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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 100: 317-323, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173450

RESUMO

Largemouth bass ulcerative syndrome virus (LBUSV) is an important virus induce the mortality of largemouth bass (Micropterus Salmoides). In this study, we reported a single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) containing LBUSV major capsid protein (MCP) subunit vaccine (SWCNTs-MCP) which was evaluated for its protective effect on largemouth bass by immersion immunization. We found an elevation in serum antibody levels, enzyme activities, complement C3 content and immune-related genes (IgM, TGF-ß, IL-1ß, IL-8, TNF-α and CD4) expression, in the SWCNTs-MCP immunized groups compared with the pure MCP group. The survival rates for control group, pure MCP protein groups (40 mg L-1) and four SWCNTs-MCP groups (5 mg L-1, 10 mg L-1, 20 mg L-1 and 40 mg L-1) were 0%, 27.78%, 30.56%, 50.00%, 66.67% and 80.56%, respectively. The results suggests that with the assistance of SWCNTs, the immune protection of the SWCNTs-MCP group (40 mg L-1) increased up 52.78%-80.1% compared with pure MCP group (40 mg L-1). Our results demonstrate that the single-walled carbon nanotube subunit vaccine can be used as a new immunization method against LBUSV showing protection following challenge with LBUSV. Taken together, our results demonstrate that the single-walled carbon nanotube subunit vaccine can be used as a new method against LBUSV and have a high immune protection during the largemouth bass farm.

2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 99: 548-554, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109609

RESUMO

Micropterus Salmoides rhabdovirus (MSRV), as a common aquatic animal virus, can cause lethal and epidemic diseases in the cultivation of largemouth bass. In this study, we reported a kind of immersion single-walled carbon nanotubes-loaded subunit vaccine which composited by glycoprotein (G) of MSRV, and evaluated its protective effect on largemouth bass. The results showed that a stronger immune response including serum antibody levels, enzyme activities (superoxide dismutase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase and total antioxidant capacity), complement C3 content and immune-related genes (IgM, TGF-ß, IL-1ß, IL-8, TNF-α, CD4) expression can be induced obviously with single-walled carbon nanotubes-glycoprotein (SWCNTs-G) groups compared with G groups when largemouth bass were vaccinated. After bath immunization with G or SWCNTs-G for 28 days, fish were challenged with a lethal dose of MSRV. The survival rates for control group (PBS), SWCNTs group (40 mg L-1), pure G protein groups (40 mg L-1) and three SWCNTs-G groups (5 mg L-1, 10 mg L-1 and 40 mg L-1) were 0%, 0%, 39.5%, 36.7%, 43.6%and 70.1%, respectively. Importantly, with the assistance of SWCNTs, the immune protective rate of the SWCNTs-G group (40 mg L-1) increased by approximately 30.6%. This study suggested that SWCNTs-G is a promising immersion subunit vaccine candidate against the death caused by MSRV.

3.
Virology ; 537: 216-225, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513957

RESUMO

Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) has caused mass mortality in cyprinids, with case fatality rates of young fish up to 90%, resulting in enormous economic losses in the aquaculture industry. Immersion vaccination is considered as the most effective method for juvenile fish to combating disease, due to its convenience for mass vaccination and stress-free administration. However, immune responses following immersion vaccination are generally less robust and of shorter duration as those induced through intraperitoneal injection. Herein, to enhance the efficient of immersion vaccine, functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as carrier were used to manufacture immersion DNA vaccine system (SWCNTs-pEGFP-M) with chemical modification. Results showed that SWCNTs-pEGFP-M could enter into fish body via immersion administration and express antigen proteins in fish kidney and spleen. Moreover, stronger and longer duration immune responses (including serum antibody production and immune genes expression) can be induced in fish vaccinated with SWCNTs-pEGFP-M in comparison with those vaccinated with pEGFP-M alone. Notably, SWCNTs can increase the immune protective effect of naked DNA vaccine by ca. 23.8%. Altogether, this study demonstrates that SWCNTs as a promising DNA vaccine carrier might be used to vaccinate large-scale juvenile fish by bath administration approach, which can provide an outlook for future vaccination strategies against SVCV.

4.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 133-140, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173860

RESUMO

Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) cause a high mortality disease which lead to significant economic loss on mandarin fish in China. There is no effective drug or vaccine against this fatal disease at present. Meanwhile, many drugs and vaccines had no effect in many cases account of several impenetrable barriers (cell, skin and gastrointestinal tract). Here we reported an immersion subunit vaccine system (SWCNTs-MCP) encoding MCP gene of ISKNV based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). To evaluate its efficacy against ISKNV, we found a stronger and longer duration immune response (serum antibody production, enzyme activities and immune-related genes expression) can be induced in fish vaccinated with SWCNTs-MCP in comparison with those vaccinated with MCP alone. Importantly, SWCNTs can increase the immune protective effect of naked subunit vaccine by ca. 23.8%. Thereby, this study demonstrates that SWCNTs as a promising carrier for subunit vaccine might be used to vaccinate large-scale juvenile mandarin fish by bath administration approach.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Iridoviridae/imunologia , Nanotubos de Carbono , Perciformes/imunologia , Vacinação/veterinária , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 51(7): 641-4, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24256593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the expression of synuclein-γ (SNCG) and metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) both in the invasive ductal breast cancer samples and T47D and T47D(SNCG)- cell lines, to investigate the correlation between SNCG and MMP-9. METHODS: Totally 96 invasive ductal breast cancer samples (female, mean age of (56 ± 8) years) were collected between June 2009 and June 2012. The expressions of SNCG and MMP-9 were investigated by immunohistochemistry. T47D and SNCG knock down T47D(SNCG)- cell lines were established and SNCG and MMP-9 protein expression were investigated by Western blot and gene expression by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Among 96 samples, 26 (27.1%) of them co-expressed SNCG and MMP-9, 30(31.2%) of them expressed neither SNCG nor MMP-9. The expression of SNCG was correlated with the expression of MMP-9 (r = 0.655, P = 0.000).SNCG mRNA level of T47D cell line was 13.5 fold of T47D(SNCG)- cell line and SNCG protein expression was 2.1 fold. While MMP-9 mRNA level of T47D cell line was 7.3 fold of T47D(SNCG)- cell line and MMP-9 protien expression was 1.6 fold.When SNCG was knocked down, the expression of MMP-9 decreased. CONCLUSIONS: SNCG and MMP-9 are significantly correlated with each other in breast cancer. SNCG may promote the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer mediated by up-regulating the expression of MMP-9.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , gama-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Idoso , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
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