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1.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(5): 5462-5473, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical performance of universal adhesives in etch-and-rinse or self-etch application modes through meta-analysis. METHODS: A literature search was performed by two reviewers in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases (from January 2000 to March 2020). A total of 2,516 non-replicated records were identified and filtered. Studies that evaluated the clinical performance of universal adhesives using etch-and-rinse or self-etch mode were included. RevMan 5.3.5 (Cochrane, London, UK) was used to perform the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The retention rates were higher in etch-and-rinse groups compared with self-etch groups [odds ratio (OR) =0.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.18-0.71, P=0.003]. The etch-and-rinse approach also had better performance in marginal adaptation (OR =0.49, 95% CI: 0.36-0.67, P<0.001) and marginal staining (OR =0.49, 95% CI: 0.36-0.66, P<0.001). The current data showed a very low incidence rate of secondary caries or postoperative sensitivity, and there were no significant differences in the incidence rates between the etch-and-rinse groups and self-etch groups. DISCUSSION: The current evidence shows that, compared with self-etch approach, the etch-and-rinse approach for universal adhesives provides improved clinical outcomes in terms of retention rates, marginal adaptation, and marginal staining.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Londres , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(20): 5755-5763, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988022

RESUMO

The 1,4-α-glucan branching enzyme (GBE, EC 2.4.1.18) catalyzes the formation of α-1,6 branching points in starch and plays a key role in synthesis. To obtain mechanistic insights into the catalytic action of the enzyme, we first determined the crystal structure of GBE from Rhodothermus obamensis STB05 (RoGBE) to a resolution of 2.39 Å (PDB ID: 6JOY). The structure consists of three domains: domain A, domain C, and the carbohydrate-binding module 48 (CBM48). An engineered truncated mutant lacking the CBM48 domain (ΔCBM48) showed significantly reduced ligand binding affinity and enzyme activity. Comparison of the structures of RoGBE with other GBEs showed that CBM48 of RoGBE had a longer flexible loop. Truncation of the flexible loops resulted in reduced binding affinity and activity, thereby substantiating the importance of the optimum loop structure for catalysis. In essence, our study shows that CBM48, especially the flexible loop, plays an important role in substrate binding and enzymatic activity of RoGBE. Further, based on the structural analysis, kinetics, and activity assays on wild type and mutants, as well as homology modeling, we proposed a mechanistic model (called the "lid model") to illustrate how the flexible loop triggers substrate binding, ultimately leading to catalysis.


Assuntos
Enzima Ramificadora de 1,4-alfa-Glucana , Rhodothermus , Enzima Ramificadora de 1,4-alfa-Glucana/metabolismo , Glucanos , Rhodothermus/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25829, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a common disease under the action of many factors. Dental caries may occur in all age groups, among which children and adolescents are at high risk of dental caries. Early identification of the risk factors of dental caries is very important for clinical staff to prevent and intervene as soon as possible and reduce the incidence of dental caries. Although Chinese scholars have studied and summarized the risk factors of dental caries in children and adolescents, the conclusions are different. Therefore, in this study, meta-analysis was used to summarize the risk factors of dental caries in Chinese children and adolescents, and to explore the characteristics of high-risk groups of dental caries, so as to provide reference for early detection and prevention of dental caries. METHODS: Medical specialty databases like PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China Biology Medicine Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and Wanfang Database were consistently and exhaustively searched. According to the method of evidence-based medicine, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were established, and the meta-analysis of all eligible research results was carried out by using Review Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: We will disseminate the findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis via publications in peer-reviewed journals. CONCLUSIONS: Our study was carried out to estimate the pooled prevalence of dental caries and its associated factors among Chinese children and adolescents. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/RA9D6.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
4.
Front Pediatr ; 8: 570, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042915

RESUMO

Apnoea, a pause in respiration, is almost ubiquitous in preterm infants born before completing 30 weeks gestation. Apnoea often begets hypoxemia and/or bradycardia, and has the potential to result in adverse neurodevelopmental consequences. Our current inability to predict apnoeic events in preterm infants requires apnoea to first be detected by monitoring device/s in order to trigger an intervention by bedside (medical or nursing) staff. Such a reactive management approach is laborious, and makes the consequences of apnoeic events inevitable. Recent technological advances and improved signal processing have allowed the possibility of developing prediction models for apnoeic events in preterm infants. However, the development of such models has numerous challenges and is only starting to show potential. This paper identifies requisite components and current gaps in developing prediction models for apnoeic events, and reviews previous studies on predicting apnoeic events in preterm infants.

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