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1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 124: 109930, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991386

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to explore the relationship between miR-195 and CD40 and its effect on Th17/Treg balance in rats with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We established rat models of NAFLD and made seven groups, Normal group (without modeling), Model group (model rats), NC group (model rats injected with negative control vector), miR-195 OE group (model rats injected with miR-195 mimic), anti-miR-195 group (model rats injected with miR-195 inhibitor), Si-CD40 group (model rats injected with CD40 silencing vector), and anti-miR-195+Si-CD40 group (model rats injected with miR-195 inhibitor and CD40 silencing vector). Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay verified the targeting relationship between miR-195 and CD40. The mRNA and protein expression levels of miR-195, CD40 as well as Th17/Treg associated cytokines in the liver tissues were detected. The pathological changes of liver tissues were detected, and the liver lesion scoring was carried out. The liver coefficient was calculated. The levels of liver function related indices, and Th17/Treg associated cytokines and inflammatory factors in serum were determined. The proportions of Th17/Treg cells in serum were determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared with Normal group, miR-195 expression level in liver tissues of rats in other six groups was significantly reduced (all P < 0.05); the serum levels of AST, ALT, GGT, IL-17, TNF-α, IL-23, IL-6, IL-8, TC, TG, HDL, and LDL, and the Th17/Treg ratio, as well as the mRNA and protein expression levels of CD40, RORyt, IL-17, TNF-α, IL-23, and IL-8 in liver tissues were significantly increased (all P < 0.05); while the mRNA and protein expression levels of Foxp3, and IL-10 level were significantly reduced (all P < 0.05). Compared with Model group, the above parameters showed an opposite trend in miR-195 OE group and Si-CD40 group were significantly reduced (all P < 0.05). Moreover, anti-miR-195 group could aggravate the imbalance of Th17/Treg cells in rats with NAFLD and promote inflammatory response. Compared with anti-miR-195 group, the combined treatment in anti-miR-195+Si-CD40 group can partially avoid the imbalance of Th17/Treg cells, and inhibit inflammatory response. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of miR-195 can reduce the Th17/Treg ratio to maintain Th17/Treg balance by inhibiting CD40 expression in rats with NAFLD.

2.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4382-4398, 2019 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499667

RESUMO

Due to both the hidden nature and the irreversibility of Alzheimers disease (AD), it has become the killer of the elderly and is thus the focus of much attention in the medical field. Radiologists compare the predicted brain age with the ground truth in order to provide a preliminary analysis of AD, which helps doctors diagnose AD as early in its development as possible. In this paper, a transfer learning-based method of predicting brain age using MR images and dataset of a public brain was proposed. In order to get the best transfer results, we froze different layers and only fine-tuned the remaining layers. We used three planes of brain MR images together to predict age for the first time and experiment results showed that the proposed method performs better than the state-of-the-art method under mean absolute error metric by 0.6 years. In addition, to explore the relationship between brain MR images of different planes and predicted age accuracy, we used three different planes of brain MR images to predict age respectively for the first time and found that sagittal plane MR images outperformed two other planes in age estimation. Finally, our research identified, the effective regions that contribute to brain age estimation for cognitively normal individuals and for AD patients with deep learning. For AD patients, the effective region is mainly concentrated in the frontal lobe of the brain, verifying the relevant medical conclusions about AD.

3.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 191: 105363, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018166

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis (GIOP) is a prevalent clinical complication caused by large dose administration of glucocorticoids, such as Dexamethasone (Dex) and Prednisone. GIOP may lead to fractures and even Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head (ONFH). It has been reported that glucocorticoids inhibit osteogenesis via the suppression of osteogenic differentiation in Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), but the precise mechanism underlying this suppression awaits further investigation. Meanwhile, novel and efficacious therapies are recommended to cope with GIOP. In this study, we demonstrated that Dex had the inhibitory effect on Bone Morphogenetic Protein 9 (BMP9)-induced ALP activities and matrix mineralization in Mouse Embryonic Fibroblasts (MEFs). In addition, the study confirmed that Dex decreased the expression of osteogenic markers such as Runx2 and OPN. However, the inhibitory effect of Dex on these osteogenic markers can be reversed when combined with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Regarding the inhibitory mechanism, we found that the level of AKT and p-AKT can be decreased by Dex and that Ly294002, the PI3K inhibitor, can block the reversal effect of IGF-1. Moreover, the knockdown or inhibition of COX-2 produced similar results to those of Ly294002. Our findings indicated that IGF-1 may reverse the osteogenic inhibitory effect of Dex via PI3K/AKT pathway, which may be associated with the up-regulation of COX-2. This study may provide new clinical management strategy for GIOP cases.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/efeitos adversos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Fator 2 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 49(1): 72-78, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814080

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of different concentrations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on proliferation and apoptosis in HepG2 cell lines, and to research the possible molecular mechanisms. METHODS: DHA concentration was 0 g/mL in the negative control group, and 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 ug/mL, respectively, in the experimental groups. CCK-8 and flow cytometry methods were used to observe the growth inhibition and apoptosis rates of HepG2 cells cultured in vitro, which were treated with different concentrations of DHA. The level of ß-catenin and c-myc mRNA and protein were measured by real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. RESULTS: In the concentration range of 0-45 ug/mL, the action time was 24 hours. DHA could inhibit the growth of HepG2 cells, and there were significant differences between the experimental and control groups (P<0.01). The same was observed in each of the two groups in experimental groups. As drug concentration or action time increased, results revealed no statistical differences. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis indicated that DHA could promote HepG2 cell apoptosis; and the apoptosis rate was greatly different between the experimental and control groups (P<0.01). The same was observed in each of the two groups in the experimental groups. Real-time PCR could detect low c-myc expression in HepG2 cells disposed by DHA, and c-myc expression was significantly different between the experimental and control groups (P<0.01). The same was observed in each of the two groups in the experimental groups. There was no obvious difference in ß-catenin expression between the experimental and control groups, and the experimental groups were all identical. Western blot demonstrated that DHA could decrease ß-catenin and c-myc protein expression in HepG2 cells. CONCLUSION: DHA could promote apoptosis and inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 cells. The possible mechanism was related with the down-regulated protein expression of ß-catenin and the mRNA expression of c-myc.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
5.
Langmuir ; 35(5): 1257-1265, 2019 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29936846

RESUMO

Nanocarriers with strong tumor cell targeting ability have been expected to overcome limitations of cancer chemotherapy. Herein, cell membrane mimetic micelles were prepared from a random copolymer (PMNCF) containing cell membrane phosphorylcholine zwitterion, cholesterol, and tumor cell targeting folic acid (FA) at the side chain ends. Surface orientation of the FA ligand was optimized during PMNCF micelle preparation by controlling solvent solubility for FA. The out-oriented ligands on the micelles were immobilized by the strongly associated hydration layer around the closely packed phosphorylcholine zwitterions. The doxorubicin (DOX) loaded PMNCF micelles were demonstrated to reduce normal cell toxicity to less than 20%. More significantly, HeLa and MCF-7 tumor cell killing efficacy of the optimized formulation was enhanced to 160% compared with that of free DOX. The excellent performances of the drug loaded PMNCF micelles on both tumor cell killing and normal cell toxicity reducing efficacies reveal great potential for developing advanced drug delivery system.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Micelas , Polímeros/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Membrana Celular/química , Colesterol/análogos & derivados , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ácido Fólico/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Ligantes , Fosforilcolina/análogos & derivados
6.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect ; 52(4): 585-591, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29150362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediculus capitis is the most common human ectoparasite. When it feeds on the blood through the scalp of its host, the anticoagulant in its saliva causes scalp inflammation and itching, and consequent scratching by the host causes further inflammation from bacterial infection. P. capitis infestation is currently a common parasitic dermatosis and a critical public health concern in underdeveloped countries. METHODS: Through naked eye inspection of P. capitis on or in the hair from 323 school children in Cambodia. RESULTS: A total of 143 children (44.3%) were found to have P. capitis infestation. Univariate analysis revealed that girls had a significantly higher infection rate than boys. Overall, young aged schoolchildren (10 yrs old ≤) showed significantly higher infection rate than old aged schoolchildren (>10 yrs old). Groups stratified by time revealed that schoolchildren studied at the afternoon classes than morning classes in Tuol Prum Muoy Primary School had a significantly higher risk in acquisition of P. capitis infestation. Multivariate analysis results indicated that relative to the boys, the girls were at a significantly higher risk of contracting P. capitis infection. When stratified by inspection time with the Tuol Prum Muoy Primary School morning classes as the reference, the Tuol Prum Muoy Primary School afternoon classes exhibited a significantly higher risk of P. capitis infection. CONCLUSION: Primary school children in Cambodia have a high P. capitis infection rate and thus require effective treatment and prevention measures to treat symptoms and lower the infection rate.


Assuntos
Infestações por Piolhos/epidemiologia , Pediculus , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Animais , Camboja/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Prevalência , Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 46(sup3): S783-S790, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30260245

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is the most common and highly aggressive bone neoplasm often occurs among adolescents and young people. In despite of the major advances in the treatment, the overall survival of osteosarcoma patients remains poor. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified as key regulators involved in tumorigenesis and progression of osteosarcoma. However, the exact roles and mechanisms of lncRNAs in osteosarcoma remain unclear. In this study, the functions and underlying molecular mechanisms of a novel lncRNA, ITGB2 antisense RNA1 (ITGB2-AS1) were investigated in osteosarcoma. The expression levels of ITGB2-AS1 were up-regulated in osteosarcoma tissue samples and cell lines determined by qRT-PCR assay. Osteosarcoma patients with high ITGB2-AS1 expression had a significantly poor prognosis. In addition, knockdown of ITGB2-AS1 inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells using MTT assay and flow cytometry detection. Furthermore, wound healing and transwell invasion assay revealed that depletion of ITGB2-AS1 suppressed the migration and invasion abilities of osteosarcoma cells. Molecular mechanism study indicated that ITGB2-AS1 inhibition impaired Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway in osteosarcoma cells. Taken together, our study suggested that ITGB2-AS1 played critical roles in the development and progression of osteosarcoma via Wnt/ß-catenin signalling, indicating that ITGB2-AS1 might be a valuable diagnostic biomarker and potential anticancer therapeutic target for osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , RNA Antissenso/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 107: 1230-1236, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257337

RESUMO

Glioma remains the leading cause of brain tumor-related death worldwide, and radiation is a standard adjuvant therapy with proven efficacy. Salvianolic acid B (SalB), a bioactive compound isolated from Radix Salviae, has been shown to exert anti-cancer effects in many cancer cell lines, including glioma. This study aimed to investigate whether SalB could affect response to radiation in human glioma cells. We found that SalB decreased cell viability of U87 cells in a-dose-dependent manner. A subthreshold dose of SalB at 0.5 µM, which had no effect on cell viability and apoptosis, significantly increased radiation sensitivity of U87 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, but had no effect on sensitivity to temozolomide (TMZ). Similar results were also observed in human glioma U373 cells. In addition, SalB aggravated the radiation-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction, as measured by mitochondrial Ca2+ buffering capacity and mitochondrial swelling. SalB treatment markedly promoted mitochondrial fission and differently regulated the expression of fission proteins. Furthermore, downregulation of the fission protein Fis-1 using siRNA was found to partially reversed the SalB-induced effects on cell viability, apoptosis and mitochondrial fission in U87 cells. In conclusion, our results suggest that a subthreshold dose of SalB renders glioma cells more sensitive to radiation via Fis-1-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction, and radiotherapy combined with SalB might be a novel treatment for glioma patients.


Assuntos
Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Neurônios/patologia , Neurônios/efeitos da radiação , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Radiação Ionizante
9.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(6): 1784-1792, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018719

RESUMO

Glioma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults. Forkhead box k1 (FOXK1) was reported to be dysregulated and play important roles in multiple human cancers. However, the expression pattern and roles of FOXK1 in glioma has never been investigated. In this study, we firstly observed that the expression of FOXK1 was significantly increased in glioma tissue samples and cell lines. Functional assays demonstrated that overexpression of FOXK1 promoted proliferation, cell cycle transition and inhibited apoptosis in glioma cell lines. On the contrary, knockdown of FOXK1 exhibited an opposite effect on glioma cells proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis. Data of western blot indicated that FOXK1 overexpression increased while FOXK1 knockdown decreased the levels of ß-catenin, c-myc and cyclinD1 in glioma cells. Moreover, we demonstrated that FOXK1 was a novel target of miR-137 in glioma and FOXK1 restoration abolished the tumor suppressive effect of miR-137 in glioma cells. Statistical analysis showed that the mRNA level of FOXK1 was inversely correlated with miR-137 expression in glioma tissues. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that FOXK1 promoted cell growth through activating wnt/ß-catenin pathway and is negatively regulated by miR-137 in glioma.

10.
Int J Oncol ; 51(3): 907-917, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28731124

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer death. Hence, there is a great need to explore new efficacious drugs for the treatment of CRC. Honokiol (HNK), a natural product extracted from magnolia bark, processes various biological activities, including anticancer. In this study, we introduced cell viability assay, western blotting, real-time PCR and immunofluorescent staining to determine the anticancer effect of HNK, and the possible mechanism underlying this biological process. We found that HNK can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis in HCT116 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. HNK activates p53 in HCT116 and other colon cancer cells. Exogenous p53 potentiates the anticancer of HNK, while p53 inhibitor decreases this effect of HNK. Moreover, HNK upregulates the expression of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) in colon cancer cells; Exogenous BMP7 enhances the anticancer activity of HNK and BMP7 specific antibody reduces this effect of HNK. For mechanism, we found that HNK cannot increase the level of Smad1/5/8; Exogenous BMP7 potentiates the HNK-induced activation of p53. On the contrary, BMP7 specific antibody inhibits the HNK-induced activation of p53 in colon cancer cells and partly decreases the total level of p53. Our findings suggested that HNK may be a promising anticancer drug for CRC; activation of p53 plays an important role in the anticancer activity of HNK, which may be initialized partly by the HNK-induced upregulation of BMP7.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/administração & dosagem , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/administração & dosagem , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Smad/genética
11.
Sci Rep ; 6: 39418, 2016 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27991565

RESUMO

We theoretically investigate wide-angle spectrally selective absorber by utilizing dispersionless Tamm plasmon polaritons (TPPs) under TM polarization. TPPs are resonant tunneling effects occurring on the interface between one-dimensional photonic crystals (1DPCs) and metal slab, and their dispersion properties are essentially determined by that of 1DPCs. Our investigations show that dispersionless TPPs can be excited in 1DPCs containing hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) on metal substrate. Based on dispersionless TPPs, electromagnetic waves penetrate into metal substrate and are absorbed entirely by lossy metal, exhibiting a narrow-band and wide-angle perfect absorption for TM polarization. Our results exhibit nearly perfect absorption with a value over 98% in the angle of incidence region of 0-80 degree.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 37(1): 247-52, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27078964

RESUMO

Fe(II) activated sodium persulfate (PS) technology was used for advanced treatment of effluent from industrial park wastewater treatment plant. Separate and combined effects of PS/COD, Fe(II)/PS and pH on COD and TOC removal were analyzed by the response surface methodology. Variations of organic substances before and after Fe(II)-PS oxidation were characterized by UV-Vis spectrometry, gel chromatography and three-dimensional fluorescence. PS/COD and Fe(II)/PS had significant effect on COD removal, while all the three factors had significant effect on TOC removal. The combined effect of PS/COD and pH had significant effect on COD removal. COD and TOC removal efficiencies reached 50.7% and 60.6% under optimized conditions of PS/COD 3.47, Fe(II)/PS 3.32 and pH 6.5. Fe(II)-PS oxidation converted macromolecular organic substances to small ones, and reduced contents of protein-, humic- and fulvic-like substances.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos/química , Compostos de Sódio/química , Sulfatos/química , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Águas Residuárias/química , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Oxirredução
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1369-1372, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641633

RESUMO

Objective To observe the effect of Shengqing Capsule (SC) on serum contents of TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C, hepatic scavenger receptor B I (SRB I ) , and CD36 in rats with cholesterol cal- culus. Methods Totally 80 mice were divided into 4 groups according to random number table, i.e., the normal group, the model group, the Western medicine (WM) group, and the Chinese medicine (CM) group, 20 in each group. Mice in the normal group were fed with common forage, while mice in the other 3 groups were fed with lithogenic diet. Mice in the CM group and the WM group were fed with SC (at the daily dose of 0.35 g/kg) and Ursodeoxycholic Acid Tablet (UDCA, at the daily dose of 39. 55 mg/kg) re- spectively for 7 weeks. The general condition and gallstone formation rate were observed. Serum contents of TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C, and protein expressions of SBR I and CD36 were detected by oxidase meth- od and Western blot respectively. Results No gallbladder stone formed in the normal group, and gall- stone formed in 15 mice of the model group with gallstone formation rate of 75%. Compared with the nor- mal group, serum contents of TC and LDL-C and protein expressions of SRB I and CD36 increased, HDL-C content decreased in the model group (P <0. 01). The gallstone formation rate was 35% (7 mice) in the WM group and 30% (6 mice) in the CM group, lower than that of the model group (75%; P <0. 05). Contents of TC and LDL-C, and protein expressions of SRB I and CD36 decreased, HDL-C content in- creased in the WM group and the CM group (P <0.01). Compared with the WM group, TC content and protein expressions of SRB I and CD36 decreased in the CM group (P <0.01). Conclusion SC could prevent and treat gallbladder stone possibly through lowering expression levels of SRB I and CD36.


Assuntos
Colesterol , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Cálculos Biliares , Receptores Depuradores , Animais , Cálculos , Colesterol/sangue , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Cálculos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Cálculos Biliares/prevenção & controle , Camundongos , Ratos , Receptores Depuradores/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Chin Med Sci J ; 30(2): 80-3, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26148997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative outcomes of patients with primary hepatic carcinoma treated with laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) with those treated with open hepatectomy (OH). METHODS: From January 2010 to August 2014, 100 patients with primary hepatic carcinoma were randomly divided into the LH group and OH group respectively, 50 patients in each group. And the incision length, blood loss, operative time, postoperative liver function, anus exhaust time, complications, length of postoperative hospital stay, and cost measures were compared. RESULTS: LH could achieve shorter incision length, less blood loss, more rapid recovery in liver function and gastrointestinal function, and shorter postoperative hospital stay length compared with OH for primary hepatic carcinoma patients (all P<0.05). However, LH could not significantly shorten operative time, and reduce postoperative complications and hospitalization cost (all P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with OH, LH could improve perioperative outcomes of primary hepatic carcinoma patients.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
15.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 128(5): 680-6, 2015 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25698204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alemtuzumab has been used in organ transplantation and a variety of hematologic malignancies (especially for the treatment of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia). However, serious infectious complications frequently occur after treatment. The reason for increased infections postalemtuzumab treatment is unknown at this stage. We explore the effect of alemtuzumab on intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) and intestinal barrier function in cynomolgus model to explain the reason of infection following alemtuzumab treatment. METHODS: Twelve male cynomolguses were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control group. The treatment group received alemtuzumab (3 mg/kg, intravenous injection) while the control group received the same volume of physiological saline. Intestinal IELs were isolated from the control group and the treatment group (on day 9, 35, and 70 after treatment) for counting and flow cytometric analysis. Moreover, intestinal permeability was monitored by enzymatic spectrophotometric technique and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The numbers of IELs were decreased significantly on day 9 after treatment compared with the control group (0.35 ± 0.07 × 10 8 and 1.35 ± 0.09 × 10 8 , respectively; P < 0.05) and were not fully restored until day 70 after treatment. There were significant differences among four groups considering IELs subtypes. In addition, the proportion of apoptotic IELs after alemtuzumab treatment was significantly higher than in the control group (22.01 ± 3.67 and 6.01 ± 1.42, respectively; P < 0.05). Moreover, the concentration of D-lactate and endotoxin was also increased significantly on day 9 after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Alemtuzumab treatment depletes lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and intestine of cynomolgus model. The induction of apoptosis is an important mechanism of lymphocyte depletion after alemtuzumab treatment. Notably, intestinal barrier function may be disrupted after alemtuzumab treatment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Intestinos/citologia , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Alemtuzumab , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Citometria de Fluxo , Macaca fascicularis , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
16.
Chin Med Sci J ; 30(4): 252-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26960307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) mediated by hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) on apoptosis and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cell lines. METHODS: In vitro cultured cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cell line was exposed to 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 µg/ml HPD with 5, 10, and 15 J/cm2 light intensity, respectively. The optical density at 450 nm of the QBC939 cells was measured by CCK8 assay and its growth inhibition ratio was calculated. Flow cytometry and transwell migration assay were applied to detect cell apoptosis and invasion respectively. RT-PCR and immunocytochemistry analyses were used to detect expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was carried out to examine the secretion of VEGF-C and COX-2 in QBC939 cells. RESULTS: Exposure to HPD-PDT can significantly suppress the growth of QBC939 cells (all P<0.05). HPD-PDT can promote apoptosis of QBC939 cells at the early stage. When the concentration of HPD was 2 µg/ml and light irradiation was 5 J/cm2, HPD-PDT had no obvious inhibitory effect on QBC939 cell growth, but can obviously inhibit cell invasion, and significant difference was observed between the HPD-PDT and control groups (P<0.01). The HPD-PDT can reduce the mRNA and protein expressions of VEGF-C, COX-2, and PCNA, and decrease the secretion of VEGF-C and COX-2 in QBC939 cells. CONCLUSION: PDT could promote apoptosis and inhibit growth and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma cells QBC939 in vitro.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/análise
17.
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst ; 16(2): 443-7, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25143323

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has recently been linked to the pathogenesis and progression of human cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association between ACE I/D polymorphism and glioma in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study involving patients with 800 glioma and 800 controls was conducted. Polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay was applied to assess the ACE I/D genotypes. RESULTS: Glioma cases had a significantly higher frequency of DD genotype [odds ratio (OR) = 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.12, 2.32; p = 0.01] than controls. When stratified by the grade of glioma, cases with WHO IV glioma had a significantly higher frequency of DD genotype (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.03, 2.21; p = 0.03). When stratified by the histology of glioma, there was no significant difference in the distribution of each genotype. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that the ACE DD genotype was associated with a higher glioma risk in this Chinese population. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the potential association between ACE I/D polymorphism and glioma. Additional studies are needed to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glioma/genética , Mutação INDEL/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Neoplasias Encefálicas/enzimologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Glioma/enzimologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 35(8): 608-12, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24314220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the feasibility and safety of different approaches for CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy and subsequent iodine-125 seed interstitial implantation for pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out on the complete data of 35 patients with pancreatic cancer who have received CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy with or without subsequent iodine-125 seed interstitial implantation. There were 9 lesions located in the head of pancreas, 20 located in the body, and 6 in the tail. The maximum diameter of the lesions varied from 12 mm to 60 mm (mean 37.1 mm). The patients were treated with a needle in diameter of 16-21G. Operations were undertaken via anterior, posterior and lateral approaches. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients underwent 43 times of CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsies. Thirty-one cases were pathologically diagnosed as cancer, 2 cases inflammatory lesions, and 2 were suspected tumors (one of which was finally diagnosed as cancer, while another was pancreatic pseudocyst). The ratio of correct diagnosis was 94.3%. Fourteen patients were treated subsequently with CT-guided iodine-125 seed interstitial implantation therapy, with a total of 65 times of needle puncture. The operations were performed via direct approach to the tumor in 18 cases, transhepatic approach in 2 cases, transgastric approach in 4 cases, transintestinal approach in 10 cases, and through mesenteric vessels in one case. Incidence of complications in the biopsy group was 2.32% (1/43), and in the implantation group was 6.15% (4/65), with a statistically non-significant difference (P = 0.600) between the two groups. Incidence of complications in the group using 16-18G needle was 4.65% (4/86), while in the group using 20-21G needle was 4.55% (1/22), also with a non-significant difference (P = 0.064). The accuracy rate of needle biopsy in this study was 94.28% (33/35). CONCLUSION: CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy and subsequent iodine-125 seed interstitial implantation are both feasible and safe for pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Braquiterapia/métodos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Radiografia Intervencionista/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 33(9): 1236-41, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24273981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Songling Xuemaikang Capsule (SXC) on blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and regulatory mechanisms for peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma). METHODS: Totally 24 10-week-old SHR rats were randomly divided into the blank control group, the Chinese medicine (CM) group, and the Western medicine (WM) group, 8 in each group. Rats in the CM group were administered with SXC at the daily dose of 20 mg/kg by gastrogavage. Those in the WM group were administered with ramipril at the daily dose of 1 mg/kg by gastrogavage. Those in the blank control group were administered with equal volume of normal saline. The blood pressure was measured once per week. The cardiac ultrasound was performed 4 weeks later. Rats were killed and then blood was sampled from abdominal aorta. mRNA expressions of liver PPARgamma and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) were detected by fluorescence real-time quantitative PCR. Protein expressions of PPARgamma and AT1R were detected using immunohistochemical assay (SP). The contents of PPARgamma and AT1R were quantitatively analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of treatment, the blood pressure decreased in the CM group, showing statistical difference when compared with the blank control group (P < 0.01). CM was inferior to WM in lowering blood pressure. But as a whole, CM was more stable and could maintain blood pressure at a relatively stable level. The cardiac ejection fraction increased in the CM group, showing statistical difference when compared with the blank control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The mRNA and protein expressions of liver PPARgamma were up-regulated in the CM group, showing statistical difference when compared with the blank control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). CM could obviously inhibit the AT1R mRNA expression, and down-regulate the protein expression of AT1R, showing statistical difference when compared with the blank control group and the WM group respectively (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: SXC decreased blood pressure and improved the cardiac ejection fraction, which might be partially achieved by up-regulating the PPARgamma mRNA expression and protein synthesis, and inhibiting the AT1R mRNA expression and AT1R protein synthesis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/metabolismo , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
20.
Opt Lett ; 38(8): 1283-5, 2013 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23595459

RESUMO

A scheme with usage of metallic nonlinearity, especially in generating the surface plasmon polariton (SPP) time-reversal wave (TRW), is investigated. It is composed of a metal film and an attached photonic crystal, in which both a far-field-excitable tunneling mode and an SPP guided mode could exist. Two modes are degenerated, deeply penetrated into metal, well overlapped, and localized. Therefore, the tunneling mode acts as the pumping field, while the SPP mode acts as the signal field. Because of the large metallic nonlinear susceptibility, the TRW efficiency could increase thousand times. This scheme can be widely used as a high-efficiency platform for other nonlinear devices.

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