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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127359, 2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601410

RESUMO

The biological mechanism of adverse health outcomes related to exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) needs elucidation. We conducted a randomized, crossover trial among healthy young students in Shanghai, China. Participants wore earplugs and were randomly assigned to a 4-hour walking treatment either along a traffic-polluted road or through a traffic-free park. We conducted untargeted analyses of plasma exosome transcriptomics, serum mass spectrometry-based proteomics, and serum metabolomics to evaluate changes in genome-wide transcription, protein, and metabolite profiles in 35 randomly selected participants. Mean personal exposure levels of ultrafine particles, black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide in the road were 2-3 times higher than that in the park. We observed 3449 exosome mRNAs, 58 serum proteins, and 128 serum metabolites that were significantly associated with TRAP. The multi-omics analysis showed dozens of regulatory pathways altered in response to TRAP, such as inflammation, oxidative stress, coagulation, endothelin-1 signaling, and renin-angiotensin signaling. We found that several novel pathways activated in response to TRAP exposure: growth hormone signaling, adrenomedullin signaling, and arachidonic acid metabolism. Our study served as a demonstration and proof of concept on the evidence that associated TRAP exposure with global molecular changes based on the multi-omics level.

2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 854, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high signal of paravertebral muscle (PVM) on T2-weighted image (T2WI) is usually considered to be fatty degeneration. However, it is difficult to distinguish inflammatory edema from fatty degeneration on T2WI. The purpose of this study was to identify different types of PVM high signal in patients with low back pain (LBP) through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histology. METHODS: Seventy patients with LBP underwent MRI. The signal change of multifidus both on T2WI and fat suppression image (FSI) was quantified by Image J. Furthermore, 25 of the 70 patients underwent surgery for degenerative lumbar disease and their multifidus were obtained during the operation. Histological analysis of the samples was performed by HE staining. RESULT: Three types of PVM signal changes were identified from the MRI. Type 1 (n = 36) indicated fatty degeneration characterized by a high signal on T2WI and low signal on FSI. High signal on both T2WI and FSI, signifying type 2 meant inflammatory edema (n = 9). Type 3 (n = 25) showed high signal on T2WI and partial signal suppression on FSI, which meant a combination of fatty degeneration and inflammatory edema. Histological results were consistent with MRI. Among the 25 patients who underwent surgery, type 1 (n = 14) showed adipocytes infiltration, type 2 (n = 3) showed inflammatory cells infiltration and type 3 (n = 8) showed adipocytes and inflammatory cells infiltration. CONCLUSION: From our results, there are three types of pathological changes in patients with PVM degeneration, which may help to decide on targeted treatments for LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Atrofia Muscular , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Músculos Paraespinais/patologia
4.
Spinal Cord ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628476

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a custom-designed parallel-moving (PM) clip, compared with a single-axle-lever (SAL) clip, for the development of a compressional spinal cord injury (SCI) model in rats. SETTING: Hospital laboratory in China. METHODS: We used a PM clip and a SAL clip with same compression rate, to develop a SCI model in rats, and set a sham group as a blank control. Within 3 weeks, each group of rats was evaluated for behavioral (Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan locomotor rating score, BBB), and electrophysiological changes (somatosensory evoked potential), and historical staining to observe the differences between the three groups. In particular, the mechanical results of the PM group were calculated. RESULTS: The BBB scores for the SAL and PM groups were significantly lower than those for the sham group (P < 0.05), no significant difference between the two methods (P > 0.05), but the values corresponding to the PM group had smaller standard deviations. The interpeak-latency (IPL) was significantly prolonged (P < 0.0001) and the peak-peak amplitude (PPA) was significantly reduced (P < 0.01) in SAL and PM groups than those in the sham group, but there was no statistical difference in both IPL and PPA between the two SCI groups (P > 0.05). Histological staining showed obvious pathological changes in two SCI groups, and the shape of the lesion zone in the PM group was more symmetrical than that in the SAL groups. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a compressional SCI model in rats with the PM clip we designed is an appropriate method to quantify the injury. The degree of the injury caused by this clip is more stable and uniform than those with classical methods.

5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1971048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485511

RESUMO

Background: Phospholysine phosphohistidine inorganic pyrophosphate phosphatase (LHPP) serves as a tumor suppressor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the correlation between the expression of LHPP and the clinical parameters of oncogenic progression is still not well defined. This study is to reveal the correlation between the expression of LHPP in HCC and their clinical parameters. Methods: Immunohistochemical analysis was used to assess the correlation between the expression of LHPP and the clinical parameters of HCC. Expressions of LHPP in HCC tissues and cultured HCC cells were detected by Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). LHPP, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), and α-fetoprotein (AFP) expression levels in blood or HCC tissues were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the correlation of the expression of LHPP and the clinical index of HCC. Correlation of survival and expression of LHPP were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Results: Expressions of LHPP in HCC tissues were significantly downregulated than their paired adjacent normal tissues. A significant positive correlation was found between the cytoplasm and nuclear expression of LHPP in both HCC and their paired adjacent normal tissues. The expression of LHPP negatively correlated with the levels of GGT in the cytoplasm of adjacent tissues and with the AFP level in the nucleus of HCC cells. Relative levels of LHPP in HCC tissues were markedly lower than those of the paired adjacent normal tissues. Relative levels of LHPP in LO-2 cells were higher than those of HepG2, BEL-7404, and SMMC-7721 cell lines. The overall survival and DSF survival of patients with the high expression of LHPP were much higher than those with the low expression of LHPP in paired adjacent normal tissue. Conclusions: LHPP is associated with the AFP level and acts as a good prognostic factor in HCC.

7.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 424, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted among patients diagnosed with AF, whose information was acquired from the prospective China Atrial Fibrillation Registry (China-AF), from August 2011 to December 2018. RESULTS: This study compared patients with stroke group (n = 145) with a matched control group (n = 577). Demographic data were similar except for body mass index (BMI), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) which were higher, and new oral anticoagulant (NOAC) treatment rate which was lower in the stroke group (all P < 0.05). Baseline median [IQR] levels of including triglyceride (TG) were higher in the stroke group (21.96 [16.74, 21.52], mg/dL) than the control group (19.62 [14.76, 27.36], mg/dL) (P = 0.012), while the total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were similar between the two groups. Elevated TG and HDL-C were positively associated with ischemic stroke (OR 1.01, 95% CI 1.00-1.02, P = 0.032; OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.05, P = 0.025), after adjustment for BMI, systolic blood pressure, DBP, CHA2DS2-VASc score, HAS-BLED score, NOAC, LDL-C and HDL-C. However, NOAC (OR 0.20, 95% CI 0.05-0.84, P = 0.029) could decrease the likelihood of ischemic stroke in patients with AF. In subgroup analysis, higher TG level remained significantly associated with ischemic stroke for AF patients without a history of smoking (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.02-1.55, P = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Higher level of TG and HDL-C were positively associated with ischemic stroke in patients with AF.

8.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) has been proven to be effective in ischemia-induced acute kidney injury (AKI); however, validation of ASL magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is limited in AKI in the presence of cirrhosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of ASL in revealing renal blood flow (RBF) changes in kidney injury in the presence of cirrhosis and to assess its value in the early diagnosis of disease. STUDY TYPE: Longitudinal. ANIMAL MODEL: Rats were randomized into baseline group (N = 3), sham surgery group (N = 18), and common bile duct ligation (BDL) group (N = 48). All groups were divided into six subgroups based on different sacrificed time points. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3 T scanner, prototypic pulsed ASL sequence using flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery preparation, half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo sequence. ASSESSMENT: RBF measurement was performed by ASL. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) score, Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α) score, peritubular capillar (PTC) density, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, serum total bilirubin, total bile acids, serum creatinine (Scr), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were harvested. STATISTICAL TESTS: Analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and receiver operating characteristic curves were performed. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: RBF, HE score, HIF-1α score, and PTC density after BDL were significantly different from baseline. RBF was highly correlated with HE score, HIF-1α score, and PTC density (r = -0.7598, r = -0.7434, r = 0.6406, respectively). RBF and Scr began to differ significantly from baseline at day 3 and 7 after intervention, respectively. The areas under the curves of RBF, Scr, and BUN for distinguishing non-AKI from AKI in cirrhosis were 1.00, 0.888, and 0.911, while those for distinguishing mild from severe kidney injury were 0.961, 0.830, and 0.857, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION: ASL allows the longitudinal assessment of the degree of AKI induced by cholestatic cirrhosis in rats and can serve as a noninvasive marker for the early and accurate diagnosis of AKI. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e26201, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477113

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This retrospective study appraised the preventive effect of statin after carotid artery stenting (CAS).Records were extracted for 100 patients with CAS surgery indicator, aged between 20 and 75 years old, and treated for statin. The cohort study included treatment group (statin and routine treatment) and control group (routine treatment), each group 50 patients. Outcomes consisted of degree of nerve defect (as measured by National Institute of Health Stroke Scale), lipid profiles (mg/dL), and CAS complications within 30 days after surgery.After treatment, there were no significant differences in National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, lipid profiles, and mortality rate between 2 groups. However, significant differences in total cholesterol (mg/dL, P = .03), low-density lipoprotein (mg/dL, P = .01), transient ischemic attack (P = .03), ischemic stroke (P = .04), and cardiac complications (P = .03) were identified within 30 days after CAS between 2 groups.The results of this study showed that prior statin treatment may be effective for the prevention of CAS complications.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/normas , Stents/normas , Idoso , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Stents/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(38): e27213, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559111

RESUMO

RATIONALE: A history of gastrectomy is associated with an increased incidence of gallstones requiring surgery. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is challenging for patients who undergo total or Billroth II gastrectomy. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) has been attempted in such cases. Herein, we report a case of choledocholithiasis in which a stone formed around a migrated Hem-o-lok clip. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old man was admitted to the hospital for acute right upper abdominal pain. He had a history of 2 open gastric cancer surgeries in the previous seven years and had undergone LCBDE 12 months prior to this admission. Postoperative examination revealed recurrence of bile duct stones. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent repeat LCBDE plus primary closure with an evaluation of abdominal adhesion. A stone had formed around a Hem-o-lok clip in the common bile duct was removed. OUTCOMES: The patient had an uneventful recovery with no stone recurrence or movement of the remaining Hem-o-lok clips after a 1-year follow-up. LESSONS: LCBDE with primary closure should be carefully considered in patients with certain gallstone diseases after complicated upper abdominal surgery.Postoperative clip migration is a rare complication; hence care must be taken in placing the clip appropriately to ensure that it is not too close to the common bile duct.


Assuntos
Coledocolitíase/diagnóstico , Gastrectomia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar , Coledocolitíase/diagnóstico por imagem , Coledocolitíase/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
J Bone Miner Res ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490916

RESUMO

Osteoporosis, a noteworthy age-related disease induced by imbalanced osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis, is a serious economic burden on both individuals and society. Small molecule drugs with dual effects on both bone resorption and mineralization are pressingly needed. Secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1), a well-known extracellular repressor of canonical Wnt signaling, has been reported to regulate osteogenesis. Global SFRP1 knockout mice show significantly elevated bone mass. Although osteoclasts (OCs) express and secrete SFRP1, the role of SFRP1 produced by OCs in osteoclastogenesis and osteoporosis remains unclear. In this work, the levels of SFRP1 were found to be increased in patients with osteoporosis compared with healthy controls. Pharmacological inhibition of SFRP1 by WAY-316606 (WAY)- attenuated osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in vitro. The expressions of OC-specific genes were suppressed by the SFRP1 inhibitor, WAY. Mechanistically, both extracellular and intracellular SFRP1 could block activation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, and WAY reverse the silent status of canonical Wnt through dual effects, leading to osteoclastogenesis inhibition and osteogenesis promotion. Severe osteopenia was observed in the ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model, and WAY treatment effectively improved the OVX-induced osteoporosis. In summary, this work found that SFRP1 supports OC differentiation and function, which could be attenuated by WAY through dual modulation of canonical Wnt signaling, suggesting its therapeutic potential. © 2021 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).

13.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 668, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: From genome-wide association studies, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) locus on chromosome 11 was the only SNP associated with both smoking and body mass index (BMI) in European, African and Asian population. This study aims to explore the unique genetic predisposition to obesity in former smokers by examining the effects of BDNF on BMI and waist circumference (WC). METHODS: The study design is case-control study with a cohort validation in supplementary. We included 15,072 ethnic Chinese participants in the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS) with data of four BDNF SNPs related to both BMI and smoking behavior. We used baseline smoke exposure data in 2003-2007 and follow-up outcomes of general obesity (by BMI) and central obesity (WC) in 2008-2012. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for general obesity and central obesity associated with these SNPs were derived from logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 15,072 participants (3169 men and 11,903 women), 1664 (11.0%) had general and 7868 (52.2%) had central obesity. In 1233 former smokers, the rs6265 GG, versus AA, genotype was associated with higher risks of general obesity (OR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.06-3.01) and central obesity (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.47-2.92) after adjustment. These associations were not significant in never or current smokers. In former heavy (≥20 cigarettes/day) smokers, the rs6265 GG genotype showed a higher odds for general obesity (OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.05-4.40), while no association was found in former light (1-9 cigarettes/day) smokers. Similar results were found for the association of rs6265 with central obesity and for the associations of other two BDNF SNPs (rs4923457 and rs11030104) with both general and central obesity. CONCLUSIONS: We firstly identified the genetic predisposition (BDNF SNPs) to general and central obesity in former smokers, particularly in former heavy smokers. The different associations of the SNPs for general/central obesity in different smoke exposure groups may be related to the competitive performance of the sites and epigenetic modification, which needs further study.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Fumantes
14.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA120032634, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experimental studies showed vitamin D (Vit-D) could promote vascular regeneration and repair. Prior randomized studies had focused mainly on primary prevention. Whether Vit-D protects against ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction recurrence among subjects with prior ischemic insults was unknown. Here, we dissected through Mendelian randomization any effect of Vit-D on the secondary prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. METHODS: Based on a genetic risk score for Vit-D constructed from a derivation cohort sample (n=5331, 45% Vit-D deficient, 89% genotyped) via high-throughput exome-chip screening of 12 prior genome-wide association study-identified genetic variants of Vit-D mechanistic pathways (rs2060793, rs4588, and rs7041; F statistic, 73; P<0.001), we performed a focused analysis on prospective recurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke in an independent subsample with established ischemic disease (n=441, all with prior first ischemic event; follow-up duration, 41.6±14.3 years) under a 2-sample, individual-data, prospective Mendelian randomization approach. RESULTS: In the ischemic disease subsample, 11.1% (n=49/441) had developed recurrent ischemic stroke or MI and 13.3% (n=58/441) had developed recurrent or de novo ischemic stroke/MI. Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that genetic risk score predicted improved event-free survival from recurrent ischemic stroke or MI (log-rank, 13.0; P=0.001). Cox regression revealed that genetic risk score independently predicted reduced risk of recurrent ischemic stroke or MI combined (hazards ratio, 0.62 [95% CI, 0.48-0.81]; P<0.001), after adjusted for potential confounders. Mendelian randomization supported that Vit-D is causally protective against the primary end points of recurrent ischemic stroke or MI (Wald estimate: odds ratio, 0.55 [95% CI, 0.35-0.81]) and any recurrent or de novo ischemic stroke/MI (odds ratio, 0.64 [95% CI, 0.42-0.91]) and recurrent MI alone (odds ratio, 0.52 [95% CI, 0.30-0.81]). CONCLUSIONS: Genetically predicted lowering in Vit-D level is causal for the recurrence of ischemic vascular events in persons with prior ischemic stroke or MI.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(39)2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544865

RESUMO

Bats are responsible for the zoonotic transmission of several major viral diseases, including those leading to the 2003 SARS outbreak and likely the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. While comparative genomics studies have revealed characteristic adaptations of the bat innate immune system, functional genomic studies are urgently needed to provide a foundation for the molecular dissection of the viral tolerance in bats. Here we report the establishment of genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) and CRISPR libraries for the screening of the model megabat, Pteropus alecto. We used the complementary RNAi and CRISPR libraries to interrogate P. alecto cells for infection with two different viruses: mumps virus and influenza A virus, respectively. Independent screening results converged on the endocytosis pathway and the protein secretory pathway as required for both viral infections. Additionally, we revealed a general dependence of the C1-tetrahydrofolate synthase gene, MTHFD1, for viral replication in bat cells and human cells. The MTHFD1 inhibitor, carolacton, potently blocked replication of several RNA viruses, including SARS-CoV-2. We also discovered that bats have lower expression levels of MTHFD1 than humans. Our studies provide a resource for systematic inquiry into the genetic underpinnings of bat biology and a potential target for developing broad-spectrum antiviral therapy.


Assuntos
Aminoidrolases/genética , COVID-19/genética , Formiato-Tetra-Hidrofolato Ligase/genética , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/genética , Complexos Multienzimáticos/genética , Pandemias , Aminoidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Quirópteros/genética , Quirópteros/virologia , Formiato-Tetra-Hidrofolato Ligase/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Complexos Multienzimáticos/antagonistas & inibidores , Vírus de RNA/genética , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Replicação Viral/genética
17.
Artif Intell Rev ; : 1-27, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376902

RESUMO

Exploring efficiency approaches to solve the problems of decision making under uncertainty is a mainstream direction. This article explores the rough approximation of the uncertainty information with Pythagorean fuzzy information on multi-granularity space over two universes combined with grey relational analysis. Based on grey relational analysis, we present a new approach to calculate the relative degree or the attribute weight with Pythagorean fuzzy set and give a new descriptions for membership degree and non-membership. Then, this paper proposes a multi-granulation rough sets combined with Pythagorean fuzzy set, including optimistic multi-granulation Pythagorean fuzzy rough set, pessimistic multi-granulation Pythagorean fuzzy rough set and variable precision Pythagorean fuzzy rough set. Several basic properties for the established models are investigated in detail. Meanwhile, we present an approach to solving the multiple-criteria group decision making problems with fuzzy information based on the proposed model. Eventually, a case study of psychological evaluation of health care workers in COVID-19 show the principle of the established model and is utilized to verify the availability. The main contributions have three aspects. The first contribution of an approach of calculating the attribute weight is presented based on Grey Relational Analysis and gives a new perspective for the Pythagorean fuzzy set. Then, this paper proposes a mutli-granulation rough set model with Pythagorean fuzzy set over two universes. Finally, we apply the proposed model to solving the psychological evaluation problems.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402029

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to develop 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction models for the contemporary Chinese populations based on the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study (GBCS) and to compare its performance with models based on Framingham's general cardiovascular risk profile and the Prediction for Atherosclerotic CVD Risk in China (China-PAR) project. Subjects were randomly classified into the training (n = 15,000) and validation (n = 12,721) sets. During an average of 12.0 years' follow-up, 3,732 CVD events occurred. A 10-year sex-specific CVD risk prediction model including age, systolic blood pressure, use of antihypertensive medication, smoking, and diabetes was developed. Compared with the Framingham and China-PAR models, the GBCS model had a better discrimination in both women (c-statistic 0.72, 95% CI 0.71-0.73) and men (c-statistic 0.68, 95% CI 0.67-0.70), and the risk predicted was closer to the actual risk. This prediction model would be useful for identifying individuals at higher risks of CVD in contemporary Chinese populations.

19.
Eur Spine J ; 30(10): 3115-3127, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We focus on providing the first comprehensive national dataset on the incidence, injury aetiology and mortality of TSCI in China. METHODS: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used. We included TSCI cases from all hospitals in three regions, nine provinces and 27 cities in China via search of electronic medical records and retrospectively analysed the characteristics of TSCI in China from 2009 to 2018. We estimated the incidence of TSCI in the total population and subgroups. RESULTS: There were 5954 actual cases in 2009, corresponding to a total estimated TSCI incidence of 45.1 cases per million population (95% CI, 44.0-46.3). There were 10,074 actual cases in 2018, corresponding to a total estimated TSCI incidence of 66.5 cases per million population (95% CI, 65.2-67.8) (P < 0.001; annual average percentage change (AAPC), 4.4%). From 2009 to 2018, the incidence of almost all sex/age groups showed an increasing trend over time (P < 0.001; AAPC, 0.7-8.8%). The elderly population (aged 65-74) displayed the highest incidence of TSCI (with an average annual incidence of 127.1 cases per million [95% CI, 119.8-134.3]). CONCLUSIONS: The TSCI incidence increased significantly from 2009 to 2018. The incidence in the elderly populations was consistently high and continues to increase over time. The mortality of TSCI patients in hospitals is relatively low and continues to decrease each year, but elderly individuals remain at a high risk of hospital death.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266624

RESUMO

The alkaline comet assay has been widely used to determine genotoxicity in human populations exposed to arsenic. The sample sizes of earlier studies were usually small, and inconsistent results were found. Meta-analyses can merge the results of multiple studies of the same type and increase the credibility of the conclusion by increasing the sample size. Thus, to investigate the monitoring effect of alkaline comet assay on genotoxicity for arsenic exposed population, meta-analyses were performed. Thirteen studies were found to meet the inclusion criteria and were included in this study; of them, twelve articles were of medium quality (15-20 points), only one study was of high quality (21-27 points). Meta-analyses showed that the overall estimates of Mean Ratio (MR, defined as the mean value of the response in the exposed group divided by that in the reference group) were 2.81(95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.93-4.10); 2.37(95 % CI, 1.73-3.26), and 1.69(95 %CI, 1.29-2.20) for comet tail length, % tail DNA, and tail moment, respectively. This shows that the level of DNA damage in arsenic exposed population is significantly higher than that in control populations. A meta-analysis of the correlation coefficients showed that the overall estimate was 0.52 (95 %CI, 0.48∼0.56, P<0.05) with all correlation coefficients included, but it changed to 0.24 (95 %CI, 0.17∼0.28, P<0.05) when two abnormal correlation coefficients were excluded, suggesting there was a positive correlation between arsenic load in vivo and DNA damage, but the overall estimate value of coefficients was unstable. Therefore, we conclude that the alkaline comet assay can be used as an effective genotoxic biomonitoring tool for arsenic-exposed populations. However, more and higher-quality studies are still needed to verify its actual application value.


Assuntos
Ensaio Cometa/métodos , Mutagênicos/toxicidade , Arsênio/toxicidade , DNA/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Publicações
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