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1.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 4251-4260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923907

RESUMO

Background: Purpura fulminans (PF), a rare, life-threatening disorder, is a hematological emergency in which there is skin necrosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and protein C deficiency. In PF, the skin necrosis and DIC are secondary to protein C deficiency. This may progress rapidly to multiorgan failure caused by the thrombotic occlusion of small- and medium-sized blood vessels. Case Report: This article presents the case of a 22-year-old male with fever as well as necrotic and purpuric skin lesions. The ultrasound and computed tomography scans revealed infections in the skin wounds as well as venous microthrombosis and thrombosis in multiple intracranial and pulmonary vessels. The laboratory tests showed signs of sepsis, thrombocytopenia, an abnormal decrease in protein C and antithrombin III, DIC, multiple organ and system failures, gastric varices, and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The blood, sputum, and secretions under the skin lesions were cultured and were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae. The results of the high-throughput genetic testing of the pathogenic microorganism DNA were consistent. In addition, human herpesvirus type 5 was detected. The histopathological examination of the skin lesions revealed pathological features consistent with PF. After successful treatment by the departments of Dermatology, Emergency Critical Care Medicine, and the Intensive Care Unit, the patient was discharged after 67 days of hospitalization. Conclusion: Adults with acquired protein C and/or S deficiency states, including certain bacterial and viral infections, who drink alcohol and take varieties of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics at the same time, may develop acute infectious PF. Clinicians should be aware of this for early diagnosis and treatment.

2.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(13)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807696

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) supply and seed rate (SR) are two essential factors that affect the accumulation and partitioning of N and dry matter (DM) and, therefore, grain yield (GY) and N use efficiency (NUE). The objective of this experiment was to optimize N application and SR to regulate wheat growth and increase both GY and NUE. The results revealed that net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (Gs), chlorophyll content, and activities of metabolic enzymes (NR and GS) significantly increased with increasing of N levels while decreasing SR. Plant tillers, GY, DM before anthesis, and N translocation, N agronomic efficiency (NAE), N recovery efficiency (NRE), and N uptake efficiency (NUPE) were highest in a combined treatment of N235 and SR180. However, N levels beyond 235 kg ha-1 significantly decreased NAE, NRE, and NUPE. By increasing SR from 135 to 180 kg ha-1 an increase of 12.9 % and 9.1% GY and NUPE, respectively, was observed. Based on this result, we estimate that 1 kg N ha-1 might be replaced by an increase of approximately 0.6 kg ha-1 SR. Our study suggested that using a combination of N and SR (N235 + SR180) could attain maximum GY and improve NUE parameters.

3.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(6): 1015-1019, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35814882

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the disease-causing mutation in a four-generation Chinese family diagnosed with Nance-Horan syndrome (NHS). METHODS: A Chinese family, including four affected patients and four healthy siblings, was recruited. All family members received ophthalmic examinations with medical histories provided. Targeted next-generation sequencing approach was conducted on the two affected males to screen for their disease-causing mutations. RESULTS: Two male family members diagnosed with NHS manifested bilateral congenital cataracts microcornea, strabismus and subtle facial and dental abnormalities, while female carriers presented posterior Y-sutural cataracts. A novel frameshift mutation (c.3916_3919del) in the NHS gene was identified. This deletion was predicted to alter the reading frame and generate a premature termination codon after a new reading frame. CONCLUSION: The study discovers a new frameshift mutation in a Chinese family with NHS. The findings broaden the spectrum of NHS mutations that can cause NHS in Chinese patients.

4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(14)2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35890864

RESUMO

Bolted connections have been widely applied in engineering structures, loosening will happen when bolted connections are subjected to continuous cyclic load, and a significant rotation between the nut and the bolt can be observed. Combining deep learning with machine vision, a bolt loosening detection method based on the fifth version of You Only Look Once (YOLOv5) is proposed, and the rotation of the nut is identified to detect the bolt loosening. Two different circular markers are added to the bolt and the nut separately, and then YOLOv5 is used to identify the circular markers, and the rotation angle of the nut against the bolt is calculated according to the center coordinate of each predicted box. A bolted connection structure is adopted to illustrate the effectiveness of the method. First, 200 images containing bolts and circular markers are collected to make the dataset, which is divided into a training set, verification set and test set. Second, YOLOv5 is used to train the model; the precision rate and recall rate are respectively 99.8% and 100%. Finally, the robustness of the proposed method in different shooting environments is verified by changing the shooting distance, shooting angle and light condition. When using this method to detect the bolt loosening angle, the minimum identifiable angle is 1°, and the maximum detection error is 5.91% when the camera is tilted 45°. The experimental results show that the proposed method can detect the loosening angle of the bolted connection with high accuracy; especially, the tiny angle of bolt loosening can be identified. Even under some difficult shooting conditions, the method still works. The early stage of bolt loosening can be detected by measuring the rotation angle of the nut against the bolt.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(13)2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805016

RESUMO

Lung cancer is associated with the greatest number of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) accounts for 85% of all cases of lung cancer. Despite recent advances in treatment, the 5-year survival rate remains less than 15%. Thus, the diagnostic and therapeutic role of LUAD remain to be further studied. The prolyl 3-hydroxylase family member 4 (P3H4) is involved in various cancers, but little is known about its role in LUAD. Our study demonstrated that the P3H4 gene was upregulated in LUAD. Clinically, the expression of P3H4 was positively correlated with an advanced TNM stage and shorter survival. Functionally, P3H4 plays a significant role in the metastasis and proliferation of LUAD both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, P3H4 might interact with EGFR to regulate the metabolic substances. Our study indicated that P3H4 is a critical gene in the malignant progression of LUAD and represents a potential biomarker and therapeutic target.

6.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 2022 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35804212

RESUMO

This study presents the first incidence of intersex associated with testis-ova in spotted scat (Scatophagus argus) reared in a controlled environment. The testis-ova is associated with the abnormal occurrence of primary oocytes (POs) in some male testis and is referred to as ectopic primary oocytes (Ecto-PO), whiles individuals with Ecto-PO are called "Ecto-PO gonad/individuals." We investigated gonads of 129 male spotted scat aged 4-12 and 18 months after hatch (mah) by histological studies for the presence of female sexual characteristics. A total of 20 out of 88 gonads representing 22.7% of male fish aged 6-12, or 15.5% of all male fish sampled, were found to have visible Ecto-PO. At least, the Ecto-PO had an average of 7 oocytes per gonadal section, indicating high severity. The Ecto-PO appears after sex differentiation and degenerates during sexual maturation. The Ecto-PO did not significantly influence the expression pattern of male and female sex-related genes performed using qPCR. Immunofluorescence of 42sp50 specifically stained the Ecto-PO without influence from the surrounding testicular tissues. In addition, temperature did not correlate with the proliferation of the Ecto-PO, but rather gonad developmental strategy. The results show that the naturally occurring Ecto-PO might not be detrimental to testis development and could be considered a frequent-high-level incidence of natural aberration. This study highlights the intricacy of fish sex differentiation and provides a new research chapter to ascertain the mystery behind the occurrence of Ecto-PO.

7.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708024

RESUMO

Astaxanthin with high antioxidant activity is of great practical value and Haematococcus pluvialis is recognized as the best natural astaxanthin producers. The yield of Haematococcus pluvialis were often affected by the ciliate during its production, however the use of biochemical pesticides might have great impact on Haematococcus pluvialis. Therefore, a simple microfluidic chip with the spiral microchannel was developed for continuous-flow physical separation of ∼10 µm ciliate from ∼30 µm Haematococcus pluvialis since their different sizes resulted in different equilibrium positions in the channel due to the Dean-coupled inertial migration. First, a spiral microchannel with a width of 700 µm and a height of 130 µm in the microfluidic chip was developed using 3D printing and verified to completely separate polystyrene particles of 10 µm from those of 30 µm. Then, this microfluidic chip was used to separate actual sample, and experimental results showed that ∼80% of ciliate was continuously separated from Haematococcus pluvialis at a flow rate of 2.8 mL/min. More importantly, no additional biochemical reagents were used and the activity of Haematococcus pluvialis was not affected. This microfluidic chip featured with simple design, automatic operation and small size is promising for purification and breeding of Haematococcus pluvialis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729435

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) could accompany with latent syndesmotic diastasis (LSD), which is difficult to distinguish before surgery. Tibiofibular interval width and extravasation of joint fluid ('lambda sign') on MRI are widely used in the diagnosis of syndesmotic injury, but the reliability of these methods in distinguishing the associated LSD in CLAI was rarely studied. Our objective was to compare the diagnostic value of the measurement of the transverse tibiofibular interval and 'lambda sign' on MRI in distinguishing LSD in CLAI and to investigate the radiological predictor that best matched the intraoperatively measured syndesmotic width. METHODS: 138 CLAI patients undergoing arthroscopy in our institute from March 2017 to June 2020 were enrolled (CLAI group). Anterior space width (ASW) and posterior space width (PSW) at 10 mm layer above tibial articular and fluid height above tibial articular surface (FH) were measured on preoperative MRI. The same parameters were measured on MRI of 50 healthy volunteers as control group. At arthroscopy, syndesmotic width was measured and the patients were divided into arthroscopic widening (AW) and arthroscopic normal (AN) subgroup taking 2 mm as critical value. The CLAI group was compared with the control group to explore the interval changes related to CLAI. The AW and AN subgroups were compared to explore the potential diagnostic indicators and reference values for the LSD. RESULTS: All parameters showed significant difference between CLAI group and control group (p < 0.05), but only PSW (p = 0.004) showed significant difference between AW and AN subgroups other than FH (p = 0.461). Only PSW was involved in formula of multiple-factor analysis (p = 0.005; OR, 1.819; 95%CI, 1.196-2.767). ROC analysis showed critical value of PSW was 3.8 mm (sensitivity, 66%; specificity, 66%; accuracy, 66.7%), while accuracy of lambda sign was 41.3%. CONCLUSIONS: Transverse tibiofibular interval measurements were more reliable than the 'lambda sign' in distinguishing associated LSD in CLAI patients. The PSW ≥ 3.8 mm could be a predictor of syndesmotic diastasis.

9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(6): 3016-3026, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686771

RESUMO

As an important carrier of human activities, the spatial type of land use has an important impact on the surface water environment. Taking the Ruoergai wetland as an example, based on object-oriented remote sensing interpretation of land use types combined with water quality examination data, this study analyzed the impact and driving mechanism of land use types at different scales on the surface water environment at the small watershed and buffer scale. ① It was found that the water quality of the Ruoergai wetland could been classified as water grade V, and it was slightly eutrophic as a whole. The main pollutants were total nitrogen(TN) and phosphorus(TP), and the pollution originated from domestic sewage and grazing. ② The environmental quality of surface water was closely related to land use types. There was a negative correlation between chemical oxygen demand(COD) and the proportion of water area, a positive correlation between TN and the proportion of swamp area, and a negative correlation between total TP. ③ There was a significant correlation between spatial land use types at different scales and surface water environment. The land use type within a buffer of 1000 m had the highest interpretation degree for all factors, the land use type within a buffer of 200 m had the greatest interpretation degree for COD, the land use type within a buffer of 500 m zone had the greatest interpretation degree for TP and TN, and the land use type within a buffer of 800 m had the greatest explanation for Chl-a. The results of this study showed that the Ruoergai wetland wetland had a certain purification effect on pollutants and eutrophication. However, different land use types had different effects on different pollutants. The water body had a purification effect on Fe2+, COD, and Chl-a, and the swamp had a purification effect on TP but a cumulative effect on TN. Thus, the small-buffer zone(≤ 1000 m) land use type should be controlled, the water body and swamp areas should be controlled, the self-purification capacity of wetland waters should be improved, and the surface water environment of the Ruoergai wetland should be further protected and repaired.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Qualidade da Água , Humanos , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Áreas Alagadas
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674772

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the return-to-activity and long-term clinical outcomes between anatomic lateral ligament reconstruction using the autologous gracilis tendon and modified Broström-Gould (MBG) procedure in chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). It was hypothesised that there was no difference between the two techniques. METHODS: From 2013 to 2018, 30 CLAI patients with grade III joint instability confirmed by anterior drawer test underwent anatomic reconstruction of lateral ankle ligament with the autologous gracilis tendon (reconstruction group) in our institute. Another 30 patients undergoing MBG procedure (MBG group) were matched in a 1:1 ratio based on demographic parameters. The post-operative American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, Tegner activity score, Karlsson-Peterson score, surgical complications, return-to-activities and work were retrospectively evaluated and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: All subjective scores significantly improved after the operation (all with p < 0.001) without difference between the two groups (all n.s.). The MBG group showed a significantly higher proportion of postoperative sprain recurrence than the reconstruction group (26.7% vs. 0, p = 0.002). The reconstruction group showed a significantly longer period to start walking with full weight-bearing (10.5 ± 6.9 vs. 7.0 ± 3.1 weeks, p = 0.015), jogging (17.1 ± 8.9 vs. 12.7 ± 6.9 weeks, p = 0.043) and return-to-work (13.5 ± 12.6 vs. 8.0 ± 4.7 weeks, p = 0.039) than the MBG group. CONCLUSIONS: Both anatomic reconstruction using the autologous gracilis tendon and MBG procedure could equally achieved reliable long-term clinical outcomes and the tendon reconstruction showed a relatively lower incidence of postoperative sprain recurrence but delayed recovery to walking, jogging and return-to-work. The MBG procedure was still the first choice with rapid recovery but the tendon reconstruction was recommended for patients with higher strength demand. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

11.
Plant Commun ; : 100344, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655429

RESUMO

Plant phenomics (PP) has been recognized as a bottleneck in studying the interactions of genomics and environment on plants, limiting the progress of smart breeding and precise cultivation. High-throughput plant phenotyping is challenging owing to the spatio-temporal dynamics of traits. Proximal and remote sensing (PRS) techniques are increasingly used for plant phenotyping because of their advantages in multi-dimensional data acquisition and analysis. Substantial progress of PRS applications in PP has been observed over the last two decades and is analyzed here from an interdisciplinary perspective based on 2972 publications. This progress covers most aspects of PRS application in PP, including patterns of global spatial distribution and temporal dynamics, specific PRS technologies, phenotypic research fields, working environments, species, and traits. Subsequently, we demonstrate how to link PRS to multi-omics studies, including how to achieve multi-dimensional PRS data acquisition and processing, how to systematically integrate all kinds of phenotypic information and derive phenotypic knowledge with biological significance, and how to link PP to multi-omics association analysis. Finally, we identify three future perspectives for PRS-based PP: (1) strengthening the spatial and temporal consistency of PRS data, (2) exploring novel phenotypic traits, and (3) facilitating multi-omics communication.

12.
J Diabetes Res ; 2022: 3780156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35712028

RESUMO

Methods: Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six different experimental groups (8 animals/group): (1) normal group (NOR), (2) normal control group (NC), (3) normal + exercise group (NE), (4) IGT group (IGT), (5) IGT control group (IC), and (6) IGT+ exercise group (IE).The exercise group received aerobic exercise for 8 weeks. After the intervention, a blood glucose meter was used to detect the level of glucose tolerance in the mouse's abdominal cavity; a biochemical kit was used to detect serum lipid metabolism indicators, malondialdehyde, and superoxide dismutase levels; the ELISA method was used to detect serum insulin and mouse gastrocnemius homogenate LDH, PDH, SDH, and CCO levels. Western blot method was used to detect the protein expression levels of NOX4, PGC-1α, and Mfn2 in the gastrocnemius muscle of mice. Results: (1) Mice with high-fat diet for 30 weeks showed impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and lipid metabolism disorders. The level of LDH, PDH, SDH, and CCO in the gastrocnemius homogenate of mice was reduced. The expressions of NOX4 protein were significantly upregulated, while the expressions of PGC-1α and Mfn2 proteins were significantly downregulated. (2) 8-week aerobic exercise improved the disorders of glucose and lipid metabolism in IGT mice and increased homogenized LDH, PDH, SDH, and CCO levels, and the expressions of NOX4, PGC-1α, and Mfn2 proteins in the gastrocnemius muscle of mice were reversed. It is speculated that aerobic exercise can accelerate energy metabolism. Conclusion: (1) C57BL/6 mice were fed high fat for 30 weeks and successfully constructed a mouse model of reduced diabetes; the mice with reduced diabetes have impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and lipid metabolism disorders; (2) 8 weeks of aerobic exercise improve glucose tolerance, reduce glucose tolerance in mice, reduce insulin resistance, improve lipid metabolism disorders, and reduce oxidative stress; (3) 8-week aerobic exercise reduces skeletal muscle NOX4 expression and increases glucose tolerance; reduces the expression of LDH, PDH, SDH, and CCO in mouse skeletal muscle; increases the expression level of mitochondrial fusion protein 2 and PGC-1α; improves glucose tolerance; reduces energy metabolism of mouse skeletal muscle; reduces oxidative stress; and reduces insulin resistance. It is speculated that aerobic exercise can accelerate energy metabolism. This process may involve two aspects: firstly, increase the expression level of oxidative metabolism enzymes and promote the tricarboxylic acid cycle; secondly, increase the expression of Mfn2 and accelerate mitochondria fission or fusion to regulate energy metabolism, thereby reducing oxidative stress and insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Resistência à Insulina , Animais , Glucose/farmacologia , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
13.
Plant Methods ; 18(1): 77, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The superposition of COVID-19 and climate change has brought great challenges to global food security. As a major economic crop in the world, studying its phenotype to cultivate high-quality wheat varieties is an important way to increase grain yield. However, most of the existing phenotyping platforms have the disadvantages of high construction and maintenance costs, immobile and limited in use by climatic factors, while the traditional climate chambers lack phenotypic data acquisition, which makes crop phenotyping research and development difficult. Crop breeding progress is slow. At present, there is an urgent need to develop a low-cost, easy-to-promote, climate- and site-independent facility that combines the functions of crop cultivation and phenotype acquisition. We propose a movable cabin-type intelligent artificial climate chamber, and build an environmental control system, a crop phenotype monitoring system, and a crop phenotype acquisition system. RESULT: We selected two wheat varieties with different early vigor to carry out the cultivation experiments and phenotype acquisition of wheat under different nitrogen fertilizer application rates in an intelligent artificial climate chamber. With the help of the crop phenotype acquisition system, images of wheat at the trefoil stage, pre-tillering stage, late tillering stage and jointing stage were collected, and then the phenotypic information including wheat leaf area, plant height, and canopy temperature were extracted by the crop type acquisition system. We compared systematic and manual measurements of crop phenotypes for wheat phenotypes. The results of the analysis showed that the systematic measurements of leaf area, plant height and canopy temperature of wheat in four growth periods were highly correlated with the artificial measurements. The correlation coefficient (r) is positive, and the determination coefficient (R2) is greater than 0.7156. The root mean square error (RSME) is less than 2.42. Among them, the crop phenotype-based collection system has the smallest measurement error for the phenotypic characteristics of wheat trefoil stage. The canopy temperature RSME is only 0.261. The systematic measurement values of wheat phenotypic characteristics were significantly positively correlated with the artificial measurement values, the fitting degree was good, and the errors were all within the acceptable range. The experiment showed that the phenotypic data obtained with the intelligent artificial climate chamber has high accuracy. We verified the feasibility of wheat cultivation and phenotype acquisition based on intelligent artificial climate chamber. CONCLUSION: It is feasible to study wheat cultivation and canopy phenotype with the help of intelligent artificial climate chamber. Based on a variety of environmental monitoring sensors and environmental regulation equipment, the growth environment factors of crops can be adjusted. Based on high-precision mechanical transmission and multi-dimensional imaging sensors, crop images can be collected to extract crop phenotype information. Its use is not limited by environmental and climatic factors. Therefore, the intelligent artificial climate chamber is expected to be a powerful tool for breeders to develop excellent germplasm varieties.

14.
Front Oncol ; 12: 756109, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651785

RESUMO

Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) have been reported to regulate cell functions through exosomes. Through the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, miR-620 was selected as a serum miRNA highly expressed in ESCC, but its detailed role in ESCC has not been explored. Tumor-secreted miRNAs have been reported to promote cancer metastasis through reprogramming the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts. Therefore, we intended to verify whether exosomal miR-620 secreted in ESCC cells may regulate the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts. Methods: The effect of miR-620 on the aerobic glycolysis of ESCC cells was firstly verified through bioinformatics prediction and mechanism assays. Exosomes secreted from ESCC cells was detected, and the influence of exosomal miR-620 in regulating the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts was then verified both in vitro and in vivo. Results: MiR-620 inhibited ESCC malignancy and suppressed the aerobic glycolysis of ESCC cells via targeting Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Moreover, exosomal miR-620 was highly secreted in ESCC and could regulate HFL1 aerobic glycolysis via FOXM1/HER2 signaling. Furthermore, exosomal miR-620 could promote ESCC metastasis by reprogramming the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts (HFL1). Conclusion: Exosomal miR-620 secreted by ESCC cells inhibited the aerobic glycolysis via FOXM1/HER2 axis and promoted cancer metastasis.

15.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 4835417, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651922

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify the application value of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) in evaluating the progression of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on difference analysis. Methods: A total of 180 patients were enrolled. Among them, 84 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection while no progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were included in the control group (CG), and 96 patients with HCC developed from HBV infection were included in the research group (RG). Two-thirds of the samples were used in the training set and 1/3 samples in the validation set to detect the level of 5hmC in both groups based on the modified nano-hmC-Seal technique. The expression levels of 5hmC-related genes TET2 and TET3 were quantified by qPCR, and the correlation between TET3 and 5hmC was analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to evaluate the application value of the TET3-based 5hmC prediction model in the early diagnosis of HCC. Results: (i) The expression of 5hmC in RG was lower than that in CG, no matter in the training set or the validation set. (ii) 5hmC was significantly enriched in the region between the transcription initiation site and the transcription end site but was depleted in the flanking region. (iii) 5hmC-related genes TET2 and TET3 were significantly downregulated in HCC patients, whether in the training set or the validation set. (iv) In both the training and validation sets, TET3 showed a positive association with 5hmC. (v) ROC analysis results showed that the 5hmC prediction model could be used to predict the progression of CHB to HCC (training set: AUC = 0.81, 0.729-0.893; validation set: AUC = 0.84, 0.739-0.936). Conclusions: TET3 expression based on 5hmC sequencing is a landmark molecule for evaluating the progression of HCC in CHB patients, which is worthy of further study and promotion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , 5-Metilcitosina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
16.
Geriatr Nurs ; 46: 178-183, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728300

RESUMO

Based on the theory of planned behavior, the aim of this study was to describe the influencing factors of patient delay intentions and behaviors in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients and to provide a reference for the development of a patient delay intention scale. This study was carried out over 4 months in 2021 in Daqing, Heilongjiang, China. The participants were 20 patients with BPH who were aged 60 to 82 years and experienced patient delay; participants were selected through a purposive sampling method. The data were collected via face-to-face semistructured interviews. Five main themes emerged from the interviews, including an insufficient understanding of symptoms, experiences of coping instead of seeking health care, negative attitudes toward care-seeking, the influence of others on decision-making for care-seeking, and obstacles to seeking health care. In conclusion, the patient delay intentions and behaviors of BPH patients are the result of a combination of many factors.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Prostática , Idoso , China , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(7): e403-e408, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study is to assess the correlation between blood concentration ranges of eight elements of tin smelting workers from Guangxi Liuzhou and their job type, working years, age, and sex. METHODS: We collected blood samples of 218 tin smelting workers from a Chinese tin smelting factory and determined the levels of elements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Within the blood concentrations of eight metal elements of the objects, the blood concentration of copper and zinc is affected by the job type of comprehensive work; that of arsenic and mercury is affected by refining; and that of chromium, cadmium, and lead is affected by primary smelting. CONCLUSIONS: We present the remarkable influence of four job types on the blood concentration of seven trace elements.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Oligoelementos , Arsênio/análise , Cádmio , China , Cobre , Humanos , Estanho/análise , Zinco
18.
Foot Ankle Int ; 43(8): 1062-1069, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35619245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic resection of the talocalcaneal coalition (TCC) has been reported to be associated with good short-term outcomes. However, the midterm outcomes of this approach remain uncertain. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients who underwent arthroscopic resection for symptomatic TCC. The patients were divided into 2 groups (group P, patients with isolated posterior facet coalition; and group MP, patients with both middle and posterior facet coalition). The preoperative and postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores for pain and American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale scores were calculated. The postoperative AOFAS and VAS scores between the 2 groups were analyzed. Patient satisfaction was also assessed. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were included in this study. The mean age at the time of surgery was 26.0±8.5 years, and the mean follow-up period was 56.9±18.0 months. Thirteen (41%) patients were in group P, whereas 19 (59%) patients were in group MP. Postoperative VAS and AOFAS scores improved more significantly than preoperative scores. At the final follow-up, excellent and good subjective outcomes were attained in 26 patients (81%), fair and poor outcomes in 6 patients (19%). There were no statistical differences in the postoperative AOFAS (91.0±7.0 vs 85.8±10.8, P = .532) and VAS score (2.1±1.7 vs 4.0±2.6, P = .537) between patients with the ratio of coalition/posterior facet more than or less than 50%. There were no statistical differences in postoperative VAS score (1.8±1.3 vs 2.6±2.2, P = .236) and AOFAS score (92.5±5.6 vs 89.2±8.7, P = .297) between group P (n=13) and group MP (n=19), either. Three patients (9.4%) had complications, including these notable findings: 1 patient complained of restricted dorsal flexion, 1 with computed tomography-proven coalition recurrence, and 1 with partial tibial nerve injury. CONCLUSION: We found that TCC arthroscopic resection was generally associated with reasonable outcomes at midterm follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, case series.


Assuntos
Calcâneo , Coalizão Tarsal , Adulto , Artroscopia , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coalizão Tarsal/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng ; PP2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522631

RESUMO

Brain imaging technology is widely used in the diagnosis of brain diseases. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are the most common imaging modalities used for clinical brain imaging, whereas ultrasound is rarely used because the skull substantially reduces the incident energy of ultrasonic waves to levels too low for imaging. However, remarkable developments of novel technologies in ultrasound brain imaging have been achieved recently, including Doppler-based imaging, contrast agent imaging, ultrasound elastography, and phase compensation imaging. Doppler-based imaging, including ultrafast Doppler imaging and functional ultrasound, is able to obtain reliable blood flow information and has the best penetration depth and highest temporal resolution. Contrast agent brain imaging, including ultrasound localization microscopy, has the best spatial resolution, and its temporal resolution can be maintained within a few milliseconds. Ultrasound elastography reflects the stiffness of brain tissues. Phase correction imaging, such as time reversal mirror and spatiotemporal inverse filter, aims at focusing smoothly in the skull. These methods have been widely performed on animal models, newborn children, and adults in preclinical studies, with results demonstrating great potential in the diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases. This review discusses the ultrasound methods developed in recent years for brain imaging and highlights the promising future they hold.

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