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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 99-103, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914576

RESUMO

To explore the epidemiological characteristics, trends and relevant factors of pre-hospital mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2016 in Tianjin city, based on mortality surveillance information and household registration population information. Standardized mortality rates were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. From 1999 to 2016, the research result showed that the pre-hospital crude mortality rates of AMI were 39.47/100 000 to 90.64/100 000 and the standardized mortality rates were 30.92/100 000 to 53.90/100 000. The proportion of pre-hospital AMI deaths was 73.96%-81.92% (t=1.09, P>0.05) within the same period. Aged, female, rural residents, unmarried, divorced, widowed, low education level, and outdoor workers have a relative higher proportion of pre-hospital AMI mortality.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1141-1146, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683402

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the status and food sources of daily dietary intake of sodium and potassium among adult inhabitants in Tianjin city, and to compare the consistence of sodium and potassium intake determined by combination of 3 consecutive 24-hour recalls and weighing family condiments (3 d dietary survey method) with 24 h urine sodium and potassium determination. Methods: Multistage cluster sampling method was applied to select 1 955 adult inhabitants from 840 households of 7 districts in Tianjin in 2015. Questionnaire survey was used to obtain basic information, 3 d dietary method was used to obtain dietary information, and 450 subjects was selected by systematic random sampling method for 24 h urine collection and determination of sodium and potassium, and 153 complete 24 h urine samples were selected by the coefficient of urinary creatinine excretion, then the consistence of the determination was compared with 3 d dietary survey method. Results: 1 828 subjects were enrolled in this study with age of (54.6±14.7) years, among which 858 were male (46.9%). The average standard intake of sodium and potassium per people per day were (5 631.2±3 372.1) mg and (1 662.1±750.5) mg, while the average actual daily intake were (5 315.8±3 196.5) mg and (1 560.7±696.8) mg. 98.7% (1 804/1 828) of the subjects had dietary sodium intake exceeding the recommended adequate intake of China residents(1 300-1 500 mg/d), while 78.5% (1 435/1 828) consumed dietary potassium below the recommended adequate intake(2 000 mg/d). The main resource of sodium was condiments, among which cooking salt accounted for 61.5%, soy sauce accounted for 11.2%. Potassium mainly came from cereals (32.4%) and vegetables (18.1%). Compared with the 24 h urine sodium method, 3 d dietary method overestimated the sodium intake with a gap [median (P(25), P(75))] as 401.7 (-1 130.6, 1 939.5) mg/d with statistical difference (P<0.05). The gap [median (P(25)-P(75))] for potassium between the two methods was 79.1 (-577.5, 565.2) mg/d, without statistical difference (P>0.05). Conclusion: The dietary intake of sodium is high while potassium is low among adults inhabitants in Tianjin city. Compared with the 24 h urine sodium and potassium determination, the 3 d dietary method has a good consistency in evaluating the dietary potassium intake level of the population, but overestimates the dietary sodium intake.


Assuntos
Potássio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Potássio/urina , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Sódio/urina , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(9): 1095-1098, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594152

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the status quo of smoking and change pattern of smoking related behaviors in the past 20 years in the urban adults in Tianjin. Methods: Data was from the study of Chinese Chronic Disease and Risk Factors (2015). Multi stage stratified random sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey in 7 surveillance sites in Tianjin. Results: in the urban residents aged>20 years were compared with those in surveys in 1996 and 2010. Results In 2015, the smoking rate in men and women aged>20 years in Tianjin were 41.1% and 4.5% respectively. The average age of starting smoking was (19.2±4.7) years for men and (24.8±10.9) years for women, showing a younger age trend. Compared with the data from 1996 and 2010, the smoking rate in the urban residents was in decrease, but the rate of successful smoking cessation was in increase in 2015, the differences were significant. Conclusions: Since 1996, the rate of smoking in the urban residents of Tianjin has been in decline, however it is still at a high level, especially in women. The average age of starting smoking remains to be younger. It is necessary to strengthen the health education about harm of smoking in adolescents.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar Tabaco/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(6): 579-586, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238638

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mortality of colorectal cancer and its trend from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China, and to explore the mortality features in different populations in order to provide data for prevention and control strategies of colorectal cancer. Methods: Colorectal cancer mortality data between 1999 and 2015 were collected from Tianjin population - based mortality surveillance system maintained by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Population data of permanent residents were collected from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The number of new cases and deaths, incidence [including crude incidence, age-adjusted standardized incidence and 95% confidence interval (95% CI)], and mortality (including crude mortality, age-adjusted standardized mortality and 95% CI) of colorectal cancer were calculated. Standardized incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer were calculated using the Segi's world standard population, adjusted with age and gender. JoinPoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend test were used to determine the statistical significance of differences in mortality trend. Results: A total of 31 376 new onset cases and 14 893 death cases of colorectal cancer were observed in Tianjin from 1999 to 2015. Colorectal cancer incidence increased from 1999 to 2015 with a standardized rate from 9.66/100 000 to 15.36/100 000 [annual percent change(APC)=3.48%, Z=23.21, P<0.001]. Colorectal cancer mortality increased from 1999 to 2015 with a standardized rate from 5.18/100 000 to 6.11/100 000 (APC=1.24%, Z=5.69, P<0.001). Both showed an increasing trend. The death proportion of colon cancer increased (39.67% in 1999 and 50.33% in 2015), while the death proportion of rectal caner decreased (60.33% in 1999 and 48.57% in 2015). The median age of colorectal cancer onset fluctuated steadily around 66 years old (APC=0.16, T=1.75, P=0.100); the median age of death increased from 69 to 73 years old (APC=0.43, T=8.81, P<0.001). From 1999 to 2015, the mortality of colorectal cancer showed a downward trend (all P<0.05) in the age groups of <35 and 35-44 years, while an upward trend (all P<0.05) in the age groups of 45-54 years, 55-64 years and ≥ 65 years. Colorectal cancer mortality in males increased with a standardized rate of 5.53/100 000 in 1999 to 7.33/100 000 in 2015(APC=2.29%, Z=7.86, P<0.001), while colorectal cancer mortality in females flatted with a standardized rate of 4.83/100 000 in 1999 to 4.89/100 000 in 2015 (APC=0.10%, Z=-0.30, P=0.752). Colorectal cancer mortality increased with a standardized rate of 6.75/100 000 in 1999 to 7.33/100 000 in 2015 (APC=0.54%, Z=1.98, P=0.048) in urban areas and of 3.18/100 000 in 1999 to 4.38/100 000 in 2015 (APC=2.47, Z=6.46, P<0.001) in rural areas, whose differences were significant. Standardized mortality rate in rural area was lower but the rising velocity was faster as compared to urban area. Conclusions: Crude mortality and standardized mortality of colorectal cancer increase from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin population. The people of elder, male and urban area have higher mortality. The mortality in people of male and rural area presents a faster rising state. Further efforts to reduce colorectal cancer mortality in Tianjin are needed to prevention and control of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Mortalidade/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade
5.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(4): 389-393, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006196

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the heritability of diabetes among the Chinese twin adults. Methods: A total of 10 253 same-sex twin pairs aged 25 years and older, were selected from the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) program. Heritability of diabetes was calculated by using the structural equation model. Results: After adjusted for age and gender, the overall heritability rates of diabetes were 0.41 (0.15-0.75), 0.83 (0.72-0.91) and 0.34 (0.04-0.73) in the <45 and ≥45 years twin pairs, respectively. After adjusted for age, rates of heritability appeared as 0.37 (0.05-0.78) and 0.88 (0.79-0.94) in men and women, respectively. Conclusions: Diabetes is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. The genetic effect of diabetes seemed stronger on female than that on male twins but was dying down along with ageing.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus/etnologia , Doenças em Gêmeos/etnologia , Doenças em Gêmeos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(3): 319-322, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30841675

RESUMO

From 1999 to 2015, there were 6 186 cases of leukemia deaths in tianjin residents, the males accounted for 58.28% (3 605) and 52.31% (3 236) deaths lived in urban areas; the crude mortality rate of Leukemia increased from 3.47/100 000 to 4.28/100 000 [t=7.09, P<0.001, annual percent change (APC)=1.30%] and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 3.15/100 000 to 3.01/100 000 (t=-2.95, P=0.006, APC=-0.65%). Special attention should be focused on children, the elderly, males and rural residents.


Assuntos
Leucemia/mortalidade , Idoso , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(1): 64-69, 2019 Jan 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669733

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the mortality and years of life lost (YLL) trends of cervical cancer in Tianjin, and provide references for the research and prevention programs of cervical cancer. Methods: Mortality rate, standard mortality rate, cumulative rate (0-74 years-old) and truncated rate (35-64 years-old) of cervical cancer from 1999 to 2015 were calculated. The annual percentage change of the mortality rate and YLL rate were analyzed by using Joinpoint regression analysis, and the trend in different age-groups were analyzed. Results: From 1999 to 2015, 1 741 cases died of cervical cancer in Tianjin, the average crude mortality rate was 2.15/100 000. The average age-standardized rate of (ASR) China and ASR world were 1.47/100 000 and 1.50/100 000 respectively. The average YLL was 3 347.97 person-years. Deaths occurred in those aged 0-34 years, 35-64 years and 65 years and over accounted for 3.10%, 57.84% and 39.06% of the total, respectively. The mortality rate of cervical cancer in urban area was higher than that in rural area, with a ratio of 1.37∶1 between urban area and rural area. The age-specific mortality rate of cervical cancer during 1999-2015 increased with age. Two peaks of mortality rate were observed in those aged 50 years and aged 75 years, during 2014-2015. From 1999 to 2011, the mortality rate of cervical cancer was stable (APC=-0.2%, P=0.80), but there was a rapid increase from 2011 to 2015 (APC=21.6%, P<0.01). But group aged 20-49 years, it showed an upward trend from 1999 to 2015 (APC=6.9%, P<0.01). For group aged 50-69 years, it showed a downward trend from 1999 to 2007 (APC=-9.2%, P<0.01), and an upward trend from 2007 to 2015 (APC=14.5%, P<0.01). For group aged 70 years and over, it showed a downward trend from 1999 to 2009 (APC=-10.2%, P<0.01), but the difference in the mortality were not significant from 2009 to 2015 (APC=7.8%, P=0.10). Since 2008, the YLL rate of cervical cancer in group aged 50-70 years had exceeded that in group aged >70 years and the gap gradually widened. Conclusions: There had been a rapid increase trend of cervical cancer mortality since 2011 in Tianjin. Women aged 50-70 years were the main group of life loss.


Assuntos
Características de Residência , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade/tendências , Análise de Regressão , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(9): 1228-1233, 2018 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293315

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the behavior intervention program on men who have sex with men (MSM) in Tianjin. Methods: From April 2013 to September 2017, MSM were enrolled from MSM gathering places and through mobile internet to establish an open prospective cohort. Interventions were conducted in every follow-up meeting, while the changes of behaviors and HIV infection and syphilis incidences in the MSM before and after intervention were compared. Results: A total of 1 822 MSM were interviewed at baseline survey, with 1 007 eligible MSM were enrolled in the cohort. A total of 39 new cases of HIV infection were reported, and the cumulative observation time on cohort follow-up was 2 216.96 person-year, with the HIV incidence rate as 1.76 per 100 person-years. Among them, 934 MSM were sero-negative for syphilis in baseline survey. A total of 100 new cases of syphilis were reported, and the cumulative observation time of cohort follow-up was 1 959.94 person-year, the syphilis incidence rate was 5.10 per 100 person-years. With health education and intervention conducted, the awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge for MSM increased. Though the rate of anal sex increased after intervention, the rate of condom use in anal sex increased, too. The rate of condom use decreased after receiving more than 3 interventions. Data from the multivariate GEE analysis indicated that protective factors might be as follows: education level of college and above (aOR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.68-0.98), awareness of AIDS related knowledge (aOR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.36-0.75), ever receiving condom promotion and distribution in the past six months (aOR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.49-0.74), being recruited from mobile internet (aOR=0.85, 95%CI: 0.73-1.00) and times of cumulative intervention: one time (aOR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.45-0.66), two times (aOR=0.38, 95%CI: 0.30-0.49), three times (aOR=0.26, 95%CI: 0.20-0.35), four times and above (aOR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.17-0.33). Diagnoses of STDs in the past six months (aOR=1.43, 95%CI: 1.06-1.96), using rush-poppers (aOR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.02-1.47) might be risk factors. Conclusions: After continuous behavior intervention, the incidence of HIV infection and syphilis were at a low level in the MSM cohort in Tianjin. Their awareness rate of AIDS related knowledge and the rate of condom use increased. But there are still many risk factors influencing the unprotected anal sex in MSM. We should continuously carry out behavioral intervention programs to prevent unprotected anal sex among MSM.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sexo Seguro
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(7): 709-714, 2018 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996297

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality of the residents with different characteristics from 2000 to 2016 in Tianjin. Methods: COPD mortality data in 2000-2016 were from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system. The mortality rate of COPD, difference in the rate by gender, age, and geographic distribution, and the trend over years were analyzed. Age-sex-standardized mortality rates of COPD were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. Joinpoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis were used to examine the trend of mortality. Results: The crude COPD mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 57.57/100 000 in 2000 to 28.23/100 000 in 2016 (annual percent change (APC)=-5.01%, Z=-64.76, P<0.001), and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 56.53/100 000 in 2000 to13.88/100 000 in 2016 (APC=-9.17%, Z=-100.83, P<0.001). The crude COPD mortality rate of males decreased from 54.57/100 000 to 27.77/100 000 (APC=-4.89%, Z=-43.63, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 57.52/100 000 to 14.63/100 000 (APC=-9.07%, Z=-71.48, P<0.001). The crude COPD mortality rate of females decreased from 60.63/100 000 to 28.68/100 000 (APC=-5.12%, Z=-47.92, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 55.53/100 000 to 13 13/100 000 (APC=-9.27%, Z=-71.13, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of COPD in urban areas decreased from 45.07/100 000 to 19.54/100 000 (APC=-5.35%, Z=-42.38, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 39.24/100 000 to 7.45/100 000 (Z=-63.97, P<0.001, APC=-10.22%). The crude mortality rate of COPD in rural areas decreased from 70.20/100 000 to 37.24/100 000 (APC=-4.77%, Z=-48.77, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 78.88/100 000 to 25.70/100 000 (APC=-7.59%, Z=-72.43, P<0.001). The COPD mortality rate in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas (P<0.001). The COPD mortality rate in 35 years old and over decreased from 2000 to 2016 (P<0.001). Conclusion: The COPD mortality in Tianjin decreased from 2000 to 2016. More efforts are need to reduce COPD mortality in Tianjin, in particular people in rural areas.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Vigilância da População , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(4): 389-395, 2018 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614606

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) mortality of the residents with different characteristics from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin. Methods: ICH mortality data in 1999-2015 were from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system. The mortality rate of ICH, difference in the rate by gender, age, and geographic distribution, and trends over the years were analyzed. Standardized mortality rates of ICH were calculated using the year 2000 world standard population. Joinpoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend were used to examine the trends in mortality. Results: A total of 102 279 ICH death cases were observed in Tianjin from year 1999 to 2015. The crude ICH mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 76.35/100 000 in 1999 to 51.46/100 000 in 2015 (annual percent change (APC)=-1.96%, Z=-31.08, P<0.001) , and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 72.41/100 000 to 29.00/100 000 (APC=-5.20%, Z=-70.91, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH mortality in males decreased from 87.26/100 000 to 59.89/100 000 (APC=-1.79%, Z=-21.71, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 85.65/100 000 to 35.75/100 000 (APC=-4.93%, Z=-52.32, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH mortality in females decreased from 65.21/100 000 to 42.98/100 000 (APC=-2.18%, Z=-22.28, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 59.17/100 000 to 22.26/100 000 (APC=-5.63%, Z=-48.15, P<0.001). The ICH mortality rate under 35 years old increased from 0.78/100 000 to 0.92/100 000 (APC=4.41%, Z=5.07, P<0.001), especially in males increasing from 0.90/100 000 to 1.54/100 000 (APC=6.59%, Z=6.52, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH in urban areas decreased from 69.74/100 000 to 41.79/100 000 (APC=-3.18%, Z=-31.43, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 57.56/100 000 to 20.42/100 000 (APC=-6.59%, Z=-53.43, P<0.001). The crude mortality rate of ICH in rural areas decreased from 82.99/100 000 to 61.49/100 000 (APC=-1.10%, Z=-14.06, P<0.001) and the standardized mortality rate decreased from 91.55/100 000 to 43.14/100 000 (APC=-3.78%, Z=-43.21, P<0.001). The ICH mortality rate in rural areas was higher than that in urban areas (P<0.05). Conclusion: ICH mortality rate in Tianjin decreased from 1999 to 2015. Further efforts to reduce ICH mortality in Tianjin is needed, in particular males, under 35 years old, and people in rural areas.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População , Padrões de Referência , População Rural
12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 46(2): 152-158, 2018 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495240

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of cerebral infarction between sexes, ages and urban-rural areas from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China, and provide data for targeted prevention and control strategies of cerebral infarction in Tianjin. Methods: Cerebral infarction mortality data from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system established by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following cerebral infarction were analyzed. Results: (1) Cerebral infarction mortality rate in Tianjin increased from 1999 to 2015 with the crude mortality rate of 57.06/100 000 to 105.22/100 000 (Z=59.65, P<0.01, annual percent change(APC)=3.39%) and decreased with the standardized mortality rate from 55.59/100 000 to 56.12/100 000 (Z=-5.47, P<0.01, APC=-0.35%). (2) The crude mortality rate (64.23/100 000 to 118.72/100 000) and standardized mortality rate (65.44/100 000 to 67.23/100 000) of male cerebral infarction was higher than that of female (crude: 49.73/100 000 to 91.64/1/100 000, standardized: 45.73/100 000 to 45.01/100 000) from 1999 to 2015. (3) With the increase of age, the mortality of cerebral infarction increased gradually from 1999 to 2015 (all Z>0.00,all P<0.01). (4) The mortality rate of cerebral infarction in urban areas increased with the crude mortality rate from 71.43/100 000 to 103.20/100 000 (Z=17.34, P<0.01, APC=1.30%) and decreased with the standardized mortality rate from 61.04/100 000 to 43.77/100 000 (Z=-32.49, P<0.01, APC=-3.06%) from 1999 to 2015. The mortality rate of cerebral infarction in rural areas increased with the crude mortality rate from 42.63/100 000 to 107.32/100 000 (Z=69.14, P<0.01, APC=5.95%) and with the standardized mortality rate from 48.34/100 000 to 77.09/100 000 (Z=36.88, P<0.01, APC=5.95%) from 1999 to 2015. Conclusions: Cerebral infarction crude mortality increased and standardized mortality decreased from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin. Further efforts to reduce cerebral infarction mortality in Tianjin are needed, special attention should be focused on the elderly, male and rural residents.


Assuntos
Infarto Cerebral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos , Padrões de Referência , População Rural , População Urbana
13.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 46(1): 50-55, 2018 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29374938

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the association between atmospheric inhalable particulate matter (PM(10)) concentration and cardiovascular diseases burden in Tianjin. Methods: The data on daily mean concentrations of main pollutants (PM(10), nitrogen dioxide(NO(2)) and sulfur dioxide(SO(2))), meteorological factors (temperature and relative humidity) and population death monitoring data in Tianjin, from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2010, were collected and analyzed in this study. The death counts and years of life lost were simultaneously used as the indicators of disease burden. The generalized additive model was used to assess the associations between PM(10) and daily death counts and years of life lost due to cardiovascular system diseases in Tianjin by adjusting the confounding factors such as long-term trend, seasons, meteorological factors and other factors related to the long-term variability. Results: The daily average concentration of PM(10) was 117.6 µg/m³ in Tianjin during 2001 to 2011. The daily average number of deaths of cardiovascular system diseases, cerebrovascular diseases and ischemic heart diseases in Tianjin were 38.4, 14.8 and 17.2 people respectively, and the daily average years of life lost were 776.8, 306.5 and 326.1 person years respectively. The effects of PM(10) on the daily death counts of the three diseases categories were statistically significant (all P<0.01) in Tianjin and the maximum effect occurs at the moment when PM(1)0 was at moving average concentration of today and lagged 1-day (Lag01). The effects of decreasing order were ischemic heart diseases, cardiovascular system diseases and cerebrovascular diseases, excess risks were 0.53% (95% CI 0.35%-0.71%), 0.40% (95%CI 0.28%-0.53%) and 0.38% (95%CI 0.19%-0.56%). The effects of atmospheric PM(10) on the years of life lost of the three diseases were also statistically significant on the different lag days (all P<0.01) in Tianjin and the maximum effect of PM(10) appeared in Lag01. The effects from the largest to the lowest were 2.86 (95%CI 1.79-3.93) person years for cardiovascular system diseases, 1.59 (95%CI 0.95-2.23) person years for ischemic heart diseases and 1.07 (95%CI 0.43-1.71) person years for cerebrovascular diseases, respectively. In multi-pollutant models, after controlling SO(2), the effect of PM(10) on the daily life loss of above 3 kinds of diseases was higher than that of single pollutant model. In contrast, after controlling SO(2) or SO(2) with NO(2), the effect was lower. After controlling NO(2), the effect of PM(10) on the daily life loss of cerebrovascular disease was no longer statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: Exposure to atmospheric PM(10) can significantly increase the cardiovascular diseases burden in Tianjin, especially for ischemic heart diseases. These results suggested that particular attention should be paid to reduce the exposure to atmospheric inhalable particulate matter for patients with ischemic heart diseases.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Poluição do Ar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Material Particulado , Estações do Ano , Dióxido de Enxofre
14.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 45(11): 985-991, 2017 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29166727

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends change in mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China. Methods: AMI mortality data from 1999 to 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system operated by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following AMI were analyzed. Results: (1)The standardized mortality rate of AMI in Tianjin from 1999 to 2015 was 52.32/100 000 to 48.62/100 000. Adjusted AMI mortality rate from 1999 to 2013 was 52.32/100 000 to 73.72/100 000, indicating an increased trend(Z=32.15, P<0.001)with an annual percent change (APC) of 2.53%. Adjusted AMI mortality rate was decreased from 2013 to 2015: 73.72/100 000 to 48.62/100 000 (Z=-22.80, P<0.001), and APC was -19.07%. Above trends change was similar for male and female residents (all P<0.001). (2)The AMI standardized mortality rate of male was significantly higher than that of female during the 17 years. The AMI standardized mortality of male was significantly higher than that of female in<35, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64 and ≥65 years old group, respectively. AMI mortality rate increased with age. (3)Except in the year of 2002 and 2003, the AMI mortality rate were significantly higher in rural residents than in urban residents during this study period (P<0.001). Adjusted AMI mortality in urban residents increased from 1999 to 2009(Z=8.05, P<0.001, APC=1.43%), and decreased in the year from 2009 to 2015 (Z=-18.71, P<0.001, APC=-6.32%). Adjusted AMI mortality in rural residents increased in the year of 1999 to 2013(Z=56.05, P<0.001, APC=5.84%), and decreased in the year of 2013 to 2015 (Z=-24.40, P<0.001, APC=-21.35%). Conclusions: Our results suggest that AMI mortality in Tianjin increased from 1999 to 2013, and decreased from 2013 to 2015, and male and rural residents have higher AMI mortality. Related prevention and intervention measures should be taken to decrease AMI mortality, especially for male and rural residents.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1533-1536, 2017 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29141344

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influence of smoking on deaths in residents aged 35-79 years and the effects of smoking cessation in Tianjin. Methods: The data of 39 499 death cases aged 35-79 years in 2016 in Tianjin were collected, the risks for deaths caused by smoking related diseases and excess deaths as well as effects of smoking cessation were analyzed after adjusting 5 year old age group, education level and marital status. Results: Among the 39 499 deaths cases, 1 589 (13.56%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer caused by smoking was highest (47.60%); the risk of death due to lung cancer in smokers was 2.75 times higher than that in non-smokers (95%CI: 2.47-3.06). Among the female deaths, 183 (7.29%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer was highest (28.90%); and the risk of death of lung cancer in smokers was 4.04 times higher than that in non-smokers (95%CI: 3.49-4.68). The OR for disease in ex-smokers was 0.80 compared with 1.00 in smokers (95%CI: 0.72-0.90). The OR in males who had quitted smoking for ≥10 years was lower (0.74, 95%CI: 0.63-0.86) than that in those who had quitted smoking for 1-9 years (0.85, 95%CI: 0.74-0.98), but the difference was not significant. Conclusion: Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for deaths in residents in Tianjin. Smoking cessation can benefit people's health.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Fumar/mortalidade , Fumar Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Causas de Morte , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos
16.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(5): 684-687, 2017 May 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28651412

RESUMO

We described the time trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2013 in Tianjin incidence rate with Cochran-Armitage trend (CAT) test and linear regression analysis, and the results were compared. Based on actual population, CAT test had much stronger statistical power than linear regression analysis for both overall incidence trend and age specific incidence trend (Cochran-Armitage trend P value

Assuntos
Estudos Epidemiológicos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Lineares , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 45(2): 154-159, 2017 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28260323

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1999 and 2013 in Tianjin residents and analyze the incidence differences on residents with various age, gender and living in urban or rural areas. The data might help for targeted prevention strategies among Tianjin residents. Methods: AMI incidence data between 1999 and 2013 were obtained based on Tianjin cardiovascular disease incidence surveillance registry established by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Related information such as permanent residents' population data were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The Chinese population data in 2000 were used for age-sex-standardized rates estimation. Difference between two (or more) independent groups was compared by the Chi Square statistics. The Chi-square test for trend was used for computing the incidence trend in years and ages. Results: AMI incidence rate in Tianjin declined from the year 1999 to 2013 with the rude incidence rate of 80.46/100 000 to 81.29/100 000, and with the standardized incidence rate of 64.85/100 000 to 44.57/100 000 (Z=-35.767, P<0.001). AMI incidence decreased gradually in residents aged over 45 years old (P<0.01), but increased in residents younger than 45 years old (P<0.001) from 1999 to 2013. The AMI incidence rate is consistently higher in male residents (rude incidence 99.89/100 000-102.98/100 000, standardized incidence rate 78.53/100 000-56.61/100 000) than in female residents (rude incidence 61.18/100 000-59.44/100 000, standardized incidence rate 50.31/100 000-31.76/100 000, both P<0.001) and higher in urban residents (rude incidence rate 133.98/100 000-98.02/100 000, standardized incidence rate 99.89/100 000-50.12/100 000) than in rural residents (rude incidence rate 35.57/100 000-66.19/100 000, standardized incidence rate 32.68/100 000-43.51/100 000, Z=6.217, P<0.001). AMI incidence decreased significantly in the urban residents (rude incidence rate 133.98/100 000-98.02/100 000, standardized incidence rate 99.89/100 000-50.12/100 000, Z=-46.968, P<0.001), while significantly increased in rural residents (rude incidence rate 35.57/100 000-66.19/100 000, standardized incidence rate 32.68/100 000-43.51/100 000, Z=6.217, P<0.001) during the study period. Conclusions: The general incidence of AMI decreased during the study period in Tianjin residents. However, AMI incidence significantly increased in young male residents and rural residents. It is necessary to develop corresponding strategies for AMI control for Tianjin residents with different age/gender and living in different areas.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , População Rural
18.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(2): 231-234, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28231672

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the causes of cancer deaths and cause-eliminated-life-expectancy among residents of Tianjin. Methods: Data from the death registry system of Tianjin residents in 2015 were collected and cancers were grouped according to the classification of Global Burden of Disease. Specific cancer crude death rate and cause eliminated life expectancy (CELE) were calculated. Results: In 2015, 17 641 Tianjin residents died of cancer, with the crude death rate as 171.79 per 100 thousand and the standardized rate according to the Chinese population in 2000 as 86.32 per 100 thousand. The cancer deaths among men was 10 165, with crude death rate of 197.39 per 100 thousand and standardized rate was 95.41 per 100 thousand. While among females the cancer deaths was 7 476, with crude death rate as 146.04 per 100 thousand and standardized rate as 76.65 per 100 thousand. The top five leading deaths on cancers among men were lung, liver, stomach, "colon, rectum and anal" , pancreas, while lung, breast, liver, "colon, rectum and anal" , stomach were in women. The life expectancy increased 3.53 and 2.88 years among men and women respectively after the exclusion of cancer deaths. When lung cancer death was excluded, the life expectancy increased 1.25 and 0.97 years respectively among men and women. Lung cancer was the main reason of life expectancy lost than cancer of other locations. Conclusion: Cancers, with lung cancer in particular, were the major diseases causing death and life expectancy lost in the Tianjin residents which called for urgent effective intervention programs to develop.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Expectativa de Vida , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos , Sistema de Registros
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 38(12): 1672-1676, 2017 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29294585

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the trends and distribution of premature mortality caused by four main non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes in different sex and residential areas in Tianjin so as to provide basis for setting up prevention and control programs on premature mortality. Methods: Population data on premature mortality in 1999-2015 were from the 'Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system' maintained by Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Data related to permanent residents was from the Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. Standardized premature mortality rates were calculated and adjusted for age and gender according to the '2000 world standard population'. Premature mortality probabilities were analyzed according to the methods recommended by WHO. Joinpoint regression and Cochran-Armitage trend methods were used to determine the significance of differences on the trends of mortality. Results: From 1999 to 2015, the premature mortality appeared consistent (P<0.001) declining in the above-said four diseases with the APC of probabilities as-2.92%, -1.13%, -9.51% and -3.39%, respectively. The probabilities of premature mortality were all declining consistently in both men and women and in both urban and rural areas in Tianjin. From 1999 to 2015, the probabilities of the four main NCDs were between 19.67% and 12.85% (APC=-2.49%, P<0.001), higher in women (from 17.02% to 9.17%, APC=-3.84%, P<0.001) than that in men (from 22.27% to 16.47%, APC=-1.59%, P<0.001), in urban (from 21.04% to 12.34%, APC=-3.26%, P<0.001) than that in rural areas (from 17.80% to 13.54%, APC=-1.54%, P<0.001). Conclusion: Our findings suggested that premature mortality in Tianjin was decreasing during 1999-2015 but attention should still be called for on males and people living in the rural areas to further reducing the premature mortality.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/mortalidade , Mortalidade Prematura/tendências , Doenças não Transmissíveis/mortalidade , Vigilância da População , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Doenças não Transmissíveis/etnologia , Probabilidade
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