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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 155, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32423384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have found that large tumor suppressor kinase 1 (LATS1) and LATS2 play important roles in many diseases, but studies have been rare on the relationship between these genes and non-cardia gastric cancer (GC). We performed a case-control association study to investigate the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LATS1 and LATS2 genes and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection as well as the risk of non-cardia GC. METHODS: First, H. pylori infection was determined by the serological test using enzyme-linked immunoassay. Then genotyping of SNPs was performed for 808 samples by the Taqman method. Finally, unconditional logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for age and gender, for the association of each SNP with the infection of H. pylori, the risk of non-cardia gastric cancer, as well as the expression of LATS1 and LATS2 proteins in non-cardia GC tissues, using the codominant, dominant, recessive, overdominant, and log-additive inheritance models, respectively. RESULTS: The statistical results showed that LATS2 rs9552315 was associated with H. pylori infection, and the CC + CT genotype could reduce the risk of H. pylori infection (odds ratio [OR]: 0.549, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.339-0.881, P < 0.05) compared with the TT genotype in a dominant model. LATS1 rs9393175 was associated with the risk of non-cardia GC, and the AG genotype reduced the risk of non-cardia GC (OR: 0.702, 95% CI: 0.516-0.952, P < 0.05) compared with the GG + AA genotype in an overdominant model. LATS2 rs9509492 was associated with the risk of GC in an log-additive model. No associations were found between five SNPs and expression of LATS1 and LATS2 proteins in non-cardia GC tissue. CONCLUSIONS: LATS2 rs9552315 CT genotype may be a protective factor against infection of H. pylori. LATS1 rs9393175 AG genotype and LATS2 rs9509492 GG genotype may be protective factors for non-cardia GC.

2.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 104887, 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the domain-specific trends of cognitive function up to 12 months after mild acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Enrolment of consecutive cohort of patients with mild acute ischemic stroke with recorded clinical characteristics and extensive neuropsychological assessments, including five cognitive domains. The Montreal cognitive assessment of the Beijing version (MoCA-Bj) was used to assess overall cognition. All patients completed all domain-specific examinations were categorised into three groups according to the time between the stroke onset and neuropsychological profiling, the time duration including less than one month (n = 174), one month to six months (n = 65) and over six months (n = 39). RESULTS: The final cohort consisted of 278 patients. The executive (χ2 = 6.95, P<0.05) and memory dysfunctions (χ2 = 9.6, P<0.01) showed strong improvement, especially in executive function, which prevalence was 48.85% at <1- month group and 25.64% at >6 months group. The prevalence of attention and information processing also had a declining trend, the differences, however, were not statistically significant (χ2 = 0.23 and 2.25, respectively, P>0.05). There was no significant change in language function (χ2 = 0.46, P>0.05) and the MoCA (χ2 = 0.59, P>0.05) at 3-time point groups. In 195 first-ever stroke patients, the results of memory (χ2 = 6.94 P<0.05) and executive dysfunctions (χ2 = 6.25 P<0.05) also showed significant improvement. CONCLUSION: There is varying degree of improvement tendency in executive and memory dysfunctions after mild acute ischemic stroke. Early cognitive assessments after mild acute ischemic stroke do not reflect the cognitive level of stable period.

3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 199: 112376, 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416458

RESUMO

Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), as one of the most important members in PTP superfamily, plays a vital role in conducting various cellular functions. So far, PTP1B has been reported to be involved in the development of many diseases including obesity, diabetes, cancers and cardiovascular diseases. Development of potent and specific PTP1B inhibitors and studies on the structure-activity relationship (SAR) between their chemical structures and their biological activity have drawn increasing attention as they could not only modulate the PTP1B functions inside the cells but also provide useful lead compounds for the treatment of various PTP1B-associated diseases. To this end, we herein summarized the recent developments of PTP1B inhibitors, and different kinds of high-throughput screening strategies for the identification of potential PTP1B inhibitors as well as their potential biomedical applications, and we also provided some perspectives in the concluding remarks in this work.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 397: 122764, 2020 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388092

RESUMO

In this study, the Fe, N co-doped biochar (Fe-N-BC) was prepared by pyrolyzing wheat straw, urea and iron salts and used to activate persulfate (peroxydisulfate, PS) for organic contaminant degradation. Iron oxide doping not only introduced magnetism into the biochar for easy separation, but also influenced its catalytic ability for PS activation. In the Fe-N-BC/PS system, almost all acid orange (AO7) was removed within 90 min with an apparent rate constant (kobs) of 0.114 min-1, which was almost 37 times larger than that of pure N-BC (0.003 min-1). Factors influencing the removal of AO7 were investigated, including PS concentration, catalyst dosage, and initial pH. The Fe-N-BC/PS system had high removal efficiencies for various organic contaminants and showed high resistance to inorganic anions in aquatic environments. The radical quenching studies, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements, and electrochemical analyses verified that the mechanism of AO7 degradation in the Fe-N-BC/PS system included both radical and non-radical pathways involving the generation of OH, SO4-, O2-, 1O2, and electron transfer. Additionally, persistent free radicals (PFRs) on the catalysts also related to their catalytic efficiencies. These results demonstrated that the Fe-N-BC/PS system had the potential for wastewater treatment applications.

5.
Theriogenology ; 152: 129-138, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408026

RESUMO

Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a lipid mediator, is released by several cell types including endometrial cells and plays a central role in bacterial infection of the endometrium during inflammation. PGE2 production accumulated in Escherichia coli (E. coli) -infected bovine endometrial tissue, which increased E. coli-infected endometrial tissue damage. However, the mechanisms of PGE2 accumulation in the E. coli-infected endometrium during inflammation-associated endometrial tissue damage remain unclear. This study was conducted to investigate the role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2 and 4 in increased PGE2 production in E. coli-infected endometrial tissue. E. coli and TLR2/4 agonists significantly induced cyclooxygenase-2 and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1 expression and PGE2 synthesis detected by RT-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA in the endometrial tissue. The expression and synthesis were dramatically decreased by TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor88 (MyD88), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors in E. coli-infected endometrial tissue. These inhibitors also significantly decreased proinflammatory factor (interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) and damage-associated molecular pattern (high mobility group box-1 and hyaluronan-binding protein-1) release and tissue damage measured by double-label immunofluorescence in E. coli-infected endometrial explants. Our work provides in vitro evidence that TLR2/4-MyD88/p38 MAPK promotes PGE2 synthesis and E. coli-infected endometrial tissue damage, which may be useful for improving PGE2-based therapies for endometritis.

6.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 153: 89-102, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is widely prevalent all over the world, characterized by aberrant lipid deposition and excessive oxidative stress in hepatocytes. Recently, pyroptosis, a new type of programmed cell death, has been found in ALD, which provides new ideas for the treatment of ALD. METHODS: Male ICR mice were treated with the Lieber-De-Carli diet (Dyets) or isocaloric liquid diet for 8 weeks, and binge alcohol model was also used for ALD. Blood and livers were taken to evaluate the efficacy of oroxylin A. The levels of factors related to hepatocyte pyroptosis were measured via western blot analyses, immunofluorescence analyses and quantitative reverse transcriptase in vitro. RESULT: Our study found that oroxylin A suppressed hepatocyte pyroptosis through a NLRP3 inflammasome dependent-canonical caspase-1 pathway. Results illuminated that oroxylin A inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by reducing ROS accumulation. Furthermore, oroxylin A upregulated mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) to resist lipid deposition and mitochondria-derived ROS overproduction. As an upstream mediator of Mfn2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α), a major regulator of mitochondria, was found to promote transcription of Mfn2 under oroxylin A treatment. CONCLUSION: Our research revealed that oroxylin A could alleviate ALD via PGC-1α/Mfn2 signaling mediated canonical pyroptosis pathway resistance.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(9): 5304-5316, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243714

RESUMO

A growing number of studies recognize that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are essential to mediate multiple tumorigenic processes, including hepatic tumorigenesis. However, the pathological mechanism of lncRNA-regulated liver cancer cell growth remains poorly understood. In this study, we identified a novel function lncRNA, named polo-like kinase 4 associated lncRNA (lncRNA PLK4, GenBank Accession No. RP11-50D9.3), whose expression was dramatically down-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cells. Interestingly, talazoparib, a novel and highly potent poly-ADP-ribose polymerase 1/2 (PARP1/2) inhibitor, could increase lncRNA PLK4 expression in HepG2 cells. Importantly, we showed that talazoparib-induced lncRNA PLK4 could function as a tumour suppressor gene by Yes-associated protein (YAP) inactivation and induction of cellular senescence to inhibit liver cancer cell viability and growth. In summary, our findings reveal the molecular mechanism of talazoparib-induced anti-tumor effect, and suggest a potential clinical use of talazoparib-targeted lncRNA PLK4/YAP-dependent cellular senescence for the treatment of HCC.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(2): 686-689, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319417

RESUMO

Abstract  Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous group of clonal disorders derived from haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, also is a common malignant hematological diseases. It is characterized by ineffective bone marrow (BM) haematopoiesis, peripheral blood cytopaenias and a risk of progression to acute myeloid leukaemia. Iron overload is caused from transfusion dependence and ineffective hematopoiesis, which seriously affects the survival and prognosis of MDS patients. The role of immune inflammation in the development of MDS has been widely concerned. Oxidative stress and metabolic disorder caused from iron overload enhance the immune inflammatory response and accelerate the disease progression. Iron overload and immune inflammation are risk factors for the progression of MDS.

9.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acne is a multifactorial skin disorder frequently observed during adolescence with different grades of severity. The crucial factors of acne are the increase of lipids secretion and the change of composition on the skin surface lipid (SSL). However, there are no studies on the changes of lipid composition and content between different grades of adolescent acne in lesional skin and nonlesionsal skin. AIMS: This study was to investigate correlation in the composition of SSL and different grades in order to understand the tendency of SSL alterations in this disease for successful acne management and prevention. METHODS: A powerful analytical technique, UPLC-QTOF-MS, and multivariate data analysis were used to investigate SSL variations of lipid main classes, subclasses, and species. RESULTS: The results indicated that sphinganine, triradylglycerols (TG), and phytosphingosine were important in adolescent acne development. The average fatty acids (FAs) chain length in patients with acne showed significantly shortened trend from mild to moderate adolescent acne. Additionally, the relative average content of TG, diglyceride (DG), FA, ceramides (Cers), and the level of unsaturated FAs significantly increased from mild to moderate adolescent acne. Interestingly, our results demonstrated that the phytosphingosine and sphinganine showed an increasing trend in mild acne groups, but decreasing trend in lesional skin of moderate group. CONCLUSIONS: Lipidomics analysis suggested that the variation of TG, phytosphingosine, and sphinganine was closely related to the occurrence severity of acne in adolescent.

10.
Toxicology ; 440: 152475, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Curcumol, a guaiane-type sesquiterpenoid hemiketal extracted from the herb Rhizoma Curcumae, exhibits multiple-pharmacological activities. We previously reported that curcumol ameliorated hepatic fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of curcumol on HSC migration and adhesion, and reveal its regulation mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cellular viability was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8. Cell migration was detected by boyden chamber and cell scratch experiment. Recombinant human periostin (rh POSTN) and adeno-associated viral (AAV)-GFP-periostin were used to achieve POSTN overexpression in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-p65 overexpression was achieved by using plasmid. ELISA was conducted to detect POSTN level. Immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence were performed to assess associated factor expression. RESULTS: Curcumol suppressed HSC migration and adhesion, and reduced the secretion and expression of POSTN. By gain of function POSTN in HSCs, using rh POSTN, we found that the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion by curcumol depended on the decrease of POSTN. Besides, curcumol protection against chronic CCl4-caused hepatic fibrosis could be impaired by POSTN overexpression. Moreover, we showed that curcumol repressed NF-κB signaling and the production of pro-inflammatory factor. Importantly, curcumol down-regulation of POSTN was rescued by knock-in of NF-κB, as well as the inhibition of HSC migration and adhesion. CONCLUSION: These findings reveal the molecular mechanism of curcumol-reduced HSC migration and adhesion, by which points to the possibility of using curcumol based on NF-κB dependent POSTN for the treatment of fibrogenesis.

11.
J Integr Neurosci ; 19(1): 51-64, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259886

RESUMO

TGM6 encodes transglutaminase 6, which catalyzes the covalent crosslinking of proteins through transamination reactions. Variants in TGM6 have been identified as the cause of spinocerebellar ataxia type 35. However, we found 12 TGM6 variants of low frequency among 308 patients with Parkinson's disease using next-generation sequencing technologies and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification, including two variants TGM6 p.R111C and p.L517W, which have been reported to affect functions of transglutaminase 6 in spinocerebellar ataxia type 35 cases. The characteristics of these TGM6 carriers were summarized. To clarify the role of TGM6 variants in Parkinson's disease, we constructed the plasmids of wild-type TGM6 and TGM6 p.R111C, p.P359L, p.L517W to transfect A53T-SH-SY5Y cells and conducted transglutaminase assay, western blots, immunofluorescence, and cell viability assay. Results revealed that the distribution and expression levels of transglutaminase 6 were not affected by TGM6 variants. However, the variants showed lower transglutaminase activity than wild-type transglutaminase 6. The overexpression of wild-type TGM6 was proved to relieve the cell damage, down-regulate the level of α-synuclein and enhance autophagy. These effects were weakened in cells transfected with mutant TGM6 plasmids. Our results suggested that there may be some relationship between TGM6 and Parkinson's disease. TGM6 carriers in Parkinson's disease patients presented with typical parkinsonism but progressed slower. The high expression level of wild-type transglutaminase 6 may protect cells by decreasing α-synuclein and enhancing autophagy.

12.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the clinical and ultrasound characteristics associated with false-negative mammography results in women with dense breasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included 191 women (mean age, 54.47 ± 11.61 years; range, 31-75 years) who had presented from July 2015 to June 2018 with pathologically confirmed breast cancer. The mammography, conventional ultrasound, and elastography imaging results of these patients were reviewed. Breast density and screening cancer probability from mammography and conventional ultrasound imaging were scored using the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the factors independently associated with the false-negative results on breast mammographic screening. RESULTS: Of 191 confirmed breast cancer cases, 55 (28.8%) were assigned to category ≤ 3, and 136 (71.2%) were assigned to category ≥ 4a according to the mammography findings. All the breasts were graded mammographically as dense. A rougher margin (odds ratio [OR], 8.123; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.731-38.127) was the strongest independent factor associated with negative results, followed by a lower stiffness ratio (OR, 7.773; 95% CI, 2.574-23.473), negative axillary lymph node status (OR, 5.066; 95% CI, 1.028-24.955), and softer lesions (OR, 1.037; 95% CI, 1.001-1.075). CONCLUSION: Women with dense breasts, a lower lesion/glandular tissue stiffness ratio, and softer cancer can easily lead to a misdiagnosis using mammography. By giving sufficient attention to the margin, earlier stage cancer with negative lymph node status are more likely to benefit from supplemental ultrasound imaging.

14.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305646

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenol with anti-obesity effects. However, the mechanisms of anti-obesity remain unclear due to its low bioavailability. Recent evidence demonstrates that gut microbiota plays a key role in obesity. This spurred us to investigate whether the anti-obesity effects of RSV are related to modulations in the gut microbiota and metabolic functions. Here, RSV significantly improved metabolic phenotype in the high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. A multi-omics approach was used to systematically profile the microbial signatures at both the phylogenetic and functional levels using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenome. At the phylogenetic level, RSV treatment significantly modulated the gut microbiota composition in HFD-fed mice, characterized with increased Blautia abundance and decreased Desulfovibrio and Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group abundance. At the functional level, RSV significantly decreased pathways linked to host metabolic disease and increased pathways involved in the generation of small metabolites. Besides, the fecal microbiota transplantation experiment showed anti-obesity and microbiota-modulating effects similar to those observed in the oral RSV-feeding experiment. Moreover, metabolomic analysis and antibiotic treatment verified that 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid (4-HPA) and 3-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid (3-HPP) were the two gut metabolites of RSV, which contribute to improving lipid metabolism in vitro. We concluded that the RSV-mediated alteration of gut microbiota and related gut metabolites contributed to prevention of metabolic syndrome in HFD-fed mice.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32326522

RESUMO

Mining waste rocks containing sulfide minerals naturally provide the habitat for iron- and sulfur-oxidizing microbes, and they accelerate the generation of acid mine drainage (AMD) by promoting the oxidation of sulfide minerals. Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) are sometimes employed to treat the AMD solution by microbial-induced metal sulfide precipitation. It was attempted for the first time to grow SRB directly in the pyritic heap bioleaching residue to compete with the local iron- and sulfur-oxidizing microbes. The acidic SRB and iron-reducing microbes were cultured at pH 2.0 and 3.0. After it was applied to the acidic heap bioleaching residue, it showed that the elevated pH and the organic matter was important for them to compete with the local bioleaching acidophiles. The incubation with the addition of organic matter promoted the growth of SRB and iron-reducing microbes to inhibit the iron- and sulfur-oxidizing microbes, especially organic matter together with some lime. Under the growth of the SRB and iron-reducing microbes, pH increased from acidic to nearly neutral, the Eh also decreased, and the metal, precipitated together with the microbial-generated sulfide, resulted in very low Cu in the residue pore solution. These results prove the inhibition of acid mine drainage directly in situ of the pyritic waste rocks by the promotion of the growth of SRB and iron-reducing microbes to compete with local iron and sulfur-oxidizing microbes, which can be used for the source control of AMD from the sulfidic waste rocks and the final remediation.

16.
Cell Prolif ; 53(3): e12762, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatic sinusoidal angiogenesis owing to dysfunctional liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) accompanied by an abnormal angioarchitecture is a symbol related to liver fibrogenesis, which indicates a potential target for therapeutic interventions. However, there are few researches connecting angiogenesis with liver fibrosis, and the deeper mechanism remains to be explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell angiogenesis and angiogenic protein were examined in primary LSECs of rats, and multifarious cellular and molecular assays revealed the efficiency of curcumol intervention in fibrotic mice. RESULTS: We found that curcumol inhibited angiogenic properties through regulating their upstream mediator hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α). The transcription activation of HIF-1α was regulated by hedgehog signalling on the one hand, and the protein stabilization of HIF-1α was under the control of Prospero-related homeobox 1 (PROX1) on the other. A deubiquitinase called USP19 could be recruited by PROX1 and involved in ubiquitin-dependent degradation of HIF-1α. Furthermore, our researches revealed that hedgehog signalling participated in the activation of PROX1 transcription probably in vitro. Besides, curcumol was found to ameliorate liver fibrosis and sinusoid angiogenesis via hedgehog pathway in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) induced liver fibrotic mice. The protein expression of key regulatory factors, PROX1 and HIF-1α, was consistent with the Smo, the marker protein of Hh signalling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: In this article, we evidenced that curcumol controlling LSEC-mediated angiogenesis could be a promising therapeutic approach for liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Sesquiterpenos/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo
17.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regional differences in skin characteristics are well known. Significant differences in skin physiology between the forehead and cheek have also been reported. However, there are few studies based on lipidomics at the molecular level. Additionally, there is no study focusing on the lipid profile variations of skin surface lipid (SSL) in forehead and cheek. PURPOSE: This study analyzed the differences in facial SSL between forehead and cheek of men aged 18-25 years to explain the distinct physiological parameters between forehead and cheek resulting in different skin status. METHODS: Facial SSL was identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS). Multivariate data analysis was used to investigate the SSL difference in forehead and cheek. RESULTS: Significant differences in facial SSL composition were detected between the forehead and cheek. Multivariate data analysis suggested that 21 entities contributed most significantly toward the discrimination and phosphatidylserines (PS) constituted the majority of differentiating lipid species. Subsequent analysis showed a marked increase in the amounts of unsaturated and saturated free fatty acids (FFAs), and a significant increase in average FFAs chain length in the forehead as compared to that in the cheek. CONCLUSIONS: Phosphatidylserines exposure might be one of the most important reasons for the increased amount of forehead SSL secretion. The different FFAs chain length and FFAs content lead to altered skin barrier functions in forehead and cheek, consequently resulting in altered trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL) and pH at the two anatomical sites.

18.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e12975, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141189

RESUMO

Profound physiological changes during pregnancy may affect the requirement of retinol and tocopherol, which are essential micronutrients for the maintenance of maternal health and foetal development. However, the current reference intervals (RIs) of retinol and tocopherol are based on non-pregnant population. In the present study, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry quantitation method for serum retinol and α-tocopherol was established and validated. In addition, we established trimester-specific RIs of retinol and α-tocopherol using the data from paired screening test for 31,301 outpatients who participated in the prenatal vitamins A/E evaluation program at our hospital using the Hoffmann method, which is a simple indirect RI estimation method that does not require the recruitment of healthy subjects. Further, to explore the associations between the levels of retinol and α-tocopherol and the parameters of complete blood count (CBC), the results of retinol, α-tocopherol, and CBC of 1,977 pregnant outpatients in the third trimester were analysed. The testing interval between the levels of vitamins and CBC was no more than 7 days. Although no significant changes were noticed in the levels of retinol, the α-tocopherol levels continuously increased with normal physiological changes throughout pregnancy. Lower retinol levels were associated with the higher incidence of anaemia, whereas higher levels of retinol and lower levels of α-tocopherol were associated with higher platelet count.

19.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221814

RESUMO

Fusion transcripts are commonly found in eukaryotes, and many aberrant fusions are associated with severe diseases, including cancer. One class of fusion transcripts is generated by joining separate transcripts through trans-splicing. However, the mechanism of trans-splicing in mammals remains largely elusive. Here we showed evidence to support an intuitive hypothesis that attributes trans-sphcing to the spatial proximity between premature transcripts. A novel trans-splicing detection tool (TSD) was developed to reliably identify intra-chromosomal trans-splicing events (iTSEs) from RNA-seq data. TSD can maintain a remarkable balance between sensitivity and accuracy, thus distinguishing it from most state-of-the-art tools. The accuracy of TSD was experimentally demonstrated by excluding potential false discovery from mosaic genome or template switching during PCR. We showed that iTSEs identified by TSD were frequently found between genomic regulatory elements, which are known to be more prone to interact with each other. Moreover, iTSE sites may be more physically adjacent to each other than random control in the tested human lymphoblastoid cell line according to Hi-C data. Our results suggest that trans-splicing and 3D genome architecture may be coupled in mammals and that our pipeline, TSD, may facilitate investigations of trans-splicing on a systematic and accurate level previously thought impossible.

20.
Brain Behav Immun ; 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169498

RESUMO

Since December 2019, more than 79,000 people have been diagnosed with infection of the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). A large number of medical staff was sent to Wuhan city and Hubei province to aid COVID-19 control. Psychological stress, especially vicarious traumatization caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, should not be ignored. To address this concern, the study employed a total of 214 general public and 526 nurses (i.e., 234 front-line nurses and 292 non-front-line nurses) to evaluate vicarious traumatization scores via a mobile app-based questionnaire. Front-line nurses are engaged in the process of providing care for patients with COVID-19. The results showed that the vicarious traumatization scores for front-line nurses including scores for physiological and psychological responses, were significantly lower than those of non-front-line nurses (P < 0.001). Interestingly, the vicarious traumatization scores of the general public were significantly higher than those of the front-line nurses (P < 0.001); however, no statistical difference was observed compared to the scores of non-front-line nurses (P > 0.05). Therefore, increased attention should be paid to the psychological problems of the medical staff, especially non-front-line nurses, and general public under the situation of the spread and control of COVID-19. Early strategies that aim to prevent and treat vicarious traumatization in medical staff and general public are extremely necessary.

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