) with an IC 50 value of 21.03 ± 2.37 µg/mL. Based on enzyme kinetics, PTF was found to be a potent, mixed-type, and reversible inhibitor of PPO. The fluorescence intensity of PPO was quenched by PTF through forming a PTF-PPO complex in a static procedure. Therefore, this study authenticated PTF as an efficient PPO inhibitor, which would contribute to their utilization in food industry.

17.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e929913, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Two diagnostic models of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (CS-PCa) were established using clinical data of among patients whose prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels are in the gray area (4.0-10.0 ng/ml). MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from 181 patients whose PSA levels were in the gray area were retrospectively analyzed, and the following data were collected: age, digital rectal examination, total PSA, PSA density (PSAD), free/total PSA (f/t PSA), transrectal ultrasound, multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), and pathological reports. Patients were diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and PCa by pathology reports, and PCa patients were separated into non-clinically significant PCa (NCS-PCa) and CS-PCa by Gleason score. Afterward, predictor models constructed by above parameters were researched to diagnose PCa and CS-PCa, respectively. RESULTS According to the analysis of included clinical data, there were 109 patients with BPH, 44 patients with NCS-PCa, and 28 patients with CS-PCa. Regression analysis showed PCa was correlated with f/t PSA, PSAD, and mpMRI (P<0.01), and CS-PCa was correlated with PSAD and mpMRI (P<0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves of 2 models for PCa (sensitivity=73.64%, specificity=64.23%) and for CS-PCa (sensitivity=71.41%, specificity=81.82%) were 0.79 and 0.87, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The prediction models had satisfactory diagnostic value for PCa and CS-PCa among patients with PSA in the gray area, and use of these models may help reduce overdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Calicreínas/sangue , Modelos Estatísticos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Exame Retal Digital/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Sobremedicalização/prevenção & controle , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Gradação de Tumores , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Hiperplasia Prostática/sangue , Hiperplasia Prostática/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
J Surg Oncol ; 123(4): 891-903, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prognostic significance of tumor deposits (TDs), isolated tumor foci lacking residual lymph nodes, in esophageal cancer (EC). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with EC undergoing esophagectomy between 2005 and 2017 was conducted. The prognostic value of TD was evaluated using a Cox regression model. Patients from different sources and periods were split into discovery and validation sets. A propensity score matching model was used in the validation set to reduce the confounding bias. The impact of TD on the TNM classification system was evaluated. RESULTS: The discovery and validation sets included 179 and 2875 patients, respectively. Propensity-matched patients with and without TDs were constructed in the validation set with 132 patients in each group. Overall survival (p < .001 and p = .004, respectively) and disease-free survival (p < .001 and p = .019, respectively) were both decreased in TD positive patients in the discovery set and propensity-matched groups of validation set. Classifying patients with TDs into pN3 stage improved the discriminative power of the current TNM staging system. CONCLUSIONS: TD is an independent prognostic factor for EC. The inclusion of TD in the TNM staging system may upstage appropriate patients to help guide therapy, and future studies are warranted.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482649

RESUMO

In the past few years, lead chalcogenide quantum dots have attracted attention as a new system with a strong quantum confinement effect. In this paper, the hot-excitons cooling and Auger recombination of multiexcitons in PbS quantum dots are investigated by the femtosecond time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy. The results show that the excitons dynamics in PbS quantum dots are closely related to the pump-photon energy and pump-pulse energy. Multiexcitons generate when the excess energy of the absorbed photons is larger than the bandgap energy in PbS quantum dots. The hot-excitons cooling lifetime increases but the Auger recombination lifetime decreases as the pump-photon energy and the pump-pulse energy increase. Besides, there is a competitive relation between multiple-excitons generation and hot-excitons cooling. The dynamics results of the formation and relaxation of multiexcitons in PbS quantum dots would shed light on the further understanding of the interaction between excitons and photons in the optoelectronic application based on PbS quantum dots.

20.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 6696198, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33505535

RESUMO

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most devastating diseases worldwide. The study is aimed at identifying reliable prognostic biomarkers and to improve understanding of cancer initiation and progression mechanisms. RNA-Seq data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Subsequently, comprehensive bioinformatics analysis incorporating gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was conducted to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) closely associated with NSCLC. Eight hub genes were screened out using Molecular Complex Detection (MCODE) and cytoHubba. The prognostic and diagnostic values of the hub genes were further confirmed by survival analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Hub genes were validated by other datasets, such as the Oncomine, Human Protein Atlas, and cBioPortal databases. Ultimately, logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic potential of the two identified biomarkers. Screening removed 1,411 DEGs, including 1,362 upregulated and 49 downregulated genes. Pathway enrichment analysis of the DEGs examined the Ras signaling pathway, alcoholism, and other factors. Ultimately, eight prioritized genes (GNGT1, GNG4, NMU, GCG, TAC1, GAST, GCGR1, and NPSR1) were identified as hub genes. High hub gene expression was significantly associated with worse overall survival in patients with NSCLC. The ROC curves showed that these hub genes had diagnostic value. The mRNA expressions of GNGT1 and NMU were low in the Oncomine database. Their protein expressions and genetic alterations were also revealed. Finally, logistic regression analysis indicated that combining the two biomarkers substantially improved the ability to discriminate NSCLC. GNGT1 and NMU identified in the current study may empower further discovery of the molecular mechanisms underlying NSCLC's initiation and progression.

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