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1.
Adv Mater ; : e2008065, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797131

RESUMO

The innate immune system plays a key role in protecting the human body from tumors, which, unfortunately, is largely counteracted by their immune-suppression function. Such an immune suppression has been reported to be induced by the immunosuppressive microenvironment, including the exhausted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and tumor-promoting M2-polarized macrophages. Here, a novel tumor-immunotherapeutic modality based on the nanocatalytic innate immunity activation by tumor-specific mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) oxidative damage is proposed. In detail, a nanocatalytic medicine, Fe2+ -Ru2+ -loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticle named as MSN-Ru2+ /Fe2+ (MRF), is constructed to induce oxidative damage in the mtDNA of tumor cells. Such an oxidative mtDNA is able to escape from the tumor cells and acts as an immunogenic damage-associated molecular pattern to M1-polarize tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), resulting in the reactivated immunoresponse of macrophages against cancer cells, and the subsequent inflammatory response of innate immunity. Most importantly, the treatment strategy based on regulating the innate immune response of TAMs not only stops the primary tumor progression, but also almost completely inhibits the growth of distant tumors in the periods of treatments.

2.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 163: 338-347, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906121

RESUMO

Cuticular wax is synthesized from intracellular lipids that are exported by epidermal cells, and plant lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) play an important role in this process. The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored LTPs (LTPGs) are a large subgroup within the LTP family and function in lipid transport and wax formation. Although LTPG family members have been identified in several plant species, the LTPG gene family of apple (Malus domestica) remains uncharacterized. In this paper, we identified 26 potential LTPG genes by searching apple whole-genome annotation files using "GPI-anchored" and "lipid transferase" as keywords. Twenty of the 26 putative LTPG genes were confirmed as MdLTPG family members based on their subcellular localization predictions. The MdLTPGs were divided into four classes based on phylogenetic analysis and functional domain prediction. One member of each class was analyzed for subcellular localization, and all identified members were located on the plasma membrane. Most MdLTPG genes were induced by abiotic stress treatments such as low temperature, NaCl, and ABA. Finally, the MdLTPG17 protein was shown to interact with the lysine-rich arabinogalactan protein MdAGP18 to perform its function in wax transport during plant growth and development.

3.
JCI Insight ; 6(8)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690221

RESUMO

Millions of people are affected by hearing loss. Hearing loss is frequently caused by noise or aging and often associated with loss of pericytes. Pericytes populate the small vessels in the adult cochlea. However, their role in different types of hearing loss is largely unknown. Using an inducible and conditional pericyte depletion mouse model and noise-exposed mouse model, we show that loss of pericytes leads to marked changes in vascular structure, in turn leading to vascular degeneration and hearing loss. In vitro, using advanced tissue explants from pericyte fluorescence reporter models combined with exogenous donor pericytes, we show that pericytes, signaled by VEGF isoform A165 (VEGFA165), vigorously drive new vessel growth in both adult and neonatal mouse inner ear tissue. In vivo, the delivery of an adeno-associated virus serotype 1-mediated (AAV1-mediated) VEGFA165 viral vector to pericyte-depleted or noise-exposed animals prevented and regenerated lost pericytes, improved blood supply, and attenuated hearing loss. These studies provide the first clear-cut evidence that pericytes are critical for vascular regeneration, vascular stability, and hearing in adults. The restoration of vascular function in the damaged cochlea, including in noise-exposed animals, suggests that VEGFA165 gene therapy could be a new strategy for ameliorating vascular associated hearing disorders.

4.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 162, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has seriously threatened the health and lives of people. This study aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on the oral health of adults in Wuhan and other places of China amid the epidemic and to evaluate attitudes towards dental care in the post-epidemic period. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey based on a questionnaire of 22 questions was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 3352 valid questionnaires were collected. Participants from Wuhan tended to be relatively psychologically affected and more concerned about future dental treatment. Toothbrushing frequency did not differ significantly between participants from Wuhan and other places and was associated with the prevalence of oral problems people encountered. Gingival bleeding, bad breath and oral ulcers were the three most common oral problems amid the epidemic, and significantly more participants in Wuhan experienced oral problems than other places in China. CONCLUSION: The three most common oral problems amid the epidemic were gingival bleeding, bad breath and oral ulcers. Adults in Wuhan tended to be more seriously affected and suffered more oral problems than people from other places in China. Maintaining good oral health behaviours plays an important role in preventing dental problems. It is crucial to establish and to follow the standard guidelines for the provision of dental care during and after the epidemic.


Assuntos
Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742107

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in December 2019. Due its high morbility and mortality, it is necessary to summarize the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients to provide more theoretical basis for future treatment. In the current study, we conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients and explored the risk factors for the severity of illness. A total of 101 COVID-19 patients hospitalized in Leishenshan Hospital (Wuhan, China) was classified into three sub-types: moderate (n = 47), severe (n = 36), and critical (n = 18); their clinical data were collected from the Electronic Medical Record. We showed that among the 101 COVID-19 patients, the median age was 62 years (IQR 51-74); 50 (49.5%) patients were accompanied by hypertension, while 25 (24.8%) and 22 (21.8%) patients suffered from diabetes and heart diseases, respectively, with complications. All patients were from Wuhan who had a definite history of exposure to the epidemic area. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that older age, diabetes, chronic liver disease, percentage of neutrophils (N%) > 75%, CRP > 4 mg/L, D-dimer > 0.55 mg/L, IL-2R > 710 U/mL, IL-8 > 62 pg/mL, and IL-10 > 9.1 pg/mL were independent variables associated with severe COVID-19. In conclusion, we have identified the independent risk factors for the severity of COVID-19 pneumonia, including older age, diabetes, chronic liver disease, higher levels of N%, CRP, D-dimer, IL-2R, IL-8, and IL-10, providing evidence for more accurate risk prediction.

6.
Biol Psychol ; 161: 108080, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744372

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We developed a neurocognitive assessment tool (NCAT) in consultation with mental health professionals working with children with AD/HD as a diagnostic aid and screening tool. This study examines the predictive utility of NCAT in the classification of children with AD/HD Inattentive presentation. METHOD: Fifty three children with AD/HD Inattentive presentation and 161 typically-developing children completed an NCAT assessment. Discriminant function analyses examined group membership prediction for separate components of NCAT and for the components combined. RESULTS: The combined model correctly classified 93.4 % of participants, with 91.4 % sensitivity and 93.9 % specificity. Contributions to classification were from SNAP-IV, psychological needs satisfaction, self-regulation, executive function performance, and EEG. The combined model resulted in a 9.3 % increase in specificity and 5.9 % increase in sensitivity compared to SNAP-IV alone. CONCLUSIONS: NCAT provides good discrimination between children with and without AD/HD of the Inattentive presentation, and further investigation including other subtypes and comorbidities is warranted.

7.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the comparative efficacy and safety of topical administration for oral lichen planus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search (1st January 1946 to 1st May 2020) for randomised controlled trials identified 34 studies involving eight interventions (clobetasol, betamethasone, triamcinolone, dexamethasone, fluocinolone, tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, and cyclosporine); these studies were subjected to network meta-analysis using direct and indirect comparisons [efficacy indicators: clinical response rate, symptom-reducing effect (visual analogue scale score), sign-reducing effect (Thongprasom-scale score) and relapse; safety indicator: adverse event occurrence]. RESULTS: Compared with placebo, tacrolimus had the best clinical response rate (odds ratio (OR), 57.78 [95% CI 3.15-1060.52]; P-score, 0.8654) and cyclosporine had the worst (OR, 3.61[95% CI 0.20-66.62]; P-score, 0.2236); tacrolimus had the best symptom-reducing effect (standardised mean difference (SMD), 1.06 [95% CI 0.41-1.71]; P-score, 0.9323) and fluocinolone had the worst (SMD, -0.54 [95% CI -1.44-0.36]; P-score, 0.0157); dexamethasone had the best sign-reducing effect (SMD, 3.60 [95% CI 1.74-5.45]; P-score, 0.8306) and clobetasol had the worst (SMD, 2.63 [95% CI 1.66-3.61]; P-score, 0.2581); and pimecrolimus performed best (OR, 0.04 [95% CI 0.00-0.64]; P-score, 0.9227) and clobetasol performed the worst [OR, 0.60; 95% CI 0.15-2.45; P-score, 0.2545] in reducing relapse. Regarding safety, dexamethasone was the safest compared with placebo [OR, 0.37; 95% CI 0.05-2.57; P-score, 0.9337), whereas fluocinolone ranked low for safety [OR, 9.48; 95% CI 1.50- 60.03; P-score, 0.1189]. CONCLUSIONS: The relative ranking of topical administration varies according to the different indicators. Based on the joint consideration of clinical response rate and adverse event occurrence, dexamethasone, triamcinolone and betamethasone are recommended for better efficacy and safety. The optimal treatment for oral lichen patients varies under different conditions.

8.
Plant J ; 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548154

RESUMO

Protein S-acyltransferases (PATs) are a category of eukaryotic transmembrane proteins that mediate the S-acylation of their target proteins. S-acylation, commonly known as palmitoylation, is a reversible protein modification that regulates the membrane association and function of target proteins. However, the functions and mechanisms of PATs in apple (Malus domestica) remain poorly understood. In this study, an MdPAT family member, MdPAT16, was identified and shown to have palmitoyltransferase activity. We demonstrated that this gene responds to salt stress and that its expression improves plant salt stress resistance. In addition, its overexpression significantly promotes the accumulation of soluble sugars. The same phenotypes were observed in transgenic tissue culture seedlings, transgenic roots, and Arabidopsis thaliana that ectopically expressed MdPAT16. MdPAT16 was shown to interact with MdCBL1 and stabilize MdCBL1 protein levels through palmitoylation. The N-terminal sequence of MdCBL1 contains a palmitoylation site, and its N-terminal deletion led to changes in MdCBL1 protein stability and subcellular localization. The phenotypes of MdCBL1 transgenic roots and transiently injected apple fruits were fully consistent with the sugar accumulation phenotype of MdPAT16. Mutation of the palmitoylation site interfered with this phenotype. These findings suggest that MdPAT16 palmitoylates its downstream target proteins, improving their stability. This may be a missing link in the plant salt stress response pathway and have an important impact on fruit quality.

9.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although aortic dissection occurs predominantly in men, its association with androgens is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the androgen levels in Chinese male patients with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192 age-matched male patients with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection or essential hypertension were recruited between 2016 and 2018. The demographic and clinical data were analyzed. RESULTS: Male patients with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection had lower serum total testosterone and free testosterone than male patients with essential hypertension (7.6 ± 3.7 nmol/L vs. 10.9 ± 3.8 nmol/L, P < 0.001; 36.0 ± 19.8 pmol/L vs. 56.4 ± 19.2 pmol/L, P < 0.001). Lower free testosterone level was significantly associated with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection (univariate odds ratio 0.948, P < 0.001; multivariate odds ratio = 0.966, P = 0.002). No statistical difference was observed for free testosterone between younger patient groups (aged < 51 years; aged 51-60 years) and older patient groups (aged 61-70 years; aged >70 years) with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection (33.7 ± 19.8 pmol/L vs. 38.5 ± 19.8 pmol/L, P = 0.239). CONCLUSIONS: Lower free testosterone was independently associated with uncomplicated, acute type B aortic dissection in the Chinese male population with hypertension. Additional studies are needed to clarify whether earlier onset in Chinese patients with aortic dissection is associated with androgen deficiency.

10.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586697

RESUMO

Meiosis is an essential step in gametogenesis which is the key process in sexually reproducing organisms as meiotic aberrations may result in infertility. In meiosis, programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is one of the fundamental processes that are essential for maintaining homolog interactions and correcting segregation of chromosomes. Although the number and distribution of meiotic DSBs are tightly regulated, still abnormalities in DSB formation are known to cause meiotic arrest and infertility. This review is a detailed account of molecular bases of meiotic DSB formation, its evolutionary conservation, and variations in different species. We further reviewed the mutations of DSB formation genes in association with human infertility and also proposed the future directions and strategies about the study of meiotic DSB formation.

11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 197: 113950, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609948

RESUMO

Gualou-Xiebai-Banxia decoction (GXB) is one of the famous classical traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula for the treatment of chest stuffiness and pains syndrome in Chinese medicine, i.e., coronary heart disease (CHD) in modern medicine. Being compared with Gualou-Xiebai Baijiu-decoction which only consists of Trichosanthis Pericarpium (TP), Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus (AMB) and wine, GXB is composed of another one additional herbal medicine, Pinellinae Rhizoma Praeparatum (PRP), and is more suitable to treat severe atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. However, the comprehensive chemical composition of GXB is still unclear, which has seriously hindered the discovery of its effective components for improving the clinical symptoms of CHD. The present study aimed to investigate the overall chemical profile of GXB qualitatively and quantitatively by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS), and further explore the chemical contribution of PRP to this formula combined with chemometric approach. First, a total of 151 components, including steroidal saponins, flavonoids, triterpenoids, nitrogenous and other types components, were detected and characterized by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS in GXB. Then, flavonoids and nitrogenous could be qualitatively observed enrichment in GXB compared to those in GXB-dePRP (GXB deducted PRP in the formula). Furthermore, 19 characteristic components were selected for quantitative comparison between GXB and GXB-dePRP by UPLC-MS/MS combined with chemometric method. These findings indicated that steroidal saponins were the most abundant components in GXB, while the introduction of PRP could not only enrich the structural types of chemical compounds in this formula, but also increase the abundance of active components from other composed herbal medicines, TP and AMB. Taken together, this study developed and validated sensitive and practical methods for qualitative and quantitative analysis of GXB, and clarified the chemical contribution of PRP to this formula. These results laid a solid chemical foundation for further in vivo disposal investigation to screen out the potential effective components as well as therapeutic mechanism research of GXB.

12.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 54, 2021 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sudden outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic influenced people's daily life. During lockdown of Wuhan city, the oral health and its associated issues of preschool children were investigated and guidance for dental clinics when the epidemic were controlled in the future were also provided. METHODS: A national online survey was conducted among preschool children and completed by their caregivers. The questionnaire related to children's oral health status and care behaviour, caregivers' attitudes. The information was statistically analyzed between Wuhan residents and others residents. RESULTS: 4495 valid questionnaires were collected. In oral health status, during Wuhan lockdown, 60.8%, 35.5% and 18.3% children had self-reported dental caries, toothache and halitosis respectively. In oral health attitudes, respondents who would increase attention to oral health was more than that would decrease. In oral hygiene behaviour, compared to non-Wuhan children, the children in Wuhan became more active in brushing their teeth. In utilization of dental services in the future, less Wuhan residents would choose to have dental visit directly, 28.5% Wuhan residents and 34.7% non-Wuhan residents agreed all of procedures could be done if proper protected. CONCLUSIONS: Oral health status and associated issues of preschool children in Wuhan were significantly different from that of others during lockdown of Wuhan city and in the future. Effective measures should be taken as early as possible to protect children's oral health.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Cárie Dentária , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Assistência à Saúde , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Plant Cell Rep ; 40(2): 405-419, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331953

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: The ankyrin repeat-containing protein MdANK2B was identified to contribute to increasing resistance to salt stress and decreasing sensitivity to ABA in Malus domestica. Ankyrin (ANK) repeat-containing proteins occur widely in prokaryotes, eukaryotes, and even in some viruses and play a critical role in plant growth and development, as well as the response to biotic and abiotic stress. However, the function of ANK repeat-containing proteins in apple (Malus domestica) has not yet been investigated. Here, we identified apple MdANK2B based on homology analysis with the Arabidopsis ANK repeat-containing proteins AtAKR2A and AtAKR2B. MdANK2B was found to be localized in the cytoplasm, and its encoding gene was highly expressed in both apple leaves and fruits. In addition, MdANK2B gene expression was highly induced by salt stresses and abscisic acid (ABA). Overexpression of MdANK2B increased resistance to salt stress and decreased sensitivity to ABA in both transgenic apple calli and seedlings. In addition, overexpression of MdANK2B reduced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by enhancing the activity of antioxidant enzymes in response to salt stress. Our data revealed the role of MdANK2B in response to salt stress and ABA treatment in apple, which widens the known functions of ANK repeat-containing proteins in response to abiotic stress.

14.
Breast ; 55: 7-15, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of peripheral blood lymphocyte (pBL) in breast cancer has long been studied. However, the predictive role of pBL in advanced breast cancer (ABC) is poorly understood. METHODS: A total of 303 patients with ABC were consecutively recruited at our center between January 2015 and September 2019. At baseline, pBL subtypes were detected in all patients with 229 blood samples available for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detection. pBL was analyzed through flow cytometry. ctDNA-based gene mutations were detected using next generation sequencing. The cutoff value of pCTL was estimated by X-tile software. Progression free survival (PFS) was estimated by Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox hazard proportion regression model, with difference detection by log-rank test. RESULTS: Median follow-up time of the study was 21.0 months. The median age of diagnosis was 52.0 years. Among the pBL subtypes, only pCTL level was found predictive for PFS in the HER2+ patients whom received anti-HER2 therapy (13.1 vs. 5.6 months, P = 0.001). However, the predictive role of pCTL was not found in HR-positive (P = 0.716) and TNBC (P = 0.202). pCTL high associated with suppressive immune indictors including lower CD4/CD8 ratio (P = 0.004) and high level of Treg cell (P = 0.004). High occurrence of FGFR1 amplification which has been reported as immune suppressor was also found in HER2+ patients with pCTL high (22.2% vs. 4.3%, P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: Higher pCTLs level associated with shorter PFS and FGFR1 mutation in HER2+ ABC patients.

15.
Pathogens ; 9(11)2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228000

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are spiking in Chinese young men who have sex with men (MSM). To explore alterations in the salivary microbiome and its correlation with demographic characteristics, CD4+ T cell count and viral load (VL) in HIV infections, samples of unstimulated whole saliva were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing using the Illumina MiSeq platform in 20 HIV newly infected patients before the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and at three and six months after, and in 20 age- and gender-paired healthy Chinese people. The results showed that the alpha diversity of salivary microbiota in HIV infections did not show differences from the healthy controls, but was reduced after six months under ART treatment. Comparative analysis revealed that Streptococcus was enriched in HIV-infected individuals, while Neisseria was enriched in the healthy control group. After effective ART, the salivary microbiota composition was not completely restored, although some microbiota recovered. In addition, we found Provotella_7, Neisseria and Haemophilus were correlated negatively with CD4+ T cell count, while Neisseria was correlated positively with VL. We conclude that HIV infections experience a dysbiosis of the salivary microbiome. The salivary microbiome test could be a substitute for the blood tests in the diagnosis and prognosis of diseases.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(18): 4440-4447, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164374

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus on the proliferation, migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and analyze the regulatory mechanism of LncRNA FBXL19-AS1/miR-342-3 p pathway. MTT assay and plate cloning assay were used to detect the effect of flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus at different concentrations(1, 5, 10 mg·mL~(-1)) on the proliferation of liver cancer Huh7 cells. The effect of flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus on the migration and invasion of Huh7 cells was examined by Transwell chamber assay. qRT-PCR was used to detect the effect of flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus on the expression levels of FBXL19-AS1 and miR-342-3 p in Huh7 cells. The dual luciferase reporter assay was used to detect whether FBXL19-AS1 targeted at miR-342-3 p. The effect on the inhibition of FBXL19-AS1 expression or FBXL19-AS1 overexpression and then the proliferation, migration and invasion of Huh7 cells were examined by the above methods. Gelatin zymography was used to detect the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9. The expression levels of cyclinD1, p21, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins were detected by Western blot. Flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of Huh7 cells(P<0.05), promoted the expression of p21 protein(P<0.05), and inhibited the expressions of cyclinD1, MMP-2 and MMP-9(P<0.05) in a dose-dependent manner, and could reduce the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9(P<0.05). The expression level of FBXL19-AS1 was significantly decreased in Huh7 cells treated with flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus(P<0.05), whereas the expression level of miR-342-3 p was significantly increased(P<0.05). The dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that FBXL19-AS1 targeted at the inhibition of miR-342-3 p expression. After inhibiting the expression of FBXL19-AS1, the inhibition rate of cell proliferation was significantly increased(P<0.05), the number of cell clone formation was significantly reduced(P<0.05), the number of migrated cells and the number of invasive cells were significantly decreased(P<0.05), and the expression levels of cyclinD1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly decreased(P<0.05), the activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly reduced(P<0.05), while the expression level of p21 protein was significantly increased(P<0.05). The overexpression of FBXL19-AS1 reversed the inhibitory effect of flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus on the proliferation, migration and invasion of Huh7 cells. Flavonoids of Sophorae Fructus could inhibite the proliferation, migration and invasion of hepatoma cells by regulating LncRNA FBXL19-AS1/miR-342-3 p pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
17.
Int J Psychophysiol ; 158: 380-388, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofeedback training aims to develop awareness and control of psychological states in order to self-regulate brain activity and while used widely therapeutically, important questions remain unanswered. Central to these aims is an assumed association between the live EEG-based feedback and the subjective experience of a psychological state. To date, there is little evidence to support this relationship. Previous studies examining the association between an EEG index and subjective experience have explored only the presence or absence of the state, or merely assumed state variations. The current study aims to examine this association by considering how different levels of a psychological state (i.e., attention) are reflected in EEG coherence. METHODS: Our approach aims to allow comparisons of EEG coherence between psychological states (attention vs. rest), and also within subjectively-rated levels of a psychological state (attention) through a purpose-designed questionnaire. Thirty healthy adult participants performed a resting eyes-open (REO) and attention modulation task, while 28 channels of EEG were recorded. Levels within the psychological state were subjectively-attested by participants on a trial-by-trial basis. RESULTS: The main analyses examined the effect of subjectively-rated attention levels (SRALs) on EEG coherence, with results suggesting that high and low SRALs may be represented by: 1) different levels of alpha and theta coherence at anterior and posterior electrodes of the frontal lobe bilaterally, and 2) different levels of alpha coherence between central and parietal lobes, also bilaterally. DISCUSSION: These findings provide partial, preliminary evidence for EEG correlates of SRALs. These findings may have implications for understanding underlying mechanisms of NFT, which is an underdeveloped area.

18.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(6): 240, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178338

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to observe the therapeutic effect of paroxetine combined with fluorouracil on mice with colorectal cancer (CRC) complicated with depression and to explore its mechanism of action. Using chronic mild stress and xenograft tumor methods to model CRC complicated with depression, 60 BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control, tumor model, tumor depression model, tumor depression antidepressant, tumor depression chemotherapy and tumor depression antidepressant plus chemotherapeutic drug groups. Changes in mouse sucrose preference and forced swimming tests were tracked. Changes in tumor volume and weight were compared, the tumor inhibition rate was calculated, Ki-67 expression in tumor tissues was detected using immunohistochemistry and IL-22 levels in peripheral blood were detected using ELISAs. Additionally, protein expression levels of IL-22, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, p38, phosphorylated (p)-p38, ERK, p-ERK, JNK and p-JNK in tumor tissue were detected using western blotting. Following treatment with paroxetine and chemotherapy drugs, the sucrose preference index was increased, autonomic behavior dysfunction was alleviated and tumor growth was significantly inhibited. Furthermore, the expression levels of Ki-67 and apoptosis-related proteins, Bax and caspase-3, increased in tumor tissues, anti-apoptosis protein Bcl2 expression levels decreased significantly, IL-22 levels in the blood and tumor tissues were reduced and p-p38, p-ERK and p-JNK proteins were significantly reduced. It was concluded that paroxetine combined with chemotherapy drugs improved depressive behavior and promoted the survival state in a mouse model of CRC and depression, possibly through inhibiting IL-22 expression to regulate the activity of the MAPK signaling pathway.

19.
Molecules ; 25(21)2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182242

RESUMO

Ubiquitination is a versatile posttranslational modification that elicits signaling roles to impact on various cellular processes and disease states. The versatility is a result of the complexity of ubiquitin conjugates, ranging from a single ubiquitin monomer to polymers with different length and linkage types. Recent studies have revealed the abundant existence of branched ubiquitin chains in which one ubiquitin molecule is connected to two or more ubiquitin moieties in the same ubiquitin polymer. Compared to the homotypic ubiquitin chain, the branched chain is recognized or processed differently by readers and erasers of the ubiquitin system, respectively, resulting in a qualitative or quantitative alteration of the functional output. Furthermore, certain types of branched ubiquitination are induced by cellular stresses, implicating their important physiological role in stress adaption. In addition, the current chemical methodologies of solid phase peptide synthesis and expanding genetic code approach have been developed to synthesize different architectures of branched ubiquitin chains. The synthesized branched ubiquitin chains have shown their significance in understanding the topologies and binding partners of the branched chains. Here, we discuss the recent progresses on the detection, functional characterization and synthesis of branched ubiquitin chains as well as the future perspectives of this emerging field.

20.
Phytother Res ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205472

RESUMO

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a polyphenol compound extracted from the rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa. It has the feature of being a yellow or orange pigment with a variety of biological properties, including anti-inflammation, antioxidation, anti-tumor, anti-bacteria, anti-fungus, and wound healing. Previous studies have reported the role of curcumin in treating different inflammatory diseases and tumors in vitro and in vivo. Recently, it has been demonstrated that curcumin has therapeutic benefits in oral mucosal diseases, periodontal diseases, and mouth neoplasms. In this review, we will focus on the therapeutic effects of curcumin on oral diseases.

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