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PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238179, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881902


Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase (CCD), a key enzyme in carotenoid metabolism, cleaves carotenoids to form apo-carotenoids, which play a major role in plant growth and stress responses. CCD genes had not previously been systematically characterized in Brassica napus (rapeseed), an important oil crop worldwide. In this study, we identified 30 BnCCD genes and classified them into nine subgroups based on a phylogenetic analysis. We identified the chromosomal locations, gene structures, and cis-promoter elements of each of these genes and performed a selection pressure analysis to identify residues under selection. Furthermore, we determined the subcellular localization, physicochemical properties, and conserved protein motifs of the encoded proteins. All the CCD proteins contained a retinal pigment epithelial membrane protein (RPE65) domain. qRT-PCR analysis of expression of 20 representative BnCCD genes in 16 tissues of the B. napus cultivar Zhong Shuang 11 ('ZS11') revealed that members of the BnCCD gene family possess a broad range of expression patterns. This work lays the foundation for functional studies of the BnCCD gene family.

Brassica napus/enzimologia , Dioxigenases/genética , Genoma de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Brassica napus/genética , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Dioxigenases/classificação , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/classificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(40): 11053-11065, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525973


Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is the second highest yielding oil crop worldwide. In addition to being used as an edible oil and a feed for livestock, rapeseed has high ornamental value. In this study, we identified and characterized the main floral major constituents, including phenolic acids and flavonoids components, in rapeseed accessions with different-colored petals. A total of 144 constituents were identified using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-HESI-mass spectrometry (UPLC-HESI-MS/MS), 57 of which were confirmed and quantified using known standards and mainly contained phenolic acids, flavonoids, and glucosinolates compounds. Most of the epicatechin, quercetin, and isorhamnetin derivates were found in red and pink petals of B. napus, while kaempferol derivates were in yellow and pale white petals. Moreover, petal-specific compounds, including a putative hydroxycinnamic acid derivative, sinapoyl malate, 1-O-sinapoyl-ß-d-glucose, feruloyl glucose, naringenin-7-O-glucoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3,5-di-O-glucoside, petunidin-3-O-ß-glucopyranoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside-7-O-glucoside, quercetin-3,4'-O-di-ß-glucopyranoside, quercetin-3-O-glucoside, and delphinidin-3-O-glucoside, might contribute to a variety of petal colors in B. napus. In addition, bound phenolics were tentatively identified and contained three abundant compounds (p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and 8-O-4'-diferulic acid). These results provide insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying petal color and suggest strategies for breeding rapeseed with a specific petal color in the future.

Brassica napus/química , Flores/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cor , Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Flavonoides/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Quempferóis/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
Genes (Basel) ; 6(4): 1215-29, 2015 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26593950


Rapeseed contains glucosinolates, a toxic group of sulfur-containing glucosides, which play critical roles in defense against herbivores and microbes. However, the presence of glucosinolates in rapeseed reduces the value of the meal as feed for livestock. We performed association mapping of seed glucosinolate (GS) content using the 60K Brassica Infinium single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array in 520 oilseed rape accessions. A total of 11 peak SNPs significantly associated with GS content were detected in growing seasons of 2013 and 2014 and were located on B. napus chromosomes A08, A09, C03, and C09, respectively. Two associated regions of GS content covered by these markers were further verified, and three B. napus homologous genes involved in the biosynthesis and accumulation of GS were identified. These genes were multigene family members and were distributed on different chromosomes. Moreover, two genes (BnGRT2 and BnMYB28) associated with GS content were validated by the qRT-PCR analysis of their expression profiles. The further identification and functionalization of these genes will provide useful insight into the mechanism underlying GS biosynthesis and allocation in B. napus, and the associated SNPs markers could be helpful for molecular maker-assisted breeding for low seed GS in B. napus.