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2.
Cell Signal ; 88: 110167, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628002

RESUMO

Artesunate (ART), a water-soluble derivative of artemisinin, has been reported to exert antineoplastic effects via diverse mechanisms in various types of cancer. Therefore, understanding the underlying mechanism of action of ART in distinct cancer types is indispensable to optimizing the therapeutic application of ART for different types of cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for the antineoplastic effects of ART in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cells. Cell proliferation was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assays. The levels of apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were investigated using flow cytometry. In addition, western blotting was used to analyze the expression levels of ART-induced apoptosis-, autophagy- and ferroptosis-related proteins. Monodansylcadaverine staining was performed to determine the levels of autophagy. Moreover, malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species assays were used to determine the levels of ferroptosis. The results of the present study revealed that ART inhibited proliferation, and induced apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, autophagy and ferroptosis in DLBCL cells. Pharmacological inhibition of autophagy and ferroptosis alleviated the increased levels of apoptosis induced by ART. Notably, ART was found to exert its effects via inhibition of STAT3 activation. The genetic knockdown of STAT3 enhanced ART-induced autophagy and ferroptosis, and concomitantly upregulated the expression levels of apoptosis- and cell cycle-related proteins. In conclusion, the findings of the current study suggested that ART may induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest to inhibit cell proliferation, and regulate autophagy and ferroptosis via impairing the STAT3 signaling pathway in DLBCL cells.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1071-1079, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362484

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of different doses of daunorubicin combined with a standard dose of cytarabine as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. METHODS: The clinical data and outcome were retrospectively analyzed in 86 newly diagnosed primary AML patients who were under 65 years old and treated with daunorubicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to June 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of daunorubicin they received, 35 cases in the escalated-dose group ï¼»75 mg/(m2·d)ï¼½ and 51 cases in the standard-dose group ï¼»60 mg/(m2·d)ï¼½. And then the effects of different doses of daunorubicin on complete remission (CR) rate, minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative CR rate, relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and adverse events were analyzed. RESULTS: Median follow-up time of all the patients was 15 months. The CR rate and MRD- CR rate of the escalated-dose group was 88.5% and 71.4%, respectively, which were higher than 64.7% and 41.2% of the standard-dose group (P=0.029, P=0.008). The estimated 2-year RFS of the escalated-dose group was 68.4%, which was higher than 38.5% of the standard-dose group (P=0.015), but estimated 2-year OS showed no statistically significant difference (77.1% vs 66.7%, P=0.059), as well as grade 3-4 adverse events. The escalated dose of daunorubicin had prolonged RFS (13 months vs not reached, P=0.022) and OS (23 months vs not reached, P=0.029) in the FLT3-ITD- AML patients. CONCLUSION: The escalated dose of daunorubicin can induce higher complete remission rate, deeper remission and longer duration of remission without increasing adverse events in newly diagnosed primary AML patients.


Assuntos
Daunorrubicina , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 955, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The improved prognosis of classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) has been accompanied by elevated risks of non-cancer-specific death (non-CSD). The aim of this study was to verify the occurrence of non-CSD and its effect on rates of overall survival among adult patients with cHL. METHODS: To ensure sufficient follow-up time, we analyzed retrospective data from patients aged ≥20 years with cHL that was diagnosed between 1983 and 2005 in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Logistic regression was applied to analyze the non-CSD occurrence in relation to all factors. Using Fine-Gray's method, we calculated the cumulative incidences of CSD and non-CSD. Stacked cumulative incidence plots and ratio of non-CSD to all causes of death were applied to evaluate the effect of non-CSD on rates of overall survival. Finally, we analyzed long-term mortality through Cox proportional hazard regression analysis and competing risk regression analysis to emphasize a more appropriate model of survival for patients with cHL. RESULTS: Among the 18,518 patients included, there were 3768 cases of CSD (20.3%) and 3217 of non-CSD (17.4%). Older age, earlier period, male sex, unmarried status, mixed cellularity (MC) and lymphocyte-depletion (LD) histological subtype, and patients received radiotherapy (RT) only were associated with more non-CSD according to binary logistic analysis. The cumulative incidence of non-CSD exceeded CSD after approximately 280 months follow-up. The most common causes of non-CSDs were cardiovascular disease, subsequent primary neoplasms, infectious diseases, accidents, and suicide. In a Cox proportional hazards model, patients who were black, unmarried, at an advanced stage or underwent chemotherapy (CT) alone were at greater risk of mortality than were white patients, who were married, at an early stage, and underwent combined modality; these populations were also found to be at greater risk for CSD in a competing risk model, but the risk of non-CSD did not differ significantly according to race and marital status, patients with early-stage disease and who underwent RT only were found to be at higher risk of non-CSD instead. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphoma was the cause of death in most patients who died, but non-CSD was not unusual. Patients with cHL should be monitored closely for signs of cardiovascular disease and malignant tumors. Rates of overall survival of patients were diminished by non-CSD, and a competing risk model was more suitable for establishing the prognosis than was the Cox proportional hazards model.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Programa de SEER/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
5.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(8): 886-889, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145178

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, with certain DLBCLs affecting specific anatomic sites, such as primary cutaneous DLBCL, leg type and intravascular large B-cell lymphoma. However, the occurrence of secondary cutaneous involvement in DLBCL while patients are undergoing regular chemotherapy is rare. In this study, we reported a case of refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement that achieved complete remission for more than 4 years with epigenetic regulation of chidamide in combination with chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation including a pretreatment regimen containing chidamide.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(11): 1299-1309, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33967195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bendamustine was approved in China on May 26th, 2019 by the National Medical Product Administration for the treatment of indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The current study was the registration trial and the first reported evaluation of the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of bendamustine in Chinese adult patients with indolent B-cell NHL following relapse after chemotherapy and rituximab treatment. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 study (NCT01596621; C18083/3076) with a 2-year follow-up period. Eligible patients received bendamustine hydrochloride 120 mg/m2 infused intravenously on days 1 and 2 of each 21-day treatment cycle for at least six planned cycles (and up to eight cycles). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR); and secondary endpoints were duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), safety, and pharmacokinetics. Patients were classified according to their best overall response after initiation of therapy. Proportions of patients in each response category (complete response [CR], partial response [PR], stable disease, or progressive disease) were summarized along with a two-sided binomial exact 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the ORR. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients were enrolled from 20 centers between August 6th, 2012, and June 18th, 2015. At the time of the primary analysis, the ORR was 73% (95% CI: 63%-81%) per Independent Review Committee (IRC) including 19% CR and 54% PR. With the follow-up period, the median DoR was 16.2 months by IRC and 13.4 months by investigator assessment; the median PFS was 18.6 months and 15.3 months, respectively. The most common non-hematologic adverse events (AEs) were gastrointestinal toxicity, pyrexia, and rash. Grade 3/4 neutropenia was reported in 76% of patients. Serious AEs were reported in 29 patients and five patients died during the study. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the characteristics of bendamustine and its metabolites M3 and M4 were generally consistent with those reported for other ethnicities. CONCLUSION: Bendamustine is an active and effective therapy in Chinese patients with relapsed, indolent B-cell NHL, with a comparable risk/benefit relationship to that reported in North American patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, No. NCT01596621; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01596621.


Assuntos
Linfoma não Hodgkin , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , China , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico
7.
Am J Blood Res ; 11(1): 100-110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33796397

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The inflammatory and immune cells have an important impact on Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The derived neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) has been confirmed to have a similar prognostic value as the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in many kinds of tumors, but it has not been explored as a prognostic marker for Hodgkin lymphoma patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the prognostic value of dNLR and NLR in HL. METHODS: This retrospective study included 213 newly diagnosed HL patients from 2008 to 2019. Then, the prognostic significance of dNLR and NLR in these patients was evaluated. Meanwhile, subgroup analyses based on the Ann Arbor stage and histotype were also carried out. Finally, propensity score matching was used to reduce selection bias. RESULTS: Patients with dNLR ≥ 2.1 showed shorter overall survival (OS) (P = 0.006). Also, patients with NLR ≥ 3.0 showed worse OS (P = 0.005) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.031). These results were also found in patients with early-stage and mixed cellularity subtype HL. Besides, high dNLR represented an independent prognostic marker for OS and high NLR remained an independent prognostic factor for OS and PFS on multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: Elevated dNLR and NLR were related to worse survival in HL patients. For the first time, the dNLR has shown the potential to be a new prognostic factor for patients with HL.

8.
Ann Hematol ; 100(1): 135-141, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083863

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-dose ruxolitinib (daily dose ≤ 10 mg) for the treatment of myelofibrosis (MF). A retrospective analysis was performed on a total of 88 patients with myeloproliferative neoplasm-associated MF (MPN-MF) who were diagnosed and treated in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, China. A total of 44 MPN-MF patients received a low dose of ruxolitinib (daily dose ≤ 10 mg), while another 44 patients received 10-25 mg twice daily. Low-dose ruxolitinib treatment resulted in slow, but gradual spleen response. Compared with baseline, the mean changes in palpable spleen length in the low- and high-dose groups were -26.9 and -49.0% after 12 weeks of treatment, respectively, and -46.7 and -64.1% after 48 weeks of treatment, respectively. In the low dose group, the median myeloproliferative neoplasm symptom assessment form (MPN-SAF) total symptom score (TSS) decreased by 37.8 and 35.9% at the 12 weeks and 48 weeks after treatment, respectively. No statistical difference was observed in MPN-SAF TSS among different dose groups. After 48 weeks of treatment, bone marrow (BM) fibrosis improved in 43.3% (13/30) of evaluated patients and was stable in 56.7% (17/30) patients. In the low-dose treated group, BM fibrosis improved in 50% patients and was stable in remaining 50%. Low-dose ruxolitinib is effective in treating MF.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Janus Quinases/administração & dosagem , Mielofibrose Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mielofibrose Primária/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Baço/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Int J Pharm ; 592: 120058, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220383

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a frequent complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The application of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to treat GVHD patients refractory to initial steroid treatment has led to impressive results. In this study, we explored the potential of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs) transfected with the IFN-γ gene of human (h)/mice (m) (HUMSCs + Ad-h/mIFN-γ) carried by a recombinant adenoviral vector in the prevention and treatment of GVHD. We demonstrated that HUMSCs + Ad-h/mIFN-γ efficiently suppressed T lymphocyte proliferation and activation, induced G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in vitro. To assess the in vivo efficacy of HUMSCs + Ad-h/mIFN-γ, Balb/c mice were induced to develop GVHD symptoms by tail vein injection of C57BL/6 splenocytes after irradiation. Weight, hair, survival, hemogram, and chimera condition of GVHD model mice were monitored before and after treatment, respectively. The results showed that HUMSCs + Ad-h/mIFN-γ reduced GVHD's incidence and severity on the model mice and provided a significant survival benefit. In conclusion, this study may provide validated evidence that the introduction of IFN-γ into HUMSCs would help ameliorate GVHD after allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
10.
Heliyon ; 6(8): e04793, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869005

RESUMO

The -1 ribosomal frameshifting is vital for the translation of the open reading frame (ORF)1b in SARS-CoV-2. The products of ORF1b participate in viral replication. Therefore, changing the frameshift frequency reduces the survival of the virus. This study aimed to successfully develop a toolkit for screening antiviral drugs. Finally, the FDA-approved drug library was screened, revealing that ivacaftor and (-)-Huperzine A worked well in changing the -1 ribosomal frameshifting of SARS-CoV-2 in vitro.

11.
J Cancer ; 11(14): 4284-4296, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368311

RESUMO

Leukemia is a common malignant cancer of the hematopoietic system, whose pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides without protein-coding function. Recent studies report their role in cellular processes such as the regulation of gene expression, as well as in the carcinogenesis, occurrence, development, and prognosis of various tumors. Evidence indicating relationships between a variety of lncRNAs and leukemia pathophysiology has increased dramatically in the previous decade, with specific lncRNAs expected to serve as diagnostic biomarkers, novel therapeutic targets, and predictors of clinical outcomes. Furthermore, these lncRNAs might offer insight into disease pathogenesis and novel treatment options. This review summarizes progress in studies on the role(s) of lncRNAs in leukemia.

12.
Cell Signal ; 72: 109643, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32320859

RESUMO

Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin Subfamily Member 4 (TRPM4) has been demonstrated to be aberrantly expressed in several cancers but seldom reported in acute leukemia. Based on database mining and validated experiments, our present data show that TRPM4 is selectively overexpressed in AML patients and cell lines with the MLL gene rearrangement. We analyzed the correlation between TRPM4 expression and clinical parameters in a validated cohort of AML patients. Increased TRPM4 expression was associated with significant leukocytosis (p = .028), M4/M5 subtype (p = .000), FLT3-ITD mutation (p = .034), MLL status (p = .007) and a higher risk stratification (p = .001). Knockdown of TRPM4 mediated by siRNA impaired proliferation and arrested the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase in MLL-rearranged leukemia cells. We suggested that TRPM4 may be involved in the pathogenesis of MLL-rearranged leukemia through regulating the AKT/GLI1/Cyclin D1 pathway. The transcription factor HOXA9 was found to be responsible for upregulation of TRPM4 expression by binding to its promoter. In conclusion, TRPM4 is overexpressed in MLL-rearranged AML and blockade of TRPM4 may be an alternative therapeutic approach in AML patients with high TRPM4 expression.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Canais de Cátion TRPM/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132977

RESUMO

Objective: The relationship between diabetes and all- and cause-specific mortality in individuals with common cancers (breast, colorectal, and prostate) remains both under-researched and poorly understood. Methods: Cancer survivors (N = 37,993) from the National Health Interview Survey with linked data retrieved from the National Death Index served as our study participants. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to assess associations between pre- and post-diabetes and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Results: Over a median follow-up period of 13 years, 2,350 all-cause, 698 cancer, and 506 CVD deaths occurred. Among all cancer survivors, patients with diabetes had greater risk of: all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1.35, 95% CI = 1.27-1.43], cancer-specific mortality (HR: 1.14, 95% CI = 1.03-1.27), CVD mortality (HR: 1.36, 95% CI = 1.18-1.55), diabetes related mortality (HR: 17.18, 95% CI = 11.51-25.64), and kidney disease mortality (HR: 2.51, 95% CI = 1.65-3.82), compared with individuals without diabetes. The risk of all-cause mortality was also higher amongst those with diabetes and specific types of cancer: breast cancer (HR: 1.28, 95% CI = 1.12-1.48), prostate cancer (HR: 1.20, 95% CI = 1.03-1.39), and colorectal cancer (HR: 1.29, 95% CI = 1.10-1.50). Diabetes increased the risk of cancer-specific mortality among colorectal cancer survivors (HR: 1.36, 95% CI = 1.04-1.78) compared to those without diabetes. Diabetes was associated with higher risk of diabetes-related mortality when compared to non-diabetic breast (HR: 9.20, 95% CI = 3.60-23.53), prostate (HR: 18.36, 95% CI = 6.01-56.11), and colorectal cancer survivors (HR: 12.18, 95% CI = 4.17-35.58). Both pre- and post-diagnosis diabetes increased the risk of all-cause mortality among all cancer survivors. Cancer survivors with diabetes had similar risk of all-cause and CVD mortality during the second 5 years of diabetes and above 10 years of diabetes as compared to non-diabetic patients. Conclusions: Diabetes increased the risk of all-cause mortality among breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer survivors, not for pre- or post-diagnosis diabetes. Greater attention on diabetes management is warranted in cancer survivors with diabetes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clin Chim Acta ; 503: 197-202, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an autoimmune disease with high disability rate, and it is sometimes difficult to distinguish from generalized osteoarthritis (GOA). Deoxyribonuclease 1-like 3 (DNASE1L3) was associated with a variety of autoimmune diseases. However, the serum DNASE1L3 level in AS and GOA remain unreported. Herein, this study was designed to gauge serum DNASE1L3 level in patients with AS and GOA, and to discern the utility of serum DNASE1L3 as a biomarker for assessing the severity of patients with AS. METHODS: The study population consisted of 60 patients with AS, 60 patients with GOA and 60 control subjects. Serum DNASE1L3 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assay. Disease activity were assessed with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) in AS patients. RESULTS: Our data showed that serum DNASE1L3 levels were significantly higher in patients with AS than that of the healthy controls and patients with GOA. Serum DNASE1L3 levels in patients with AS were positively correlated with BASDAI scores, C3 and C-reactive protein (CRP). Furthermore, serum DNASE1L3 showed higher discriminatory accuracy in the diagnosis of AS from GOA (AUC = 0.851, sensitivity = 78.33% and specificity = 81.67%). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated Serum DNASE1L3 levels in patients with AS were significantly associated with the clinic features and disease activity. DNASE1L3 could be a serum biomarker with a positive diagnostic value in patients with AS, and which could be used as a differential diagnostic indicator for GOA and AS.


Assuntos
Endodesoxirribonucleases/sangue , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complemento C3/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/sangue , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/sangue
15.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(11): 2493-2514, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815049

RESUMO

Several studies have examined the relationship between smoking and mortality in cancer survivors. However, few have reported the relationships in several cancer sites (i.e., bladder, non-melanoma skin, uterine, melanoma, and lymphoma), and limited data exist on the dose-response relationship between number of cigarettes smoked per day or duration of smoking cessation and mortality. Cancer survivors (N = 35,093, 61% female, mean age = 47 years old) from the National Health Interview Survey with linked data retrieved from the National Death Index served as our study participants. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to assess associations between smoking status, all-cause, and disease-specific mortality. After a median follow-up of 13 years, 11,066 deaths occurred. Survivors who reported smoking at study entry had a 73%, 75%, 85% higher risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all-cause mortality, respectively when compared to nonsmokers. Former smokers had a 31% and 37% higher risk of all-cause and cancer mortality, respectively when compared to nonsmokers. The observed relationships appeared to differ by the number of cigarettes smoked (i.e., ≥ 10 per day), especially for breast, cervix, lung, prostate, uterine and non-melanoma skin cancer survivors. Those who continued smoking post diagnosis were at greatest risk of all-cause and cancer mortality, but the associations varied substantially by cancer site. These data provide sufficient evidence of the health hazards associated with smoking for cancer survivors and provide further support for public health strategies designed to curb smoking in this vulnerable population.

18.
Oncotarget ; 8(44): 77586-77594, 2017 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29100410

RESUMO

Epigenetic abnormalities play important roles in the pathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Highly expressed class I histone acetyltransferase (HDAC) and hyper-methylation of the promoter region of tumor suppressor genes have been demonstrated in Hodgkin lymphoma. In this paper, we investigated the synergistic effects of combination treatment of chidamide, a selective HDAC inhibitor, and decitabine, a demethylation agent, for HL cell lines and explored a new strategy for treating HL. The apoptosis rates, cell cycle, mitochondrial transmembrane potentials, epigenetic changes and gene expression of HL cell lines treated with chidamide as a single agent and in combination with decitabine were tested. We found that chidamide inhibited the proliferation of HL cells through increased apoptosis. Interestingly, after combined with decitabine, the inhibition rate and apoptotic death in HL cells were significantly increased. Further studies demonstrated that when combined with decitabine the expression of acetylated histone H3 and H3K9 induced by chidamide in HL cells increased, and also the expression of tumor suppressor genes PU.1 and KLF4, which exert inhibition through apoptosis pathway. Therefore, we could come to a conclusion that chidamide and decitabine can synergistically induce apoptosis of Hodgkin lymphoma cells by up-regulating the expression of PU.1 and KLF4. These results provide a new sight in combining two different epigenetic regulatory agents for treating HL.

19.
Ann Hematol ; 96(8): 1343-1351, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623396

RESUMO

Circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) has been shown to be associated with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of cancer patients. Our objective was to assess whether the concentration and integrity index of ccfDNA in plasma may be useful for diagnosing and monitoring the progression of patients with lymphoma. We included plasma samples from 174 lymphoma patients and 80 healthy individuals. The total concentration of ccfDNA was determined using a fluorometry method, and the DNA integrity index (DII), which is the ratio of longer to shorter DNA fragments, for the APP gene was detected using real-time quantitative PCR. The median levels of the ccfDNA concentration and the DII in patients with lymphoma were significantly higher than those in controls (both P < 0.0001). Increases in the ccfDNA concentration and the DII were associated with advanced stage disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels, and a higher prognosis score. In patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), high levels of ccfDNA (both concentration and the DII) showed an inferior 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.001; P < 0.0001, respectively). Our study provides quantitative and qualitative evidence in favor of using ccfDNA analysis in lymphoma patients for diagnostic and prognostic assessments.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma/sangue , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/sangue , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
J Cell Biochem ; 118(9): 2645-2653, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28012196

RESUMO

Central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL) remains a diagnostical and therapeutical challenge. MiRNAs post-transcriptionally regulate expression of targeted mRNAs through binding to their 3' UTR to inhibit their translation or promote their degradation. Oncoprotein inhibitory member of the ASPP family (iASPP), a key inhibitor of tumor suppressor p53, has been reported to play oncogenic role in cancers. Our present study was aimed to determine whether the miR-184/iASPP axis is involved in the proliferation and invasion of CNSL. A reduced level of miR-184 was observed in CNSL tissues. Exogenous miR-184 inhibited cell survival and invasion, as well as the tumor volumes, while miR-184 inhibition could reverse this process. The RNA and protein levels of iASPP were significantly inhibited by miR-184, and the 3' UTR of iASPP was shown to be a target of miR-184. The expression of iASPP was up-regulated in CNSL tissues, compared to that of the normal brain tissues. The inhibition of iASPP by shRNA iASPP significantly repressed CNSL cells' proliferation and invasion, and reduced the volume of the tumor. Besides, iASPP overexpression could partly restore the suppressive effect of miR-184 on CNSL cell proliferation and invasive capability. We also revealed that miR-184/iASPP axis regulated the proliferation and invasion via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, which presents a novel potential therapy for intervention of CNSL. Taken together, our findings revealed the detailed role of the miR-184/iASPP axis in CNSL and this axis might modulate the proliferation and invasion of CNSL via regulating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 2645-2653, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Linfoma/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Linfoma/genética , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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