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1.
Bioact Mater ; 9: 508-522, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786523

RESUMO

Cardiomyocytes differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are valuable for the understanding/treatment of the deadly heart diseases and their drug screening. However, the very much needed homogeneous 3D cardiac differentiation of human iPSCs is still challenging. Here, it is discovered surprisingly that Rock inhibitor (RI), used ubiquitously to improve the survival/yield of human iPSCs, induces early gastrulation-like change to human iPSCs in 3D culture and may cause their heterogeneous differentiation into all the three germ layers (i.e., ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm) at the commonly used concentration (10 µM). This greatly compromises the capacity of human iPSCs for homogeneous 3D cardiac differentiation. By reducing the RI to 1 µM for 3D culture, the human iPSCs retain high pluripotency/quality in inner cell mass-like solid 3D spheroids. Consequently, the beating efficiency of 3D cardiac differentiation can be improved to more than 95 % in ~7 days (compared to less than ~50 % in 14 days for the 10 µM RI condition). Furthermore, the outset beating time (OBT) of all resultant cardiac spheroids (CSs) is synchronized within only 1 day and they form a synchronously beating 3D construct after 5-day culture in gelatin methacrylol (GelMA) hydrogel, showing high homogeneity (in terms of the OBT) in functional maturity of the CSs. Moreover, the resultant cardiomyocytes are of high quality with key functional ultrastructures and highly responsive to cardiac drugs. These discoveries may greatly facilitate the utilization of human iPSCs for understanding and treating heart diseases.

2.
Acta Trop ; 225: 106179, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627758

RESUMO

Babesiosis is an emerging zoonotic disease that is typically caused by Babesia microti infection. Clinical treatment of B. microti infection is challenging; hence, it is crucial to find new effective drugs. The current laboratory screening methods for anti-B. microti drugs are not optimized. We conducted drug-suppressive and drug-therapeutic tests to investigate whether use of an immunosuppressant and the target gene-based qPCR are helpful to reduce the number of animals affected and to improve parasite detection in an immunocompetent mouse model. These results were verified by subpassage test. In the drug-suppressive test, no B. microti were observed after immunosuppressant administration or in subpassage mice in the 100 mg/kg robenidine hydrochloride (ROBH) group. The opposite results were observed in the control, 50 mg/kg ROBH, atovaquone (ATO) + azithromycin (AZM), and proguanil hydrochloride (PGH) groups. Significant differences were observed in the EIR and target gene relative values (both P < 0.001) between the control group and any ROBH groups. In the drug-therapeutic test, recrudescence occurred in the 50 mg/kg ROBH, ATO+AZM, and control groups. This was not observed in the 100 mg/kg ROBH group after immunosuppressant administration. Similar findings were observed in the subpassage test. This suggests that a 4-day anti-B. microti drug-suppressive test can be used in preliminary drug screening. Potentially effective drugs can be verified by immunosuppressant test in subsequent drug-therapeutic tests. Thus, a laboratory evaluation method of anti-B. microti drug efficacy was optimized, which is highly accurate and requires a short drug screening time.


Assuntos
Babesia microti , Babesiose , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Animais , Babesiose/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Camundongos
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 700012, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737696

RESUMO

Background: Big data and real-world data (RWD) have been increasingly used to measure the effectiveness and costs in cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA). However, the characteristics and methodologies of CEA based on big data and RWD remain unknown. The objectives of this study were to review the characteristics and methodologies of the CEA studies based on big data and RWD and to compare the characteristics and methodologies between the CEA studies with or without decision-analytic models. Methods: The literature search was conducted in Medline (Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library (as of June 2020). Full CEA studies with an incremental analysis that used big data and RWD for both effectiveness and costs written in English were included. There were no restrictions regarding publication date. Results: 70 studies on CEA using RWD (37 with decision-analytic models and 33 without) were included. The majority of the studies were published between 2011 and 2020, and the number of CEA based on RWD has been increasing over the years. Few CEA studies used big data. Pharmacological interventions were the most frequently studied intervention, and they were more frequently evaluated by the studies without decision-analytic models, while those with the model focused on treatment regimen. Compared to CEA studies using decision-analytic models, both effectiveness and costs of those using the model were more likely to be obtained from literature review. All the studies using decision-analytic models included sensitivity analyses, while four studies no using the model neither used sensitivity analysis nor controlled for confounders. Conclusion: The review shows that RWD has been increasingly applied in conducting the cost-effectiveness analysis. However, few CEA studies are based on big data. In future CEA studies using big data and RWD, it is encouraged to control confounders and to discount in long-term research when decision-analytic models are not used.

4.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(10): 11653-11661, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786091

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of cardiac remote monitoring system (CRMS) based on artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm mode for evaluating asymptomatic myocardial ischemia (AMI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Two hundred CAD patients confirmed by coronary angiography (CA) in our hospital were included as the study subjects, 120 of whom developed myocardial ischemia (MI). All patients received 12-lead telephone remote ECG monitoring and evaluation. After monitoring, artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm was performed to observe the detection rate of MI. RESULTS: Compared with artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm combined with remote ECG monitoring system, the detection rate of remote ECG monitoring system in 120 MI patients was lower (96.67% vs. 86.67%, P<0.01). Among the 120 MI patients, there were 26 patients (21.67%) with symptomatic myocardial ischemia (SMI) and 94 patients (78.33%) with AMI. There was no difference between the two detection methods in the diagnosis of SMI (P>0.05), while there was a difference in the diagnosis of AMI (P<0.01). The degree and duration of ST segment decline and the threshold variability of MI were higher in SMI patients than those in AMI patients (P<0.001). It showed that the lowest frequency of MI was from 0:00 to 06:00, and the highest from 06:01 to 12:00, with significant difference compared with other time periods (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The CRMS based on artificial intelligence-enabled ECG algorithm mode can significantly improve the detection rate of AMI. Moreover, small changes of ST segment in AMI patients and circadian rhythm of disease onset were presented.

5.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 720582, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790111

RESUMO

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is very common in the human population all around the world. Although the majority of HCMV infections are asymptomatic, they can cause neurologic deficits. Previous studies have shown that immediate early protein 2 (IE2, also known as UL122) of HCMV is related with the cognitive disorder mechanism. Due to species isolation, a HCMV-infected animal model could not be established which meant a study into the long-term effects of IE2 on neural development could not be carried out. By establishing HCMV-UL122-Tg mice (UL122 mice), we explored the cognitive behavior and complexity of neuron changes in this transgenic UL122 mice that could consistently express IE2 protein at different ages (confirmed in both 6- and 12-month-old UL122 mice). In the Morris water maze, cognitive impairment was more pronounced in 12-month-old UL122 mice than in 6-month-old ones. At the same time, a decrease of the density of dendritic spines and branches in the hippocampal neurons of 12-month-old mice was observed. Moreover, long-term potentiation was showed to be impaired in 12-month-old UL122 mice. The expressions of several synaptic plasticity-regulated molecules were reduced in 12-month-old UL122 mice, including scaffold proteins postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2). Binding the expression of IE2 was increased in 12-month-old mice compared with 6-month-old mice, and results of statistical analysis suggested that the cognitive damage was not caused by natural animal aging, which might exclude the effect of natural aging on cognitive impairment. All these results suggested that IE2 acted as a pathogenic regulator in damaging synaptic plasticity by downregulating the expression of plasticity-related proteins (PRPs), and this damage increased with aging.

6.
Neurology ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Robust cerebrovascular collaterals in adult stroke patients have been associated with longer treatment windows, better recanalization rates, and improved outcomes. No studies have investigated the role of collaterals in pediatric stroke. The primary aim was to determine whether favorable collaterals correlated with better radiographic and clinical outcomes in children with ischemic stroke who underwent thrombectomy. METHODS: This study analyzed a subset of children enrolled in SaveChildS, a retrospective, multi-center, observational cohort study of 73 pediatric stroke patients who underwent thrombectomy between 2000-2018 at 27 US and European centers. Included patients had baseline angiographic imaging and follow-up modified Rankin Scale scores available for review. Posterior circulation occlusions were excluded. Cerebrovascular collaterals were graded on acute neuroimaging by 2 blinded neuroradiologists according to the Tan collateral score, where favorable collaterals are defined as >50% filling and unfavorable collaterals as <50% filling distal to the occluded vessel. Collateral status was correlated with clinical and neuroimaging characteristics and outcomes. Between-group comparisons were performed using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for continuous variables or Fisher's exact test for binary variables. RESULTS: Thirty-three children (mean age 10.9 [SD±4.9]) years were included; 14 (42.4%) had favorable collaterals. Median final stroke volume as a percent of total brain volume (TBV) was significantly lower in patients with favorable collaterals (1.35% [IQR 1.14-3.76] versus 7.86% [1.54-11.07], p=0.049). Collateral status did not correlate with clinical outcome, infarct growth or final ASPECTS in our cohort. Patients with favorable collaterals had higher baseline ASPECTS (7 [IQR 6-8] versus 5.5 [4-6], p=0.006), smaller baseline ischemic volume (1.57% TBV [IQR 1.09-2.29] versus 3.42% TBV [IQR 1.26-5.33], p=0.035) and slower early infarct growth rate (2.4 mL/hr [IQR 1.5-5.1] versus 10.4 mL/hr [IQR 3.0-30.7], p=0.028). DISCUSSION: Favorable collaterals were associated with smaller final stroke burden and slower early infarct growth rate, but not with better clinical outcome in our study. Prospective studies are needed to determine the impact of collaterals in childhood stroke. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class II evidence that in children with ischemic stroke undergoing thrombectomy, favorable collaterals were associated with improved radiographic outcomes but not with better clinical outcomes.

7.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4523-4534, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803387

RESUMO

Aim: Endothelial dysfunction is a key pathological basis for diabetes mellitus complications, including diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic cardiomyopathy. This study aimed to reveal the functional role of ribosomal protein S4 Y-linked 1 (RPS4Y1) in endothelial dysfunction. Methods: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were subjected to high glucose. The expression of RPS4Y1 in cells was overexpressed or silenced by plasmid or siRNA transfection. MTT assay, flow cytometry, JC-1 probe, scratch test, tube formation, and ELISA were conducted to assess the effects of RPS4Y1 on cell. Western blot was performed to assay the downstream signaling of RPS4Y1. The inhibitors of p38, ERK, and Jnk were used to treat cells to validate the involvement of them in RPS4Y1-mediated endothelial dysfunction. Results: RPS4Y1 was upregulated in HUVECs in response to high glucose in both dose- and time-dependent manners. Overexpression of RPS4Y1 induced viability loss, apoptosis, and inflammation, but inhibited cell migration and tube formation. Silence of RPS4Y1 impacted these aspects in a contrary trend. The phosphorylation of p38 rather than ERK and Jnk was activated by RPS4Y1. In addition, the dysfunction of HUVECs mediated by RPS4Y1 was attenuated by SB203580 (a specific inhibitor of p38 signaling). Conclusion: The highly expressed RPS4Y1 in endothelial cells may contribute to high glucose-induced dysfunction through regulating p38 MAPK signaling. RPS4Y1 might be a potential therapeutic target for treating diabetes mellitus complications.

8.
Nat Sci Sleep ; 13: 2065-2084, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803415

RESUMO

Sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) is a group of clinical syndromes with heterogeneous etiologies. SHE is difficult to diagnose and treat in the early stages due to its diverse clinical manifestations and difficulties in differentiating from non-epileptic events, which seriously affect patients' quality of life and social behavior. The overall prognosis for SHE is unsatisfactory, but different etiologies affect patients' prognoses. Surgical treatment is an effective method for carefully selected patients with refractory SHE; nevertheless, preoperative assessment remains challenging because of the low sensitivity of noninvasive scalp electroencephalogram and imaging to detect abnormalities. However, through a careful analysis of semiology, the clinician can deduce the potential epileptogenic zone. This paper summarizes the research status of the background, etiology, electro-clinical features, diagnostic criteria, prognosis, and treatment of SHE to provide a more in-depth understanding of its pathophysiological mechanism, improve the accuracy in the diagnosis of this group of syndromes, and further explore more targeted therapy plans.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813790

RESUMO

A new type of acidic exopolysaccharide (AESP-II) was extracted and separated from the fermentation broth of Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris), which was further purified to elucidate its structural characteristics and immunological activity. AESP-II was confirmed to be an acidic pyranose with a molecular weight of 61.52 kDa, which consisted of mannose, glucuronic acid, rhamnose, galactose acid, N-acetyl-galactosamine, glucose, galactose and arabinose with a molar ratio of 1.07: 5.38: 1: 3.14: 2.23: 15: 6.09: and 4.04. Animal experiment results verified that AESP-II can significantly promote the proliferation of spleen T and B lymphocytes in mice with immune injury caused by cyclophosphamide (CTX). In particular, the promotion of B lymphocytes presented a dose-effect relationship. In addition, the levels of the cytokines IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-γ, which are mainly secreted by T lymphocytes, and immunoglobulin IgG, IgM and IgA, which are mainly secreted by B lymphocytes, were increased after AESP-II treatment. The above results suggest that fluid immunity is involved in the immunomodulatory function of AESP-II. Simultaneously, AESP-II was detected significantly to promote the phosphorylation expression of p38 kinase (p38), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) by Western blot, further suggesting that the activation of the MAPK signaling pathway mediates the immunoregulatory function of AESP-II.

12.
BMC Microbiol ; 21(1): 328, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spontaneous osteoarthritis (OA) in rhesus macaque is similar to OA in human, which maintains an upright body posture and shows very similar biomechanical properties of bones to humans. At present, there is no good treatment for OA. This study aims to explore relationship between OA and intestinal microbiota, and provide a reference for the treatment of clinical OA. RESULTS: We collected colonic contents of the 20 rhesus macaque (6-15 years old, female) for intestinal microbiota analysis by metagenomics sequencing, of which 10 were spontaneous OA monkeys and 10 were normal monkeys. Our results showed the diversity of gut microbiota in monkeys with OA was decreased compared to the normal monkeys (p = 0.16). Mollicutes, Tenericutes, Coprobacillus and Faecalitalea may be biomarkers for the monkeys of OA. Lactobacillus found significantly increased in OA monkeys. Prevotella and Ruminococcus were higher in the normal group than OA group. Zinc/manganese transport system permease protein (p = 0.0011) and Cyclopropane-fatty-acyl-phospholipid synthase (p = 0.0012) are a microbiota metabolic pathway related to cartilage production. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the diversity and composition of intestinal microbiota in monkeys with OA are different compared to the normal monkeys. we have found microbes that may be a biomarker for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Functional analysis of the microbiota also predicts cartilage damage in the monkeys with osteoarthritis. Non-human primates are closely related to humans, so this study can provide a reference for the development of drugs for the treatment of OA.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(45): 11164-11169, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757753

RESUMO

Reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) is widely used to identify molecular adsorbates on metals during surface chemical reactions, but the interpretation of RAIRS data can be difficult with experiment alone. Here, we reveal from first-principles calculations the origin of the contrasting RAIRS spectra of methyl adsorbed on Pt(111) and Ni(111). We find that the dynamic dipole associated with the symmetric C-H stretch vibration of CH3 along surface normal is significant on Pt(111) but negligibly small on Ni(111), explaining the strong IR activity in the former and the absence of any RAIRS peaks in the latter. This difference is correlated to different charge transfer patterns between metals and the adsorbate, which are determined by the different preferred adsorption sites of methyl on the two surfaces. This work highlights the need of electronic structure calculations in interpreting RAIRS spectra of adsorbates on metal surfaces.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151495, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752860

RESUMO

Aerosol phosphorus (P) and trace metals derived from natural processes and anthropogenic emissions have considerable impacts on ocean ecosystems, human health, and atmospheric processes. However, the abundance and fractional solubility of P and trace metals in combustion ash and desert dust, which are two of the largest emission sources of aerosols, are still not well understood. In this study, the abundance and fractional solubility of P and trace metals in seven coal fly ash samples, two municipal waste fly ash samples, and three desert dust samples were experimentally examined. It was found that the abundance of aluminum (Al) in combustion ash was comparable or even higher than that in desert dust, and, therefore, care should be taken when using Al as a tracer of desert dust. The abundance and fractional solubility of P were higher in combustion ash, with a soluble P content ~4-6 times higher than that of the desert dust, indicating that combustion ash could be an important source of bioavailable P in the atmosphere. Except for Mn, the abundance and fractional solubility of other heavy metals were higher in the combustion ash compared to the desert dust, indicating the potential importance of combustion ash in ocean ecosystems, human health, and atmospheric processes. In contrast, both the abundance and solubility of Mn were highest in the desert dust, indicating a potentially important source of soluble Mn in the atmosphere. The fractional solubilities of P and trace metals are significantly affected by acidity and ions in the extraction solutions, and it is suggested that a buffer solution can better represent the acidity of the aqueous system in the true atmospheric environment. The results of this study improve our understanding of the sources of bioavailable and reactive P and trace metals in ambient aerosols.

15.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34774412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A novel procedure called shark mouth pancreaticojejunostomy (SMP) was developed, for the reconstruction of the pancreatic stump which has a theoretical advantage for anastomosis healing and wide applicability. METHODS: A comparative study of the patients who underwent SMP (SMP cohort) and those who underwent end-to-end dunking pancreaticojejunostomy (historic cohort) at Peking University Third Hospital was conducted. Each group was analyzed for the incidence of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) and morbidities. RESULTS: The clinicopathological data of 151 patients from the SMP cohort and 82 patients from the historic cohort were analyzed. In the SMP group, the rate of CR-POPF was 7.3% (11/151), which was significantly lower than the rate of CR-POPF in the historic group as 19.5% (16/82) (P = 0.005). The primary results were unaffected by sensitivity analyses based on several risk factors for CR-POPF. The rates of morbidities besides CR-POPF were 15.9% (24/151) in the SMP group and 17.1% (14/82) in the historic cohort (P = 0.194). The principal results were not changed by the propensity score matched (PSM) analysis. CONCLUSION: SMP is a safe and simple surgical procedure for the reconstruction of the pancreatic stump compared with end-to-end dunking pancreticojejunostomy.

16.
Gut ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836916

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori infection is mostly a family-based infectious disease. To facilitate its prevention and management, a national consensus meeting was held to review current evidence and propose strategies for population-wide and family-based H. pylori infection control and management to reduce the related disease burden. METHODS: Fifty-seven experts from 41 major universities and institutions in 20 provinces/regions of mainland China were invited to review evidence and modify statements using Delphi process and grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation system. The consensus level was defined as ≥80% for agreement on the proposed statements. RESULTS: Experts discussed and modified the original 23 statements on family-based H. pylori infection transmission, control and management, and reached consensus on 16 statements. The final report consists of three parts: (1) H. pylori infection and transmission among family members, (2) prevention and management of H. pylori infection in children and elderly people within households, and (3) strategies for prevention and management of H. pylori infection for family members. In addition to the 'test-and-treat' and 'screen-and-treat' strategies, this consensus also introduced a novel third 'family-based H. pylori infection control and management' strategy to prevent its intrafamilial transmission and development of related diseases. CONCLUSION: H. pylori is transmissible from person to person, and among family members. A family-based H. pylori prevention and eradication strategy would be a suitable approach to prevent its intra-familial transmission and related diseases. The notion and practice would be beneficial not only for Chinese residents but also valuable as a reference for other highly infected areas.

17.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782166

RESUMO

The study was aimed at exploring the clinical value of a 14-zone lung ultrasound scoring (LUS) method in treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) with pulmonary surfactant (PS) and determining the timing of mechanical ventilation (MV). In this study, 88 neonates with NRDS who received PS replacement therapy were selected. We applied a new 14-zone LUS method before and 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after PS treatment to explore the clinical value of assessing PS replacement therapy efficacy in NRDS. Additionally, 67 patients with NRDS under MV received LUS during extubation. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of LUS in the timing of extubation. LUS score was inversely associated with PS treatment. At 12 h after PS, only the 14-zone LUS method was significantly different (t = 4.08, p < 0.05) as compared with before PS, which was consistent with the change on chest x-ray (CXR); the other LUS methods did not differ (p > 0.05). The 14-zone LUS method exhibited better diagnostic performance for withdrawal time. A score of 41.0 points was used as the diagnostic threshold to predict the risk of withdrawal failure, with an area under the curve of 0.955, sensitivity of 92.4% and specificity of 93.8%. The new 14-zone LUS method improved scoring in the early efficacy of PS and had good diagnostic efficiency for timing the removal of MV in NRDS.

18.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 113974, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772528

RESUMO

GYH2-18 is a type II HBV CAM with 6,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrazine-5(4H)-carboxamine (DPPC) skeleton discovered by Roche INC. A series of GYH2-18 derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their anti-HBV activity. Two compounds 2f and 3k exhibited excellent anti-HBV activity, low cytotoxicity and accepted oral PK profiles. Chiral separation of 2f and 3k was conducted successfully, and (6S)-cyclopropyl DPPC isomers 2f-1, 2f-3, 3k-1 and 3k-3 were identified to be much more active than the corresponding (6R)-ones. The preliminary structure-activity relationship, particle gel assay and molecular modeling studies were also discussed, which provide useful indications for guiding the further rational design of new (6S)-cyclopropyl DPPC analogues.

19.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1343, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630697

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant tumor of the gastrointestinal tract and a leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Mex-3 RNA binding family member A (MEX3A) promotes the progression of multiple types of cancer, including ovarian and cervical cancer. However, to the best of our knowledge, the role of MEX3A in CRC is not completely understood. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the function of MEX3A in CRC. The mRNA and protein expression levels of MEX3A in CRC cells were analyzed using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blotting, respectively. Cell Counting Kit-8 assays were used to measure cell viability. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were detected via flow cytometry, and CRC cell invasion was analyzed by performing Transwell assays. Moreover, the mitochondrial membrane potential in CRC cells was measured via JC-1 staining. The results of the present study revealed that the expression levels of MEX3A were upregulated in CRC tissues compared with adjacent healthy tissues. MEX3A knockdown notably inhibited CRC cell viability, and induced apoptosis and mitochondrial injury. In addition, MEX3A knockdown markedly induced G1 phase cell cycle arrest in CRC cells via downregulating CDK2 expression. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that MEX3A knockdown may inhibit the tumorigenesis of CRC cells by regulating CDK2 expression. Therefore, MEX3A may serve as a novel target for CRC treatment.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628813

RESUMO

〓 Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, summarize experience for diagnosis and treatment activities and to explore the risk factors related to the onset of BPPV and provide reference for early intervention to reduce the risk factor exposure of BPPV. Methods:One hundred and twelve patients with BPPV were included in the study, and clinical data including age, gender, onset symptoms and duration, past medical history and family history were analyzed. A One-way ANOVA was performed on 16 variables using age, gender, diabetes, hyperuric acid, hyperlipidemia, osteoporosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, Meniere's disease, suppurative otitis media, vestibular neuronitis, sudden deafness, head injury, ear nose/maxillofacial surgery and autoimmune thyroiditis. The statistically significant parameters of the one-way ANOVA were included in the multivariate regression analysis to explore the independent risk factors for BPPV. Results:Seventy-six cases(67.86%) of BPPV patients were primary BPPV, 36 cases(32.14%) were secondary BPPV(P<0.01). The gender composition(male, female), ears involvement(unilateral, bilateral) and semicircular canal involvement(posterior semicircular canal, horizontal semicircular canal, anterior semicircular canal, mixed type) were different between the two groups(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, 34(30.36%) patients relapsed, of which 19(25.00%) were the primary patients and 15(41.67%) were the secondary patients(P<0.01). Diabetes(P=0.004), osteoporosis(P=0.017), hypertension(P=0.013), stroke(P=0.005) and suppurative otitis media(P=0.031) were related to the onset of BPPV. Conclusion:BPPV patients are mainly primary, while the secondary patients are more likely to relapse after being cured. Diabetes, osteoporosis, hypertension, stroke and suppurative otitis media are independent risk factors for the onset of BPPV.


Assuntos
Vertigem Posicional Paroxística Benigna , Doença de Meniere , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Fatores de Risco , Canais Semicirculares
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