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1.
J Org Chem ; 84(15): 9454-9459, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283220

RESUMO

The progressively improved heterobimetallic antimony transition metal complex PSbP-Pt (I1) provides superior activity in catalyzed 1,6-enyne cycloisomerization. Our DFT calculations demonstrate that the noninnocent character of the antimony ligand enhances the self-activation of the catalyst precursor through a substrate-aided intramolecular chloride migration, which triggers subsequent reaction. Designed alternative redox noninnocent active species with strong electron-withdrawing groups also show promising catalytic ability due to an electron-deficient antimony ligand, which lowers the typical reaction barrier for the cycloisomerization of 1,6-enyne.

2.
Cancer Med ; 8(6): 2930-2941, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31050207

RESUMO

Richter syndrome (RS) indicates the transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) into an aggressive lymphoma (mostly DLBCL). Richter syndrome is a rare complication with an aggressive clinical course, bearing an unfavorable prognosis. Currently, there is no effective treatment for it. As a novel cellular-based immune therapy, chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CART) cells treatment is gradually used in treating hematological malignancies, especially in CD19+ B-cell malignancy. Therefore, CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor-modified T cells (CART-19) treatment is promising to be used as a new method for RS patients. In our study, one RS patient expressing high level of CD19 molecule was enrolled in clinical trial; he has received a series of treatments but did not achieve a satisfactory therapeutic effect. The patient totally received 3.55 × 108 autologous CART-19 cells infusion. After CART-19 infusion, the mainly clinical side effect was repeated fever. The maximal duration period was 24 days and the highest temperature was 40.1°C. Pancytopenia and significantly serum cytokines level rise were observed, including IFN-γ, IL-6, and IL-10. Before discharge, the level of cytokines reduced to normal levels. In addition, we detected the serum biochemical indices as like K+ , Ca2+ , creatinine, and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase, all of these indices were normal. This showed that there was no tumor necrosis syndrome after treatment. The proportion of B cells in patient's peripheral blood decreased from 72% to 40.2% after infusion, co-occurring with reduction in lymph nodes and hematopoietic reconstitution. Based on the recent revolution in the therapeutic landscape for hematological malignancies including B-cell lymphomas, CART-CD19 cell therapy as a new therapeutic option for RS might be available in the coming years. It aims to reduce patient's tumor burden, prolong their survival time, and provide opportunities for other sequential therapy such as chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 563-564: 987-95, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26774131

RESUMO

Accurately predicting the fate and transport of nano-TiO2 in porous media is critical to assess its environmental impact. This study was designed to understand the effects of gain size and structural heterogeneity under different ionic strength (IS) on the fate and transport of nano-TiO2 in saturated porous media. In the columns packed homogenously with sand of different grain sizes (920, 550, 390, and 275µm), the transport of nano-TiO2 decreased when the IS increased from 0.1 to 1 or 10mM. For all the three IS conditions, the retention of the nano-TiO2 particles in the columns increased when the gain size decreased, and the mobility of the nano-TiO2 was the lowest in the sand at size of 275µm with recovery rates of 0.30% to 1.72%. The mass recovery rates of TiO2 in other homogeneous columns were higher and ranged from 0.37% to 59.9%. Structural heterogeneity created two flow domains for the retention and transport of nano-TiO2 particles in the saturated porous media. The fast-flow domain dominated the flow and transport processes of the nano-TiO2 in the heterogeneous columns under the tested conditions. As a result, the transport of nano-TiO2 in the heterogeneous porous media was faster and higher than that in the homogeneous columns under similar experimental conditions. Because of the dominance of the fast-flow domain, the recovery rates of the nano-TiO2 in the heterogeneous columns were similar and ranged from 59.8% to 66.9%. These results reflected the importance of preferential flow to the fate and transport of nano-TiO2 particle in porous media. Simulations from a two-domain model matched the experimental breakthrough curves very well.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Dióxido de Silício/química , Titânio/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Modelos Teóricos , Concentração Osmolar , Porosidade
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