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1.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31950399

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of iodine supplementation during pregnancy on thyroid function and also its effect on postpartum depression in an iodine-sufficient area. Healthy pregnant women were divided into three groups: group A (vitamin iodine-150) receiving vitamin containing 150 µg iodine, group B (vitamin iodine-0) receiving vitamin without iodine, and group C (no vitamin) receiving no vitamin. General information was collected by questionnaire and thyroid function was determined in the third trimester of pregnancy. Depression was assessed 1 month postpartum by the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS). The results showed that there was no significant difference in thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level among the three groups (P > 0.05). FT4 concentration was significantly lower in group A (n = 234: 10.68 pmol/L) than in group B (n = 220: 11.47 pmol/L) and group C (n = 195: 11.64 pmol/L) (P < 0.05), However, it was still within the normal range. EPDS scores obtained from group B (3.50) and group C (3.00) were similar but markedly lower than group A (5.00) (P < 0.05). Despite the difference in the EPDS score, the prevalence of postpartum depression was not significantly different among the three groups. In conclusion, 150 µg/day iodine supplementation for pregnant women in areas with adequate iodine had little effect on thyroid function in the third trimester, and serum FT4 level could not be increased. Iodine supplementation during pregnancy also had no significant effect on postpartum depression.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227021, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914167

RESUMO

The amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) measures resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) signal of each voxel. However, the unit of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal is arbitrary and hence ALFF is sensitive to the scale of raw signal. A well-accepted standardization procedure is to divide each voxel's ALFF by the global mean ALFF, named mALFF. Although fractional ALFF (fALFF), a ratio of the ALFF to the total amplitude within the full frequency band, offers possible solution of the standardization, it actually mixes with the fluctuation power within the full frequency band and thus cannot reveal the true amplitude characteristics of a given frequency band. The current study borrowed the percent signal change in task fMRI studies and proposed percent amplitude of fluctuation (PerAF) for RS-fMRI. We firstly applied PerAF and mPerAF (i.e., divided by global mean PerAF) to eyes open (EO) vs. eyes closed (EC) RS-fMRI data. PerAF and mPerAF yielded prominently difference between EO and EC, being well consistent with previous studies. We secondly performed test-retest reliability analysis and found that (PerAF ≈ mPerAF ≈ mALFF) > (fALFF ≈ mfALFF). Head motion regression (Friston-24) increased the reliability of PerAF, but decreased all other metrics (e.g. mPerAF, mALFF, fALFF, and mfALFF). The above results suggest that mPerAF is a valid, more reliable, more straightforward, and hence a promising metric for voxel-level RS-fMRI studies. Future study could use both PerAF and mPerAF metrics. For prompting future application of PerAF, we implemented PerAF in a new version of REST package named RESTplus.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973813

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 25% of the global adult population, and no effective pharmacological treatment has been found. Products of arachidonic acid metabolism have been developed into a novel therapy for metabolic syndrome and diabetes. It has been demonstrated that protective actions of a novel dual cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor, PTUPB, on the metabolic abnormalities. Here, we investigated the effects of PTUPB on hepatic steatosis in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice, as well as in hepatocytes in vitro. We found that PTUPB treatment reduced body weight, liver weight, liver triglyceride and cholesterol content, and the expression of lipolytic/lipogenic and lipid uptake related genes (Acc, Cd36, and Cidec) in HFD mice. In addition, PTUPB treatment arrested fibrotic progression with a decrease of collagen deposition and expression of Col1a1, Col1a3, and α-SMA. In vitro, PTUPB decreased palmitic acid-induced lipid deposition and downregulation of lipolytic/lipogenic genes (Acc and Cd36) in hepatocytes. Additionally, we found that PTUPB reduced the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressed the NLRP3 inflammasome activation in HFD mice and hepatocytes. In conclusion, dual inhibition of COX-2/sEH attenuates hepatic steatosis by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. PTUPB might be a promising potential therapy for liver steatosis associated with obesity.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study aimed at exploring the cytokine profile in the tears of patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). METHODS: Tears were sampled from the eyes of 7 patients with active GO and 7 healthy volunteers using filter paper. Then the levels of up to 34 cytokines in the tears of each subject were detected using high-throughput protein microarray technology in line with the introduction. RESULTS: The results of cytokine protein microarray screening showed that 10 proteins, namely, CD40, CD40 Ligand, GITR, IL-12p70, IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-21, IL-6, MIP-3 alpha and TRANCE, were overexpressed (with fold change >1.20) and 3 proteins, namely, GM-CSF, IL-1 sRI and IL-13 were downregulated (with fold change < 0.83) in GO patients. In addition, the protein levels of CD40 and CD40 ligand (CD40L) were significantly different between GO patients and healthy controls (P=0.028 and 0.011, respectively). Further Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses of differently expressed proteins showed that these proteins were involved in biological functions including biological processes (positive regulation of cytokine production, JAK-STAT cascade and leukocyte proliferation), molecular functions (cytokine and growth factor receptors binding and cytokine activity), and other important pathways (cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, JAK-STAT signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Th17 cell differentiation, and intestinal immune network for IgA production), all of which might be involved in the pathology of GO. CONCLUSION: Our cytokine protein microarray analysis indicated that several proteins were differentially expressed in GO patients, which provides potential targets for GO prevention.

6.
Int J Psychophysiol ; 147: 224-231, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857190

RESUMO

Testing has been demonstrated to enhance memory retention compared to restudy, which is known as the retrieval practice effect. Although much evidence has shown that emotional arousal has an impact on memory retention, little is known about how emotional arousal would influence the retrieval practice effect. To answer this question, the current study used emotional pictures as a context to induce the emotional arousal for restudy or retrieval practice. A Remember/Know paradigm was used in the final test with EEG recordings to examine how the impact of emotional arousal on retrieval practice effect would be reflected in familiarity or recollection. Behavioral results showed that the remembrance was enhanced by the retrieval practice compared to the restudy under both neutral and emotional contexts. Consistently, a parietal old/new effect from 500 to 800 ms was only found for the retrieval practice but not for the restudy condition under both neutral and emotional contexts. These findings indicated that retrieval practice could enhance later recollection when compared to restudy irrespective of emotional or neutral contexts.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109596, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731193

RESUMO

Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neuropeptide that exerts anti-inflammatory functions. We have reported that VIP mediated by lentivirus attenuates acute lung injury (ALI) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced murine model. However, the exact role of VIP in uncontrolled inflammation during ALI is largely unknown. Accumulating evidence indicates that the NLRP3 inflammasome has a critical role during ALI. In this study, we investigated the effects of VIP on the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome during the development of ALI in mice. Seven days after the intratracheal injection of VIP-lentivirus, a murine ALI model was induced by intratracheal injection of LPS. VIP-lentivirus significantly reduced the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome components in lung tissue, including NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, pro-IL-1ß, and pro-IL-18. VIP-lentivirus also inhibited the formation of caspase-1 p10 and the maturation of IL-1ß and IL-18. In vitro, exogenous VIP pre-treatment inhibited the priming of NLRP3 inflammasome in murine primary peritoneal macrophages, indicated by down-regulation of expression of NLRP3 inflammasome components. VIP pre-treatment effectively prevented the LPS-induced degradation of I-κB and the synthesis of the downstream of NF-κB, including TNF-α and IL-17A. Furthermore, VIP pre-treatment pronouncedly suppressed the autoproteolysis of caspase-1 and the secretion of IL-1ß and IL-18 induced by LPS plus ATP in macrophages. In addition, VIP inhibited the generation of reactive oxygen species in macrophages by decreasing NOX1 and NOX2 expression. These findings illustrate one mechanism that VIP attenuates ALI induced by LPS through inhibiting the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and encourage further studies assessing the therapeutic potential of VIP to ALI.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786299

RESUMO

The objective of this work was to fabricate and characterize food-grade pea protein isolate (PPI) and carbohydrate polymer pullulan (PUL) nanofiber films by using green electrospinning technology. The effect of the blend ratios on the PPI/PUL solution properties (e.g. viscosity, surface tension and electrical conductivity) and morphology of the resulting electrospun nanofibers was investigated. The presence of PUL in the blends resulted in decreased apparent viscosity (P < 0.05), stable surface tension (42.09-46.26 mN/m) (P < 0.05) and lower conductivity of the solutions (P < 0.05), which were due to a better chain entanglement and decrease in the polyelectrolyte protein character, respectively, both factors were needed for uniform nanofiber (around 203 nm) formation. Rheological evaluation indicated a pseudoplastic behavior for all formulations. The Fourier transform infrared spectral changes and XRD patterns indicated that the protein and polysaccharide were well tangled in nanofibers. The results of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicate that thermal stability of the electrospun nanofiber films were improved in comparison to pure PUL. Finally, in order to expand the application range of the electrospun nanofiber films in future, thermal crosslinking method was conducted and water contact angles (WCAs) of the thermal treated nanofiber films exhibited better hydrophobic properties compared to the un-crosslinking samples.

9.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(22): 3838-3843, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult retropharyngeal abscess (RPA) is extremely rare, and most cases reported in the literature were related to tuberculous infection. We present a case of RPA with acute airway obstruction as the main manifestation in a 66-year-old woman that was considered to be non-tubercular suppurative inflammation in the retropharyngeal space. CASE SUMMARY: A 66-year-old woman complaining of chills and fever was admitted to our hospital. She was initially diagnosed with an acute upper respiratory tract infection. She lost consciousness twice during hospitalization. She regained consciousness immediately upon emergency tracheal intubation. Acute upper airway obstruction was suspected as arterial blood gas analysis showed obvious acute retention of carbon dioxide before the second tracheal intubation. The diagnosis of RPA was confirmed by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Kocuria kristinae was isolated from blood samples taken from both hands. The patient recovered and was subsequently discharged after receiving antibiotic therapy together with surgical incision and drainage of the abscess. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be alert to the possibility of RPA in patients with acute airway obstruction. Surgical incision and drainage is an effective treatment for RPA.

10.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9666-9678, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The bridge crane technique is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (TOLF), but its preoperative planning has not been studied well, which limits the safety and efficacy of surgery to some extent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the method of application and effect of computer-aided preoperative planning (CAPP) on the bridge crane technique for TOLF. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective multi-center included 40 patients with TOLF who underwent the bridge crane technique from 2016 to 2018. According to the utilization of CAPP, patients were divided into Group A (with CAPP, n=21) and Group B (without CAPP, n=19). Comparisons of clinical and radiological outcomes were carried out between the 2 groups. RESULTS The patients in Group A had higher post-mJOA scores and IR of neurological function than those in Group B (p<0.05). Group A had shorter surgery time, fewer fluoroscopic images, and lower incidence of complications than Group B. In Group A, there was a high consistency of all the anatomical parameters between preoperative simulation and postoperative CT (p>0.05). In Group B, there were significant differences in 3 anatomical parameters between postoperative simulation and postoperative CT (p<0.05). In Group B, the patients with no complications had higher post-SVOR and lower SVRR and height of posterior suspension of LOC in postoperative CT than those in postoperative simulation (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS CAPP can enable surgeons to control the decompression effect accurately and reduce the risk of related complications, which improves the safety and efficacy of surgery.

11.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2349, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681268

RESUMO

Background: To help inform decision making in the clinical setting, we carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the association of thyroid disease risks with obesity. Methods: Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane database and Google Scholar electronic databases were searched from inception to October 31, 2018 without language restrictions to explore the relationship between thyroid disorders and obesity. The relative risk (RR) or odds risk (OR) for thyroid disorders were pooled using the SPSS and STATA software. Results: A total of 22 studies were included in the study. (1) Meta-analysis showed that obesity was significantly associated with an increased risk of hypothyroidism (RR = 1.86, 95% CI 1.63-2.11, P < 0.001). Meta-analyses after stratification further showed that obese population had increased risks of overt hypothyroidism (RR = 3.21, 95% CI 2.12-4.86, P < 0.001) and subclinical hypothyroidism (RR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.42-2.03, P < 0.001). (2) Further meta-analysis also showed obesity was clearly associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (RR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.10-3.32, P = 0.022), but not with Graves' disease. (3) In the meta-analysis of antibodies, obesity was correlated with positive thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) (RR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.31-2.85, P = 0.001), but not with positive thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb). Conclusions: Obesity was significantly related to hypothyroidism, HT, and TPOAb, implying that prevention of obesity is crucial for thyroid disorders. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO: CRD42018096897.

12.
Cancer Biother Radiopharm ; 34(9): 581-588, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697592

RESUMO

Background: Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant tumors in the brain with high mortality. In recent years, immunotherapy and targeted therapy show great prospects in the treatments for glioblastoma, whereas more effective therapeutic targets are still urgently needed to be developed. Nucleobindin-2 (NUCB2) is the precursor protein of nesfatin-1, which have a variety of metabolic functions, such as food intake and temperature regulation. In recent years, the potential link between NUCB2 and the development of multiple cancer was gradually revealed; however, the effects of NUCB2 on the progression of glioblastoma are still unclear. Methods: Immunohistochemical assays were performed to explore the NUCB2 expression levels in 94 samples of glioblastoma and corresponding nontumor tissues; patients were divided into NUCB2 high expression group and low expression group. Clinical analysis related to the clinical features, the potential link between NUCB2 expression levels, and clinical features were analyzed; the effects of NUCB2 on cell proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma were detected through colony formation and MTT assay, and transwell assay respectively. The possible effects of NUCB2 on tumor growth and metastasis were measured in mice. Results: In this study, we demonstrated that NUCB2 over-expression was correlated with the high degree of recurrence of patients with glioblastoma. Further, we also revealed that NUCB2 promoted cell proliferation and invasion of glioblastoma in vitro and promoted the growth and metastasis of glioblastoma in mice. Conclusion: This study provided evidence that NUCB2 might be a novel therapeutic target of glioblastoma.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616372

RESUMO

Recently, abnormal expression of interleukin-32 (IL-32) has been involved in various inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, but the level of IL-32 expression in Graves' disease (GD) is still unknown. This study is aimed to explore the human IL-32 expression in GD and the association of IL-32 expression with the disease activity of GD. A total of 125 GD patients and 97 normal controls (NC) were recruited in this study. We examined IL-32 mRNA level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 43 GD patients and 41 controls using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Serum IL-32 level of 40 GD patients and 34 controls was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In another cohort including 42 GD patients and 22 controls, we detected the percentages of IL-32α+ cells, CD4+IL-32α+T cells, and CD4-IL-32α+ cells in PBMCs by flow cytometry. In GD patients, IL-32 mRNA expression was dramatically higher than that in controls (P < 0.001) and positively associated with FT3 (P = 0.036, r = 0.321). Subgroup analysis revealed that IL-32 mRNA level was elevated in both newly onset GD and refractory GD group (P < 0.01, P < 0.001, respectively) compared with controls. Furthermore, in refractory GD group, the IL-32 mRNA expression also positively correlated with FT3 (P = 0.019, r = 0.560). In addition, serum IL-32 level was notably higher in GD patients than that of controls (P < 0.01). Subgroup analysis also indicated that serum IL-32 level in both newly onset GD and refractory GD group was higher in comparison with controls (P = 0.015, P = 0.023, respectively) and serum IL-32 level in refractory GD patients positively correlated with TRAb (P = 0.043, r = 0.481). The percentages of IL-32α+ cells, CD4+IL-32α+ T cells, and CD4-IL-32α+ cells were all significantly enhanced in GD patients compared with controls (P = 0.005, P = 0.017, P = 0.016, respectively). IL-32 and IL-32α+ cells may be associated with the pathogenesis of GD. IL-32 may become a promising target for the treatment of GD.

14.
J Int Med Res ; 47(10): 5205-5215, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638466
15.
Exp Brain Res ; 237(12): 3241-3252, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646349

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that practicing retrieval produces better memory retention compared to restudy. Though previous literature has provided valuable insights about the retrieval practice effect, it is still unclear how emotion arousal influences the retrieval practice effect, and whether the effect would be manifested in recollection or familiarity processes. To answer these questions, in the current study, negative and neutral words were used as stimuli and participants were asked to perform a recognition test or restudy the words after initial study. At the end of the experiment, a final recognition test with involving the remember-know paradigm was shown. Behavioral data were collected with EEG recorded throughout the experiment. The behavioral retrieval practice effect was only found for the neutral but not the negative words. Consistently, significant ERP differences between the restudy and retrieval practice conditions were only found for neutral, but not negative items, which was a component from 700 to 900 ms at left-posterior electrode cluster. Moreover, we found that the effects of emotion arousal on the retrieval practice effect were mainly reflected in the recollection process. These findings provide behavioral and neural evidence that emotion arousal can influence the retrieval practice effect.

16.
FEBS J ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646730

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a senescence-associated disease with poor prognosis. Currently, there is no effective therapeutic strategy for preventing and treating the disease process. Mounting evidence suggests that arachidonic acid (ARA) metabolites are involved in the pathogenesis of various fibrosis. However, the relationship between the metabolism of ARA and PF is still elusive. In this study, we observed a disorder in the cyclooxygenase-2/cytochrome P450 (COX-2/CYP) metabolism of ARA in the lungs of PF mice induced by bleomycin (BLM). Therefore, we aimed to explore the role of COX-2/CYP-derived ARA metabolic disorders in PF. PTUPB, a dual COX-2 and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor, was used to restore the balance of COX-2/CYP metabolism. sEH is an enzyme hydrolyzing epoxyeicosatrienoic acids derived from ARA by CYP. We found that PTUPB alleviated the pathological changes in lung tissue and collagen deposition, as well as reduced senescence marker molecules (p16Ink4a and p53-p21Waf1/Cip1 ) in the lungs of mice treated by BLM. In vitro, we found that PTUPB pretreatment remarkably reduced the expression of senescence-related molecules in the alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) induced by BLM. In conclusion, our study supports the notion that the COX-2/CYP-derived ARA metabolic disorders may be a potential therapeutic target for PF via inhibiting the cellular senescence in AECs.

17.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(2): 2073-2081, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656491

RESUMO

Background: Repeatedly hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are often exposed to more antibiotics, but the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in these patients is poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to analyze the distribution of pathogenic bacteria and the risk factors associated with multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria infection in early re-admission patients with AECOPD. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed charts for patients with AECOPD admitted to our hospital between January 2011 and November 2012. The early re-admission group and non-early readmission group were determined by whether patients were readmitted within 31 days after discharge. Detection of potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) and MDR bacteria were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors for MDR bacteria infection. Results: PPMs were isolated from 230 (32.0%) cases of respiratory tract specimens; MDR bacteria accounted for 24.7% (57/230). Pseudomonas aeruginosa (43.7%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.6%), and Acinetobacter baumannii (12.5%) were the top three PPMs in the early readmission group, while the top three PPMs in the non-early readmission group were K. pneumoniae (23.7%), P. aeruginosa (21.2%), and Streptococcus pneumoniae (17.1%). Multivariate analysis showed that use of antibiotics within 2 weeks (odds ratio [OR] 8.259, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.056-22.322, p = 0.000) was the independent risk factor for MDR bacteria infection. Conclusion: Non-fermentative Gram-negative bacilli (NFGNB) and enterobacteria were the predominant bacteria in early readmission patients with AECOPD. The detection rate of MDR bacteria was high which was related to the use of antibiotics within 2 weeks before admission in these patients.

18.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 10(5): 935-943, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602332

RESUMO

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the standard treatment for superficial esophageal cancer. However, it has limitations in case of large superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasms (SESCNs), in which submucosal injection cannot attain satisfactory lifting effects. Thus, endoscopic submucosal tunnel dissection (ESTD) was introduced as a new treatment for SESCNs presenting satisfying results. Many studies have tried to verify the efficacy of ESTD, yet no meta-analysis has been published until now. Methods: We searched the databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SinoMed, Wanfang, and CNKI dating up to February 1, 2019. Studies comparing the clinical outcomes of ESTD and ESD for superficial esophageal cancers were enrolled. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to evaluate the quality of these studies. Eight articles were included that involved a total of 625 superficial esophageal cancer patients. Results: Our analysis revealed that ESTD is superior to ESD as it has higher en bloc resection rate, shorter operation time, and lower recurrence rate 1 year after operation. The R0 resection rate and postoperative adverse event rate of ESTD group is comparable with ESD group. Conclusions: Our study implicates that ESTD is a potentially superior treatment to ESD for superficial esophageal cancer.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17198, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to assess the value of serum human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) to diagnose lung cancer and provide reliable scientific conclusions to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature, and WANFANG databases was conducted to identify all studies examining serum HE4 in the diagnosis of lung cancer published up to June, 2017. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of each trial. The meta-analysis was performed using STATA software and Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: There were 21 studies involving 1883 cases and 1696 controls included in our meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of HE4 for diagnosing lung cancer were 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.68-0.78) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.81-0.91), respectively. The positive likelihood ratio and negative likelihood ratio were 5.4 (95% CI 3.8-7.5) and 0.31 (95% CI 0.26-0.37), respectively. The diagnostic odds ratio was 17 (95% CI 12-26). The area under the curve of the summary receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.86 (95% CI 0.83-0.89). Race, assay method, type of cancer, sample size, and publication date might be sources of heterogeneity in our meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses showed that the sensitivity in Caucasians was higher than that in Asians (0.81, 95% CI 0.71-0.91; and 0.71, 95% CI 0.66-0.77, respectively), but the specificity in Asians was better than that in Caucasians (0.87, 95% CI 0.81-0.92; and 0.85, 95% CI 0.73-0.97, respectively). The chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay had the highest sensitivity, with 0.79 (95% CI 0.73-0.97), and the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay had the highest specificity, with 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.94). HE4 had high diagnostic efficacy when screening for small cell lung cancer with the highest specificity (0.90, 95% CI 0.77-1.00). CONCLUSIONS: HE4 is a relatively promising and effective biomarker for the diagnosis of lung cancer. Furthermore, given the limitations of our study, additional large-scale and well-designed studies are needed in the future.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteínas/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551930

RESUMO

Background: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a well-known cause of liver dysfunction and has become a common chronic liver disease in many countries. However, the intrinsic molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of NAFLD have not yet been fully elucidated. Methods: We obtained the gene expression datasets of NAFLD through the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Subsequently, robust rank aggregation (RRA) method was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between NAFLD patients and controls. Gene functional annotation and PPI network analysis were performed to explore the potential function of the DEGs. Finally, we used a sequencing dataset GSE126848 to validate our results. Results: In this study, GSE48452, GSE66676, GSE72756, GSE63067, GSE89632, and GSE107231 were included, including 125 NAFLD patients and 116 control patients. The RRA integrated analysis determined 96 significant DEGs (50 up-regulated and 46 down-regulated) and the most significant gene aberrantly expressed in NAFLD was ENO3 (P-value = 7.17E-05), followed by CYP7A1 (P-value = 9.04E-05), and P4HA1 (P-value = 1.67E-04). Carboxylic acid metabolic process (GO:0019752; P-value = 1.39E-03) was the most significantly enriched for biological process in GO (gene ontology) analysis. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that steroid hormone biosynthesis (hsa00140; P-value = 6.68E-03) and PPAR signaling pathway (hsa03320; P-value = 9.95E-03) were significantly enriched. Based on the results of the PPI and the results of the RRA, we finally defined the four most critical genes as the hub genes, including ENO3, CYP7A1, P4HA1, and CYP1A1. Conclusions: Our integrated analysis identified novel gene signatures and will contribute to the understanding of comprehensive molecular changes in NAFLD.

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