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1.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(1): 176-186, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33390786

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to observe the liver function recovery of COVID-19 patients after discharge. Patients and Methods: A total of 253 discharged COVID-19 patients in Shenzhen city, China were selected. The clinical characteristics of these patients were assessed. A 2-month follow-up and laboratory hematology test were performed to examine the status of patients' liver function. Results: Patients combined with liver diseases, especially fatty liver, are more likely to progress to severe condition (P<0.05). Patients in severe condition and those with liver diseases have higher rates of liver injuries during hospitalization, characterized by a significant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST, P<0.01). The ALT, AST/ALT, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), and A/G levels showed significant differences in comparison with the control group (P<0.05, and P<0.001); and the outlier ratio of A/G, ALT, GGT and ALP of patients remained abnormal higher within 14 days after discharge (P<0.001). Liver injuries of COVID-19 patients may be related to the epidemiological characteristics, clinical indexes, basic diseases, symptoms, drug treatment during hospitalization and the complications. Indicators of liver function were correlated with cardiac function, renal function, thyroid function, lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism, immune index, leukocyte, erythrocyte, hemoglobin and platelet related indexes. The outlier ratio of TP, ALB and GLB remained extremely low throughout the follow-up period; the outlier ratio of ALT, AST and GGT decreased below 10% from a high level at 40 days after discharged. However, the outlier ratio of A/G, AST/ALT and ALP remained high during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Abnormal liver function might indicate worse recovery of COVID-19 patients. Changes in liver function should be emphasized during long-term follow-up of COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge; the necessity of employing appropriate interventions for liver function repair should be emphasized.


Assuntos
/complicações , Insuficiência Hepática/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Adulto Jovem
2.
Oncol Rep ; 44(4): 1596-1604, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945475

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to explore the antitumor effects of sinoporphyrin sodium (DVDMS)­mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) and sonodynamic therapy (SDT) in glioma, and to reveal the underlying mechanisms. The uptake of DVDMS by U­118 MG cells was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). A 630­nm semiconductor laser and 1­MHz ultrasound were used to perform PDT and SDT, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated using the Cell Counting Kit­8 assay, FCM and Hoechst 33258 staining, respectively. Western blot analysis was used to detect protein expression and phosphorylation levels. BALB/c nude mice were used to establish a xenograft model of U­118 MG cells. DVDMS was injected intravenously and PDT and SDT were performed 24 h later. An in vivo imaging system was used to evaluate the fluorescence of DVDMS, to measure tumor sizes, and to evaluate the therapeutic effects. The uptake of DVDMS by U­118 MG cells was optimal after 4 h. PDT and SDT following DVDMS injection significantly inhibited the proliferation and increased apoptosis of glioma cells in vitro (P<0.05, P<0.01) respectively. In vivo, the fluorescence intensity of DVDMS was lower in the PDT and SDT groups compared with the DVDMS group, while tumor cell proliferation and weight were lower in the PDT and SDT groups than in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). However, there was no significant difference when laser, ultrasound or DVDMS were applied individually, compared with the control group. Hematoxylin and eosin staining suggested that both PDT and SDT induced significant apoptosis and vascular obstruction in cancer tissues. DVDMS­mediated PDT and SDT inhibited the expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Bcl­xL, increased cleaved ­caspase 3 levels, and decreased the protein phosphorylation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Changes in the expression of PCNA, and Bcl­xL and in the levels of cleaved­caspase 3 were partly reversed by N­acetyl­L­cysteine, a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger. Similar results were obtained with FCM. DVDMS­mediated PDT and SDT inhibited glioma cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, potentially by increasing the generation of ROS and affecting protein expression and phosphorylation levels.

3.
Pathol Res Pract ; 208(12): 730-5, 2012 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23122929

RESUMO

It has been well established that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a tumor-promoting role in endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEC). However, the association with TAMs and the triple-negative phenotype (TNP) in EEC has not yet been reported. We used immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of CD68, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in 186 cases of EEC. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was also used for HER2 amplification, and the association with TAMs count, EGFR expression, and triple-negative phenotype was analyzed. Twenty-eight of 186 patients (15.05%) had the TNP. It was associated with advanced stage disease (P<0.0001), high grade disease (P<0.0001), depth of myometrial invasion (P=0.003), pelvic lymph node metastasis (P<0.001), lymphovascular space invasion (P=0.001), and EGFR expression (P=0.032). Margin TAMs count was also significantly increased in the TNP-positive group, the EGFR-positive group, and the PR-negative group (P<0.001, respectively). The TNP was associated with a significantly worse overall survival (OS) (log rank test, P=0.018). The estimated 5-year OS of patients with TNP was 59.1%, while that without TNP was 78.5%. Multivariate analysis showed high margin TAMs, and the histopathological grades were significantly associated with OS. The TNP in EEC is associated with poor prognostic surgical-pathological factors, worse prognosis, as well as with high margin TAMs and overexpression of EGFR, which may serve as potential targeted therapies for the special phenotype in EEC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/metabolismo , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Endometrioide/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22931871

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the characters of lung injury induced by tin dusts and to provide the diagnosis evidence of tin pneumoconiosis. METHODS: Forty SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: the group exposed to tin dusts from smelting workshop, the group exposed to tin dusts from tin refining workshop, the positive control group exposed to standard quartz dusts and the negative control group exposed to saline. The pathological changes of rat lungs were observed dynamically. RESULTS: In rats exposed to tin dusts, on the 30th day after exposure to tin dusts, the scattered hoar tip size of the spots in surface and section of the lungs were observed, the scattered focal granulomatous inflammation around the small bronchi and dust particles in lung tissue were observed under microscope; on the 90th day after exposure to tin dusts, the granulomatous inflammation increase, the fibroblasts proliferation, collagen fibers formation and positive VG staining were found. There were significant differences, as compared with positive or negative controls (P < 0.05). These pathological changes were basically the characters of specific pathological changes in early tin pneumoconiosis. CONCLUSION: Non-ferrous metal tin dusts can induce the specific lung injury (granuloma formation) in lung tissue of rats exposed to tin dusts, which fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of specific pathological changes in early tin pneumoconiosis.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar/patologia , Pulmão/patologia , Estanho/efeitos adversos , Animais , Poeira , Lesão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 41(7): 452-5, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22932455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of histopathological changes in the liver of patients with neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD). METHODS: Liver specimens from 10 cases of NICCD were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin stain, histochemistry and immunohistochemistry (EnVision method). SLC25A13 mutation analysis was performed to correlate with histopathology. RESULTS: Most specimens showed varying degrees of fat deposition in hepatocytes, necrotic inflammation, cholestasis and fibrosis (so-called tetralogy). The combination of the above four histological changes was highly characteristic for NICCD. With the progression of the disease, hepatic fibrosis deteriorated and ultimately led to cirrhosis. CONCLUSIONS: NICCD should be suspected in the presence of cholestasis during infancy. A liver biopsy must be performed to rule out other liver diseases. The tetralogy of the hepatic histopathological changes has a highly diagnostic value for NICCD, which is also practical for accurately assessing the degree of inflammation and fibrosis, and similarly the progression of hepatic cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/deficiência , Colestase Intra-Hepática/etiologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Mutação , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/deficiência , Biópsia , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Colestase Intra-Hepática/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/genética , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos/metabolismo
6.
Int J Mol Med ; 28(1): 33-40, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21424115

RESUMO

Citrin is a liver-type aspartate/glutamate carrier (AGC) encoded by the gene SLC25A13. Two phenotypes for human citrin deficiency have been described, namely the adult-onset citrullinemia type II (CTLN2) and the neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD). However, citrin deficiency currently remains a perplexing and poorly recognized disorder. In particular, description of post-NICCD clinical presentations before CTLN2 onset is rather limited. Analysis of SLC25A13 mutations, identification of dysmorphic erythrocytes, hepatobiliary scintigraphic imaging and investigation of post-NICCD clinical presentations were performed in a citrin-deficient cohort comprised of 51 cases of children diagnosed with citrin deficiency in a Chinese pediatric center. Twelve SLC25A13 mutations were detected in this cohort, including the novel V411M and G283X mutations. Among the 51 citrin-deficient subjects, 7 cases had echinocytosis, which was associated with more severe biochemical abnormalities. Delayed hepatic discharge and bile duct/bowel visualization were common scintigraphic findings. Moreover, 9 of the 34 post-NICCD cases demonstrated concurrent failure to thrive and dyslipidemia, constituting a clinical phenotype different from NICCD and CTLN2. The novel mutations, echinocytosis, hepatobiliary scintigraphic features and the novel clinical phenotype in this study expanded the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of citrin deficiency, and challenge the traditionally-assumed 'apparently healthy' period after the NICCD state for this disease entity.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Citrulinemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Citrulinemia/genética , Citrulinemia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Fenótipo , Cintilografia
7.
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 26(6): 477-82, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21344753

RESUMO

Nerve growth factor (NGF) is mainly secreted by the neuroglia cells, which can exert biological effect through its receptors on the specific target cell surface. NGF is closely related to neurocyte growth, differentiation and apoptosis. As a neurotropic virus, HSV-1 an easily lead to neurocyte, neuroglia cells death or apoptosis. In this study, the U251 human glioma cells were chosen as target cells to study the change of NGF and its receptors in the apoptosis process of HSV-1 infection. Our results showed that U251 cells were permissive to HSV-1 replication. In the apoptosis process of HSV-1 infected U251 cells, the expression of both NGF and P75NTR increased and then decreased, while the expression of TrkA decreased gradually. These result indicated that HSV-1 was able to induce the abnormal expression of NGF and its receptors in U251 cells.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Glioma/genética , Herpes Simples/genética , Herpesvirus Humano 1/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Receptor trkA/genética , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/fisiopatologia , Glioma/virologia , Herpes Simples/metabolismo , Herpes Simples/fisiopatologia , Herpes Simples/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 1/genética , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
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